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Topic: Sources of sharia


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 LLRX -- Finding the Law: Islamic law (Sharia)
Sharia controls the family and property interests of Muslims in countries where personal law is determined by religion, and it is the law referred to in such matters concerning Muslim citizens of such countries by courts in jurisdictions where nationality is the criterion for personal law.
This is a bibliographic compilation: while the Islamic-law sources quoted here are valued by this author as authoritative or useful, it should be noted that (1) Muslim sources may justify their pronouncements on faith alone, and (2) non-Islamic sources may have an unstated agenda and will often be neither unbiased nor uncritical.
Sharia provides for a poll tax (jizya) to be paid by non-Muslims (dhimmis) under Muslim governance.
www.llrx.com /features/islamiclaw.htm

  
 BBC - Religion & Ethics - Shariah
Sharia law comes from a combination of sources including the Koran- the Muslim holy book, the Hadis - the sayings and conduct of the prophet Mohammed, and fatwas- the rulings of Islamic scholars.
In the Islamic tradition Sharia is seen as something that nurtures humanity.They see the Sharia not in the light of something primitive but as something divinely revealed.
All aspects of a Muslim's life are governed by Sharia.
www.bbc.co.uk /religion/religions/islam/beliefs/sharia/index.shtml   (197 words)

  
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It said under Islamic or Sharia law, punishments such as death for murderers and armed robbers, flogging for drinking of alcohol and fornication, and amputation of limbs for stealing, were divinely ordained.
In recent years he has devoted his energy to realising the strict application of Sharia law in areas of Nigeria with Muslim majorities.
The Supreme Council for Sharia in Nigeria in a statement, published in newspapers on Monday, said moves by President Olusegun Obasanjo to get parliament to ratify the conventions covering human rights issues were part of a "plot to destabilise our country through the United Nations' covert campaign against Islam".
www.irinnews.org /report.asp?ReportID=23745&SelectRegion=West_Africa&SelectCountry=NIGERIA   (663 words)

  
 Untimely Thoughts: Analysis: Maskhadov, Russia and the West
A number of Russian sources claim Saydullayev is a Saudi national; Chechen sources maintain he is from the republic.
An unknown cleric named Abdul-Khalim Saydullayev, head of the Sharia court, was appointed Wednesday in line with a decree Maskhadov signed a year ago.
According to various news sources coming out of Chechnya and Moscow, a new leader has been appointed to replace Maskhadov.
www.untimely-thoughts.com /?art=1469&action=printer   (663 words)

  
 Sharia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Islamic jurisprudence is called fiqh and is divided into two parts: the study of the sources and methodology (usul al-fiqh - roots of the law) and the practical rules (furu' al-fiqh — branches of the law).
For Sunni Muslims, the primary sources of Islamic law are the Qur'an, the Hadith or directions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the unanimity of Muhammad's disciples on a certain issue (ijma), and Qiyas (drawing analogy from the essence of divine principles).
The sharia as interpreted by Islamic lawmakers is believed by Muslims to be merely a human approximation of Sharia, which is the divine and eternal correct path.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sharia   (663 words)

  
 Islamic Law-the Sharia
Though there are other sources of law—i.e., ijma', (consensus), qiyas, (analogy), ijtihad, (progressive reasoning by analogy)—the Qur'an is the first and foremost source, followed by the Hadith and Sunna.
Other sources of law and rules of interpretation of the Qur'an and the Hadith and Sunna follow in accordance with a generally accepted jurisprudential scheme.
www2.ari.net /gckl/islam/law.htm   (647 words)

  
 Attacks on the Press - 2002
Zamfara was one of the first Nigerian states to adopt Islamic law, or Sharia, in January 2000.
According to sources in the southern city of Lagos, the order to kill Daniel was passed early in the morning after a meeting between members of the Zamfara State government and representatives of at least 20 Islamic organizations.
A Sharia court in Gusau, the capital of Zamfara State, imposed financial penalties on a group of newspaper vendors in August for selling magazines and calendars featuring nude women.
www.cpj.org /attacks02/africa02/nigeria.html   (647 words)

  
 Islamic Law-the Sharia
Though there are other sources of law—i.e., ijma', (consensus), qiyas, (analogy), ijtihad, (progressive reasoning by analogy)—the Qur'an is the first and foremost source, followed by the Hadith and Sunna.
Other sources of law and rules of interpretation of the Qur'an and the Hadith and Sunna follow in accordance with a generally accepted jurisprudential scheme.
www2.ari.net /gckl/islam/law.htm   (647 words)

  
 ReliefWeb » Document Preview » Islam will remain main source for legislation in Sudan: president
With the exception of public UN sources, reproduction or redistribution of the above text, in whole, part or in any form, requires the prior consent of the original source.
The president, however, insisted that sharia shall remain the main source of legislation throughout this period and that it "will be enshrined in a permanent constitution."
He said his "National Congress party deserves the support of the people in the coming stage because it managed to put forward a programme that brought about peace and entrenched Islamic sharia."
www.reliefweb.int /rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/EGUA-69FS8F?OpenDocument   (346 words)

  
 view.php?hidDate=2004-05-20&hidType=NAT&hidRecord=0000000000000000008921
Police sources in Naogaon said, police rounded up a total of 15 people from different villages in connection with the double murder and all but only two were released after interrogation.
Meanwhile, two persons were arrested in connection with the murder of two activists of Jagrata Muslim Janata (JMJ) Nazrul Islam Fakir and Abdur Rashid in Sharia village under Raninagar thana of Naogaon district Monday night.
The members of Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) have been deployed in the troubled areas of Raninagar, police sources in Naogaon indicated.
www.bangladesh-web.com /view.php?hidDate=2004-05-20&hidType=NAT&hidRecord=0000000000000000008921   (346 words)

  
 titusonenine » Blog Archive » Kenya fears over Sharia law
Here are data from three sources about the religious demographics of Kenya.
These sources estimate the Muslim population at 6-10% of Kenya’s total population.
The leaders, speaking under the Kenyan church umbrella, a grouping of traditional Protestant churches and Pentecostal denominations, are worried that the new constitution will effectively legalise abortion and same-sex unions.
titusonenine.classicalanglican.net /?p=8979   (621 words)

  
 Wide Angle . The Rock Star and the Mullahs . Debate PBS
The focus of the Sharia is on social justice, and Muslim thinkers need to advance contemporary understanding of social justice that includes individual rights and guarantees equality, including gender parity.
Daniel Pipes's Rebuttal: Professor Khan says that the Universal Declaration of Islamic Human Rights can be derived from Islamic sources, but in fact they deeply and extensively contradict each other -- for details, see Ann Elizabeth Mayer, ISLAM AND HUMAN RIGHTS: TRADITION AND POLITICS (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1991).
Modern Islamic law can derive individual rights (see the Universal Declaration of Islamic Human Rights) from Islamic sources.
www.pbs.org /wnet/wideangle/shows/junoon/debate_4.html   (612 words)

  
 Yemen Times Article Print Page
Official sources said that Sarmad Ahamd and Shahid Bat were released after they completed five years of imprisonment in a prison in Aden.
The son of Abu Al-Hamzza al-Masri, chief of the Ansar al-Sharia’a group in London was released in 2002.
The eight British citizens plus other Arabs were arrested after the kidnapping of some foreign tourists in Abyan in 1998 where four tourists were killed when the government troops were trying to set the 16 tourists free.
www.yementimes.com /print_article.shtml?i=697&p=front&a=1   (612 words)

  
 ESPAC - Working for Peace in Sudan
Sudan's 1998 Constitution states that the sources of legislation within Sudan are derived from Islamic law and customary law as well as the consensus of the nation as derived at through referendum.
It is also a matter of record, for example, that the present government removed southern Sudan from Islamic sharia law, as Islam, along with Christianity, is a minority faith in southern Sudan.
Sudan is clearly a Muslim country, with Muslims making up well over 75 percent of the population (1), and the government that has been in power in Sudan since 1989 has consciously based its administration on Islamic values.
www.espac.org /religion_sudan/religion_in_sudan.html   (2508 words)

  
 Sharia
The term itself refers to "way to water" or a "break in a riverbank allowing access to water." Islamic scholars for the most part distinguished between fiqh which means 'understanding' and refers to the inferences drawn by scholars from the sources of law, and sharia which is the moral ideals that lie behind the fiqh.
However, this traditional view of religious law is opposed by modern liberal movements within Islam.
Like most religious cultures, Islam classically drew no distinction between religious and secular life.
www.kiwipedia.com /sharia.html   (347 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - In Malaysia, 'Islamic civilization' is promoted
Instead, the justices upheld contempt-of-court rulings imposed by Muslim judges in a sharia (Islamic) court; lawyers for the four are petitioning the high court to reconsider its decision.
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia — In a remote village that locals call the Sky Kingdom, Malaysian villagers revere a giant teapot and follow the teachings of an illiterate 61-year-old man who claims to be the reincarnation of holy figures from the world's major religions.
To the United States, a victory for moderate Islam in Malaysia and beyond would be a victory in the war on Islamic terrorism and its sources.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2004-11-03-malaysia-islam_x.htm   (1290 words)

  
 Forthcoming Publications - Electronic version
Vianello, A. (ed.); Kassim, M. (ed.); Kapteijns, L. (ed.) Servants of the Sharia The Civil Register of the Qadi's Court of Brava 1893-1900, ISBN 90 04 13122 1 African Sources for African History, 6.
Wacholder The New Damascus Document The Midrash on the Eschatological Torah of the Dead Sea Scrolls: Reconstruction, Translation and Commentary, ISBN 90 04 14108 1 Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah, 56.
Verheyen, R.K.A. Climate Change Damage and International Law Prevention Duties and State Responsibility, ISBN 90 04 14650 4 Developments in International Law, 54.
www.brill.nl /download_a_brochure/fpubs0509email.html   (3324 words)

  
 THE ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALIST VIEW OF LIFE AS A PERENNIAL BATTLE
Islamists emphasize the battle against jahiliyya, traditionally understood as the pagan state of ignorance in pre-Islamic Arabia, but reinterpreted by Qutb to mean any contemporary system not based on the original holy sources of Quran and Hadith and not operating under Sharia.
Among radicals, jahiliyya, takfir, and jihad, are the concepts used to justify armed resistance and violent takeovers of government from corrupt and apostate regimes as well as indiscriminate acts of terrorism against all perceived enemies using suicide missions as legitimate tools.
In his view, jahiliyya is not a pre-Islamic historical era of paganism but rather an ever-present condition of denying God’s rule, usurping His authority, and living by man-made laws that enslave men to their rulers, engendering oppression.
meria.idc.ac.il /journal/2001/issue4/jv5n4a2.htm   (3324 words)

  
 First East Turkestan Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The extent of Islam's influence in the foundation of the ETR is disputed; while the constitution endorses sharia as the guiding law, the jadidist modernizing tradition places much greater emphases on reform and development, which is reflected in subsequent passages of the constitution that focus on health, education, and economic reforms.
While this was transpiring, in the nearby southern Tarim Basin city of Khotan, three brothers educated in the jadidist tradition had led a rebellion of gold miners and established themselves as emirs of the city.
The stirrings of Uyghur separatism during the early 20th century were greatly influenced by the Turkish jadidist movement, which spread as wealthier Uyghurs, inspired by notions of Pan-Turkism, traveled abroad to Turkey, Europe, and Russia, and returned home determined to modernize and develop the educational system in Xinjiang.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_East_Turkistan_Republic   (3324 words)

  
 Foreign Affairs - Freedom and Justice in the Modern Middle East - Bernard Lewis
The party was not officially founded until April 1947, but memoirs of the time and other sources show that the Nazi interlude is where it began.
It was a party in the Nazi and Communist sense, part of the government apparatus particularly concerned with indoctrination, surveillance, and repression.
The most usual, adl, means "justice according to the law" (with "law" defined as God's law, the sharia, as revealed to the Prophet and to the Muslim community).
www.foreignaffairs.org /20050501faessay84305/bernard-lewis/freedom-and-justice-in-the-modern-middle-east.html?mode=print   (5732 words)

  
 PRN Wire: Newsletter
Since I hear Citigroup and HSBC will win the Pakistan sukuk lead manager mandate, it is obvious that the government wishes for a global investor profile - after all, the entire point of creating a benchmark sovereign borrowing program is to gain the Euro markets vote of confidence in Pakistan's remarkable economic and political turnaround.
The rationale to create a Eurobond or Sukuk is to interest global investors in Pakistan's emergence from the abyss of political chaos and macroeconomic Armageddon.
SOMETIME before New Year, the Islamic republic of Pakistan will issue Asia's second sovereign Sukuk or Islamic bond.
www.pressreleasenetwork.com /newsletter/nlfin_view.phtml?nl_id=112   (1080 words)

  
 BBC NEWS World Africa Reprieve for Nigerian adultery convict
In March, Amina Lawal, 30, was sentenced to death for becoming pregnant after her divorce, which is considered as adultery under Nigeria's interpretation of the Islamic law, or Sharia.
The court in Funtua, in Nigeria's northern state of Katsina, has entered a phase of "substantial deliberations" and will "probably take all the time it deems necessary before delivering its verdict in a case `as politicised' as this one", sources close to the defence told the Spanish news agency EFE.
A Nigerian woman sentenced to death by stoning for adultery will be free to look after her child until January 2004, whatever the outcome of her appeal, an Islamic court ruled on Monday.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/africa/2023502.stm   (352 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Sharia
Qiyas — various forms of reasoning, including by analogy — are used by the law scholars (Mujtahidun) to deal with situations where the sources provided no concrete rules.
(The compilation of all that Muhammad said, did, or approved of is called the Hadith.) A lesser source of authority is Qiyas, which is the extension by analogy of existing Sharia law to new situations.
Finally Sharia law can be based on ijma, or consensus.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Sharia   (4163 words)

  
 An Atheist's Guide to Mohammedanism
The fact is that the sources written after the conquests display not the faintest sign of recognition in their accounts of the new rulers of the Middle East or the city from which they came.
The court granted the stay to allow Safiya Hussaini, 33, to appeal her sentence by a lower Sharia court in the state of Sokoto.
Nowhere is it stated that Quraysh, or the "Arab kings," were the people who used to supply such-and-such regions with such-and-such goods; it was only Muhammad himself who was known to have been a trader.
www.atheists.org /Islam/mohammedanism.html   (4163 words)

  
 DEBKAfile - Al Jazeera is Pulled into Saudi Royal Squabble
Whether because of the proximity of Osama bin Laden in the Empty Quarter desert that fringes Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen and the UAR, or because of the debilitating squabbles besetting royal authority, DEBKAfile’s Gulf sources report that al Qaeda’s followers in the oil kingdom are becoming increasingly brazen.
Another bone of contention is the starring role assigned by the Qatari channel to the Egyptian fundamentalist sheikh Yousef Qaradawi on one of its most popular programs – “The Sharia (Muslim ritual law) and Life” – a two-hour show broadcast every Sunday.
Despite its multi-million Arab audience across the world, al Jazeera was in trouble financially because of an advertising boycott enforced by Saudi and Egyptian state-supported institutions and firms in disapproval of its free-wheeling broadcasting policies.
www.debka.com /article.php?aid=205   (1490 words)

  
 cd1001t.txt
The committee noted that the adoption of sharia in several northern states has led Nigerians to question whether sections of the constitution have been infringed.
Official sources said a statue was found desecrated and altar cloths burned when the gates of the church were opened for prayers the next morning.
Stating that there was "constant pressure" from pro-Hindu groups that the Christian community hold dialogue with Sangh Parivar, AICC council secretary general John Dayal said, "We reject this concept of a dialogue at gunpoint.
www.lff.net /resources/compass/cd1001t.txt   (15364 words)

  
 Telegraph News Wild West town a haven for exiles and smugglers
The reasons for the outbreak of violence near Amarah yesterday are not clear, though British defence sources suggested that it may have been related to attempts by the Royal Military Police to disarm local tribesmen.
In the weeks following liberation, concerns were raised about the radicalisation of Amarah's population by Iraqis returning from exile in Iran advocating the implementation of sharia law.
A short distance from the Iranian frontier, Amarah is little more than a sprawling collection of concrete buildings and drab mud huts along the Tigris river with a population of 340,000 people.
www.telegraph.co.uk /news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2003/06/25/wirq225.xml&sSheet=/news/2003/06/25/ixnewstop.html   (568 words)

  
 Ansar al-Islam
Ansar al-Islam has an unusually conservative understanding of Islam and Sharia, not far from the one employed by the Taliban of Afghanistan.
Although denied, it appears most likely that Ansar al-Islam is fully or partly led from Oslo, Norway, and according to many sources, it has been involved in the killing of nearly 1,000 people over the last few years.
Ansar al-Islam is an organization stamped illegal in all countries of operation.
lexicorient.com /e.o/ansar_al-islam.htm   (625 words)

  
 'Third way' speaks to Europe's young Muslims csmonitor.com
Ramadan asks Muslims to go back to the sources of their faith- - the Koran, sharia - and reread them to find ways to live comfortably in the secular West.
For a rising generation in search of an identity that straddles Muslim roots and a European present, the paramount question is "how to be at the same time fully Muslim and fully Western," says Ramadan, who has been speaking on this issue for about a decade.
In his 1999 book, "To Be a European Muslim," he wrote: "Whereas one might have feared a conflict of loyalties, one cannot but note that it is in fact the reverse....
www.csmonitor.com /2003/0519/p07s02-woeu.htm   (625 words)

  
 Sharia [Definition]
Islamic jurisprudence is called fiqh and is divided into two parts: the study of the sources and methodology ( usul al-fiqh - roots of the law) and the practical rules ( furu' al-fiqh — branches of the law).
For the Sunni sect, the Five Pillars (Arkan-al-Islam) are the five most important obligations of a Muslim under Sharia law, and which devout Muslims will perform faithfully, believing them to be essential to pleasing Allah....
Profession of faith There is also a town called Shāhāda, which is now in Nandurbār district (formerly in Dhule district) in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India.
www.wikimirror.com /Sharia   (625 words)

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