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Topic: Solanaceae

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Solanaceae will be a single, limited edition zine dedicated to the human experience with the Solanaceae family of plants, the Nightshades.
Members of the Solanaceae family include plants that are deadly poisons, staple foods, powerful hallucinogens, roadside "weeds," ornamental flowers, highly intoxicating or addictive substances, a source for folk and Western medicines...
Experiences and inspiration from all members of the family are encouraged, whichever may have spoken to you or has had a major influence.
www.organicjewelry.com /solanaceae.html   (308 words)

  Solanaceae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The nightshades (Family Solanaceae) are a family of dicots, many of which are edible, while others are considered poisonous.
However, Solanaceae species are often rich in alkaloidal glucosides that can range in their toxicity to humans and animals from mildly irritating to fatal in small quantities.
The Solanaceae are known for possessing a diverse range of alkaloidal glucosides, or simply alkaloids.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Solanaceae   (997 words)

Solanaceae are quite often rather foetid herbs or weak shrubs with polysymmetric or weakly bisymmetric sympetalous flowers - when bisymmetrical, the flowers are held so that "the" odd petal is in the adaxial position.
Vegetatively many Solanaceae - especially Solanoideae, the bulk of the family - are distinctive because the insertion of leaves, branches and flowers often does not seem to follow any regular sequence; paired leaves adjacent on the stem are common.
The two carpels so common in Solanaceae (but Nicandra has 3-5) are often in the plane of the first K initiated; this is one of the abaxial pair.
www.mobot.org /MOBOT/Research/APweb/orders/solanalesweb.htm   (2733 words)

 Solanaceae Family Factsheet - Gardening Australia - ABC
Solanaceae is one of the largest and most diverse plant families and contains some of the most poisonous plants known to mankind.
The flowers of plants of the Solanaceae family have cup-shaped fused corollas, and are often tubular or trumpet shaped, such as Iochroma sp.
Some other plants of the Solanaceae family include the Flowering Tobacco, Nicotiana(hybrids) as well as the commercial Tobacco plant; the Willow-leaf Cestrum, Cestrum parqui; Night-scented Jasmine, Cestrum nocturnum; as well as Petunias, with all their different forms.
www.abc.net.au /gardening/stories/s113566.htm   (612 words)

 Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society: Floral ontogeny of Salpiglossis (Solanaceae) and the oblique gynoecium1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The floral orientation of Solanaceae, as exemplified by Salpiglossis, has the staminode and a calyx lobe in the abaxial position, which is a synapomorphy with respect to other Asteridae.
The taxonomic descriptions of Solanaceae above suggest the plane of symmetry that bisects the two locules of the gynoecium is oblique with respect to the median plane of the flower (Fig.
The floral descriptions of Solanaceae reflected the prevailing hypothesis that Solanaceae were phylogenetically close to Scrophulariaceae, linked via zygomorphic genera in Solanaceae and slightly zygomorphic taxa in Scrophulariaceae, like Verbascum, which at one time was placed in the basal tribe Pseudosolaneae (Wettstein 1895).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa4017/is_200204/ai_n9029945   (1323 words)

 solanaceae   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Most members of the Solanaceae family are poisonous due to the presence of tropane or steroid alkaloids.
A few Solanaceae are ornamentals, the most important of which is Petunia.
The Solanaceae are generally herbs, shrubs, or vines with alternate, non-stipulate, simple to pinnately-dissected leaves.
www.ups.edu /faculty/kirkpatrick/fieldbotany/family_pages/Solanaceae/solanaceae.htm   (136 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | Opportunistic out-crossing in Nicotiana attenuata(Solanaceae), a predominantly ...
There are relatively few direct, experimental demonstrations of their roles in pollen transfer, however, many of the relationships having been deduced from observations of visits and from examination of pollen on the insects' mouthparts (as reviewed in [13,16]).
Experimental studies of species of Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae have demonstrated that hawkmoths are involved in pollination of predominant selfers [19-21].
The GUS and antibiotic-resistance marker genes, which have already found use in pollination biology for field studies of gene dispersal [22-24] and to examine pollen-tube growth [25], provide an additional tool for such investigations, permitting confirmation of the acceptance of exogenous pollen and evaluation of the relative contributions of pollinators to seed set.
www.biomedcentral.com /1472-6785/3/6   (5821 words)

 Untitled Document
Coe, L. The Taxonomy of Jaltomata tlaxcala and Jaltomata procumbens (Solanaceae): Morphological Distinctions and Interfertility.
In J. Hawkes, R. Lester and A. Skelding [eds.], The Biology and Taxonomy of the Solanaceae, 3-47.
A chloroplast DNA phylogeny of the Solanaceae: subfamilial relationships and character evolution.
www.biology.ccsu.edu /mione/LiteratureJaltomata.htm   (1295 words)

The Solanaceae is a cosmopolitan family, occurring in tropical and temperate regions throughout the world.
Many species of Solanaceae produce tropane alkaloids that have valuable medicinal properties, but which may also be extremely poisonous.
The Convolvulceae differs from the Solanaceae in several non-morphological characters, but the species in northern Utah are all herbaceous vines, whereas the Solanaceae in Utah are erect.
herbarium.usu.edu /taxa/Solanac.htm   (499 words)

 Solanaceae Network   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The plant family of the Solanaceae (the nightshade family) is one of the most intriguing plant families in the world.
It's name Solanaceae is possibly derived from Solari which means ‘soothing’ in Latin.
It might also be possible that the name night ‘shades’ refers to the toxicological properties of several Solanum species which can bring damage (Dutch: schade) to an individual, or refer to demoniacal powers (Danish: natskade or night-raven and Swedish: nattskata or bat).
www.solanaceae.net /index.php?option=content&task=view&id=22   (298 words)

 BGCI - Botanic Gardens - The Solanaceae germplasm bank at the Botanical Garden of Nijmegen
Conservation of the genetic resources of the Solanaceae family is the main objective of the build-up of our germplasm collection of non-tuber-bearing Solanaceae which are mostly of wild origin.
All plants are grown in individual containers to accommodate their requirements with regard to watering, fertilizer etc., to prevent disease spread via root contact, and also to be able to move plants as necessary from warm to cold greenhouses or outside in the summer.
Growing Solanaceae at our latitude has the advantage that there is no danger of escape of known weedy species since they will not survive our winters.
www.bgci.org.uk /botanic_gardens/Solanaceae_germplasm_bank_BG_of_Nijmegen.html   (903 words)

 Flowering Plant Families, UH Botany
The Solanaceae are herbs, shrubs, or trees comprising about 85 genera and 2,800 species that are frequently lianous or creeping.
The leaves are alternate, usually simple, and lack stipules.
Note also the alternate leaves that characterizes the family.
www.botany.hawaii.edu /faculty/carr/solan.htm   (340 words)

 ECP/GR - Vegetables, MAP Network: Solanaceae Working Group
A Solanaceae Informal Group was formed to start collaboration on genetic resources of some Solanaceae species, mainly eggplant, tomato and pepper, excluding potato, since this species is included in the ECP/GR Sugar, Starch and Fibre Crops Network (at that time called Industrial Crops and Potato Network).
According to the high number of Solanaceae accessions held in Europe (about 5000 accessions for eggplant, 13 000 for pepper and 23 000 for tomato), it was decided that the compilation of the passport data would be done separately for each crop.
The partners of the WG on Solanaceae are encouraged to use EGGNET protocols as far as eggplant is concerned, and should agree jointly on common protocols for pepper, tomato, Physalis sp.
www.ecpgr.cgiar.org /Workgroups/solanaceae/solanaceae.htm   (651 words)

 NSF Potato Functional Genomics
Due to the high sequence conservation among Solanaceae species, potato cDNA microarrays can be used for expression profiling of a range of Solanaceae species.
The Solanaceae, which includes tomato, potato, pepper, eggplant, tobacco and petunia, is a large and economically important plant family.
With significant levels of DNA sequence homology and cross hybridization between potato and other members of the Solanaceae, we can exploit these resources and include other commercially relevant members of this family, including tomato, eggplant, pepper, and petunia thereby generating a comprehensive Solanaceae gene expression database.
www.tigr.org /tdb/potato/SGED_index2.shtml   (744 words)

 An Apparent Relation of Nightshades (Solanaceae) to Arthritis
Plants in the drug family, Solanaceae (nightshades) are an important causative factor in arthritis in sensitive people.
Some drugs from the Solanaceae are widely used in medicine, such as scopolamine, atropine, hyoscyamine, and belladonna [7].
Eventually, others who were avoiding food nightshades to control their arthritis began asking, "Why don't you do something about this to help others?" Consequently, announcements were placed in the horticultural media; these drew over 400 interested volunteers, most of whom reported various degrees of success in controlling their arthritis.
www.noarthritis.com /research.htm   (2332 words)

Phylogenetic Systematics of Nolana (Solanaceae) and Biogeographic Implications for the Atacama and Peruvian Deserts
Members of the Nolana have traditionally been recognized at the familial (Nolanaceae) or subfamilial (Nolanoideae) rank in the Solanaceae due to their unusual gynoecium of mericarps, however, results from molecular systematics have placed Nolana L. firmly within the family Solanaceae with closest relationships to Lycium L. and Grabowskia Schldl.
(Solanaceae) was originally described by Linnaeus in 1762 and derives its origin from the Latin, nola or small bell.
www.sacha.org /Nolana/Nolana_supplement.htm   (638 words)

 Solanaceae --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Botanists have differed as to which families should be included, but, however the order is construed, it includes some of the plants most important to human...
There is a growing consensus that the order should include the two large families, Solanaceae (Nolanaceae as subfamily Nolanoideae) and Convolvulaceae (Cuscutaceae as subfamily Cuscutoideae),...
The berries of some species of Physalis are edible, and the plants accordingly go by such names as Cape gooseberry (P. peruviana) and husk tomato (P. pruinosa).
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9068552?tocId=9068552   (520 words)

The Solanaceae family has yielded economic important food plants (potato, tomato, chilli peppers, eggplant), plants as a source of drugs in medicine (belladonna, henbane, mandrake, thorn-apple), plants with stimulants (tobacco), omamentals (Browallia, Brugmansia, Cestrum, Nicotiana, Nierembergia, Petunia, Salpiglossis) while some species are extensively used in biotechnological and molecular research (tobacco, tomato, potato, petunia).
All plants are grown in individual containers to accomodate their requirements with regard to watering, fertilizer etc., to prevent disease spread via root contact, and and also to be able to move plants as necessary from warm to cold greenhouse or outside in the summer.
A major objective is to create a Solanaceae database, based on and compatible with the ESIN database, which the collates our accessions with the dispersed taxonomic information and all other kinds of research information in the litdrature, and to create a Solanaceae Information Network (Fig.
www.bgci.org.uk /congress/congress_1998_cape/html/barendse.htm   (1849 words)

 ARS | Publication request: Solanaceae - a Model for Linking Genomics with Biodiversity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Interpretive Summary: The Solanaceae is the plant family that includes tomatoes, potatoes, and peppers, and is one of the economically most important plant families on earth.
While taxonomy provides the framework to make the linkage to genomics, this is hindered by the need for more taxonomic research, most notably a global treatment of the species in the family, including up-to-date species descriptions and phylogeny studies.
Technical Abstract: Recent progress in understanding the phylogeny of the economically important plant family Solanaceae makes this an ideal time to develop models for linking the new data on plant genomics with the huge diversity of naturally occurring species in the family.
www.ars.usda.gov /research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=161374   (631 words)

 Notes on the Solanaceae   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Solanaceae subtribe Physalidinae Miers includes about a dozen genera characterized by having accrescent calyces, longitudinally dehiscent anthers, and mostly rotate corollas.
We are grateful to Armen L. Takhtajan, V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute, Leningrad, for assistance relating to the unpublished dissertation of Semenowa (1955).
Pascher, A. Zwei neue Arten der Gattung Anisodus (Solanaceae).
www.fna.org /china/novon/darcy.htm   (2428 words)

 NSF Potato Functional Genomics
To increase the available data on the Solanaceae, TIGR has established a gene expression profiling service for the Solanaceae community.
Although all clones on the microarray are from potato (Solanum tuberosum) samples from other Solanaceae species such as tomato, tobacco, petunia, eggplant and Nicotiana benthamiana can be successfully hybridized to the microarrays due to the high level of sequence similarity among the Solanaceae.
Researchers are encouraged to submit a proposal for a microarray experiment relevant to the biology of any member of the Solanaceae family.
www.tigr.org /tdb/potato/profiling_service2.shtml   (851 words)

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