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Topic: Sociobiology

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In the News (Sun 21 Oct 18)

  Sociobiology: Evolution, Genes and Morality
Sociobiology is gaining in popularity because of the scientific community's strong commitment to evolution.
Sociobiology may respond by saying that perhaps the benefit to be gained by inclusion in the group will compensate for the family loss, but how can the loss of an individual's entire genetic contribution to the next generation be explained away by any evolutionary mechanism?
Sociobiology seems to be quite capable of predicting many of the characteristics of human behavior.
www.leaderu.com /orgs/probe/docs/sociobio.html   (0 words)

  Sociobiology - Edward O. Wilson   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sociobiology is defined as the systematic study of the biological basis of all forms of social behavior, including sexual and parental behavior, in all kinds of organisms including humans.
During 1950-1970, sociobiology was employed intermittently in technical articles, a usage evidently inspired by its already quasi-official status.
Sociobiology in particular is still a rudimentary science.
www2.pfeiffer.edu /~lridener/courses/SOCBIO.HTML   (3647 words)

 David L. Hull, "Activism, Scientists and Sociobiology," 2000
Sociobiology (1975) and Richard Dawkins' The Selfish Gene (1976) through to the present-day 'science wars' and evolutionary psychology.
The chief advocates of sociobiology in the United States whom Segerstråle considers are E. Wilson, Robert Trivers and Bernard Davis; the chief opponents are Richard Lewontin, Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Levins, Jon Beckwith and Stephen Chorover.
As Segerstråle notes, one problem with posing the issue in the way she does is that sociobiology's opponents lived in exactly the same array of societies and subsocieties as their opponents.
www.stephenjaygould.org /reviews/hull_sociobiology.html   (0 words)

 Sociobiology Information on Healthline
The trend of social thought for several decades has been that humans are by and large responsible for their personal behaviors and for the ways they interact with others and with society as a whole.
Young boys tend to be aggressive in their play, while young girls tend to be reflective, or, to use a term widely applied in sociobiology, coy.
While sociobiology may predict patterns of behavior in young children, there is no reason to believe that these tendencies cannot or should not be altered.
www.healthline.com /galecontent/sociobiology   (928 words)

 Sociobiology: The New Synthesis by E. O. Wilson
Example after example through the entire book of various species demonstrating certain behaviors make Sociobiology almost as entertaining as it is fascinating which is unusual for something that on the surface appears to be a textbook of sorts.
Although voted by officers and fellows of the international Animal Behavior Society the most important book on animal behavior of all time, Sociobiology is probably more widely known as the object of bitter attacks by social scientists and other scholars who opposed its claim that human social behavior, indeed human nature, has a biological foundation.
Human sociobiology, now often called evolutionary psychology, has in the last quarter of a century emerged as its own field of study, drawing on theory and data from both biology and the social sciences.
www.2think.org /sociobiology.shtml   (0 words)

 Great Ideas in Personality--Evolutionary Psychology
Sociobiology (of which evolutionary psychology is a subfield that particularly concerns humans) can be thought of as having, like any research program, a "hard core" of problem solving strategies that provide possible answers to vexing research questions, and a "protective belt" of promising research questions to be addressed by providing actual answers to these questions.
Sociobiology can be thought of as a special case of the adaptationist program, which assumes that all phenotypic features (or characters) of contemporary organisms result from the fact that these features allowed the organisms' predecessors to produce more offspring in a prehistoric environment (Lewontin, 1979).
"Narrow sociobiology" is defined as the study of evolution and of function, and chiefly applies to non-human animals in which cultural transmission is not an important variable intervening between possible and actual explanations (Kitcher, 1988).
www.personalityresearch.org /evolutionary.html   (0 words)

 sociobiology. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The theory has contributed to the understanding of certain evolutionary traits in the animal world, such as how instinctive parental behaviors of animals are determined in part by the need to ensure survival of offspring.
The theory first gained attention when Edward O. Wilson of Harvard published Sociobiology (1975); it became controversial when he proposed extending the theory to explain human social behavior and psychological patterns.
Critics charged that this application of sociobiology was a form of genetic determinism and that it failed to take into account the complexity of human behavior and the impact of the environment on human development.
www.bartleby.com /65/so/sociobio.html   (0 words)

 Against "Sociobiology" - The New York Review of Books
Sociobiology carries with it the revolutionary implication that much of man's behavior toward his fellows…may be as much a product of evolution as is the structure of the hand or the size of the brain.
Thus, Wilson places 500 pages of double column biology between his first chapter on "The Morality of the Gene" and the last chapter, "From Sociobiology to Sociology." But Wilson's claim for objectivity rests entirely upon, the extent to which his last chapter follows logically and inevitably from the fact and theory that come before.
We must take "Sociobiology" seriously, then, not because we feel that it provides a scientific basis for its discussion of human behavior, but because it appears to signal a new wave of biological determinist theories.
www.nybooks.com /articles/9017   (0 words)

 The Sociobiology of Information Architecture - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design
Pulitzer Prize-winning entomologist E.O. Wilson coined the term “sociobiology” to describe the study of social behavior from an evolutionary perspective.
Wilson’s landmark 1975 book, Sociobiology: the New Synthesis, brilliantly punctured the prevalent scientific view that animal behavior could be adequately explained through the traditional disciplinary filters of biology, chemistry, and genetic inheritance.
Thanks to the conceptual foundation of sociobiology and, more recently, evolutionary psychology, we are beginning to understand the complexity and sophistication of nature’s super-organisms, some of them seeming to exhibit properties once thought the exclusive province of humanity: language, reason, even the outlines of culture.
www.boxesandarrows.com /archives/the_sociobiology_of_information_architecture.php   (0 words)

 Sociobiology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
The term ‘sociobiology’ was introduced in E. Wilson's Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975) as the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior.
Advocates of sociobiology tend to see humans as just another species of animal and as part of nature, whereas its critics tend to envision humans as radically different from animals and as separate from nature.
Sociobiology studies the evolutionary significance of behavior; that is its limited domain.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/sociobiology   (4626 words)

  In the News: Against Sociobiology: Bethell, Tom
Sociobiology extended Darwinian insights about bodies to behavior, and may be thought of as having revived the old controversy about nature and nurture.
Sociobiology purported to explain diverse aspects of human nature, thought to be universal in human society.
The critics of sociobiology were using arguments that threatened to undermine the whole of Darwinian evolution, since the physical, the mental, and the behavioral are (in the materialist's world) parts of one material whole.
www.arn.org /docs/news/againstsociobiology0101.htm   (4946 words)

 Sociobiology Summary
Sociobiology is the term used to describe a relatively recent stage in the continuing development of evolutionary biology.
Sociobiology denotes the attempt to provide a biological explanation for the social behavior of animals, including humans, although the focus is more often on social insects such as ants and honey bees.
Sociobiology is a synthesis of scientific disciplines that attempts to explain behaviour in all species by considering the evolutionary advantages of social behaviours.
www.bookrags.com /Sociobiology   (474 words)

Sociobiology explains altruism away: the `absolute elimination of altruism'.<22> The meaning of selfishness is also over stretched by some sociobiologists.
In fact, Ruse and Wilson might apply their argument to sociobiology's analysis of science as well for it too serves biological functions enabling survival.<33> I cannot imagine that they would conclude sociobiology destroys science's claims to truth, that it too is an illusion.
Sociobiology says culture is an instrument of genetic survival and meaning is not separate from the biological.
www.ksharpe.com /word/EP09.htm   (8908 words)

Ethology is taken as the study of individual behavioral patterns, zoosemiotic as the study of animal communication, and sociobiology as the study of social organization.
Sociobiology underestimates this historical—cultural dimension of human existence and, despite being a discipline grounded in the theory of evolution, it takes for granted a series of essential principles as unchangeable realities.
In this way sociobiology produces an ideological discourse on human nature, a false representation of the world which can be of great utility for legitimising many oppressive and discriminatory practices.
sociologyindex.com /sociobiology.htm   (1366 words)

 [No title]
Contrary to predictions made by opponents in the 1970s and 1980s, sociobiology was not a nefarious plot to give scientific credence to a right-wing policy agenda.
And contrary to early predictions of its greatest enthusiasts, sociobiology has not pushed aside the rest of the behavioral and social sciences, nor has it folded them all neatly into its wide theoretical embrace.
It is worth noting that this is quite different from the approach taken by sociobiology in the 1970s, which attempted to explain modern human behaviour as adaptive.
lycos.cs.cmu.edu /info/sociobiology--1970s.html   (217 words)

 [No title]
Sociobiology is a hotly debated theory which proposes to explain the evolution of behavior.
Sociobiology has important implications for the nature of man, and consequently it is important for a Christian who is searching for a strong foundation for moral values to understand those implications of sociobiology before deciding what to do with the theory.
Tom Bethell (“Against Sociobiology,” January) is to be commended for pointing out the fatal flaw of socio­ biology and of its latter–day offspring &#8220;evolutionary psychology”;: the lack of falsifiability of many of the hypotheses proposed in these fields.
lycos.com /info/sociobiology.html   (667 words)

 AllRefer.com - sociobiology (Biology, General) - Encyclopedia
The theory has contributed to the understanding of certain evolutionary traits in the animal world, such as how instinctive parental behaviors of animals are determined in part by the need to ensure survival of offspring.
The theory first gained attention when Edward O. Wilson of Harvard published Sociobiology (1975); it became controversial when he proposed extending the theory to explain human social behavior and psychological patterns.
Critics charged that this application of sociobiology was a form of genetic determinism and that it failed to take into account the complexity of human behavior and the impact of the environment on human development.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/sociobio.html   (315 words)

 The New Atlantis - A Journal of Technology and Society
Sociobiology is the belief that human beings have real natures and natural purposes, but natures and purposes that are fully intelligible through evolution and not really different from those of the other animals.
In what follows, I focus on the rise and fall of sociobiology: what sociobiology says and what it means; how it is true and how it is false; and how it fits with the views that human nature can be created out of nothing (social constructionism) or reshaped into whatever we desire (biotechnology).
Sociobiology might balk at the absurdity of the longings that stand at the foundation of individual existentialism, but it cannot dispense with or explain them.
www.thenewatlantis.com /archive/1/lawler.htm   (5261 words)

 EP06. Theodicy and Sociobiology
It is, suggests sociobiology, to act under the influence of genes to see God as the all-good and all-powerful.
Sociobiology is a new field that takes evolutionary theory beyond the biological into the social.
Sociobiology, while making biology the key player in explaining human moral behavior, does not dismiss the role culture has to play.
www.ksharpe.com /Word/EP06.htm   (1706 words)

 SOCIO-SOCIOBIOLOGY   (Site not responding. Last check: )
I surmise that what really provokes the critics of sociobiology is a certain philosophical relevance of sociobiology both in the broad sense (the application of natural selection principles to behaviour) and in the narrow sense (the insistence on the centrality of certain mechanisms, such as gene selection).
Corresponding to sociobiology in the broad sense, the vision is of humans as natural beings, biological organisms whose motivation is ultimately to be explained in ways that must conform to (though not necessarily be exhausted by) the imperatives of selection theory.
Sociobiology, in the background of detailed arguments by means of which cognitive science attempts to work out the details, can actually contribute to the task of devising a fruitful approach to the problem.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~sousa/sociosoc.html   (6407 words)

 Primate Behavior
Sociobiology, the study of the biological bases for social behavior, has as its primary tenet the expectation that phenotypes should behave in ways that promote the continuation of their genotypes.
Sociobiology presumes that genetic components in social behaviors are subject to the same selection processes as any other gene influenced characteristic.
The primary concept in sociobiology is kin selection, the idea that we share our genotype with our kin, and if we behave in ways that promote their success then we benefit our own genotype.
uts.cc.utexas.edu /~bramblet/ant301/nine.html   (3057 words)

 All Things Explained: A look into sociobiology
Edward O. Wilson is the father of sociobiology, a discipline which fuses the concepts of culture and society with the theories of biology (evolution, genetics, etc.).
Sociobiology is a reflection of this in that it attempts to bring the elements of both natural and social sciences together.
If the theories of sociobiology and consilience were to spread, the challenges would be to use the knowledge to improve the world and to somehow find beauty and magic alongside the presence of science.
serendip.brynmawr.edu /biology/b103/f00/web2/jones2.html   (1532 words)

The entemologist E. O Wilson was the first to formalize the idea that social behavior could be explained evolutionarily, and he called his theory sociobiology.
Over time, Wilson's sociobiology found more and more supporters among biologists, psychologists, and even anthropologists.
Let's begin with an example of instinctual behavior in animals: The three-spined stickleback is a one-inch long fish that one can find in the rivers and lakes of Europe.
www.ship.edu /~cgboeree/sociobiology.html   (0 words)

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