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Topic: South Orkney Islands

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  South Orkney Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Laurie Island is the easternmost of the islands.
The South Orkney Islands were discovered in 1821 by two sealers: the American Nathaniel Brown Palmer and the British George Powell.
In 1908, the South Orkneys were claimed by UK as part of the Falkland Islands (also claimed by Argentina) Dependencies.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/South_Orkney_Islands   (441 words)

 Encyclopedia: South Orkney Islands
The South Orkney Islands (Spanish: Islas Orcadas) are a group of sub-antarctic islands situated at latitudes 60°50' to 60°83' S, and longitudes 44°25' to 46°25' W in the Southern Ocean.
In 1908, the South Orkneys were claimed by UK as part of the Falkland Islands/Malvinas Islands (also claimed by Argentina) Dependencies.
The Falkland Islands are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the South Atlantic consisting of two main islands known as East Falkland and West Falkland and a number of smaller islands.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/South-Orkney-Islands   (1079 words)

 South Orkney Islands -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Coronation Island is the largest island; its highest point is Mount Nivea and rises to 1266 (The 13th letter of the Roman alphabet) m above sea level.
The Inaccessible Islands about 15 (A state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border) nm to the west are also considered part of the South Orkneys.
The South Orkney Islands were discovered in 1821 by two sealers: the (A native or inhabitant of the United States) American (Click link for more info and facts about Nathaniel Brown Palmer) Nathaniel Brown Palmer and the (The people of Great Britain) British George Powell.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/s/so/south_orkney_islands.htm   (516 words)

 Orkney Islands --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The Orkney Islands constitute a council area and belong to the historic county of Orkney.
The island area lies between the North Sea to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west and covers an area of 376 square miles (974 square kilometers).
Of the roughly 70 islands in the Orkneys,...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9057391?tocId=9057391   (804 words)

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Orkney Islands   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Orkney Islands, group of 90 islands and islets, northern Scotland, constituting Orkney Island Area (an administrative region), separated from the...
South Orkney Islands, island group, South Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Tierra del Fuego.
Laurie and Coronation are the largest islands of the group,...
encarta.msn.com /Orkney_Islands.html   (119 words)

 Signy Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Signy Island is a small sub-antarctic island in the South Orkney Islands group at latitude 60°43' S and longitude 45°36' W. It is about 6.5 km long and 5 km wide and rises to 288 m above sea level.
Signy Island was named by a Norwegian whaler after his wife.
The British Antarctic Survey maintains a scientific station for research in biology since March 18, 1947, on the site of an earlier whaling station that had existed there from 1912 to 1929.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Signy_Island   (151 words)

 SCAR » Bulletin 143
Lynch Island (latitude 60°39'10" S, longitude 45°36'25" W; area: 0.1 km2) is a small island situated at the eastern end of Marshall Bay in the South Orkney Islands, about 200 m south of Coronation Island and 2.4 km north of Signy Island (Map 1).
The island is exposed to the south-west and to katabatic and föhn winds descending from Coronation Island to the north.
Elsewhere on the island, the grass and, to a lesser extent, the pearlwort are frequent associates in other communities, especially stands of denser fellfield vegetation where there is quite high cover afforded by various mosses and lichens (particularly towards the western end of the northern terrace).
www.scar.org /publications/bulletins/143/spa14   (5146 words)

 Scotland and the Antarctic: South Orkney Islands
The South Orkney Islands were discovered in 1821 by the English sealer George Powell on the sloop Dove and the American sealer Nathaniel Palmer on James Monroe.
When Bruce left the island in 1904 for the last time, the station was left in the hands of Argentinian weather observers.
Life on the island was at its peak in the spring when penguins came to nest and seals arrived with their pups.
gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk /scotia/vserm/vserm0503.htm   (540 words)

 South Orkney Islands
Four major islands (Coronation, Signy, Powell, and Laurie Islands), several minor ones with offlying islets and rocks of sedimentary origin in the Southern Ocean.
The South Orkney Islands lie in the Scotia Sea about 600 km northeast of the Antarctic Peninsula, 1440 km southeast of Tierra del Fuego or 800 km south of the Antarctic convergence.
They were discovered by American and British sealers in 1821 and have since served as a base for Scotch, French, and Argentine sealing and scientific expeditions.
www.ndsu.nodak.edu /subantarctic/southorkney.htm   (133 words)

This impressive group of islands, lying to the north and roughly parallel to the Antarctic Peninsula, is a haven for wildlife.
The adventure fleet voyages focus on a region of Antarctica that is rarely ice-bound during the southern summer.
They visit the South Shetland Islands, the northern and western coasts of the Antarctic Peninsula, the Falkland Islands and South Georgia.
www.victory-cruises.com /antarctica_cruises.html   (1748 words)

 South Orkney Islands (Britain/Argentina)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The South Orkney Islands were discovered by American sealer Nathaniel Brown Palmer and British sealer George Powell on 6 December 1821.
The South Orkneys consist of four major islands - Coronation, Signy, Powell and Laurie.
The Inaccessible Islands are also part of them, and lie 29 km to the west.
www.70south.com /resources/islands/orkney   (268 words)

 Collector's Target: REFERENCE CATALOG: Postage Stamps & FDCs from British Antarctic Territory
Coronation Island and Laurie Island are the two largest islands of several islands comprising the South Orkney Islands group.
Laurie Island is the smaller of the two, only about 20 km long, and comprises a number of precipitous ridges radiating from a central mountainous spine.
In the spring it would be necessary for Scotia to return to the Falkland Islands for a refit, stores and spares, and thus accommodation ashore would be required for continuing the meteorological observations started on leaving the Falkland Islands.
www.collectorstarget.com /bat0204.html   (2298 words)

 South Orkney Islands on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Discovered in 1821, they were claimed by the British and are included as dependencies of the colony of the Falkland Islands.
The Argentine government, which also claims them, maintains meteorological and wireless stations on Laurie Island.
Geographic translocation of bats: known and potential problems.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/S/SthO1rk.asp   (216 words)

 List of Protected Areas proposed by the UK   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Designated on the grounds that the vegetation on Green Island is exceptionally rich, with well-developed continuous banks of moss turf (which over much of their extent overlie peat more than 1 m deep) and small patches of Antarctic hair grass.
The area includes all of Powell Island south of the latitude of the southern summit of John Peaks, together with the whole of Fredriksen Island, Michelsen Island, Christoffersen Island, Grey Island and adjacent unnamed islands.
Designation on the grounds that southern Powell Island and the adjacent islands support flora and a considerable bird and mammal fauna, which is representative of the natural ecology of the South Orkney Islands, and which are rendered more important by the presence of a small, long-established breeding colony of fur seals.
www.antarctica.ac.uk /About_BAS/Cambridge/Divisions/EID/Environment/UK_Protected_Areas.html   (1748 words)

 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Several Antarctic island groups are considered part of the Antarctica ecozone, including South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Orkney Islands, the South Shetland Islands, Bouvet Island, the Crozet Islands, Prince Edward Islands, Heard Island, the Kerguelen Islands, and the McDonald Islands.
These islands have a somewhat milder climate than Antarctica proper, and support a greater diversity of tundra plants, although they are all too windy and cold to support trees.
Scotia Sea Islands tundra (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands, Bouvet Island)
www.alanaditescili.net /index.php?title=Antarctica_ecozone   (247 words)

 Antarctica, The Falklands, & South Georgia | antarctica | the falklands
Experience the teeming wildlife and dramatic scenery of South Georgia and the South Orkney Islands, home to the colorful King penguin and the comical Macaroni penguin.
12 Continue your journey to the South Orkney Islands, where huge breeding grounds of Weddell seals have recently been discovered 13 Enter the region of the sea ice edge as you head for Antarctica.
Weather permitting, you enter the flooded caldera of Deception Islands, and may have a chance to set foot on the Antarctic continent before recrossing the Drake Passage on your way back to Ushuaia.
www.infohub.com /TRAVEL/SIT/sit_pages/6452.html   (566 words)

 Scotia expedition
Scotia headed south from the Falklands on 26th January 1903 and the South Orkney Islands were reached on 3rd February.
Returning to the South Orkneys, after investigating several unsuitable sites, a landing was made on Laurie Island on 25th March.
Arrival at the South Orkney Islands, 23 March 1903: the west coast of Lethwait Strait from the north
special.lib.gla.ac.uk /exhibns/month/apr2004.html   (1431 words)

 Clipper Cruise Antarctica, Falkland Islands & South Georgia Cruise Details   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In addition, large numbers of striated caracaras, one of the rarest bird of prey species in the world, nest on this island, which is also host to large communities of elephant seals, sea lions, and 47 species of birds.
The island is also home to a colony of more than 75,000 king penguins; South Georgia is one of the few places on Earth where king penguins exist.
The mountainous South Orkneys are some of the most remote islands on Earth; in the winter they are actually joined to the Antarctic Peninsula, 450 miles away, by a solid sheet of fast ice.
www.clippercruisesvacationguide.com /antarctica-falklands-south-georgia-detail.html   (1910 words)

 South-Pole.com: Arctic & Antarctic History on the Net
Many of the peri-Antarctic islands were discovered by sealers or whalers and the first landings on half of them were made by men engaged in the whale and penguin oil industry.
A particular problem with many sealing voyages was the secrecy with which the industry was conducted; should a captain and crew discover a new sealing area, they normally concealed its location in the hope of having no competition when exploiting it on subsequent voyages.
The first American casualties in Antarctica came in a tragic PBM Mariner "flying boat" crash on Thurston Island, southwest of Peter I Island, during this expedition.
www.south-pole.com /homepage.html   (1145 words)

 Open Directory - Regional:Polar Regions:Antarctic:South Orkney Islands   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The group consists of four major islands: Coronation, Signy, Powell and Laurie Islands, with several minor islands, offlying islets and rocks.
Inaccessible Islands lie 30 km to the west and all are of sedimentary origin.
Another disputed island group, the South Orkneys are claimed by the British as part of the British Antarctic Territory while Argentina claims them as part of Antártida Argentina.
dmoz.org /Regional/Polar_Regions/Antarctic/South_Orkney_Islands/desc.html   (205 words)

 From North to South : The Atlantic Islands quiz
Moving across the ocean once more towards the west-south-west, this small island was originally covered in dense forest, but it is believed that volcanic gas from beneath the island killed all the plant life.
This island, lying just to the west of the last, was made famous by a UFO sighting in 1958 from an American Navy ship.
The island was named by a Scottish seal hunter, and is now divided between the UK and Argentina who both have scientific teams there.
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=156883&origin=   (962 words)

 Falkland Islands Philatelic Bureau - British Antarctic Territory
Laurie Island is the smaller of the two, only about 20KM long, and comprises a number of precipitous ridges radiating from a central mountainous spine.
With winter approaching Scotia turned and battled her way north-westerly along the edge of the Weddell Sea ice front, aiming to reach the South Orkney Islands and establish a winter base on one of them.
Despite the intense cold a scientific programme for the winter was undertaken which evolved the exploration of the whole of Laurie Island.
www.falklands.gov.fk /pb/bat/william-spears-bruce.htm   (2284 words)

 South Orkney islands - images - www.travel-images.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Coronation island: Gloomy afternoon on the beach - Elephant seals
Coronation island: Gulls on the rocks - family life
Coronation island: Ice shelf - penguin contemplating the jump into the Scotia sea
geo.ya.com /travelimages/south-orkney.html   (76 words)

 Antarctic Alert - Full Record Display   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The oceanic islands in the Southern Ocean can be considered amongst the remotest shores as, not only are they uninhabited (except for small research stations) and geographically isolated, but they are also enclosed by the oceanographic barrier of the Polar Frontal Zone.
We survey island shores in the Scotia Arc mountain chain linking Antarctica to South America, including South Georgia, the South Sandwich archipelago and Adelaide Island off the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula, and compare our findings to literature reports from two other Scotia Arc island groups (South Orkney and South Shetland archipelagos).
The presence of marine pollution (in the form of beached debris) in this region is significant, both as a measure of man's influence on this isolated environment, and due to direct dangers posed to the fauna.
usgspubs.georef.org /A_A_O013.htm   (229 words)

 Sledging in the South Orkney Islands, 1902-04   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
While the 1902-1904 Scottish National Antarctic Expedition was based on Laurie Island in the South Orkney Islands, the opportunity was taken to make an accurate topographical survey of the island, as existing maps had proved to be wildly inaccurate.
The steep icy nature of the terrain made overland travel almost impossible, so most journeys were undertaken from the sea or from the frozen pack-ice round the coast.
This photograph illustrates some of the dogs assisting with the sledge-hauling for which they were intended.
gdl.cdlr.strath.ac.uk /scotia/vs031-047.htm   (104 words)

 The Sea Slug Forum - Notaeolidia gigas
Known from McMurdo Sound, the Antarctic Peninsula and South Orkney Islands at depths from 3 - 50 meters.
This photo is published with the permission of Norbert Wu from the Underwater Field Guide to Ross Island & McMurdo Sound, Antarctica.
Anatomy of Pseudotritonia Thiele, 1912 and Notaeolidia Eliot, 1905 (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia: Nudibranchia) from Signy Island, Antarctica.
www.seaslugforum.net /factsheet.cfm?base=notagiga   (229 words)

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