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Topic: Southern and Northern Dynasties


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 Southern and Northern Dynasties - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Southern and Northern Dynasties (Chinese: 南北朝; pinyin: nánběicháo; 420-589) followed the Sixteen Kingdoms and preceded Sui Dynasty in China and was an age of civil war and disunity.
During this period the process of sinicization accelerated among the non-Chinese arrivals in the north and among the aboriginal tribesmen in the south.
This barrier was only overcome by the first Emperor of the Sui Dynasty, who built a large invading navy in the Sichuan basin.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Southern_and_Northern_Dynasties   (331 words)

  
 Northern and Southern Dynasties - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Northern and Southern Dynasties (317-589), period in Chinese history between the Han dynasty and Sui dynasty, which featured prolonged division...
The countries within the Chinese orbit were not converted to Islam, possibly because China experienced a cultural renaissance under the Tang dynasty...
The economic prosperity and intellectual achievements of the southern Chinese...
uk.encarta.msn.com /Northern_and_Southern_Dynasties.html   (157 words)

  
 Southern and Northern Dynasties of Vietnam Summary
In the History of Vietnam, the Southern and Northern Dynasties (南北朝) (1527-1592, 1627-1672) followed the Le Dynasty (Later Le Dynasty) (後黎朝) (1428-1527) and preceded the Third Le Dynasty (1592-1627) of the Trinh (鄭) family in Vietnam.
The North Dynasty (1527-1592) was ruled by the Mac (莫) family whereas the South Dynasty (1527-?) was ruled by the Nguyen family.
Southern and Northern Dynasties of Vietnam from Wíkipedia.
www.bookrags.com /Southern_and_Northern_Dynasties_of_Vietnam   (387 words)

  
 Chinese History-Discover China Tour
After the long perod of primitive existence, the Xia Dynasty, the first in Chinese history, was established in the 21st century B.C., heralding the beginning of a slave society in China.
Zhang Heng of the Han Dynasty invented the armillary sphere and seismograph.
During the Southern and Northern Dynasties Zu Chongzhi calculated the Northern Dynsties Zu Chongzhi calculated the value of (?) to be between 3.1415926 and 3.1415927.
www.discoverchinatours.com /culture/history.htm   (982 words)

  
 Period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589 A.D.) | Special Topics Page | Timeline of Art History | The ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The period between 386 and 581 A.D. in Chinese history is conventionally called the Northern and Southern Dynasties, when North China—under the control of the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei tribe (a proto-Mongol people)—was politically separated from, yet culturally connected with, the Chinese dynasties established in Jiankang (Nanking).
Marked by the adoption of Chinese language, costume, and political institutions, the Northern Wei reform contributed greatly to an artistic and cultural amalgamation in sixth-century China, which was also manifested in painting, calligraphy, the funerary and decorative arts, and the style of the cave-temples at Longmen in Henan Province.
The end of the Northern and Southern Dynasties also saw the beginning of a large influx of foreign immigrants, most of whom were traders or Buddhist missionaries from Central Asia.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/hd/nsdy/hd_nsdy.htm   (454 words)

  
 Mingqi Six dynasties
The end of the Han dynasty was marked by the separation of the large families of that dynasty.
The agricultural part of Northern China was administered bureaucratically as it was in earlier chinese dynasties.
The Southern and Northern Dynasties followed the three Kingdoms and preceded Sui Dynasty in China and was an age of civil wars and disunity.
home.planet.nl /~claes027/dynasties/six_dynasties.htm   (553 words)

  
 Han , Sui, Tang Dynasties
The Han Dynasty was founded by the Liu family.The Chinese people consider the Han Dynasty to be one of the greatest periods in the entire history of China.
Prestige of a newly founded dynasty during the reigns of the first three emperors was barely able to hinder the corruption; however Confucian scholar gentry turned against eunuchs for their corrupted authorities, while consort clans and eunuchs struggled for power in subsequent reigns.
The Sui Dynasty began when Emperor Wen entered a marriage alliance with the daughter of a ruler of the northern Zhou empire.
www.crystalinks.com /chinadynasties2.html   (2575 words)

  
 Sui Dynasty Summary
It was marked by the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal, though it was a relatively short Chinese dynasty.
The Sui Dynasty began when Wendi entered a marriage alliance with the daughter of a ruler of the northern Zhou empire.
Arguably, the biggest factor that led to the downfall of Sui Dynasty was the numerous expeditions into the Korean Peninsula, by invading Goguryeo, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea.
www.bookrags.com /Sui_Dynasty   (975 words)

  
 History of China - China History - China
The Han Dynasty emerged in 202 BC; it was the first dynasty to embrace Confucianism, which became the ideological underpinning of all regimes until the end of imperial China.
As China was ruled by two independent dynasties, one in the south and the other in the north, this is called the era of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
The Jin Dynasty was defeated by the Mongols, who then proceeded to defeat the Southern Song in a long and bloody war andmdash; the first war ever in which firearms played an important role.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/History_of_China   (5968 words)

  
 Ancient Chinese Mythology
This practice was continued in the next period, the period of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
In the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties that followed the best-known works of fiction were novels in the vernacular, such as Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Water Margin, Pilgrimage to the West, The Scholars, and Dream of the Red Mansions.
Kuan Ti was an actual historical figure, a general of the Han dynasty renowned for his skill as a warrior and his justness as a ruler.
www.crystalinks.com /chinamythology.html   (1797 words)

  
 Chinese history:The Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589 AD)
The Song Dynasty established by Liu Yu and the three successive dynasties of Southern Qi, Liang and Chen are known as the Southern Dynasties.
During the Sixteen States period, the Former Liang and the Northern Liang were the Buddhist centers in the north.
The Southern Dynasties laid greater claim to fame in literature and historical studies than did the Northern Dynasties.
www.chinavoc.com /history/southandnorth.htm   (372 words)

  
 Diplomacy & commercial relationship - SN dynasties - China History Forum, chinese history forum
Besides confrontation and warfare between the "north" and the "south" during the Southern and Northern Dynasties era, there were also periods of peaceful dealings between the two sides.
In both northern and southern dynasties, the selection of envoys was a weighty decision.
The arrival of an envoy of the (Southern) Liang Dynasty in Ye Cheng, capital of Eastern Wei, caused a sensation among the nobles and officials.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=2139   (1007 words)

  
 China History Topic Center - China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Dynasties in Chinese history Below is a table of the dynasties in Chinese history.
From the Shang dynasty to the Qin dynastyQin, rulers usually held the tit...
Zhou Dynasty Zhou Dynasty (late 10th century BC to late 9th century - 256 BC) followed the Shang Dynasty and preceded the Qin Dynasty in China.
www.famouschinese.com /topic/China_History   (751 words)

  
 The Northern and Southern Song dynasties
Another reason that his dynasty lasted longer was that he did not try to fight the Khitans to the north; rather he conquered the southern half of China.
The southern kingdoms, while economically and culturally advanced, did not have strong militaries and were relatively easy to defeat.
His dynasty is generally known as the Southern Song.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/classical_imperial_china/song.html   (763 words)

  
 Chinese History - Three Kingdoms 三國, Jin 晉, Southern and Northern Dynasties 南北朝 ...
The orthodox Confucianism of the Han Dynasty that was only able to comment the old canonical books and to produce a sterile officialdom, was thoroughly discredited by the end of Later Han.
The Western Jin Dynasty representants are Pei Wei 裴頠 (wrote Chongyoulun 崇有諗 "Venerating the Being") und Guo Xiang.
Among the few Northern Dynasties poets and prose writers, Yu Xin 廋信 shall be mentioned.
www.chinaknowledge.de /History/Division/jin-literature.html   (1427 words)

  
 Northern and Southern Dynasties: Ancient Chinese Dynasties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In 439, the Beiwei Empire unified the region north of the Yellow River and settled the capital in present Datong, Shanxi Province, marking the beginning of the Northern Dynasties.
Historically, the Northern Dynasties referred to the regimes of the Beiwei, the Dongwei, the Xiwei, the Beizhou and the Beiqi.
Up to the Southern and Northern Dynasties, poets became increasingly interested in more lyric verses in which poetries sang their feeling and emotion by narrations of natural landscapes.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/southern_northern/index.htm   (1235 words)

  
 Chinese history timeline
While there was a great deal of political activity occurring during this period, most of it, consisting as it was of various wars between different kingdoms (one of the great novels of China, The Romance of the Three Kingdoms, is about this period), was not terribly important to the later development of China.
The most important thing to know about this dynasty is that it was very short (by dynastic standards) and that it did a pretty good job of re-unifying China.
Because it had a northern power base, it was part barbarian, as was the Tang.
www.chinavoc.com /history/timeline.htm   (774 words)

  
 Chinese Dynasties
During one such transitional period, Southern and Northern dynasties divided China, with four successive dynasties in the South concurrent with five in the North.
The Chan (陳) Dynasty was the last of the four Southern dynasties, after which China reunified in the Sui (隋) dynasty.
To assure survival of the dynasty, an Empress is sought.
webpages.charter.net /emperor01/index.htm   (1171 words)

  
 Ruan Yuan - Southern and Northern Schools   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
formed later, Southern School refers to the styles of Eastern Jin and the Southern Dynasties, and Northern School refers to the styles of the Northern Dynasties and Sui dynasty.
Southern School consisted of Zhong You, Wei Ji, Wang Xizhi, Wang Xianzhi, Wang Sengqian, Zhi Yong, and Yu Shinan; Northern School consisted of Zhong You, Wei Ji, Suo Jing, Cui Yue, Lu Zhan, Gao Zong, Seng Fu, Yao Yuanbiao, Zhao Wensheng, Ding Daohu, Ouyang Xun, and Chu Suiliang.
Southern School was not noticeable in Sui dynasty, however, it began to be in fashion during the years of Zhen-guan
www.rice-paper.com /uses/calligraphy/essay/ruanyuan.html   (431 words)

  
 Chinese History
In 206 BC, when the Han dynasty was founded, China stretched from modern Shenyang (some 500 km north of Beijing) in the north to around Guilin in the south; from the Pacific in the east to well past Chongqing in the west.
Despite the fact that the royal houses of Sui and succeeding Tang were not entirely Han Chinese, both of these dynasties are considered to be Chinese, as opposed to the Mongols and Manchus later on.
The northern half of China was conquered by barbarians, forcing the dynasty to abandon a northern capital in the early 1100's.
www.chinatour.com /countryinfo/history.htm   (5732 words)

  
 Wei, Jin & Northern and Southern Dynasties
The Wei, Jin and Northern and Southern Dynasties were a time of much chaos.
The students tended to be landowners' children, and the teaching material was similar to that of the Han Dynasty.
After Liu's Song Dynasty was founded in the Southern Dynasty, four schools were established: Confucianism School, Yuan Su School (Element School), Shi School (History School), and Wen School (Literature School).
library.thinkquest.org /C005704/content_hl_wjns.php3   (596 words)

  
 Dynasties of the North and South   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The Dynasties of the North and South were another lengthy period of disunity and internal strife for China.
The northern dynasties consisted of the Northern Wei (386-533A.D.), the Eastern Wei (534-540A.D.), the Western Wei (535-557A.D.), the Northern Qi (550-577A.D.) and the Northern Zhou (557-588).
The southern dynasties consisted of the Song (420-478 A.D.), the Qi (479-501 A.D.), the Liang (502-556 A.D.) and the Chen (557-588 A.D.).
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/china/early_imperial_china/northandsouth.html   (245 words)

  
 [No title]
When the Han dynasty was founded, China stretched from modern Shenyang (some 500 km north of Beijing) in the north to around Guilin in the south; from the Pacific in the east to Tarim Basin in the west.
China was reunified in A.D. 589 by the short-lived Sui dynasty.
The Song dynasty ranks up there with the Tang and the Han as one of the great dynasties.
www.mybestchina.com /History.html   (603 words)

  
 China Histoy: Apply for China Visa
After this, China came to be ruled by two independent dynasties, called the era of Southern and Northern Dynasties.
These dynasties were replaced by the Mongols after a long and bloody war.
The Qing Dynasty (1644—1911) was founded after the defeat of the Ming by the Manchus, who invaded from the north in the late seventeenth century.
www.myvisapassport.com /visa-China-History.html   (614 words)

  
 Southern and Northern Dynasties: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com
Southern and Northern Dynasties: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com
Southern and Northern Dynasties (南北朝 nan2 bei3 zhao1 420-589) followed Jin Dynasty and preceded Sui Dynasty in China.
Post a link to definition / meaning of " Southern and Northern Dynasties " on your site.
www.encyclopedian.com /so/Southern-and-Northern-Dynasty.html   (97 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
After the long period of primitive existence, the Xia Dynasty, the first in Chinese history, was established in the 21st century B.C., heralding the beginning of a slave society in China.
In 221 B.C., Qin Shi Huang, the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, ended the rivalry among the independent principalities in the Warring States Period andestablished the first centralized, unified, multinational state in Chinesehistory--the Qin Dynasty.
During the Southern and Northern Dynasties Zu Chongzhi calculated the value of PI to be between 3.1415926 and 3.1415927.
student.ccbcmd.edu /~qzhan337/history.html   (439 words)

  
 Chinese History
The historians described a Chinese political pattern of dynasties, one following another in a cycle of ascent, achievement, decay, and rebirth under a new family.
Another recurrent historical theme has been the unceasing struggle of the sedentary Chinese against the threat posed to their safety and way of life by non-Chinese peoples on the margins of their territory in the north, northeast, and northwest.
In the thirteenth century, the Mongols from the northern steppes became the first alien people to conquer all China.
www.chinaphile.com /history.htm   (992 words)

  
 China History: Northern and Southern Dynasties, Emperor Wendi, Northern Wei
The southern part endured four consecutive states Song, Qi, Liang, and Chen; while the northern part underwent several states, sometimes unified, and sometimes confronting simultaneously.
When the Northern Wei unified the Northern China, Emperor Wendi conducted his reforms to pacify morale, which played an active role in compatible existence of many nationalities.
But after its disintegration, swarms of northern people migrated to the south with their advanced technology and became the major labor force of the southern economy and agriculture.
www.warriortours.com /intro/history/northern_southern/index.htm   (163 words)

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