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Topic: Spinal

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  Spinal Cord Injury Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
A spinal cord injury usually begins with a sudden, traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae.
Spinal cord injuries are classified as either complete or incomplete.
An incomplete injury means that the ability of the spinal cord to convey messages to or from the brain is not completely lost.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/sci/sci.htm   (870 words)

  Spinal cord - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The spinal cord is a part of the vertebrate nervous system that is enclosed in and protected by the vertebral column (it passes through the spinal canal).
The spinal cord originates inside the brain at the inferior end of the medulla oblongata, exiting the skull via the foramen magnum.
The spinal cord carries sensory signals and motor innervation to most of the skeletal muscles in the body.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Spinal_cord   (697 words)

 This Is Spinal Tap - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Spinal Tap regroup, and attempt to rearrange some of their songs to account for the absent guitar, which leaves them with about 20 minutes of material.
Spinal Tap reunited in 1992 for an album of new material, partly produced by T-Bone Burnett, and a concert tour.
In this animated appearance the band continued their disastrous track record, as a balloon "dark lord" prop failed to inflate properly over the heads of the crowd ("We bow to you, oh half infalted dark lord"), and one of the band members was blinded by the laser light show.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /this_is_spinal_tap.htm   (1466 words)

 Encyclopedia: Spinal nerve   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
The term spinal nerve generally refers to the mixed spinal nerve, which is formed from the dorsal and ventral roots that come out of the spinal cord.
The spinal nerve is the bit that passes out of the vertebrae through the intervertebral foramen.
The muscles that one particular spinal root supplies are that nerveĀ“s myotome, and the dermatomes are the areas of sensory innervation on the skin for each spinal nerve.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Spinal-nerve   (468 words)

 Spinal cord -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
(A neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord) Motor neurons are located in the anterior (this means close to the front, in humans it means the same as ventral) horn of the grey matter.
The cervical enlargement is due to the cord segments from C3 to T1 which innervates the upper limb via the (A network of nerves formed by cervical and thoracic spinal nerves and supplying the arm and parts of the shoulder) brachial plexus.
Damage in the spinal cord, called (Click link for more info and facts about myelopathy) myelopathy, can result in (Paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)) paraplegia or (Paralysis of both arms and both legs) quadriplegia, depending on the level within the spinal cord of the damage.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/s/sp/spinal_cord.htm   (686 words)

 SPINAL - Definition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
{Spinal column}, the backbone, or connected series or vertebr[ae] which forms the axis of the vertebrate skeleton; the spine; rachis; vertebral column.
{Spinal cord}, the great nervous cord extending backward from the brain along the dorsal side of the spinal column of a vertebrate animal, and usually terminating in a threadlike appendage called the filum terminale; the spinal, or vertebral, marrow; the myelon.
The center of the cord is traversed by a slender canal connecting with the ventricles of the brain.
www.hyperdictionary.com /dictionary/spinal   (230 words)

 Spinal cord injury: Spinal cord 101
Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function such as mobility or feeling.
The nerves that lie within the spinal cord are upper motor neurons (UMNs) and their function is to carry the messages back and forth from the brain to the spinal nerves along the spinal tract.
The spinal cord is the major bundle of nerves that carry nerve impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body.
www.spinalinjury.net /html/_spinal_cord_101.html   (1044 words)

 Questions and Answers About Spinal Stenosis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of spaces in the spine (backbone) that results in pressure on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots.
Spinal cord/nerve roots—a major part of the central nervous system that extends from the base of the brain down to the lower back and that is encased by the vertebral column.
The purpose of surgery is to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves and restore and maintain alignment and strength of the spine.
www.niams.nih.gov /hi/topics/spinalstenosis/spinal_sten.htm   (3539 words)

 Patient Education - Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis (or narrowing) is a common condition that occurs when the small spinal canal that contains the nerve roots and spinal cord becomes restricted.
In general, spinal narrowing is caused by osteoarthritis, or “wear and tear” arthritis, of the spinal column.
Spinal stenosis is typically the result of osteoarthritis causing a pinching of the spinal cord.
www.rheumatology.org /public/factsheets/stenosis.asp   (1096 words)

 NeurosurgeryToday.org | What is Neurosurgery | Patient Education Materials | spinal cord
The possibility of injury to the spine and spinal cord must be considered in anyone with significant trauma to the head and/or neck.
The field of spinal surgery is currently enjoying an explosion of new surgical techniques, new equipment, and improved understanding, which has resulted in a variety of surgical approaches being available for many types of injuries (Figure 8).
Because of the force that is required to fracture the spine, it is not uncommon for the spinal cord-injured patient to suffer significant damage to the chest and/or abdomen.
www.neurosurgerytoday.org /what/patient_e/spinal.asp   (2557 words)

 SPINAL FUSION SURGERY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Spinal fusion is sometimes considered in the treatment of a painful spinal condition without clear instability.
Many surgeons therefore recommend that spinal fusion patients avoid repetitive strenuous activities that involve combined lifting and twisting maneuvers to minimize the stress on the areas around the fusion.
The decision whether or not to undergo spinal fusion is complex and involves many factors related to the condition being treated, the age and health of the patient, and the patient's anticipated level of function following surgery.
www.spine.org /articles/spinalfusion.cfm   (1814 words)

 Neuroscience for Kids - Spinal Cord
The human spinal cord is protected by the bony spinal column shown to the left.
Although the spinal column is somewhat flexible, some of the vertebrae in the lower parts of the spinal column become fused.
The human spinal column is made up of 33 bones: 7 vertebrae in the cervical region, 12 in the thoracic region, 5 in the lumbar region, 5 in the sacral region and 4 in the coccygeal region.
faculty.washington.edu /chudler/spinal.html   (693 words)

 LUMBAR SPINAL STENOSIS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Spinal injections (such as an epidural injection of cortisone) may be prescribed.
Unless significant or progressive leg weakness develops, or bowel or bladder problems occur, the presence of spinal stenosis by itself usually does not represent a dangerous condition in the adult, Therefore, treatment is aimed at pain reduction and increasing the patient's ability to function.
Since spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the bony canal, the goal of the surgery is to open up the bony canal to improve available space for the nerves.
www.spine.org /articles/lumbarspinalstenosis.cfm   (1327 words)

 This Is Spinal Tap Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
This Is Spinal Tap is a 1984 mockumentary directed by Rob Reiner and starring members of Spinal Tap.
Against St. Hubbins' initial reluctance, the group launches "The new birth of Spinal Tap mark two" with Small's fusion-esque "Jazz Odyssey," which is roundly rejected by their already-diminishing fan base.
This is Spinal Tap was predated by a similar British heavy metal satire; The Comic Strip Presents...
www.createdbygod.com /encyclopedia/This_is_Spinal_Tap   (1685 words)

 SPINAL CORD - Encyclopedia Britannica - SPINAL CORD - JCSM's Study Center
The spinal cord, like the brain, consists of grey and white matter, but, as there is here no representative of the cortical grey matter of the brain, the white matter entirely surrounds the grey.
The roots of the spinal nerves in the upper part of the canal rise from the cord nearly opposite the points at which they emerge between the vertebrae, but the farther one passes down the higher the origin of each root becomes above its point of emergence.
way down from the lumbar enlargement to their spinal foramina and are enclosed in the dural and arachnoid sheaths to form a mass like a horse's tail, which is therefore known as the cauda equina.
jcsm.org /StudyCenter/Encyclopedia_Britannica/SOU_STE/SPINAL_CORD.html   (1665 words)

Although we usually study the spinal cord as a series of cross sections, it is important to remember that it is in fact a column, with continuous tracts and cell columns.
However, the cord can be divided into segments by the nerve roots that come off of it; although the rootlets branch off nearly continuously, they coalesce into about 31 discrete nerves along the cord (8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal nerves).
All of the spinal reflexes are local - all of the cells involved are contained within one or two segments, and cortex is not necessary.
thalamus.wustl.edu /course/spinal.html   (1662 words)

 Pediatric Neurosurgery - Tethered Spinal Cord   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Tethered spinal cords are a group of complicated developmental malformations of the spinal cord.
As children grow, their spinal cords do not grow as quickly as there spinal columns so relatively the spinal cord must be able to freely ascend on the inside of the spinal column during growth.
In general the spinal column is o pened from behind to expose the extent of the sites of tethering of the spinal cord.
cpmcnet.columbia.edu /dept/nsg/PNS/TetheredSpinalCord.html   (459 words)

 Spinal Stenosis - Lumbar and Cervical
Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal, which places pressure on the spinal cord.
While spinal stenosis can be found in any part of the spine, the lumbar and cervical areas are the most commonly affected.
The goal of the surgery is to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or spinal nerve by widening the spinal canal.
www.spineuniverse.com /displayarticle.php/article209.html   (1518 words)

 eMedicine - Spinal Cord Abscess : Article by Charles E Rawlings III, MD
Spinal cord abscesses occur more frequently in males than females with a peak incidence in the first and third decades of life.
The Batson plexus (the confluence of epidural veins in the spinal canal) may contribute to the origin of an abscess by allowing organisms to lodge and thus develop in the spinal cord and its surrounding parenchyma.
The dura is opened and the area of spinal cord involvement, as indicated by swelling, hemorrhage, and distended veins, is identified.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic2892.htm   (1694 words)

 NeurosurgeryToday.org | Media Center | Fact Sheets | Spinal Cord Injury FAQ
The nerves that branch out from the spinal cord to the other parts of the body are called lower motor neurons (LMNs) and dorsal root sensory neurons.
The vertebrae are named according to their location on the spinal column and are called the Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar and Sacral vertebrae.
Sacral level injuries generally damage the nerves emanating from the distal spinal cord conus and typically cause lower motor neuron flaccid paralysis type lesions involving some loss of function in the legs and difficulty with bowel, bladder and sexual control.
www.neurosurgerytoday.org /media/fact/spinal.asp   (662 words)

 Spinal headaches - MayoClinic.com
Spinal headaches may occur after a procedure such as a spinal tap or spinal anesthesia.
During a spinal tap (lumbar puncture), a sample of cerebrospinal fluid is withdrawn from your spinal canal.
During spinal anesthesia, medication is injected into your spinal canal to numb the nerves in the lower half of your body.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/spinal-headaches/DS00643   (209 words)

Spinal Qigong is a set of exercises that concentrates on the constructive movement of the spinal vertebrae.
As this method of Spinal Qigong requires you to move your spinal cord, the result is thus direct and more immediate.
This Spinal Qigong is not intended to replace treatment by a doctor of the underlying cause of back pain.
pachome2.pacific.net.sg /~newage   (628 words)

 Spinal Tap definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Spinal tap: Also known as a lumbar puncture or "LP", a spinal tap is a procedure whereby spinal fluid is removed from the spinal canal for the purpose of diagnostic testing.
Spinal fluid is sometimes removed by LP for the purpose of decreasing spinal fluid pressure in patients with uncommon conditions (such as, for examples, normal-pressure hydrocephalus and benign intracranial hypertension).
The values are routinely evaluated during examination of the spinal fluid obtained from the lumbar puncture.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7055   (529 words)

 Spinal Headaches Information on Medicinenet.com
A spinal headache can occur as a result of a procedure such as a spinal tap (lumbar puncture) or epidural block (such as that performed during a womans labor and delivery).
When epidural anesthetics are placed with a larger needle than that used for spinal anesthetics, however, the likelihood of headache is higher if the epidural needle should inadvertently pass through the dura matter (covering of the spinal cord).
The spinal headache often is described as "a headache like no other." Spinal headaches are much more severe when the person is in an upright position; they improve when the person lies down.
www.medicinenet.com /spinal_headaches/article.htm   (451 words)

 Spinal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
 In the spinal cord the synapses between sensory and motor and interneurons occurs in the gray matter.
Spinal nerves are given numbers which indicate the portion of the vertebral column in which they arise.
symptoms are caused by pressure or inflammation of the spinal cord or nerve roots.
www.bonniemyer.com /Spinal.html   (2197 words)

 MedlinePlus: Spinal Cord Injuries
Adjustment to Spinal Cord Injury (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
Caregivers for Spinal Cord Injury (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
The primary NIH organization for research on Spinal Cord Injuries is the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/spinalcordinjuries.html   (526 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Spinal/neck injury
A spinal cord injury is very serious because it can cause paralysis below the site of the injury.
When someone has a spinal injury, additional movement may cause further damage to the nerves in the cord and can sometimes mean the difference between life and death.
If you are in doubt about whether a person has a spinal injury, assume that he or she DOES have one.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/000029.htm   (585 words)

 Dr.Schiffer - Spinal & Low Back Pain Surgery Operations, Spine Surgeons, Herniated Cervical & Lumbar Disc Surgery, ...
Located in the San Francisco Bay Area, Dr. Schiffer has over thirty years experience in all types of Spinal Back Surgery operations and has specialized in minimally invasive Cervical and Lumbar Disc Surgery procedures for over nineteen years...endeavoring to banish neck pain, lower back pain, and sciatica in all his patients.
Spinal Surgery Videos and watch actual procedures being performed by Dr. Schiffer.
Dr. Stan Schiffer is an internationally known spinal surgeon who trained at the Cleveland Clinic and is presently on the clinical teaching staff at the University of California San Francisco Department of Neurosurgery.
www.drschiffer.com   (428 words)

 Superman?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Before we look at the regeneration of spinal nerves, let's get up to date on the man who's put a human face on paralysis.
Last summer, for the first time in history, the severed spinal cord of an adult mammal grew across a gap.
Researchers in Florida are repairing cats' spinal cords with fetal feline nerve cell grafts.
whyfiles.news.wisc.edu /023spinal_cord/index.html   (144 words)

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