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Topic: Special Operations Executive


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  Special Operations Executive
The Special Operations Executive, the SOE, was an organisation founded by Winston Churchill in July of 1940, as a mechanism for conducting warfare by other means than direct military engagement, e.g.
The SOE were highly dependent upon the security of coded transmissions, and Leo Marks, an SOE cryptographer, was responsible for the development of better codes to replace the insecure poem codes.
SOE was dissolved officially in 1946, and much of its sphere of influence reverted to the Special Intelligence Service[?], the SIS.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/so/SOE.html   (251 words)

  
 News | Special Operations Executive (SOE) files
SOE's work in Holland was the most seriously compromised of all their operations, with circuits thoroughly penetrated by the Germans, captured radio sets played back successfully and skilfully to SOE in London with false information, and scores of SOE agents parachuted directly into German hands.
SOE operations in Belgium were far more secure than those in neighbouring Holland, but still some returning agents were interviewed by the Security Service because of time they had spent in contact with or in the hands of the German authorities.
Benoist, whose SOE personnel file was released earlier this year, came under suspicion because of a string of seemingly improbable escapes he made from German custody, and he was interrogated at length on his return to the United Kingdom.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /releases/2003/may22/soe.htm   (2127 words)

  
  Special Operations Executive - Wikipedia
The Special Operations Executive, the SOE, was an organisation founded by Winston Churchill in July of 1940, as a mechanism for conducting warfare by other means than direct military engagement, e.g.
The SOE were highly dependent upon the security of coded transmissions, and Leo Marks, an SOE cryptographer, was responsible for the development of better codes to replace the insecure poem codes.
SOE was dissolved officially in 1946, and much of its sphere of influence reverted to the Special Intelligence Service[?], the SIS.
wikipedia.findthelinks.com /so/SOE.html   (260 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Originally as 'Section D' of MI6 the mission of the SOE was encourage and facilitate espionage and sabotage behind lines and to serve as a focal for the formation of a vestigial resistance in Britain itself (the Auxiliary Units) in the possible event of an Axis invasion.
The SOE included a number of its F Section (France) alone placed 39 female agents in the field of these 13 did not The Valençay SOE Memorial was unveiled at Valençay in the Indre departement of France on May 6 1991 marking the fiftieth anniversary of the of F Section's first agent to France.
The SOE were highly dependent upon the of coded transmissions and Leo Marks an SOE cryptographer was responsible for development of better codes to replace the poem codes.
www.freeglossary.com /Special_Operations_Executive   (1006 words)

  
 Part 1: The Special Operations Executive and its Records Foreign & Commonwealth Office
SOE's task, memorably expressed by Prime Minister W S Churchill to the Minister of Economic Warfare, Hugh Dalton, was to 'set Europe ablaze': to coordinate action against the enemy by means of subversion and sabotage, including propaganda on behalf of the Allied war effort.
SOE was active in every theatre of war until it was disbanded in 1946.
Some SOE records were destroyed in the face of enemy advance (for example, in Singapore before the Japanese advance), and considerations of storage and handling meant that they were subjected to rigorous 'weeding' at the end of the war.
www.fco.gov.uk /servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1050510206588   (580 words)

  
 ::Special Operations Executive::
The Special Operations Executive's (SOE) main task was to link up with resistance movements - primarily the French Resistance - to undermine the Germans in the countries they had occupied.
SOE needed a smaller plane that was difficult to see but tough enough to land on crude runways.
SOE schools were set up under the greatest of secrecy to train potential SOE operators.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /special_operations_executive.htm   (868 words)

  
 SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The SOE was a secret organisation, established by a British War Cabinet decision of 22 July 1940, to "to co-ordinate all action, by way of subversion and sabotage, against the enemy overseas" in enemy-occupied countries, with active and often highly personal encouragement from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
SOE came under the Chiefs of Staff and was subject to a Foreign Office veto on operations in neutral countries.
SOE was officially dissolved early in 1946 and special operations were returned to the control of the Secret Intelligence Service.
fp.gregharper.plus.com /soe.htm   (768 words)

  
 Celsius Centre for Scandinavian Studies
Rather than setting Europe ablaze, SOE were to keep the embers smouldering until a time when they could be fanned into life for the benefit of the Allied armies, whilst in effect stockpiling fuel for the coming conflagration in the form of well equipped 'secret armies' and sympathetic populations.
SOE was limited to some extent in Greece for, whilst they felt that it was their role to build up resistance without regard to the political stance of the groups involved, Churchill and the British government were opposed to ELAS<10> - the communist resistance group.
A similar operation - operation 'Animals' - in which a series of successful coordinated attacks on rail and road communications by the andartes led the German occupiers into believing that the Balkans were the target of a forthcoming Allied invasion.
www.ssn.flinders.edu.au /scanlink/nornotes/vol2/articles/griff.html   (1586 words)

  
 Proactive Preemptive Operations Group - SourceWatch
Special operations forces played a critical role in toppling the Taliban regime in Afghanistan last fall and they almost surely would figure prominently in the earliest stages of a U.S. military action in Iraq, coordinating with local forces opposed to Saddam Hussein and hunting for Scud missile launchers.
Special Operations Command is so secretive that its Defense Department Web site offers nothing about it except a likeness of its insignia (adapted from one designed by William J. Donovan's Office of Strategic Services, a forerunner of the CIA) and information on how defense contractors can submit proposals.
The covert side of the military's special operations force resides in a sub-command, known as the Joint Special Operations Command.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Proactive_Preemptive_Operations_Group   (2849 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
When Europe was occupied by the Nazis, Sir Winston Churchill helped to create the Special Operations Executive on June 6, 1940-a significant date-with a letter to General Hastings Ismay, authorizing: "A proper system of espionage and intelligence along the whole coasts, to harass the enemy from behind the lines".
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was established and drew developing members from the then Section D of SIS.
SOE was highly secret and known to no one outside of the organization, and there was little conversation between the individual sections.
www.joematlock.com /SOE.htm   (338 words)

  
 SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE, 1940-1946: SUBVERSION AND SABOTAGE DURING WORLD WAR II Series One: SOE Operations in ...
The release of files documenting the machinations of the Special Operations Executive means that, for the first time, scholars are able to see beyond the romantic; witnessing the first-hand accounts of those who risked their lives in order to stop the relentless march of fascism.
As SOE grew, agents were hired from a diverse range of backgrounds and nationalities; by 1944, approximately 5,000 agents were involved in operations behind enemy lines, with a back-up support of nearly 10,000 staff at home.
The SOE operations in Italy can be classified under three heads: guerrilla attacks against German and Fascist Italian personnel and supplies; isolated acts of sabotage against factories, electric power stations and communications; and co-ordinated attacks in strategic and tactical support of military operations.
www.ampltd.co.uk /collections_az/SOE-1-5/description.aspx   (7118 words)

  
 Katyn: An SOE Perspective Foreign & Commonwealth Office
Because of the covert nature of SOE operations, and their focus on propaganda and sabotage as part of the war effort, these files cast a new perspective on a number of wartime issues.
The purpose of this History Note is to show how SOE files contribute to the understanding of one historical episode, the Katyn Massacre, first brought to light in 1943 when the German authorities announced their discovery of a mass grave of Polish officers in Katyn forest near Smolensk.
While the SOE documents add little to the factual detail, the nature, purpose and perspective of the SOE documentation sheds some new light on the British Government's approach to the tragedy and its possible implications for relations between the Allies and the successful prosecution of the war against Germany.
www.fco.gov.uk /servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1050510186860   (555 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive (SOE), British Intelligence Organisation
Special Operations Executive (SOE) was formed in Britain in July 1940 after the Germans invaded France.
In March 1942, General Douglas MacArthur approved the establishment of an offshoot of SOE in Australia.
In London the new organisation was known as Special Operation Australia (SOA) but it was given a cover name in Australia where it was known as Inter Allied Services Department (IASD).
home.st.net.au /~pdunn/sigint/soe.htm   (92 words)

  
 SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE (SOE): RELEASE OF RECORDS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
SOE was the secret wartime organisation set up to promote sabotage in enemy-occupied countries, with active and often highly personal encouragement from Winston Churchill.
As well as covering the more familiar operations in the Occupied Countries, for the first time light is shone on SOE activities in Austria and Germany, including plans to assassinate Hitler and other Nazi leaders, and to exploit their cult of personality to help to destabilise the regime.
Other records reveal activity in Belgium, where SOE relations with the Belgian intelligence services and government-in-exile completely collapsed in 1942, and in the Netherlands, where German penetration of SOE networks was particularly disasterous.
www.fas.org /irp/news/1998/07/980723-soe.htm   (286 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive
Sir Winston S. Churchill helped to create the SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE on June 6, 1940-a significant date-with a letter to General Hastings Ismay, authorizing: "A proper system of espionage and intelligence along the whole coasts, to harass the enemy from behind the lines".
She was accepted for training and was enrolled as a "nurse' in the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry-the customary form of cover for female agents sent by SOE to the field.
SOE set to work to find saboteurs with the right aptitudes and languages (They were recruited in French-speaking Canada and polyglot South America as well as among refugees from Hitler's Europe) and it eventually established sixty training schools for operations in Europe besides others for Asia.
www.angelfire.com /va/violetteszabo/soe.html   (1451 words)

  
 Force 136
The Special Operations Executive was established by a War Cabinet decision of 22 July 1940 to create a new organisation demanded by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, 'to co-ordinate all action, by way of subversion and sabotage, against the enemy overseas'.
A branch in Australia operating into the south-west Pacific was known as Force 137, and a Special Operations branch of British Security Co-Ordination in New York handled its affairs in the Americas.
Force 266, staffed by SOE and OSS (its American equivalent), supplied Tito's partisans and Mihailovic's chetniks in Yugoslavia until it was absorbed in June 1944 by Force 399 of the Balkan Air Force, based at Bari, the co-ordinating HQ for all special operations across the Adriatic.
www.burmastar.org.uk /force_136.htm   (2551 words)

  
 [No title]
Several operations had been carried out on the German-occupied coasts of Norway and France, but they were generally not as successful as those in the Med, due to sea conditions and coastal defences.
The first operation was by S Detachment, a raid by several four -man teams, one led by Anders Lassen, on German airfields in Crete.
Among their operations were the damaging of the Tirpitz in November 1943, in Trondheim fjord, Norway, and the sinking of Japanese ships at Singapore in July 1945.
www.specialoperations.com /History/WWII/Cockleshell.htm   (6105 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive
SOE agents were sent to any country under the occupation of Nazi Germany including France, Belgium, Netherlands, Poland, Denmark and Yugoslavia.
The reason for this was that if the Germans captured the operator and code books and tried to use the transceiver to trap other agents, the SOE in London would be able to discover what had happened and would warn all its agents in the field.
SOE agents were taught that once captured they must try to stay silent when interrogated by the Gestapo for 48 hours.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /2WWsoe.htm   (6975 words)

  
 SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE, 1940-1946: SUBVERSION AND SABOTAGE DURING WORLD WAR II Series One: SOE Operations in ...
The release of files documenting the machinations of the Special Operations Executive means that, for the first time, scholars are able to see beyond the romantic; witnessing the first-hand accounts of those who risked their lives in order to stop the relentless march of fascism.
As the outfit grew, agents were hired from a diverse range of backgrounds and nationalities; by 1944, approximately 5,000 agents were involved in operations behind enemy lines, with a back-up support of nearly 10,000 staff at home.
Based on an idea by Colin Gubbins (SOE’s executive director from 1943-1945), a total of 93 teams were sent in after D-Day in June 1944 to assist in Operation Overlord – the Allied invasion of German-occupied Europe.
www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk /collections_az/SOE-1-1/description.aspx   (1881 words)

  
 SPECIAL OPERATIONS EXECUTIVE, 1940-1946: SUBVERSION AND SABOTAGE DURING WORLD WAR II Series One: SOE Operations in ...
As SOE grew, agents were hired from a diverse range of backgrounds and nationalities; by 1944, approximately 5,000 agents were involved in operations behind enemy lines, with a back-up support of nearly 10,000 staff at home.
Tragically, most captive agents were executed but the escape of two agents from Haaren prison in late 1943, eventually confirmed that for nearly two years Germany had indeed taken on the role as SOEs single agent.
SOEs handling of the situation is reported in full; they question the plausibility of the couples return to Britain due to discrepancies in their statements.
www.adam-matthew-publications.co.uk /collections_az/SOE-1-4/description.aspx   (1731 words)

  
 Materiel Deliverer: Ensuring the Acquisition Process Meets Warfighter Requirements - Colonel N. Lee S. Price - Special ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This execution arm of SOCOM acquisition is comprised of program executive officers and program managers who exercise the authority of the special operations acquisition executive by managing their assigned programs.
The director of procurement, within the Center for Special Operations Acquisition and Logistics is further delegated the authority to award contracts for the command, to create subordinate contracting offices, and to warrant contracting officers.
It starts with combat mission needs statements, which are prepared by operational forces to document their urgent and compelling requirements and which they submit to the theater special operations commander.
www.special-operations-technology.com /article.cfm?DocID=1891   (3097 words)

  
 SOE and Valençay Monument
S.O.E., the Special Operations Executive, was a British secret service formed in July 1940 - soon after the fall of France - to foster resistance among the civil population in Nazi-occupied Europe and to promote sabotage and subversion.
S.O.E.'s operations in France were directed by two London-based country sections - 'F' Section, under British control and strictly non-political, and 'RF' Section, which was linked to General de Gaulle's Free French headquarters.
It symbolises the partnership between S.O.E. and the Resistance in the form of two columns - the fl representing the night and the essential secrecy of resistance operations, the white the shining spirit which ultimately triumphed.
members.aol.com /HLarroque/sgbindex.htm   (2375 words)

  
 Special Operations Executive (SOE)
The largest of the many buildings which SOE occupied in and around Baker Street was Michael House -- which had been the headquarters of Marks & Spencer.
This was standard SOE procedure for those who had yet to be issued with passes.
The sharp-eyed captain and his jovial deputy, Lieutenant Owen, explained that SOE's main function was dropping agents into Europe, and that my job would be to "keep an eye on the security of their codes." They then decided to test their new boy's ability.
www.worldwar2history.info /war/espionage/SOE.html   (965 words)

  
 Special Operations.Com
Description: The Mark V is used to carry Special Operations Forces (SOF), primarily SEAL combat swimmers, into and out of operations where the threat to these forces is considered to be low to medium.
Background: The MARK V Special Operations Craft (SOC) is the newest, versatile, high performance combatant craft introduced into the Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Special Boat Squadron (SBR) inventory to improve maritime special operations capabilities.
The MARK Vs are a result of a streamlined acquisition effort managed by the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) Special Operations Acquisition Executive (SOAE).
www.specialoperations.com /Navy/MKVSOC/factfile.htm   (241 words)

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