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Topic: Social liberalism

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  Liberalism - MSN Encarta
Liberalism refers to a broad array of related ideas and theories of government that consider individual liberty to be the most important political goal.
Liberalism and democracy are now usually thought to have common aims, but in the past many liberals considered democracy unhealthy because it encouraged mass participation in politics.
In postmedieval European culture liberalism was perhaps first expressed in humanism, which redirected thinking in the 15th century from the consideration of the divine order of the world and its reflections in the temporal social order to the conditions and potentialities of people on earth.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761552311/Liberalism.html   (1035 words)

 liberalism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Often opposed to liberalism is the doctrine of conservatism, which, simply stated, supports the maintenance of the status quo.
Liberal thought was soon stating that the government should be responsible for providing the minimum conditions necessary for decent individual existence.
While such programs are also advocated by socialism, liberalism does not support the socialist goal of complete equality imposed by state control, and because it is still dedicated to the primacy of the individual, liberalism also strongly opposes communism.
www.bartleby.com /65/li/liberali.html   (806 words)

 Social liberalism information - Search.com
Social liberalism (new liberalism, reform liberalism), a development of liberalism in the late 19th and early 20th century, is a label used by progressive liberal parties in order to differentiate themselves from classical liberal parties, especially when there are two or more liberal parties in a country.
Social liberals are outspoken defenders of human rights and civil liberties, and combine this with support for a mixed economy, with a state providing public services that social liberals intend to ensure that people's social rights as well as their civil liberties are upheld.
Social liberalism (also known as New Liberalism) is very different from the ambiguous term neoliberalism, a name given to various proponents of the free markets and also to some conservative opponents of free markets, such as mercantilistic conservatives, in the late 20th century's global economy.
www.search.com /reference/Social_liberalism   (859 words)

 Clarifying social liberal positions
Social liberalism holds that it is not necessarily true; that there are situations in which acting in one’s best interest, by any given definition, does not coincide with the best interests of society.
Social liberalism then concludes that political office invariably presents the opportunity to gain at the expense of society, and if someone operates under the doctrine of ruthless competition this is what they will do if elected.
Social liberals are well aware that someone can be disingenuous and not truly acting in the best interests of society, and so they tend to scrutinize their would-be leaders.
ironiclyshelfish.gnn.tv /blogs/19427/Clarifying_social_liberal_positions   (3662 words)

 Excerpts from Liberalism and Social Action by John Dewey   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Social welfare is promoted because the cumulative, but undersigned and unplanned, effect of the convergence of a multitude of individual efforts is to increase the commodities and services put at the disposal of men collectively, of society.
Benthamite liberalism was not the source of factory laws, laws for the protection of child and women, prevention of their labor in mines, workmen’s compensation acts, employers’ liability laws, reduction of hours of labor, the dole, and a labor code.
Liberalism has to gather itself together to formulate the ends to which it is devoted in terms of means that are relevant to the contemporary situation.
teachingamericanhistory.org /library/index.asp?documentprint=1450   (12636 words)

 Rodney Barker - Social democracy and liberalism | Re-public : re-imagining democracy - english version
Social democracy too, has been used to refer to everything from an active and effective citizen politics, to a paternalist state run by experts in the interests of a dependent population.
Liberalism I shall use to refer to a doctrine about politics: the belief that normative political theory starts with individual people who are entitled to decide for themselves how they will live so long as they do not infringe the equal rights of others to do just the same.
The social democratic state is the instrument of a social dimension of a life which, while it is composed of individuals, involves social co-operation and collaboration, community and neighbourliness.
www.re-public.gr /en/?p=295   (1539 words)

 Liberalism - SourceWatch
Liberalism may be used to describe one of several ideologies that claims individual liberty to dissent from orthodox tenets or established authorities in political or religious matters, in contrast to conservatism and/or communitarianism.
However, though said liberal parties were originally founded on the tradition above, they significantly diverged from it since they came to power in the 19th century, and liberal parties around the world are now based on a variety of unrelated ideologies, so the ideological content of the word depends on the geographical context.
However, the derogatory connotation is weak, and social liberals from both the left- and right-wing continue to use "liberal" and "illiberal" to describe themselves and their opponents.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Liberal   (579 words)

 Liberty Alone » Blog Archive » What is ‘Social Liberalism’?
Most things which come under this second social liberal heading are not natural monopolies, even under the most charitable definition of that term, there is no reason for liberals to support government monopoly (or de-facto monopoly) in most services.
The second meaning of “social liberalism” is the one we tend to think of as being the opposite of “free-market liberalism” - it’s a bit of a false dichotomy, they aren’t at all incompatible, but you catch my drift.
Social liberalism is about using the state as a means, not as an end in itself, to provide a good basic standard of living.
www.eridu.org.uk /blog/2008/05/21/what-is-social-liberalism   (1096 words)

 Liberalism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Liberal theories form a broad continuum, from those that constitute full-blown philosophical systems, to those that rely on a full theory of value and the good, to those that rely on a theory of the right (but not the good), all the way to those that seek to be purely political doctrines.
Those who insist that liberalism is ultimately a nihilistic theory can be interpreted as arguing that this transition cannot be made successfully: liberals, on their view, are stuck with a subjectivistic or pluralistic theory of value, and no account of the right emerges from it.
Liberalism is, of course, usually associated with individualist analyses of society.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/liberalism   (7191 words)

 The Future of Liberalism
This earlier liberalism was itself an outgrowth, in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, of an earlier revolt against oligarchical government, one which came to its culmination in the "glorious revolution" of 1688.
In the new liberalism expressly so named, demand for individual freedom of action came primarily from the rising industrial and trading class, and was directed against restrictions placed by government, in legislation, common law and judicial action (and other institutions having connection with the political state) upon freedom of economic enterprise.
The history of social reforms in the nineteenth century is almost one with the history of liberal social thought.
fce.ufm.edu /catedraticos/mpolanco/dewey1934.htm   (2288 words)

 liberalism and social justice
A twentieth-century social liberal might hope for both procedural and distributive justice, but he or she probably prefers distributive justice in the outcomes of social processes, even if the procedures are not deemed just; for a social liberal a "good society" involves neither income nor wealth being too unequally distributed.
Liberal arts faculty often take their mission to be to correct the misconceptions of justice perpetrated upon students by their own parents as well as by economics/business faculty.
The Labour Party flirted with socialism in the post-war era and thus became the proponent of pragmatic liberalism with respect to the role of government in the economy and society.
alpha.furman.edu /~dstanford/relecon/liberal.htm   (2267 words)

 Modern History Sourcebook: Hobhouse, Liberalism 1911
Social Liberty: Liberalism has had to deal with those restraints on the individual which flow from the hierarchic organization of society, and reserve certain offices, certain forms of occupation, and perhaps the right or at least the opportunity of education generally, to people of a certain rank or class.
It is of the essence of Liberalism to oppose the use of force, the basis of all tyranny.
Liberalism conceives the ideal society as a whole which lives and flourishes by the harmonious growth of its parts, each of which in developing on its own lines and in accordance with its own nature tends on the whole to further the development of others.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1911hobhouse.html   (2353 words)

 JRL 3-19-02 - Russia, Politics, Social Democrats, Liberalism
The parties, both of them, follow the Western model where liberals traveled their part of the way treating justice as an equivalent of aspirations of the poor, and social democrats recognized that freedom was the vital pillar of economic prosperity and development of society.
Advocates of social liberalism in Russia understand the enormous difference between the tasks existing in the Western states where the law reigns supreme and where economies are socially-oriented free- market ones and in Russia.
Theoreticians of Russian social liberalism are aware that on the verbal level the problems are properly outlined by their opponents on the right and on the left.
www.cdi.org /russia/johnson/6143-11.cfm   (1352 words)

 Modern Social Liberalism, Statism, Leftist Liberalism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Liberals accept and advocate a multiplication of the substantive activities of government in nearly all social institutions, extensive government controls over the economy, and at least some measure of government ownership and operation.
Liberals, in contrast, seek to directly promote the economic security of financially precarious groups by public [government] programs such as socialized health and medical care, comprehensive and extensive social welfare policies, unemployment compensation and minimum wage laws, public aid to migratory workers, public aid to immigrants, and so on.
Liberals thus distrust those political institutions and processes that mediate, distort, or otherwise interfere with the direct expression of the popular will: such as, for example, the electoral college method of electing chief magistrates [chief executives]; the non-proportional basis for electing the United States Senate and other 'upper chambers'; and...
www.proconservative.net /ProConQuotesG4.shtml   (4464 words)

 liberalism and social justice
A twentieth-century social liberal might hope for both procedural and distributive justice, but he or she probably prefers distributive justice in the outcomes of social processes, even if the procedures are not deemed just; for a social liberal a "good society" involves neither income nor wealth being too unequally distributed.
Liberal arts faculty often take their mission to be to correct the misconceptions of justice perpetrated upon students by their own parents as well as by economics/business faculty.
The Labour Party flirted with socialism in the post-war era and thus became the proponent of pragmatic liberalism with respect to the role of government in the economy and society.
facweb.furman.edu /~dstanford/relecon/liberal.htm   (2267 words)

 IFLRY - 2007/8… Do We Need a New Definition of Liberalism in South Africa?
Put very simply, Social Liberalism does not exist as a type or form of Liberalism, as a thing in and by itself, at all; simply because, if it did, it would be impossible to distinguish it from Liberalism proper.
All too often, Liberalism has been accused of being “the will of the strong and the survival of the fittest” and as this relates to our lives, this would mean that, as a result of the injustices of colonialism, that only those who benefited under the colonial system would prosper in a post colonial environment.
However, Liberalism, because of its fundamental commitment to the rights of individuals, is opposed to the “right of might” and the “rule of the powerful”, choosing instead a process of negotiated compromise that includes the need for consensus and co-operation.
iflry.org /forums/post/605.aspx   (1662 words)

But what we have seen in the last two and a half decades is the degeneration of social liberalism and, as a consequence, its gradual inability to provide vigorous alternatives to the current neoconservative project, which itself has appropriated the old individualistic and Social Darwinist version of economic liberalism.
This transformation of liberalism has led to the timidity of the Democratic Party, the rightward drift of organizations such as the DLC and the inability of Democratic candidates at all levels to connect the interests of the majority of Americans with their own agenda.
Indeed, social liberalism was able to merge the concerns of economic inequality as well as the assimilation of ethnic minorities and cultural difference.
www.logosjournal.com /thompson_election.htm   (2514 words)

 philosophy.com: T. H. Green, social liberalism, positive freedom
Social moral rights (those that are recognised as contributing to the common good), not the market, should determine the positive freedoms we are able to enjoy in a nation state.
Green is important in Australia as his ideas on positive freedom provided the philosophical backbone for the welfare state for the social democracts in the Labour party.
Green developed a political philosophy that rejected the atomistic individualism and empiricist assumptions that underpinned classical liberalism and develeoped a political philosophy based around four notions: the common good; a positive view of freedom; equality of opportunity; and an expanded role for the state.
www.sauer-thompson.com /archives/philosophy/002946.html   (527 words)

 [No title]
The basic idea of liberalism is that we should seek a particular kind of freedom, namely, a freedom to shape who we are and what we do according to our own individual will and reason.
His explanation for the failure of liberalism is that people are not making considered free choices, despite their new liberties, because they are being manipulated by capitalism to make spontaneous or impulsive choices which don't serve their real interests.
It suggests that the true liberal, the one who maximises individual autonomy, is the one who has "sufficient command of their own reason and moral strength" to resist the influence of market forces.
www.ozconservative.com /adisappointedliberal.html   (1586 words)

 Liberalism and Social Control: The New Class' Will to Power
Its primary base of support was the New Class of social engineers, planners, technocrats and "helping professionals" who saw themselves as divinely appointed to manage the lower orders for their own good.
Liberal social engineering was not the only alternative to exploitation by robber barons.
As Chomsky wrote somewhere about the press, they may be "liberal" in the sense that they favor gun control and "a woman's right to choose," and listen to NPR a lot; but they are far from "left wing" in the sense of a genuine criticism of the institutional power structure in this society.
www.mutualist.org /id7.html   (3704 words)

 Chapter Six, Welfare-Liberalism
For a time the Liberals had been successful in winning workers to their side and preventing separate labor representation, but the Paris Commune and the growth of the Socialist parties of Europe had shown clearly that labor was bound to have its own organizations and banners.
Now, with the rise of class struggles, Liberalism could afford to change its theory and to foster in the masses the illusion that the capitalist State could legislate happiness to the majority, that it could really satisfy the interest of the toilers who could capture the State for their interests.
While sections of Liberals were expressing their sympathy for the poor and downtrodden, labor was using this sympathy to wrest from the State measures of social reform.
www.weisbord.org /conquest6.htm   (9296 words)

 Evolution of Liberalism in India
Liberalism is distinguished by its focus on the primacy of the individual in all spheres of human life—political, economic, and social.
Liberalism helps identify the rules necessary to achieve the harmony between self-interest and social good: limited government, rule of law, private property, free competition, and voluntary interactions.
Liberalism is a philosophy for living life on this earth; it does not directly concern itself or rather leaves individuals free to choose their beliefs about after-life.
www.ccsindia.org /people_pjs_liberalism.asp   (2002 words)

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