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Topic: Social Theory


In the News (Sat 25 Nov 17)

  
  Alexander Street Press | Social Theory
Social Theory is a new undertaking to provide comprehensive coverage of major social thinkers together with seminal texts from lesser figures.
Social Theory brings to light, in a cohesive and easily citable form, materials that have been inaccessible previously.
Social Theory is available on the Web either by annual subscription or through a one-time purchase of perpetual rights.
alexanderstreet.com /products/soth.htm   (541 words)

  
  DEVELOPMENT THEORY
modernization theory is interested in elaborating the differences between traditional and modern societies in terms of their positions on various indices of modernity or development, and to the extent to which they approximate the model of modern industrial society.
Social theorists, not least those with Marxian leanings, are very critical of approaches to theory which do not include consideration of who decides, who benefits, and who loses as a result of action based on different theories.
Land-use planning is based on the normative theory that the future development of land uses and their associated activities should be in accordance with a plan which has regard to environmental, physical, social, and economic considerations.
www.unm.edu /~soc101/quotesocial.htm   (3667 words)

  
 Social theory - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki
Social theory refers to the use of abstract and often complex theoretical frameworks to explain and analyze social patterns and large-scale social structures.
Though many commentators consider social theory a branch of sociology, it functions inherently in an interdisciplinary manner, as it uses ideas from and contributes to a plethora of disciplines such as anthropology, economics, theology, history, and many others.
Social theory always had an uneasy relationship with the more traditional academic disciplines; many of its key thinkers never held a university position.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Social_theory   (1403 words)

  
  Frankfurt School: Habermas's Idea of the Theory of Knowledge as Social Theory
The course of the social self-formative process, on the other hand, is marked not by new technologies but by stages of reflection through which the dogmatic character of surpassed forms of domination and ideologies are dispelled, the pressure of the institutional framework is sublimated, and communicative action is set free as communicative action.
Particularly a social theory that conceives the self-constitution of the species from the double perspective of synthesis through the struggle of classes and their social labour, therefore, will be able to analyse the natural history of production only in the framework of a reconstruction of the manifestations of the consciousness of these classes.
As it is, however, social theory remains embedded in the framework of phenomenology, while the latter, under materialist presuppositions, assumes the form of the critique of ideology.
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/habermas.htm   (6649 words)

  
  Social Contract Theory [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Social Contract Theory, nearly as old as philosophy itself, is the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement between them to form society.
Locke’s arguments for the social contract, and for the right of citizens to revolt against their king were enormously influential on the democratic revolutions that followed, especially on Thomas Jefferson, and the founders of the United States.
The normative social contract, argued for by Rousseau in The Social Contract (1762), is meant to respond to this sorry state of affairs and to remedy the social and moral ills that have been produced by the development of society.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/s/soc-cont.htm   (9316 words)

  
  Social theory Information
Social theory refers to the use of theoretical frameworks to explain and analyze social patterns and large-scale social structures.
Though many commentators consider social theory a branch of sociology, it functions inherently in an interdisciplinary manner, as it uses ideas from and contributes to a plethora of disciplines such as anthropology, economics, theology, history, and many others.
Social theory emerged at the same time as modernity and was largely equated with an attitude of critical thinking, based on rationality, logic and objectivity, and the desire for knowledge through ‘aposteriori’ methods of discovery, rather than ‘apriori’ methods of tradition.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Social_theory   (1385 words)

  
 The IR Theory Knowledge Base
Constructivist theory rejects the basic assumption of neo-realist theory that the state of anarchy (lack of a higher authority or government) is a structural condition inherent in the system of states.
There are further nuances to the theory: for instance, the sources of power transition vary in their volitility, population change being the least volatile and political capacity (defined as the ability of the government to control resources internal to the country) the most volatile.
No general theory of the social construction of reality is available to be borrowed from other fields and international relations constructivists have not as yet managed to formulate a fully fledged theory of their own.
www.irtheory.com /know.htm   (7473 words)

  
 Critical Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
According to these theorists, a “critical” theory may be distinguished from a “traditional” theory according to a specific practical purpose: a theory is critical to the extent that it seeks human emancipation, “to liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them” (Horkheimer 1982, 244).
Here the relation of theory to practice is a different one than among the original pragmatists: more than simply clarifying the relation of means and ends for decisions on particular issues, these social sciences demand reflection upon institutionalized practices and their norms of cooperation.
Social facts related to stability may indeed constrain feasibility without being limits on the possibility or realizability of an ideal as such; in the case of pluralism, for example, democratic political ideals other than liberalism might be possible.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/critical-theory   (18974 words)

  
 Social Learning Theory (Bandura) at Learning Theories
Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences.
Social learning theory has sometimes been called a bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it encompasses attention, memory, and motivation.
The theory is related to Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory and Lave’s Situated Learning, which also emphasize the importance of social learning.
www.learning-theories.com /social-learning-theory-bandura.html   (400 words)

  
 Albert Bandura
This assumption is similar to Shaw and McKay’s theory of social disorganization.
The biological preparedness of the individual to learn as well as the role of the brain in processing information from the social environment, are critical to learning theory, but they are ignored by the social learning theory.
Social reinforcement is conditioned reinforcement based on the relationship of the conditioned stimulus to an unconditioned stimulus" (Jeffery, 1985: p.239).
www.criminology.fsu.edu /crimtheory/bandura.htm   (2515 words)

  
 Essays and Papers on SOCIOLOGY: SOCIAL THEORY Research Papers, Essays, and Term Papers
This essay applies the principles of conflict theory to the interactions between a street gang denominated the "Saints" and the tenants' Council of a housing project, designated Blackstone, that is located in a large midwestern city and was studied by Venkatesh.
Social Stratification and Theoretical Explanations The thesis to be addressed in this report is that the United States appears to be a social system with a high degree of social inequality.
Conflict Theory in Criminal Justice Abstract Conflict theory in criminal justice is based on the assumption that society is grounded in inherent conflict that cannot be resolved.
www.research-assistance.com /topics/sociology_social_theory.php   (5070 words)

  
 Social Contract Theory [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Social Contract Theory, nearly as old as philosophy itself, is the view that persons' moral and/or political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement between them to form society.
Locke’s arguments for the social contract, and for the right of citizens to revolt against their king were enormously influential on the democratic revolutions that followed, especially on Thomas Jefferson, and the founders of the United States.
The normative social contract, argued for by Rousseau in The Social Contract (1762), is meant to respond to this sorry state of affairs and to remedy the social and moral ills that have been produced by the development of society.
www.iep.utm.edu /s/soc-cont.htm   (9316 words)

  
 Social Cognitive Theory Overview   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The earliest contribution to learning theory was from William James in 1890, whose notion of the 'social self' laid the foundation for the modern SLT tenet of the interaction between personal factors and the environment.
In his theory, Akers proposes that social behavior is shaped by a number of processes, including differential association, differential reinforcement, and cognitive definitions (Akers et.al., 1979; Akers 1985;1989;1996; Akers and Lee, 1996).
His theory was the first to incorporate the notion of modeling, or vicarious learning, as a form of social learning.
www.med.usf.edu /~kmbrown/Social_Cognitive_Theory_Overview.htm   (4394 words)

  
 Why is Social Theory So
Current social theory at the most general level goes on outside the neat divisions of school syllabi, and sometimes outside of actual universities for that matter, at high-powered international and prestigious conferences as well as via best-selling publications or in journals.
Social theory at the grand, ‘pure’, international level is pursued by those with definite interests in theory, either as fellow researchers and theorists or, even these days, as more general intellectuals who may not actually be employed by universities but who have an interest as journalists, writers or even as artists of various kinds.
Social theory is deeply implicated with the most vocational or practical courses, of course, even though it might not be foregrounded as a topic for discussion.
www.arasite.org /dhintro1.htm   (6614 words)

  
 Social Network Theory
Once you introduce the social dimension in reputation evaluation and the members start to take into account social relations, it becomes more and more important to consider not only which is the reputation of the other members, but also what can a member do to get and maintain a good reputation.
Social networks and their patterns of relationships are a fundamental fact of market behavior and can be used effectively as a basis for marketing strategies.
The purpose of the SSNA algorithms program is to extend techniques of social network analysis to assist with distinguishing potential terrorist cells from legitimate groups of people, based on their patterns of interactions, and to identify when a terrorist group plans to execute an attack.
www.ccs.neu.edu /home/perrolle/archive/Ethier-SocialNetworks.html   (5467 words)

  
 Theories
No adequate theory exists, primarily because it is not possible to construct such a theory from inside the system: all social theorists are enmeshed in the social relations they describe; we cannot escape being part of a gender system, a class system, a specific cultural-historical epoch, etc.
A general social theory usually identifies the categories of persons constructed by the practices of a community, and specifies the relations among these categories in terms of power, prestige, and specialized function within the community.
Social semiotics examines semiotic practices, specific to a culture and community, for the making of various kinds of texts and meanings in various situational contexts and contexts of culturally meaningful activity.
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu /education/jlemke/theories.htm   (2456 words)

  
 SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Parsons theory is one of action, which goes beyond the old reductionist theories of social theory.
For the social system as such, goal-orientation concerns, therefore, not commitment to the values of the society, but motivation to contribute what is necessary for the functioning of the system.
Institutionalizing Roles: Parsons says that the social system of the institution must contain an allocative process by which the problem of who is to get what, who is to do what, and the manner and conditions under which it is to be done is made explicit.
ssr1.uchicago.edu /PRELIMS/Theory/parsons.html   (7941 words)

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