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Topic: Speech

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  Speech - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Speech can be described as an act of producing voice through the use of the vocal cords and vocal apparatus or other means, such as sign language, to create linguistic acts in the form of language that communicate information from an initiator to a recipient.
The success of a speech act depends on numerous factors, including the presence or absence of a variety of speech disorders, the ability of the speaker to express the intended message, and the ability and willingness of the audience to play the role of recipient.....
Speech is a composite of sciences (phonetics, anatomy, philosophy, psychology etc.) and therefore it is extremely hard to master the skill.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Speech   (885 words)

 Speech delay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Speech delay refers to a delay in the development or use of the mechanisms that produce speech.
Speech, as distinct from language, refers to the actual process of making sounds, using such organs and structures as the lungs, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, teeth, etc. Language delay refers to a delay in the development or use of the knowledge of language.
Conversely, a child with a language delay typically has not yet had the opportunity to produce speech sounds, it is therefore likely to have a delay in speech as well.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Speech_delay   (209 words)

 Delayed Speech or Language Development
Speech is the verbal expression of language and includes articulation, which is the way words are formed.
Speech delays in an otherwise normally developing child are rarely caused by oral impairments, such as problems with the tongue or palate (the roof of the mouth).
Speech may be the only problem or may be accompanied by other oral-motor problems such as feeding difficulties.
www.kidshealth.org /parent/growth/communication/not_talk.html   (1762 words)

 CSS3 Speech Module
The speech rendering of a document, already commonly used by the blind and print-impaired communities, combines speech synthesis and "auditory icons".
The overriding priority is to match the language specified by the xml:lang attribute as per the XML 1.0 specification, and as inherited by nested elements until overridden by a further xml:lang attribute.
This provides a hint to the speech platform as to how to interpret the corresponding element's content and is useful when the content is ambigous and liable to be misinterpreted.
www.w3.org /TR/css3-speech   (4565 words)

 Speech Acts
Moreover, almost any speech act is really the performance of several acts at once, distinguished by different aspects of the speaker's intention: there is the act of saying something, what one does in saying it, such as requesting or promising, and how one is trying to affect one's audience.
Although the focus of speech act theory has been on utterances, especially those made in conversational and other face-to-face situations, the phrase 'speech act' should be taken as a generic term for any sort of language use, oral or otherwise.
Speech acts, being perlocutionary as well as illocutionary, generally have some ulterior purpose, but they are distinguished primarily by their illocutionary type, such as asserting, requesting, promising and apologizing, which in turn are distinguished by the type of attitude expressed.
userwww.sfsu.edu /~kbach/spchacts.html   (4418 words)

 CSS3 Speech Module
The speech rendering of a document, already commonly used by the blind and print-impaired communities, combines speech synthesis and "auditory icons." Often such aural presentation occurs by converting the document to plain text and feeding this to a
Speech platforms should do their best to provide good quality voices and may override the voice characteristics when a voice with the requested characteristics is unavailable, or would significantly reduce the perceived quality or intelligibility.
The speech output platform largely determines behavior in the case that a document requires speech output in a language not supported by the speech output platform.
www.w3.org /TR/2003/WD-css3-speech-20030514   (3110 words)

 China - Speech Group
The group’s current focus includes speech recognition to enable computers to facilitate access to data, help create content, and perform tasks; speech synthesis to enable computers to speak with a human-sounding voice, to respond and provide information, and to read; and spoken-document retrieval and processing to enrich communication between people.
Automatic Speech Recognition is one of the most powerful and critical emerging technologies for processing the growing amount of speech information and enhancing human-machine interfaces.
Speech Group in MSRA is working with the Speech Platforms Group to turn our technologies into reality.
research.microsoft.com /speech   (577 words)

 Speech-Language Disorders
Speech and language development is affected by the physical, cognitive, and sensory-motor characteristics of each child.
Because of the wide variation in the population of boys with fragile X, generalized statements about the speech and language of all persons with fragile X cannot be made.
Yet, there is remarkable similarity in the patterns of speech and language strengths and weaknesses among boys with fragile X. Most boys with fragile X do learn to speak, although some younger children may require augmentative communication devices (pictures, sign language, computerized boards, etc.) to help them make the transition to oral speech.
www.fragilex.org /html/speech.htm   (250 words)

 Java Speech API Frequently Asked Questions
The Java Speech API is part of a family of APIs that work together as a suite to provide customers with enhanced graphics and extended communications capabilities.
Speech Cube is available with 2 TTS technologies (Elan Tempo : diphone concatenation and Elan Sayso : unit selection), covering 11 languages.
As speech technology matures it is anticipated that a finer-grained permission model will be introduced to provide access by applications and applets to some, but not all, speech capabilities.
java.sun.com /products/java-media/speech/forDevelopers/jsapifaq.html   (2140 words)

 Speech Encyclopedia Article @   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
A conciliatory speech by German President Horst Khler during the annual remembrance day for expellees has irked Poland's new premier.
Etexts: Governor's Speech At Farewell Ceremony of Hong Kong Handover 1997
Etexts: Speech On the Invasion of The Soviet Union By Nazi Germany /encyclopedia/Speech   (1070 words)

LACC’s speech classes are designed to help student increase their ability to communicate more clearly and confidently in a variety of settings including making presentations, speaking in work settings, and speaking informally.
LACC’s speech department also offers courses and a computerized speech clinic to help non-native English speakers improve their ability to understand and speak English.
Advisory: Speech Communication 111 and completion of Learning Skills 24A which may be taken concurrently with Speech 62.
catalog.lacitycollege.edu /pages/speech.htm   (926 words)

 National MS Society | Sourcebook: Speech and Swallowing Disorders   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Speech patterns are controlled by many areas in the brain, especially the brainstem.
Scanning dysarthria produces speech in which the normal "melody" or speech pattern is disrupted, with abnormally long pauses between words or individual syllables of words.
Speech therapists are trained to evaluate, diagnose and relieve these problems.
www.nationalmssociety.org /Sourcebook-Speech.asp   (340 words)

 Acoustics of the Voice
Existing technologies used in speech pathology and speech trainers to provide visual feedback from the speech sound are inherently limited in precision and practicality.
Even the most advanced speech recognition systems still mistake words, which indicates the limits of their precision in accurate measures of pronunciation.
The basic problem is that the speech signal alone does not have enough information in it to allow us to work out, quickly and precisely, the configuration of the vocal tract.
www.phys.unsw.edu.au /speech   (1360 words)

 Speech Compression
Historically, digital speech signals are sampled at a rate of 8000 samples/sec.
The model says that the digital speech signal is the output of a digital filter (called the LPC filter) whose input is either a train of impulses or a white noise sequence.
Original (64000 bps) This is the original speech signal sampled at 8000 samples/second and u-law quantized at 8 bits/sample.
www.data-compression.com /speech.html   (940 words)

First, we digitize the speech that we want to recognize; for telephone speech the sampling rate is 8000 samples per second.
The Centre for Speech Technology Research at the University of Edinburgh [CSTR]: "Founded in 1984, CSTR is concerned with research in all areas of speech technology including speech recognition, speech synthesis, speech signal processing, information access, multimodal interfaces and dialogue systems.
Speech Synthesis: "A revolution occurred in speech technology when the digital computer permitted the simulation of electronic circuitry, the conversion of analog signals to digital form, and the creation of analog signals from digital information (in this case, sound in the form of speech).
www.aaai.org /AITopics/html/speech.html   (4253 words)

 Speech at CMU
CMU has a historic position in computational speech research, and continues to test the limits of the art.
Speech Seminar Series future and recent talks on speech research.
The Signal, Speech and Language Interpretation Lab (SSLI) at the University of Washington.
www.speech.cs.cmu.edu /speech   (712 words)

 Speech Mind-Module for the Breakthrough in Artificial Intelligence of 7 June 2006
Speech Mind-Module for the Breakthrough in Artificial Intelligence of 7 June 2006
Robot AI or be spoken aloud by means of speech synthesis.
The fetch-tag "aud" is used in the Speech module to initiate the
mind.sourceforge.net /speech.html   (1320 words)

 E-Speech   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
We provide software or dictionaries that can be used in your speech recognition or text-to-speech systems, as well as in systems with live call-center agents.
The system converts orthography to phonemes and stress marks and, based on E-Speech's proprietary subword concatenation algorithms, generates speech from its sound inventory.
This system illustrates the sound quality that our custom speech generation systems can offer you for domain-specific applications such as names, addresses, timetables, financial transactions.
www.espeech.com   (153 words)

 Public Speaking & Speech Writing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Your free guide to speech writing and public speaking for eulogies, graduations, best man, father of the bride and any other public speaking engagement.
Build solid foundations for a successful speech by using your knowledge of the occasion, the audience, and their expectations.
Discover how to correctly structure your speech with a strong opening, a purposeful body, and a memorable conclusion.
www.speechtips.com   (208 words)

 Machine Intelligence Laboratory - Speech Group
The Speech Research Group is part of the Machine Intelligence Laboratory.
Its primary specialism is in large vocabulary speech transcription and related technologies.
Other Things We Do The HTK HMM Toolkit is developed and maintained by the Speech Research Group.
svr-www.eng.cam.ac.uk /research/speech   (198 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Speech impairment (adult)
Language impairment; Impairment of speech; Inability to speak; Aphasia; Dysarthria; Slurred speech; Dysphasia
Dysarthria is difficult, poorly articulated speech, such as slurring.
The health care provider may provide a referral to a speech pathologist, and in some cases, to a social worker.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/003204.htm   (663 words)

 Microsoft Speech - Speech API SDK)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Microsoft®; Speech SDK version 5.1 is the most recent development kit for the Windows® environment.
Speech SDK 5.1 contains Automation support for the features of the Speech SDK 5.0 to enable developers use development systems and software such as Microsoft Visual Basic and JScript for speech applications.
Speech SDK 5.1 also contains an enhanced Speech API as well as the freely re-distributable Microsoft continuous speech recognition (in U.S. English, Japanese and Simplified Chinese) and Microsoft concatenative speech synthesis (also called text-to-speech) engines (in U.S. English and Simplified Chinese).
www.microsoft.com /speech/techinfo/apioverview   (1933 words)

 Speech Research Lab: Speech Synthesis, Computational and Clinical Phonetics
Anyone who is interested in our research on speech disorders in children, speech analysis and synthesis, and voice banking can find basic information here.
This track is for clinical professionals interested in learning more about our speech research and for those who may be interested in the application of speech synthesis software for people who are at risk of losing their ability to speak (such as
Researchers interested in our investigation of speech disorders and genetics, speech synthesis, speech labeling, speech recognition (especially children's speech), and other projects at the speech research lab will find helpful information here.
www.asel.udel.edu /speech   (128 words)

Below is the text of “Chief Seattle’s” speech as translated by Dr. Henry A. Smith.
Also, his speech emphasizes a theme that was popular among European Americans in his time—the inevitable disappearance of American Indians.
Perry’s “Chief Seattle” speech was an ecological message of universal brotherhood—the exact opposite of the dark, haunting message in Dr. Smith’s “Chief Seattle” speech, about the deep gulf between Indians and Europeans, and the imminent disappearance of Chief Seattle’s people.
www.chiefseattle.com /history/chiefseattle/speech/speech.htm   (2176 words)

 Apple - Mac OS X - Speech   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Apple’s Speech Recognition and Speech Synthesis Technologies now give speech-savvy applications the power to carry out your voice commands and even speak back to you in plain English.
Apple’s leadership in speech recognition technology makes it possible by bringing a whole new dimension to the user interface: speech.
Combined with VoiceOver, speech synthesis will help turn the graphical user interface into a vocal user interface.
www.apple.com /macosx/features/speech   (224 words)

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