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Topic: Spanish missions in Texas

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In the News (Wed 19 Sep 18)

The chief goal of a Spanish mission was to convert the wild natives of Texas to "'Christianized citizens of the Spanish crown with the same rights and privileges as other Spanish subjects'" (Chipman 249).
Hence, the Spanish missions, agencies of the Church and State, were crucial to the civilizing and conversion of the Texas frontier.
The Spanish Missions are the roots of this great state; hence, we should acknowledge their place in our history, in our Texan culture, in our heritage, in our socioeconomic fiber, and in the development of our unique identity.
www.geocities.com /sanape_1/TEXPAPER.html   (2940 words)

 History of Texas Encyclopedia Articles @ ArtsInTexas.com (Arts in Texas)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
Spain moved quickly to establish a string of missions (often with an accompanying presidio) to establish a toehold in the frontier land.
The French were not able to wrest control of Texas from Spain, and by the early 19th century sold their North American holdings to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase, which then placed the United States as a threat to the Spanish control of Texas.
The nationalist faction, led by advocated the continued independence of Texas, the expulsion of the Native Americans, and the expansion of Texas to the Pacific Ocean.
www.artsintexas.com /encyclopedia/History_of_Texas   (2543 words)

 Houston Institute for Culture - Spanish Missions in Texas
Spanish missionary activity occurred from 1682 to 1793 in an effort to protect New Spain, while converting Native Americans and utilizing agriculture to sustain Spanish exploration.
In 1682 the mission and pueblo of Corpus Christi de la Isleta was established a few miles east of El Paso in present day Ysleta to separate a number of Indians from the Tiguex pueblo.
Although the Spanish missions were mostly unsuccessful, they showed Spain's firm bond with the Catholic Church and their execution of church affairs by establishing missions and defending them with presidios.
www.houstonculture.org /spanish/missions.html   (985 words)

 Texas Almanac 2006-2007 | TexasAlmanac.com | History
In 1936 a monument commemorating the martyrdom was erected jointly by the State of Texas and the Knights of Columbus in Amarillo's Ellwood Park.
Interpretations of Mendoza's route have placed the mission variously on the Colorado River west of Ballinger (Bolton), near the confluence of the Concho and Colorado rivers (Castañeda), and on the South Llano River (Williams).
Custodian of the Franciscan missions in the Southwest from 1626 to 1629 and interviewer of María de Agreda in Spain.
www.texasalmanac.com /history/highlights/franciscan   (3667 words)

 Handbook of Texas Online:
Spanish Texas, situated on the border of Spain's North American empire, encompassed only a small portion of what is now the Lone Star State.
The reestablishment of missions and a presidio in East Texas was very important historically, because it gave Spain a valid claim to land north of the Rio Grande, did much to determine that Texas would be Spanish, not French, and helped advance the eventual boundary between Texas and the United States to the Sabine River.
Unless Spanish presence could be augmented and a halfway station established between the Rio Grande and the eastward missions, the occupation of Texas seemed destined to go as it had gone in 1693.
www.tsha.utexas.edu /handbook/online/articles/SS/nps1.html   (7076 words)

 Early Texas Missions and Missionaries
They were willing to forego the food and raiment of the missions, for the sublime scenery of the vast prairies, the liberty of roaming unmolested over them, and chasing the buffalo and the deer.
To add to the strength of the missions and the number of the converts, reliable Indians of these establishments were sent out among their wild brethren to bring them in.
As much of the ill success of the missions resulted from the regulations of the Spanish government in regard to the Indians, it may be well that we should refer to them.
www.sonofthesouth.net /texas/missions.htm   (2844 words)

 WowEssays.com - Spanish Missions In Texas
The Spanish Mission During the 1600s to 1700s, the Spanish were settling Texas.
Missions in East Texas were moved to the San Antonio.
The missions that were a success closed, although they took the land for the missions and split it among the Indians that stayed till the end.
www.wowessays.com /dbase/ad1/eac279.shtml   (524 words)

 Houston Institute for Culture - Spanish Exploration in Texas
The first expeditions to Texas were either accidental or spurred by the desire for riches.
Spanish exploration did not continue until the rumor of riches lured many explorers to Texas.
For the remainder of the 16th century, Spanish colonization progressed slowly northward with the final settlement by Juan de Oñate in New Mexico.
www.houstonculture.org /spanish/exploration.html   (840 words)

 Spanish Catholic Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
Spanish Catholic Missions are spread throughout the American continent and frequently coninue to serve as a spiritual outlet.
A chain of five missions established along the San Antonio River in the 18th century became the largest concentration of Catholic missions in North America.
A map of the original Spanish missions in the state of Georgia.
www.lasculturas.com /lib/libMissions.htm   (166 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
A few years later in 1721, the mission and the village that developed around it, known as Los Adaes, was declared the capitol of Texas and a presidio was built.
Some of the missions were supported by a rancho or ranch which provided livestock to provide food for the inhabitants of the mission and presidio.
The mission, presidio and the settlements that began to emerge around these missions were islands in a vast land sea between Mexico City and the French in Louisiana.
users.ev1.net /~gpmoran/Prologue2.htm   (3090 words)

 Mission Espiritu Santo de Zúñiga :: U.S. Highway 183, Goliad, Texas, United States :: Glass Steel and Stone
It is the mission’s success as a cattle station that enables Goliad today to call itself the "Birthplace of Texas Ranching." As the need for missions faded, the building was neglected until 1848 when it was converted into a public school.
The immense herds of cattle that supported the mission population became the foundation for the ranching industry of modern Texas.
Moved to Mission Valley, Victoria County, on the Guadalupe River among the Jaranames and Tamiques in 1826.
www.glasssteelandstone.com /BuildingDetail.php?ID=519   (711 words)

 350 years of Texas History
One of the methods for accomplishing this goal, was by the establishment of "missions." These were places funded by the Spanish government for the purpose of converting local populations (Indians) to Christianity so that one day, they may become subjects of the Spanish empire.
Then the mission dwellers would tend to the raising of crops and livestock, the weaving of cloth, cooking, the making of soap, pottery, and candles.
Another group of residents were Spanish military soldiers, they often trained mission Indians in the usage of European weaponry, primarily firearms.
www.ranger.esc14.net /Missions/history1.htm   (487 words)

 Encyclopedia :: encyclopedia : Advanced Automation for Space Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
This document is the final report of a study on the feasability of using machine intelligence, including automation and robotics, in future space missions.
The specific study objectives were to identify and analyze several representative missions that would require extensive applications of machine intelligence, and then to identify technologies that must be developed to accomplish these types of missions.
This study was sponsored jointly by NASA, through the Office of Aeronautics and Space Technology and the Office of University Affairs, and by the American Society for Engineering Education as part of their continuing program of summer study faculty fellowships.
www.hallencyclopedia.com /Advanced_Automation_for_Space_Missions   (1473 words)

 Frontier Times, September, 1935
On April 21st., 1836, Sam Houston, leader of the Texans, defeated the Mexican forces under Santa Anna, and a new republic, that of Texas, was born.
These missions (los Misiones) consisted of the chapel for worship, the cells for the monks, the dwellings for the inhabitants, and a fort for defense.
The mission was under the control of the ecclesiastical power, and the military force was under an officer of the army, who, in most matters, was under the control of the priest.
www.frontiertimesmagazine.com /0935.html   (1731 words)

 Mexican American History Resources Page 5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
Foley, Patrick, “From Linares to Galveston: Texas in the Diocesan Scheme of the Roman Catholic Church to the Mid-nineteenth Century,” Catholic Southwest: A Journal of History and Culture8 (1997).
The Texas Missions of the College of Zacatecas in 1749-1750: Report of Fr.
The Zacatecan Missionaries in Texas, 1716-1834: Excerpts from the Libro de los decretos of the Missionary College of Zacatecas, 1707-1828, transl.
www.cah.utexas.edu /guides/mexam5.html   (4564 words)

 Texas Almanac 2006-2007 | TexasAlmanac.com | History
Texas History Timeline — Highlights of Texas past from prehistoric times to the 20th century.
A history of oil discovery in Texas from the 1860s, through Spindletop and the Permian Basin, and up until the new technologies in the Austin Chalk.
A history of the immigration of Lebanese and Syrians to Texas.
www.texasalmanac.com /history   (109 words)

 Lesson 25: The Spaniards In Texas
They now commenced in good earnest to found colonies, to establish missions, and by arms, agriculture and arts, to extend and establish their influence and laws over the whole country.
But notwithstanding all their efforts and sacrifices, the Government was not prosperous; and in the year 1745, the entire Spanish population in Texas did not exceed 1500, with perhaps an equal number of converted Indians.
This fearful butchery caused the Spanish missions in Texas everywhere to decline.
www.2020site.org /texas/lesson25.html   (615 words)

 Reference Bibliography and Notes
Tejanos : Presidios and Missions - THE CATHOLIC SPANISH MISSIONS OF TEXAS Sancta Sacrificia Illibata (http://www.geocities.com/sanape_1?TEXPAPER.html)
Texas Lore : Unusual Stories from Texas History by Patrick M. Reynolds - The history of Texas is full of fun facts and unusual tales and this book presents its subject as a collection of little known facts regarding the people and events of Texas history.
Texas in Gray : The Civil War Years by Frank H. Smyrl - This book explores the period in its history when Texas was a part of the Confederacy.
www.texas-our-texas.com /BibRef1.html   (4143 words)

 Maps Of Spanish Missions In Texas
The interaction of the Spanish missions with royal, civilian...
Treasure Hunt on Missions." [Texas Missions] Spanish (Texas) Missions, Presidios, and Roads in the 17th and...
San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas (Photo by Beth Boland)...
www.turkeytexas.com /maps-of-spanish-missions-in-texas.html   (168 words)

 San Antonio's Mission Trail   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
The chain of missions established along the San Antonio River in the 18th century are reminders of one of Spain's most successful attempts to extend its New World dominion northward from Mexico.
As an arm to the church, the mission was the vanguard for the spiritual conversion of New Spain's native inhabitants.
Contrasted with the military might of the presidio, or the often self-serving policies of civil government, the mission acted as a tempering frontier influence, offering the Indians a less traumatic transition into European culture.
hotx.com /missions   (123 words)

The student understands how individuals, events, and issues prior to the Texas Revolution shaped the history of Texas.
Show a big map of Texas on the bulletin board in front of the room.
Exceptional presentation with good, colorful ideas; Provides all information, with title card and appropriate graphics on each card; links cards; the words and visuals on slides are easy to see; included a meaningful title card; the navigation tools are labeled when necessary; animated graphics; added sounds; used Internet sites in gathering my information.
www.stthom.edu /fosseyk/texas/thu.htm   (1041 words)

 Texas Almanac 2006-2007 | TexasAlmanac.com | Religion
The following Texas Almanac chart, which compares 1990 and 2000 membership figures, is based on that survey and other sources.
In addition to this chart, the Texas Almanac 2006—2007 contains an analysis of the survey data, as well as a history of the Spanish missions in Texas.
These are the major religious groups in Texas that maintain Web sites that are sources of information about the histories of their denominations and/or serve as sources of demographics and other information and for research.
www.texasalmanac.com /religion   (252 words)

 Energy Citations Database (ECD) - Energy and Energy-Related Bibliographic Citations
Ceramic shards found in Spanish Colonial missions in Texas consist of broken remnants of wares either brought from Mexico or manufactured locally by 18th century Native Americans.
The sample included 102 ceramics from four Texas mission sites: Mission San Lorenzo de la Santa Cruz in Real County, Mission San Juan Capistrano in Bexar County, Mission Rosario in Goliad County, and Mission Dolores de los Ais in San Augustine County.
A larger goal of the study was to examine the supply system to these well-dispersed mission sites and how it was affected by Spain`s economic climate during the l8th century.
www.osti.gov /energycitations/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=88946   (343 words)

 San Antonio Missions National Historical Park (National Park Service)
Four Spanish frontier missions, part of a colonization system that stretched across the Spanish Southwest in the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries, are preserved here.
They include Missions San Jose, San Juan, Espada, and Concepcion.
The park, containing many cultural sites along with some natural areas, was established in 1978.
www.nps.gov /saan   (155 words)

 UWEC Geog188 Vogeler -  Spanish Missions in Texas   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
In which part of Texas were most of the Spanish missions located from 1659 to 1795?
Think about the layout of the missions, the land uses, their relationship to water supplies, and land grants and field patterns.
: a Spanish military post, often a rectangular enclosure 650 feet long on each side with buildings placed along the inside of the fortified walls
www.uwec.edu /Geography/Ivogeler/w188/border/missions.htm   (126 words)

Populations of the Spanish Missions of Texas (74.4K)
Spanish Missions in the Lowlands Regions of South America (5,847K)
Population of the Jesuit Missions of Paraguay (165 K)
www.h-net.org /~latam/powerpoints   (227 words)

 Welcome to Georgia Precolonial History
From early Spanish missions to the Revolutionary War, Georgia’s heritage is filled with tales of adventure, conflict, struggles and a fighting spirit to survive.
In 1540, famed Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto led an armed expeditionary force from Florida into Georgia in hopes of finding gold.
California and Texas may be best known for having Spanish missions, but by the mid-1500’s, Franciscans priests traveling with de Soto had established missions on St. Simons and Jekyll Islands.
www.georgia.org /Travel/HistoryHeritage/Precolonial+History.htm   (427 words)

 San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas--About This Lesson --Social Studies Standards   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas--About This Lesson --Social Studies Standards
Standard C - The student explains and gives examples of how language, literature, the arts, architecture, other artifacts, traditions, beliefs, values, and behaviors contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Standard I - The student gives examples and explains how governments attempt to achieve their stated ideals at home and abroad.
www.cr.nps.gov /nR/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/2sanantonio/2ssstandards.htm   (176 words)

 San Antonio's Missions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-08)
"The camerawork is postcard-perfect, capturing the beauty and the atmosphere of solitude of the missions." -Booklist
This program's concise historical narrative helps create the impression of an actual visit to the missions of San Antonio.
The highlight of the tour is Mission San Antonio de Valero, a.k.a.
www.chiptaylor.com /ttlmnp0929-.cfm   (47 words)

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