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Topic: Somme River

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  Somme River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The river is 245 km long, from its source in the high ground of the former Forest of Arrouaise at Fonsommes near Saint-Quentin, to the Bay of the Somme, in the English Channel.
The Invasion Fleet of William the Conqueror assembled in the Bay of the Somme at St. Valerie sur Somme, in 1066.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Somme_River   (736 words)

 Battle of the Somme - Search View - MSN Encarta
The main purpose of the five-month Allied offensive was to relieve the German pressure on Verdun in northeastern France by a large-scale attack against the strongly fortified German positions along the Somme River.
In this, the Allies were successful, because the Germans abandoned the Verdun offensive on July 16, 1916, and by the end of November had retreated from the Somme River to a previously prepared line of fortification and trenches, known as the Hindenburg Line.
In the Second Battle of the Somme, also known as the Battle of Saint Quentin, 30 British and 15 French divisions were engaged against 100 German divisions, resulting in about 200,000 British casualties and loss of 190,000 prisoners to the Germans, and about 180,000 German casualties.
encarta.msn.com /text_761567029__1/Battle_of_the_Somme.html   (504 words)

 Somme : Texts : Personal Accounts : Old Front Line
This river, which is a swift, clear, chalk stream, sometimes too deep and swift to ford, cuts the English sector of the battlefield into two nearly equal portions.
Roughly speaking, the ground to the west of the river was the scene of containing fighting, the ground to the east of the river the scene of our advance.
On the south or left bank of the Somme River the ground was held by the French.
leoklein.com /itp/somme/texts/masefield_1917.html   (20064 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Somme
It is a rail hub and a large market for the truck farming carried on in the surrounding Somme marshlands.
Remembrance: The horror, the horror, the Somme; On this day, 85 years ago, 20,000 young British men died in the first 24 hours of the most gruelling battle of the First World War.
The Somme battlefield: Peter Furtado introduces one of the most traumatic places in British military history.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Somme   (676 words)

 Somme - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Somme, Battles of the, two important series of battles fought by the British and the French against German forces during World War I (1914-1918),...
- river in northern France, flowing from near St. Quentin into the English Channel.
The Somme valley was the scene of a major World War I battle in 1916, which resulted in more than one million casualties.
ca.encarta.msn.com /Somme.html   (90 words)

In the area of the River Somme, the arrival of the first glimmerings of light, brought with it a little drizzly rain.
On the Somme in 1916, for the whole length of the line, British soldiers would have to attack uphill, very often, cross open land, and into the teeth of very well planned German defensive positions of trenches, redoubts, and fortified villages.
But, many French troops had been drafted from the Somme, to give aid to their comrades at Verdun,and the role of those left had necessarily to be very much reduced.
www.geocities.com /southfermanaghloyalistfb/Somme   (1212 words)

 Canal de la Somme
The Canal de la Somme is situated in the north of France along the Somme, a river which flows in western direction and discharges at St Valery-sur-Somme in the Channel.
The river Somme must be here somewhere but there are also a lot of lakes created by digging away peat.
The river Somme runs permanently north of the canal but it is hard to discover a river.
www.home.zonnet.nl /mouringh.Marga/Somme_eng.htm   (690 words)

 The National Archives | Exhibitions & Learning online | First World War | Battles
River Somme in the summer of 1916 were first discussed at the Allied conference at
The Somme offensive became a predominantly British operation, in the hands of the commander-in-chief of the British army in France,
However, during the last phase of the Somme offensive in October and November, the Germans held their ground against a series of unsuccessful attacks.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /pathways/firstworldwar/battles/somme.htm   (652 words)

 The Somme 1916, Fromelles, Pozieres, Mouquet Farm
In support of the massive Allied offensive on the Somme River, the British staff had decided that a strong feint attack would be made at Fromelles, some 50 miles north of the river.
The Somme battle which had begun on 1 July 1916 was the bloodiest of the whole war, with the soldiers enduring unimaginable horrors.
The charnel house of the Somme was the hardest and bloodiest campaign fought by the British in the war.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-battles/ww1/france/somme-1916.htm   (2713 words)

 First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of the Somme, 1916
Comprising the main Allied attack on the Western Front during 1916, the Battle of the Somme is famous chiefly on account of the loss of 58,000 British troops (one third of them killed) on the first day of the battle, 1 July 1916, which to this day remains a one-day record.
The attack was launched upon a 30 kilometre front, from north of the Somme river between Arras and Albert, and ran from 1 July until 18 November, at which point it was called off.
The German Verdun offensive transformed the intent of the Somme attack; the French demanded that the planned date of the attack, 1 August 1916, be brought forward to 1 July, the aim chiefly being to divert German resources from Verdun in the defence of the Somme.
www.firstworldwar.com /battles/somme.htm   (1956 words)

 Battle of the Somme (1916) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The attack would be made by 13 British divisions (11 from the Fourth Army and two from the Third Army) north of the Somme River and 11 divisions of the French Sixth Army astride and south of the river.
The axis of the advance was centred on the Roman road that ran from Albert in the west to Bapaume 12 miles (19 km) to the northeast.
In one significant respect, the Battle of the Somme was a major strategic success for the British as on 12 July, in response to the Somme fighting and the situation in the east, Falkenhayn called off the German offensive at Verdun.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_the_Somme   (6749 words)

 Le Tourisme dans la Somme
To be used first and foremost in waters with a current, such as the ponds, the Somme canal and, of course, the river Somme.
There are limited numbers in the river Somme, but most are to be found in the ponds of the valley between Abbeville and Ham.
The tributaries of the Somme are classified as 1st category fisheries except for the Avre, which is 2nd category.
www.somme-tourisme.com /uk/decouvrir/Activites/peche/peche.asp   (1856 words)

 The Somme: Location Map of the 1916 Battlefields
Rivers and canals: La Somme flows from the south to Péronne and then from east to west into Amiens and on towards the French coast.
The Somme river is characterised by the marshes along its course (les marais).
The small river l'Ancre flows through the valley west of Bapaume in a south-easterly direction, passing the villages of Irles, Miraumont, Grandcourt, Beaucourt, Authuille, Aveluy, through Albert, from where it flows into the Somme river near Corbie.
www.greatwar.co.uk /westfront/Somme/mapsomme.htm   (265 words)

 Trenches on the Web - Special: Tragedy on the Somme
This sunny morning on the Somme was the worst moment in British history.
The Somme - and Verdun - were the two greatest military follies of the 20th Century.
The Somme battlefield, with its grim constellation of military cemeteries, stand as silent warnings of the dangers of blind nationalism and military incompetence.
www.worldwar1.com /sfsomme.htm   (974 words)

 somme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The town of Albert serves the needs of the surrounding villages, the river Somme still flows quietly through the green hills and trees once again reach into the open sky.
I am presently researching the Battle of Somme and hope to be able to further determine the movements of Henry's unit and involvement.
In the West the region of the Somme was chosen for a joint French and British assault about mid year.
home.earthlink.net /~gaalli/somme.html   (1567 words)

 The Battlefields of the Somme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The professional British Army of 1914 had suffered such heavy losses that many of the troops arriving in the Somme in 1916 were volunteers, part of ‘Kitchener’s Army’ who left their civilian lives in response to the call for recruits.
The areas behind the front lines in the Somme were busy with troops and supplies, positions were strengthened and troops prepared for battle.
Yet the battle was successful in drawing German forces away from Verdun: despite the heavy toll of Allied dead in 1916 (the battle of Verdun as well as the Somme), the German leadership declared at the end of the year that its army ‘could not survive another year like that’.
www.somme-battlefields.co.uk /en/war/battle.aspx   (855 words)

 Somme (Department, France)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The real fun consists in crossing the Bay of Somme at low tide, through sand beads, mud flats and low-depth channels, until reaching the beach of Le Crotoy, on the other side of the Bay, and running back to Saint-Valery before rising tide.
The places with "low visibility" are the crossings of crevasses made in the silt by the arms of the Somme; these crevasses can be up to 1 m in depth and lenght and are expected to be dry at the time of the race.
The fords are the crossings of the "alive" arms of the Somme, where competitors might be in water up to their waist (the deepest fords are watched by the firefighters and there is an helicopter of the Army with medical equipment and doctors on board watching the race).
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/fr-80.html   (519 words)

 The Battle of the Somme
In the area of the River Somme the arrival of the first pale glimmerings of light brought with it a little drizzly rain.
But, many French troops had been drafted from the Somme to give aid to their comrades at Verdun and the role of those left had necessarily to be very much reduced.
The accepted reasons for this are the catastrophe suffered by the Germans at Verdun, and his mis-reading of the situation during the opening stages of the Battle of the Somme.
www.ramsdale.org /somme.htm   (4421 words)

 Battle of the Somme (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab1.isi.jhu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Whenever the weather was appropriate, General Sir Douglas Haig ordered further attacks on German positions at the Somme and on the 13th November the BEF captured the fortress at Beaumont Hamel.
One of the most important lessons drawn from the Battle of the Somme is that, under heavy, methodical artillery fire, the front line should be only thinly held, but by reliable men and a few machine guns, even when there is always a possibility of a hostile attack.
There are some who from their manner of reasoning would appear to believe that no battle is worth fighting unless it produces an immediately decisive result which is as foolish as it would be to argue that in a prize fight no blow is worth delivering save the one that knocks the opponent out.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk.cob-web.org:8888 /FWWsomme.htm   (5177 words)

The first Battle of the Somme was the bloodiest and most costly unsuccessful Allied offensive on the Western Front during World War I. The Germans were securely entrenched and strategically located when the British and French launched their frontal attack on a 21-mile front north of the Somme River.
The situation was rather an embarrassing one for so small a number as the crew of two tanks to deal with; fortunately, however, it was possible by signs and with the assistance of the infantry, to mop up these four hundred prisoners before they realized that both the tanks were stuck and out of action”.
The Battle of the Somme became a metaphor for futile and indiscriminate slaughter.
www.battlefield-site.co.uk /somme.htm   (1175 words)

 Addingham village /War/The Somme
The great attack on the Somme had already been planned and the 6th Duke's were engaged for some months in digging assembly trenches, laying railway tracks, carrying material to the line, and generally assisting in the many preparations that had now become recognised as necessary to a successful offensive.
They were quartered at different times in most of the villages from Toutencourt to the river Ancre, and in April and may went farther back to the pleasant village of Naours lying in a beautiful valley north of Amiens.
It was an unpleasant march up the river valley, for this provided the only cover behind the line and the enemy's artillery were giving it particular attention.
www.addingham.info /war/somme.htm   (2699 words)

 BBC NEWS | Magazine | The Somme and Tolkien
Intended to be a decisive breakthrough, the Battle of the Somme instead became a byword for futile and indiscriminate slaughter.
At the Somme, the new, devastatingly efficient weapons of mass destruction - the tank, mustard-gas and the machine gun - marked the beginning of mechanised warfare on a huge scale.
We might expect those months of unremitting horror in the trenches of the Somme to have fed into, and coloured, the ferocious battles and scenes of slaughter in Tolkien's three-part Lord of the Rings (begun in the 1930s), or in the Fall of Gondolin which he began writing while convalescing in the spring of 1917.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/magazine/5133000.stm   (1864 words)

 Alibris: Somme
It was the first day of the battle of the Somme, and on that day the British suffered nearly 60,000 casualties, two for every yard of their front.
The first day of the Somme is still on record as having the largest number of deaths in any one day in any war.
"Observe the Sons of Ulster Marching Towards the Somme" was revived by the Abbey Theatre, Dublin in 1994 as part of an acknowledgement of the peace process.
www.alibris.com /search/books/subject/Somme   (738 words)

 Ontario Veteran - John Mould Diaries : Battle of the Somme
In late August 1916, the Canadian Corps was moved to the area north of the Somme River, east of Amiens.
In the final attack of the Battle of the Somme, the 4th Canadian Division captured Desire Trench, situated north the Regina Trench, yet victory over the Germans was by no means secure.
Heavy rains finally necessitated the end of the fighting at the Somme on November 19th, and the 4th Division left to join the rest of the Canadian Corps at Vimy.
www.archives.gov.on.ca /english/exhibits/mould/somme.htm   (1084 words)

 HSC Online
Haig's 'Great Push' on the Somme was his first major offensive since his promotion to Commander in Chief in December 1915 and his reputation was at stake.
The Battle of the Somme was actually a series of battles covering a 40 kilometre front, with the British troops (including the Australians, who were still under British command) fighting to the north, and the French fighting to the south of the Somme River.
These semi-official publications, together with other types of official propaganda, including the film of the Battle of the Somme, are attempts by the authorities to convince the public that the fighting is worthwhile and must be continued.
hsc.csu.edu.au /modern_history/core_study/ww1/somme/page85.htm   (2538 words)

 BBC NEWS | Special Report | 1998 | 10/98 | World War I | The Somme: Hell on earth
The first day of the Somme offensive was the bloodiest in the history of the British Army.
The Somme was originally intended as a heavy attack from the south by the French, with British making a diversionary attack to the north.
The main British effort took place along the line of the river Somme which marked he junction of the British and French armies.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/special_report/1998/10/98/world_war_i/203289.stm   (441 words)

 USATODAY.com - France remembers Battle of the Somme   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Church bells rang in villages across the undulating fields along the banks of the Somme River, marking the moment 90 years ago that two British mine shots launched the battle.
One of the few remaining World War I veterans joined in the 90th anniversary tribute: 110-year-old Henry Allingham, who was not at the Somme but is thought to be the last survivor of the Battle of Jutland.
The Republic of Ireland rekindled its bitter memories Saturday of the slaughter of 3,500 Irishmen on the Somme battlefield, a sacrifice long forgotten because those who died were soldiers for the British army.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2006-07-01-battle-of-somme_x.htm?csp=34   (830 words)

 Somme (Department, France): Yacht clubs   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Baie de Somme is the wide estuary of the river Somme, which waters the traditionel province of Picardie and flows into the North Sea.
Pré salé means literally salted pasture, and refers to the specific taste of the meat of the sheep bred in the bays of Somme and of Mont-Saint-Michel (there, the mollières are called herbus).
The bay of Somme is a traditional place of violent hunters' demonstrations against the European regulations on waterfowl France does not care a damn.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/fr-80~yc.html   (357 words)

 Waterways in France
Lake of Brenets, a natural widening in the river, is a tourist center; at the northern end of the lake the river drops 88 ft. (27 m).
The Dordogne River derives its source from the puys — the highest points at the heart of the Massif Central, a formation consisting of granite and crystalline rocks produced by volcanoes.
Although Louis XIV requested that Vauban and La Hire build an aqueduct to transport water from the Eure River to the fountains of Versailles, it was never completed; the remains of a 3-story aqueduct may be seen straddling the grounds of the Château de Maintenon.
www.discoverfrance.net /France/DF_waterways.shtml   (1274 words)

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