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Topic: Sodium nitrate

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In the News (Sat 24 Mar 18)

  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Sodium nitrate
Sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium sulfate and iodine are all obtained by the processing of caliche.
Sodium nitrate is also manufactured synthetically by reacting nitric acid with soda ash.
Sodium nitrite reacts with stomach acid and other chemicals in the stomach to produce nitrosamines, which have been shown to cause cancer in animals when consumed in large quantities.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Sodium-nitrate   (1710 words)

 Sodium Nitrate - Sodium Nitrate Manufacturers,Sodium Nitrate Suppliers & Exporters
Engaged in distribution of sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, di methyl formamide, ethyl acetate and acetic acid.
Exporters of barium carbonate, barium chloride, barium hydroxide, barium sulphate, barium nitrate, sodium nitrate, strontium carbonate, sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, mercury, mercuric chloride and sodium nitrite.
Export of odium nitrate, barium carbonate, arsenic trioxide, antimony trioxide and sodium sulphide.
dir.indiamart.com /impcat/sodium-nitrate.html   (1819 words)

 Howstuffworks "What is sodium nitrate? It seems like lots of meats contain it. Is it in any way harmful?"
You have probably noticed that nearly all meats that contain sodium nitrate or sodium nitrite remain pink or red even though they are cooked during processing.
Sodium nitrite reacts with stomach acid and other chemicals in the stomach to produce nitrosamines, which have been shown to cause cancer in animals when consumed in large quantities.
However, there's not much sodium nitrate/nitrite in meats, and we consume sodium nitrate/nitrite from other foods as well, so it is not clear that they are harmful in the quantities we get from meats.
home.howstuffworks.com /question233.htm   (291 words)

Uses: as a source of nitrate for fertilizer and as mineral specimens.
Nitrates are not all that commonly found due to their general ease in dissolving in water.
Most nitrates are found in arid, desert regions such as around the Persian Gulf or found as efflorescences on dry cave or mine walls.
mineral.galleries.com /minerals/carbonat/nitratin/nitratin.htm   (598 words)

  Sodium   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Because sodium is found in nearly all dietary sources, its bioavailability (amount of a mineral/nutrient capable for absorption in any given food) in the body is very high.
The amount of sodium needed for proper functioning of cellular processes may be in direct relation to the physical activity of a person or the overall health on an individual.
Sodium deficiency is many times associated with the lack of the other two electrolytes, potassium and chloride.
www.supplementnews.org /sodium   (654 words)

  Sodium nitrate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sodium nitrate (not to be confused with sodium nitrite) is a type of salt (NaNO
Sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium sulfate and iodine are all obtained by the processing of caliche.
Sodium nitrate is also manufactured synthetically by reacting nitric acid with soda ash.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sodium_nitrate   (289 words)

 Nitrate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In inorganic chemistry, a nitrate is a salt of nitric acid.
Nitrates such as potassium nitrate (saltpeter) and ammonium nitrate are important nitrogen carriers in fertilizers; lesser amounts of calcium nitrate, magnesium nitrate and sodium nitrate are applied.
Nitrates should not be confused with nitrites, the salts of nitrous acid.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nitrate   (950 words)

 Akshay Chem. - Manufacturers and Exporters of Sodium Acetate, Potassium Acetate,Sodium Di - Acetate, Potassium / Sodium ...
Sodium Nitrate is available in a white crystalline form.
Sodium Nitrate is used in the manufacture of various types of Glass, Explosive-Blasting powder.
Sodium Nitrate is supplied in poly lined Poly Ethylene bags of 50 kgs each.
www.axaygroup.com /sodium_nitrate.htm   (165 words)

 CHEC Chemical Profile: nitrite, nitrate
The usual sources of nitrate contamination are human sewage, animal manure (especially from feedlots), nitric oxides, and in particular nitrogen-based fertilizers, of which potassium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are the most common.
Eight to fifteen grams of sodium or potassium nitrate is fatal for adults.
The toxic effects of nitrate are closely related to its conversion to nitrite by bacteria in the mouth and stomach, and depends not only on dose, but also on the concentration and type of bacteria present.
www.checnet.org /healthehouse/chemicals/chemicals-detail2.asp?Main_ID=278   (1616 words)

 AllRefer.com - sodium nitrate, Compound & Element (Compounds And Elements) - Encyclopedia
Sodium nitrate is also called soda niter or Chile saltpeter.
Natural deposits are the major source of sodium nitrate; it is also obtained in small amounts as a byproduct of chlorine production by the nitrosyl chloride process, in which sodium chloride (common salt) is reacted with nitric acid.
Sodium nitrate is used in making potassium nitrate, fertilizers, and explosives.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/sodiumni.html   (240 words)

 Nitrite in Meat   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sodium nitrite, rather than sodium nitrate, is most commonly used for curing (although in some products, such as country ham, sodium nitrate is used because of the long aging period).
According to this source, the fatal dose of potassium nitrate for adult humans is in the range of 30 to 35 grams consumed as a single dose; the fatal dose of sodium nitrite is in the range of 22 to 23 milligrams per kilogram of body weight.
The nitrate content of vegetables is affected by maturity, soil conditions, fertilizer, variety, etc. It has been estimated that 10 percent of the human exposure to nitrite in the digestive tract comes from cured meats and 90 percent comes from vegetables and other sources.
www.extension.umn.edu /distribution/nutrition/DJ0974.html   (1597 words)

 Album Desierto - History about Nitrate (English)
Once the caliche (raw material of nitrate) was extracted and after having crushed it into small pieces, it was leached by cooking it with water in one or two copper cauldrons, which were heated over live fire by means of a furnace or firebox, which, placed under or between the two cauldrons permitted heating both.
When nitrate that first was in a state of solution is crystallized, it is a perfectly white clot, of a characteristic smell and that keeps the humidity, so it must be exposed to the air to dry.
Caliche or the mineral of sodium nitrate native of the provinces of Tarapacá and Antofagasta is said to have been used by agricultural fertilizer by the natives of that region.
www.albumdesierto.cl /ingles/2histori.htm   (3770 words)

 Simcoe Muskoka District Health Unit - Water - Nitrate and Sodium
Nitrates are present in water (particularly ground water) as a result of decay of plant or animal material, the use of agricultural fertilizers, domestic sewage or treated wastewater
The maximum acceptable concentration of nitrite in drinking water is 1 mg/L (measured as nitrogen) based as with nitrate primarily on the relationship between nitrite in water and the incidence of infantile methaemoglobinaemia.
Nitrite is fairly rapidly oxidized to nitrate and is therefore seldom present in surface waters in significant concentrations.
www.simcoehealth.org /Facts/Water/Drinking_Water/Nitrate_and_Sodium.asp?NAV=WATER   (529 words)

 nitrate. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Nitrates are salts or esters of nitric acid, HNO
Nearly all metal nitrates are readily soluble in water; for this reason they are often used when a water soluble salt of a metal is needed.
The presence of nitrates in the soil is of great importance, since it is from these compounds that plants obtain the nitrogen necessary for their growth.
www.bartleby.com /65/ni/nitrate.html   (308 words)

 Cheap-Chemicals.com: Chemicals
Sodium bicarbonate is used as a fire-suppression agent in some dry powder fire extinguishers.
Sodium silicate is used, along with magnesium silicate in muffler repair paste.
Sodium silicate was also used as an egg preservation agent in the early 20th Century with large success.
www.cheap-chemicals.com /chemicals.asp?Sort=S   (1472 words)

Sodium is the sixth most abundant element on earth, comprising about 2.6% of the earth's crust; it is the most abundant of the alkali group of metals of which it is a member.
Sodium is a soft, bright, silvery metal which floats on water, decomposing it with the evolution of hydrogen and the formation of the hydroxide.
Metallic sodium is vital in the manufacture of sodamide and esters, and in the preparation of organic compounds.
www.speclab.com /elements/sodium.htm   (850 words)

 'GRASS TETANY' Chapter 8
Sodium chloride, or cooking salt, is the fertilizer most commonly employed to increase the sodium content of grass.
These effects of sodium have been observed in striking manner in soils which naturally or as the result of flooding or irrigation with salt water are extremely rich in sodium.
At the 8th International Grassland Congress in 1960 LEHR reported that the application of Chile sodium nitrate (for the first cut) enabled the sodium content (Na) of the dry matter of grass to be increased from 0 - 06 to 0 -42%.
www.soilandhealth.org /01aglibrary/010106voisin/010106gtchap8.html   (2286 words)

 American Elements: Sodium Supplier & Technical Information
Sodium is primarily used in its metallic form in the production of chemical esters and in the manufacturing of various other organic compounds.
Sodium is available as metal and compounds with purities from 99% to 99.999% (ACS grade to ultra-high purity); metals in the form of foil, sputtering target, and rod, and compounds as submicron and nanopowder.
Sodium is available in soluble forms including chlorides, nitrates and acetates.
www.americanelements.com /na.html   (488 words)

 ATSDR - CSEM - Nitrate/Nitrite Toxicity: Exposure Pathways   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The remainder of the nitrate in a typical diet comes from drinking water (about 21%) and from meat and meat products (about 6%) in which sodium nitrate is used as a preservative and color-enhancing agent.
Other medications implicated in cases of nitrate or nitrite toxicity are quinone derivatives (antimalarials), nitroglycerine, bismuth subnitrite (antidiarrheal), ammonium nitrate (diuretic), amyl and sodium nitrites (antidotes for cyanide and hydrogen sulfide poisoning), and isosorbide dinitrate/tetranitrates (vasodilators used in coronary artery disease therapy) (Table 1).
Sodium nitrite used as an anticorrosive agent in cooling fluids, ammonium nitrate found in cold packs, and nitrous gases used in arc welding are other possible sources of exposure.
www.atsdr.cdc.gov /HEC/CSEM/nitrate/exposure_pathways.html   (685 words)

 Healthopedia.com - Sodium
Sodium is an electrolyte mineral, commonly known as salt.
Sodium in the diet is measured in milligrams (mg).
The average sodium intake in the US is between 4,000 and 5,000 mg per day.
www.healthopedia.com /sodium   (301 words)

 Ingredients -- Sodium nitrite   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sodium nitrite is used to fix the colors in preserved fish and meats.
Sodium nitrite is produced in the human body by the action of saliva on sodium nitrate, and is important in controlling bacteria in the stomach, to prevent gastroenteritis.
Sodium nitrite can react with proteins in the stomach or during cooking (especially in high heat, such as frying bacon) to form carcinogenic N-nitrosamines.
sci-toys.com /ingredients/sodium_nitrite.html   (199 words)

 sodium iodide and mercury(II) chloride
The gray-blue balls are sodium ions and the violet balls are iodide ions
Nitrate ions are represented by a blue ball (nitrogen) surrounded by three red balls (oxygen).
The blue-grey balls are sodium ions and the violet balls are iodide ions
jchemed.chem.wisc.edu /JCESoft/CCA/CCA1/R1MAIN/CD1R2360.HTM   (343 words)

 Sodium Phosphate Manufacturer,Tri Sodium Phosphate Supplier,Sodium Phosphate Supplier,Tri Sodium Phosphate From India
Ammonium Nitrate made by us is commonly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer, and it has also been used as an oxidizing agent in explosives.
Potassium Nitrate that we manufacture is explosive in nature and that is why it finds it application in fireworks, catalyzer, salt for heat treatment, and cigarette paper.It should be protected from sun and rain during transportation, so we it is packed by us in special jars as per the requirement.
Specially mined and extracted sodium Nitrate of good quality is produced by us which can be used as a solid propellent for rockets as well as its edible form is also available for food preservatives.
www.trivenichemical.com /nitrate.html   (225 words)

 006. Sodium nitrate (FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series 38a)
Sodium nitrate was fed to 4 groups of 20 rats each at dosages of 0.1%, 1%, 5% and 10% of the diet for 2 years.
Evaluation Levels causing no significant toxicological effect in animals From consideration of the long-term study in rats, the level of sodium nitrate causing no demonstrable effect over a period approximating to the life span is assessed at 1% of the diet, or 500 mg/kg body-weight daily.
Estimate of acceptable daily intakes for man mg/kg body-weight (as sodium nitrate) Unconditional acceptance 0-5 Conditional acceptance 5-10 Comment In establishing tolerances for added nitrate it is important to take into account the amount of nitrate already present in other foods.
www.inchem.org /documents/jecfa/jecmono/v38aje06.htm   (1556 words)

 Methemoglobinemia Following Unintentional Ingestion of Sodium Nitrite --- New York, 2002
The most common cause of methemoglobinemia is the ingestion or inhalation of oxidizing agents such as nitrates or nitrites (e.g., sodium nitrite, which is used commonly as a preservative in curing meats and fish).
Although these reports were found later to be erroneous, emergency hazardous materials procedures were implemented at both the apartment building and the ED until ambient testing of the building confirmed the absence of chemical or biologic agents and clinical laboratory testing confirmed the diagnosis of methemoglobinemia.
Sodium nitrate and sodium nitrite are used for their antimicrobial effects to preserve and cure meat, fish, and certain cheeses.
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5129a2.htm   (1739 words)

 Nitrate: Health Risks to Consumers - How Nitrate and Nitrogen Pollution Happens and Dangers of Nitrate and Nitrogen ...
When Nitrate is taken in by eating food and drinking water, Nitrate is converted in the gut to nitrite, which then combines with hemoglobin to form methemoglobin, thus decreasing the ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Nitrate level is monitored in municipal water supplies world-wide, and in foodstuffs, to prevent exposure of populations to harmful or toxic levels.
Nitrate analysis of water is one of the most common tests done by individuals, commercial laboratories and government regulatory laboratories, like public health departments.
www.nitrate.com /nitrate1.htm   (2033 words)

 sodium nitrate - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A review of nitrates in drinking water: maternal exposure and adverse reproductive and developmental outcomes.
Renal toxicogenomic response to chronic uranyl nitrate insult in mice.(Toxicogenomics)
High nitrate content in drinking water: cytogenetic effects in exposed children.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-sodiumni.html   (565 words)

 Lead Nitrate And Sodium
#1 NG 32 sodium nitrate 28 woodmeal 10 ammonium oxalate 29 guncotten 1 #2 NG 24 potassium nitrate 9 sodium nitate 56 woodmeal 9 ammonium oxalate 2 #3 NG...
suphates - magnesium sulphate, ferric sulphate, sodium thiosulphate, zinc sulphate, copper ammonium suphate, ferrous ammonium...
Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Iodide Sodium Nitrate Sodium Oxalate...
sodiumnitrate.moatsodium.com /leadnitrateandsodium   (707 words)

Rare cases of nitrates being converted to the more toxic nitrites have been reported, mostly with infants.
Under some circumstances methemoglobinemia occurs in individuals when the nitrate is converted by bacteria in the stomach to nitrite.
Not combustible, but substance is a strong oxidizer and its heat of reaction with reducing agents or combustibles may cause ignition.
www.skylighter.com /msds/SODIUM%20NITRATE%20MSDS.htm   (988 words)

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