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Topic: Solar calendar

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In the News (Mon 18 Feb 19)

  Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere).
The Hindu calendar and Bengali calendar are a sidereal solar calendars.
Calendars that are not solar calendars, include the Islamic calendar which is a pure lunar calendar and calendars synchronized to the synodic period of Venus or to the heliacal risings of stars.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=solar_calendar   (310 words)

 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Solar calendar
A solar calendar is a calendar whose date indicates the season for a given place on Earth.
In a solar calendar, the year begins at approximately the same place in the cycle of seasons.
The Islamic calendar is the most well known calendar that is not a solar calendar.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/so/Solar_calendar   (127 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Thai solar calendar
The Thai solar calendar, Suriyakati (Thai: สุริยคติ), has been the official and prevalent calendar in Thailand since it was adopted by King Chulalongkorn in 1888, although the Western calendar year is sometimes used in business, and quite often in banking.
The Thai reckon their ages by the Twelve-Animal sequence, though the official calendar determines age at law; as, for instance, the Queen's Birthday, August 12, a public holiday also celebrated as Thai Mothers' Day.
Public holidays on the official calendar for Buddhist and Chinese feasts are still calculated according to the lunar calendar, so their dates change with respect to the solar calendar every year.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Thai_solar_calendar   (624 words)

 Babylonian, Jewish, Muslim, Luni-Solar, Indian, Iranian Calendars
For a lunar calendar adjusting to the solar year, the best approximations (by continued fractions) to the difference between twelve synodic months and the tropical year would be to add one month every three years, three every eight, four every eleven, seven every nineteen, or 123 every 334.
While the religious Islâmic calendar is of course used in Irân, the ancient solar calendar also continues to be used as a civil calendar.
As discussed elsewhere, this solar Hegira era is equivalent to the year of the Era of Nabonassar (747 BC) minus 1368.
www.friesian.com /calendar.htm   (8375 words)

 The Solar Cooking Archive
Solar Cookers International has been awarded a grant of $220,000 from the Goldman Fund to support the Safe Water Package Project, which will distribute water testing and solar pasteurization kits in western Kenya and train community members in their use.
The Centro Uruguayo de Tecnologías Apropiadas is holding the "Tercer Encuentro de Energía Solar" in the city of Guichón, Uruguay on February 9 and 10, 2007.
Alcan is providing innovative solar cookers and pans to 1,000 rural Indonesian families in the country's Banda Aceh region as part of a €450,000 contribution with Klimaschutz e.V. to a "Clean Development Mechanism" (CDM) project aimed at preserving the environment.
solarcooking.org   (1286 words)

  Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar was proclaimed by Pope Gregory XIII and took effect in most Catholic states in 1582, in which October 4, 1582 of the Julian calendar was followed by October 15 in the new calendar, correcting for the accumulated discrepancy between the Julian calendar and the equinox as of that date.
The Bahá'í calendar is a solar calendar organised as a hierarchy of cycles, each of length 19, commemorating the 19 year period between the 1844 proclamation of the Báb in Shiraz and the revelation by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863.
Since year 1 of the Indian calendar differs from year 1 of the Gregorian, to determine whether a year in the Indian calendar is a leap year, add 78 to the year of the Saka era then apply the Gregorian calendar rule to the sum.
www.fourmilab.ch /documents/calendar   (5200 words)

  CalendarHome.com - Solar calendar - Calendar Encyclopedia
A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere).
The Hindu Solar Calendar is a sidereal solar calendar.
Calendars that are not solar calendars, include the Islamic calendar which is a pure lunar calendar and calendars synchronized to the synodic period of Venus or to the heliacal risings of stars.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /Solar_calendar.htm   (288 words)

  Calendar - MSN Encarta
Calendar divisions are based on the movements of the earth and the regular appearances of the sun and the moon.
The variations among the many calendars in use from ancient to modern times have been caused by the inaccuracy of the earliest determinations of the duration of the year, together with the fact that a year cannot be divided evenly by any of the other time units: days, weeks, or months.
The Roman calendar became hopelessly confused when officials to whom the addition of days and months was entrusted abused their authority to prolong their terms of office or to hasten or delay elections.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560321/Calendar.html   (1199 words)

 Solar calendar
A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the season and so are synchronized to the declination of the sun.
Every one of these calendars has a year of 365 days, which is occasionally extended by adding an extra day to form a leap year.
Calendars that are not solar calendars, include the Islamic calendar which is a pure lunar calendar and calendars synchronized to the synodic period of Venus or to the heliacal risings of stars.
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/s/so/solar_calendar.html   (123 words)

 Calendar, Gregorian, solar, lunar, and dates of the Easter and Passover
The calendar bases the own unit of measure on quantity of fixed duration, (days, months, years) reported to processings of based calculations on the observation of astronomical phenomena, type solar lunation and cycles.
In the western calendar it is considered the period of revolution of the Earth around the Sun (tropic year), that it is worth 365,2422 days, for this it is considered solar.
The luni-solar calendar is also it based on the lunar cycle, for which alternate months of 29 and 30 days, re-united in periods of 19 years (cycle of Metone), that they comprise 12 years of 12 months (common year), and 7 years of 13 months (embolism year).
members.tripod.com /units_of_measure/calendario_e.htm   (811 words)

 Lunisolar calendar at AllExperts
If the solar year is defined as a tropical year then a lunisolar calendar will give an indication of the season; if it is taken as a sidereal year then the calendar will predict the constellation near which the full moon may occur.
The Hebrew, Hindu lunar, Buddhist, Tibetan calendars, and Chinese calendar used alone until 1912 and then used along with the Gregorian Calendar are all lunisolar, as was the Japanese calendar until 1873, the pre-Islamic calendar, the first century Gaulish Coligny calendar and the second millennium BCE Babylonian calendar.
The Julian and Gregorian Calendars are solar, not lunisolar, because their dates do not indicate the moon phase — however, without realising it, most Christians do use a lunisolar calendar in the determination of Easter.
en.allexperts.com /e/l/lu/lunisolar_calendar.htm   (822 words)

 News | Gainesville.com | The Gainesville Sun | Gainesville, Fla.   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere).
The mean calendar year of such a calendar approximates some form of the tropical year (typically either the mean tropical year or the vernal equinox year).
The Hindu Solar Calendar is a sidereal solar calendar.
www.gainesville.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Solar_calendar   (272 words)

 Types of Calendar
An example of a lunisolar calendar is the Liberalia Triday Calendar (which is unusual in that it has both a solar calendrical component and a lunar calendrical component, the solar component being more accurate than the lunar).
These are primarily lunar calendars, but have years (composed of months) which accord with the seasonal cycles in the weaker sense that, over any given period, a count of calendar years will be the same as or very close to a count of seasonal years.
These calendars require either observation of celestial phenomena (for example, the first appearance of the crescent moon after a dark moon, the astronomical conjunction of Sun and Moon) in order to decide, for example, when a month should begin, or when an extra month should be inserted in the calendar.
www.hermetic.ch /cal_stud/lunarcal/types.htm   (770 words)

 Iranian Calendar Converter
The Iranian calendar (also known as Persian calendar or the Jalaali Calendar) is a solar calendar currently used in Iran and Afghanistan.
The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world.
The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called "Hijri calendar") is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days.
www.iranchamber.com /calendar/iranian_calendar_converter.php   (167 words)

 Western-Chinese Calendar Converter
This calendar, based upon the length of the Earth's revolution around the Sun (and hence called a solar calendar) was instituted in October 15, 1582 AD by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform to the previously used Julian calendar.
The traditional Chinese agricultural calendar is primarily lunar, in that the lunar cycle (a lunation) between new moons is a principal part of the calendar.
The Chinese agricultural calendar is also partially solar though because 7 times in a 19 year cycle, an extra leap month (runyue) is be added to the year to bring it back into line with the longer solar year.
www.mandarintools.com /calendar.html   (1352 words)

 Kalacakra Calendar
Strictly speaking the solar days (sometimes also called civil days) are given the name of one of the seven weekdays, although in most instances the terms solar day and weekday are interchangable.
Similarly to each solar day being given the attributes of one of the weekdays, so at the start of each solar day, one of the other four components of the calendar will be in force, and will be applied to the solar day.
The third component of the calendar is the position of the Moon at the beginning of the solar day in the group of 27 lunar mansions.
www.kalacakra.org /calendar/caldesc.htm   (1510 words)

 Jordan: The Chinese Calendar
China uses two calendars, one lunar and the other the Gregorian, often referred to as yin and yang calendars, respectively, or as the "agricultural calendar" and the "national calendar." There is also a traditional Chinese solar calendar, different from the Gregorian calendar, as we shall see.
In general, a lunar calendar, wherein a month corresponds to the cycle of phases of the moon, makes sense in a society where there is little artificial lighting, and the presence or absence of a bright moon makes a big difference to nocturnal activity (including making it to the outhouse without mishap!).
On the other hand, a solar calendar, with the year anchored to the solstices and equinoxes, more realistically reflects our experience with seasons, and facilitates discussing longer-term historical phenomena (like how old people are, or when the mortgage will need to be paid off).
weber.ucsd.edu /~dkjordan/chin/hbcalendar-u.html   (1398 words)

 The relationship of the 360 day-year with other calendars.
The 360-day prophetic calendar works in unison with, and gives meaning to, the ancient Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Mayan, Chinese, Julian (Roman), Islamic, Gregorian, and Jewish calendars since all of these were based upon the expert observations of the sun and moon.
In the Jewish luni-solar calendar, the days of the month are set to the phases of the moon, while the number of months are ordered by the length of the solar year.
The prophetic calendar would have been simple for ancient peoples to use, especially Israelites; (that is, had they understood it in full as revealed in these documents).
www.360calendar.com /bible-prophecy-360-days-calendar-2a.htm   (1225 words)

 Judaism 101: Jewish Calendar
Holidays are celebrated on the same day of the Jewish calendar every year, but the Jewish year is not the same length as a solar year on the Gregorian calendar used by most of the western world, so the date shifts on the Gregorian calendar.
The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis (a day); the revolution of the moon about the Earth (a month); and the revolution of the Earth about the sun (a year).
This calendar, still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of months over the course of a 19 year cycle, so that the lunar calendar realigns with the solar years.
www.jewfaq.org /calendar.htm   (1587 words)

 .:. Indian Calendar .:. ASTRAL TRAVELER .:.
It is a solar calendar with either 365 or 366 days in a year, leap year rules identical to those in the Gregorian calendar, but with years starting near the vernal equinox (March 22 in regular years, March 21 in leap years) and traditional Indian names for the months.
A solar month is defined as the interval required for the Sun's apparent longitude to increase by 30o, corresponding to the passage of the Sun through a zodiacal sign (rasi).
The history of calendars in India is a remarkably complex subject owing to the continuity of Indian civilization and to the diversity of cultural influences.
www.astraltraveler.com /calendars/indian.html   (1415 words)

The Chinese solar calendar is less familiar than the Chinese lunar calendar, which is the one that gets all the press during Chinese New Year celebrations.
These 24 solar terms helped ancient Chinese farmers remember their way through the agricultural year, and they could easily be adapted to help modern naturalists remember their way through the natural year.
Because the solar terms are based on the sun rather than complicated, sometimes compromised solar-lunar systems that underlie most civil and religious calendars, they offer the purest, most natural calendar I’ve found.
www.naturalistsalmanac.com /0204C_Solar.html   (204 words)

 Aztec Solar Calendar, Large Wall Hanging Museum Reproductions   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Aztec calendar set out the mathematical formulas according to which the whole universe was organized and which governed the actions of men and Gods alike.
The calendar is actually two: the Xiupohualli or the count of the days and the Tonalpohualli or the count of destiny.
The calendar had to be consulted through the priests before engaging in any activity whether it was farming, warfare, religion or commerce.
www.angelsandearthlythings.com /p-1.html   (168 words)

 The Ethiopic Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Ethiopic and Coptic calendars have 13 months, 12 of 30 days each and an intercalary month at the end of the year of 5 or 6 days depending whether the year is a leap year or not.
This calendar that replaced the Roman calendar (and re-established January 1 as the beginning of new years) became the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar every year that is exactly divisible by 4 is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100; these centurial years are leap years only if they are exactly divisible by 400.
www.ethiopic.com /calendar/ethiopic.htm   (2664 words)

 Ancient Egyptian Calendar   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The administrators needed a calendar simpler than one in which they did not know when the month started until the Priests had looked at the sunrise, and in which all the months had the same number of days and all the years the same number of months.
This means that their stellar calendar lost one day in about a hundred years compared to a solar calendar.
But they were not allowed to change the old calendar, so Akhet still started on the day of the heliacal rising of Serpet, even though they were using a solar calendar to predict the actual date of the start of the inundation.
www.kingtutshop.com /freeinfo/Ancient-Egyptian-Calendar.htm   (1353 words)

 Chocolate Deities: Mayan Calendar, Mayan Calendar
This calendar did not only tell the days and times of the year, but it predicted the many ages of the Earth and the cosmic meaning of those cycles.
According to the ancient Mayan Calendar (and its derivitive, the Aztec Solar Calendar Wheel shown here) the Golden Age is only 7 short years away.
Unlike the Roman Calendar that we use, the Mayan Calendar is not just a system to mark the passage of time.
www.chocolatedeities.com /deityl.php?deity=calendar   (728 words)

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