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Topic: Soviet law


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
  Soviet law - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Soviet Law had some of the characteristics of civil law systems, including some similar rules of procedure and legal methodologies.
Soviet Law did not use an adversary system, in which a plaintiff and defendant argue before a neutral judge.
Soviet Law also guaranteed defendants the right to legal representation, and the right to be tried in their native language, or to use an interpreter.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Soviet_law   (674 words)

  
 Soviet Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Soviet Union became the primary model for future Communist states during the Cold War; the government and the political organization of the country were defined by the only permitted political party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union was established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties.
The Soviet Union occupied the eastern portion of the European continent and the northern portion of the Asian continent.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Soviet   (7072 words)

  
 Evgeny Pashukanis: Course on Soviet Economic Law 2 (1935)
Soviet law denies the division of legal norms into compulsory (rules established as obligatory for the parties – which is characteristic of public law) and optional or supplementary (certain rules established for the parties only in the case when they themselves have not decided otherwise – this is characteristic of private law).
The law of things (the central nucleus of which is the law of property) is, on the contrary, a legal expression of the breakdown, separation and anarchy dominant in capitalist society.
The application of law consists in the conduct of concrete legal relations under the general norms of the law (the establishment of the “nature of legal relations”) and in the derivation of a conclusion by the rules of formal logic.
www.marxists.org /archive/pashukanis/1935/xx/sovlaw2.htm   (6468 words)

  
 Soviet-Empire.com - View topic - 1918 Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the R.S.F.S.R.
The Russian Soviet Republic is established on the principle of a free union of free nations, as a federation of Soviet national republics.
The soviets of regions with a distinct mode of living and national composition can unite in autonomous regional unions at the head of which, as at the head of all regional unions that can be eventually formed, stand regional congresses of Soviets and their executive agencies.
Sessions of the soviet of deputies are convened by the executive committee at its discretion, or on the demand of not less than half of the deputies to the Soviet: but at least once a week in cities and twice a week in rural areas.
www.soviet-empire.com /ussr/viewtopic.php?t=28549   (3726 words)

  
 News & Events - University of Virginia School of Law
The root of Soviet psychiatry's sins lies in the system of totalitarianism itself, Gluzman said, because of its philosophically materialist nature, which assumes that all things are empirically knowable and therefore can be engineered into new forms.
Despite international norms for the field, "Soviet psychiatry as a social institution, which was formed and functioned within the totalitarian system, could not but be totalitarian," he said.
Soviet psychiatrists typically were divorced from such moral norms and laws that inform practice in the West and mitigate the potential subjectivity of psychiatric diagnoses.
www.law.virginia.edu /lawweb/lawweb2.nsf/0/10049cac06c676d0852569f900502c81?OpenDocument   (346 words)

  
 Human Rights and the Individual as Subject of International Law: A Soviet View
Soviet legal doctrine traditionally regarded as subjects of international law only entities possessing not only rights or obligations arising on the basis of international law, but also able to create such norms and participate in ensuring compliance with them.
Definite rights and obligations under international law are held, for instance, not only by inter-state organizations themselves but also by their organs and responsible persons, and by a number of international economic organizations and non-governmental organizations.
This sort of alienation of the person from norms of international law is, as I already noted, a reflection of a statist approach to international law and to social relationships as a whole.
www.ejil.org /journal/Vol1/No1/art2.html   (4591 words)

  
 Foreword
His expectation that civil law would wither away as market conditions became overshadowed by socialism caused the introduction of a new discipline called "Economic Law" to the very end of which were relegated a few lectures on civil law.
Robert Sharlet is a political scientist with long experience in Soviet law, having focused upon Pashukanis as a graduate student at Indiana University and having attended the Law Faculty of Moscow University on his way to chairmanship of the Department of Political Science in Union College, Schenectady, New York.
His writings on Soviet law are numerous and widely read for their perceptive analysis of the politics of Soviet Law.
home.law.uiuc.edu /~pmaggs/pforeword.htm   (2307 words)

  
 LLRX.com - Researching Intellectual Property Law In The Russian Federation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Collapse of the Soviet Union in December of 1991 put a halt to the ambitious task of reforming Soviet intellectual property law.
The old Soviet body of law no longer applied, the proposed reformed legislation was never quite officially enacted, and it was unclear what to do with the certificates of invention issued during the Soviet era under the Soviet law.
These laws constitute the primary source of intellectual property law in the Russian Federation, and despite a number of amendments throughout the years, are still in effect today.
www.llrx.com /features/russiaiplaw.htm   (7552 words)

  
 Bail Reform in Ukraine: Transplanting Western Legal Concepts ...
The Soviet legal system is generally viewed as an outgrowth of the civil law tradition, largely because the pre-revolutionary Russian empire (of which Ukraine was a part) had historically been a civil law society.
Soviet legislation builds on the civil law tradition of system and order.”[22] The most significant distinction between socialist and traditional civil law societies was the belief that law was ultimately only “an instrument of economic and social policy.”[23] Nevertheless, “the rules of the Soviet system were highly codified,”
Enactment of the bail statute was facilitated by a then-existing quirk in Ukraine’s laws.
www.law.harvard.edu /students/orgs/hrj/iss13/lehmann.shtml   (15438 words)

  
 Soviet Law & Policy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The study of Soviet law and policy has long been problematic for historians and political scientists.
Study of the Soviet system in the West was for a long time subordinate to the political demands of the Cold War, which discouraged serious investigation.
It is simply to assist in gathering together materials of Soviet law and policy in an organised way for researchers.
www.sovietlawandpolicy.com   (195 words)

  
 GlobaLex - Material on Russian Federation Law in English: Selection of Sources
Law on the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation of July   21, 1994.
Law On Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation of Apr.28, 1995.
Law on Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum (http://democracy.ru/english/library/laws/bg_law_eng/index.html)  Enacted September 1997, as amended.
www.nyulawglobal.org /globalex/Russia.htm   (4626 words)

  
 Soviet-Empire.com - Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the RSFSR
Elections are conducted in the presence of an electoral commission and a representative of the local soviet.
The electors who have sent a deputy to the Soviet have the right to recall him at any time, and to hold new elections, in keeping with the general rules.
The Arms of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic consist of a sickle and a hammer with their handles crossed, pointing downwards, gold upon a red field in the sun's rays, and surrounded by a wreath of ears of grain, with the inscriptions:
www.soviet-empire.com /ussr/constitution/constitution_1918.php   (3612 words)

  
 Rutgers Law: Faculty, Staff, and Administration Directory
Professor Pomorski received his Master of Law and Doctor of Law degrees from the University of Warsaw, Poland, and was a visiting scholar at Harvard law School.
Soviet State Arbitrazh: Development, Functions, Organization, 19 Rutgers-Camden L.J. Criminal Law Protection of Socialist Property in the USSR, in Barry, Ginsburgs, Maggs (eds.), The Citizen and the State in Contemporary Soviet Law (Leyden: Sijthoff, 1977)
A Profile of the Soviet Constitution of 1977 (with George Ginsburgs), in F. Feldbrugge (ed.), The Constitutions of the USSR and Union Republics (Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff, 1979)
www.camlaw.rutgers.edu /bio/956   (883 words)

  
 Harvard University Press: Soviet Criminal Law and Procedure: The RSFSR Codes by Harold J. Berman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Harold J. Berman is Woodruff Professor of Law, Emory University, and Ames Professor of Law, Emeritus, Harvard University.
Justice in the U.S.S.R.: An Interpretation of the Soviet Law
Law and Revolution, II: The Impact of the Protestant Reformations on the Western Legal Tradition
www.hup.harvard.edu /catalog/BERSOV.html   (85 words)

  
 The Harvard Law School Forum - 1940s
Karl Llewellyn - Professor of Law, Columbia University
Dr. Chen Chih-Mei - Counselor of the Chinese Embassy to the U.S. Moderator: Warren A. Seavey - Professor, Harvard Law School
Speaker: William A. Robson - Prof., Administrative Law, London Sch.
www.law.harvard.edu /students/orgs/forum/40s.html   (1278 words)

  
 Soviet Law : Curriculum : Academics : Vanderbilt University Law School   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Soviet Law : Curriculum : Academics : Vanderbilt University Law School
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An introduction to the legal system and laws of the Soviet Union, including an examination of the system's ideological and cultural base, the structure and working of Soviet adjudicative bodies, the organization of the Soviet legal profession, and a survey of major areas of Soviet substantive law.
law.vanderbilt.edu /academics/courses/soviet.html   (71 words)

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