Factbites
 Where results make sense
About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   PR   |   Contact us  

Topic: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis


Related Topics

In the News (Fri 19 Jul 19)

  
  The Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is the infection of ascites in the absence of intraabdominal primary foci.
SBP is one of the factors responsible for increased morbidity and mortality in cirrhosis.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: predictive factors of infection resolution and survival in patients treated with cefotaxime.
www.turkgastro.org /text.php?id=311   (1902 words)

  
 Ascites & Secondary Bacterial Peritonitis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with ascites.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: enhancement of ascites on delayed MR imaging.
Fatal bacterial peritonitis secondary to nonobstructive colonic dilatation (Ogilvie's syndrome) in cirrhotic ascites.
home.flash.net /~drrad/tf/110298.htm   (203 words)

  
 p990112b - Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Bacterial translocation from the gut to mesenteric lymph nodes, depressed activity of the reticuloendothelial phagocytic system and decreased antimicrobial capacity of ascitic fluid seem to be the main steps in the pathogenesis of ascitic fluid infection.
Abstract: Ascitic fluids from patients suspected of having spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were inoculated into blood culture bottles (i) at the bedside and (ii) in the laboratory after a delay.
We have prospectively compared two ascites culture methods in cirrhotic patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: 1) conventional (on chocolate agar, blood agar, Mac Conkay agar, and thioglycolate broth), and 2) modified [inoculation of 10 ml of ascites in a tryptic soy broth (TSB) blood culture bottle at the patient's bedside].
www.emory.edu /WHSCL/grady/amreport/litsrch98/p990112b.html   (999 words)

  
 Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Information - symptom, cause, picture, treatment of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis may be present in 20% of patients hospitalized with chronic liver disease in the absence of any suggestive symptoms or signs.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis may also present with a change in mental status due to exacerbation or precipitation of hepatic encephalopathy, or sudden worsening of renal function.
Patients with suspected secondary bacterial peritonitis should be given broad-spectrum coverage for enteric aerobic and anaerobic flora with a third-generation cephalosporin and metronidazole pending identification and definitive (usually surgical) treatment of the cause.
www.diseasesatoz.com /spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis.htm   (752 words)

  
 Chapter 14 - Section 12: First Principles of Gastroenterology
Peritoneal fluid of less than 2 L is difficult to detect clinically, and ultrasound is useful in defining small amounts of ascites.
Previous abdominal surgery, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and large varices are relative contraindications to the procedure.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common and often fatal complication of cirrhosis.
gastroresource.com /GITextbook/en/Chapter14/14-12.htm   (1760 words)

  
 Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a form of peritonitis that occurs in patients with cirrhosis.
After confirmation of SBP, patients need hospital admission for intravenous antibiotics (most often cefotaxime or ceftriaxone).
A repeat paracentesis in 48 hours is often required to ensure control of infection.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Spontaneous_bacterial_peritonitis   (154 words)

  
 eMedicine - Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis : Article Excerpt by: Steven M Bandy, MD, FACEP   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Background: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an acute bacterial infection of ascitic fluid.
SBP occurs in both children and adults and is a well-known and ominous complication in patients with cirrhosis.
Intestinal bacterial overgrowth, along with impaired phagocytic function, low serum and ascites complement levels, and decreased activity of the reticuloendothelial system, contributes to an increased number of microorganisms and decreased capacity to clear them from the bloodstream, resulting in their migration into and eventual proliferation within ascites fluid.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/byname/spontaneous-bacterial-peritonitis.htm   (642 words)

  
 Peritonitis
Peritonitis is an inflammation of the peritoneum, the thin membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers most of the organs of the body.
Primary peritonitis is caused by the spread of an infection from the blood and lymph nodes to the peritoneum.
Secondary peritonitis is caused by the spillage of bacteria, enzymes, or bile into the peritoneum from a hole or tear in the gastrointestinal or biliary tracts.
www.umm.edu /altmed/ConsConditions/Peritonitiscc.html   (1759 words)

  
 Early events in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis -- Runyon 53 (6): 782 -- Gut
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: a prospective investigation in predominantly nonalcoholic cirrhotic patients.
Bacterial translocation of enteric organisms in patients with cirrhosis.
Bacterial DNA activates cell mediated immune response and nitric oxide overproduction in peritoneal macrophages from patients with cirrhosis and ascites.
gut.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/53/6/782   (1449 words)

  
 Acute Peritonitis -- eCureMe.com
Secondary bacterial peritonitis is usually caused by an infection somewhere in the abdomen.
It is called spontaneous because the bacteria enter the abdominal cavity on their own by moving through the wall of the intestine.
Once the diagnosis of an infection (peritonitis) is made, then it has to be determined whether this is spontaneous or secondary bacterial peritonitis.
www.ecureme.com /emyhealth/data/Acute_Peritonitis.asp   (1437 words)

  
 WGN 2001/2: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is defined as infection of a previously sterile ascitic fluid, without any apparent intra-abdominal source of infection.
The prevalence of SBP in unselected cirrhotic patients with ascites admitted to a hospital ranges between 10% and 30%.
The diagnosis of SBP is based on clinical suspicion and on analysis of the ascitic fluid.
www.omge.org /publications/archive/2001_2/sci/sci1.htm   (1120 words)

  
 peritonitis on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
PERITONITIS [peritonitis], acute or chronic inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and surrounds the internal organs.
It is caused by invasion of bacterial agents or irritant foreign matter during rupture of an internal organ, by spreading infection from the female genital tract, by penetrating injuries of the abdominal wall, by dissemination of infections through the blood and lymphatic channels, or by accidental pollution during surgery.
Complement and immunoglobulin levels in serum and ascitic fluid of patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, malignant ascites, and tuberculous peritonitis.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/p1/peritoni.asp   (445 words)

  
 Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis -- eCureMe.com
Peritonitis is a disease state in which the peritoneum becomes infected.
Secondary Bacterial Peritonitis is an infection that occurs due to specific causes, such as when the bowel is perforated and feces gets into the peritoneum.
If the total protein in the peritoneal fluid is greater than 1gram/dL, it is unlikely that spontaneous peritonitis is the diagnosis.
www.ecureme.com /emyhealth/data/Spontaneous_Bacterial_Peritonitis.asp   (286 words)

  
 Clinical presentation and prevalence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cryptogenic cirrhosis and ...
The prevalence and clinical relevance that spontaneous bacterial peritonitis may have in complicating ascites due to NASH-related cirrhosis have yet to be defined.
Information on the onset of ascites, with or without spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, history of risk factors for multimetabolic syndrome, and serological and ascitic laboratory data were compared between groups.
The prevalence of obesity, diabetes and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis was significantly higher in patients with cryptogenic cirrhosis.
www.pulsus.com /Gastro/18_06/sorr_ed.htm   (633 words)

  
 Case 5
The study indicated that far fewer patients treated with trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (TMP/SMZ) had episodes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis than did subjects who were not so treated (3.3% vs. 26.7%, respectively, with absolute risk reduction of 23.4% and number of patients needed to treat, 4).
In addition, bacteremia was significantly reduced in the treated group, and few members of the treated group died, although the difference in mortality rates was not significant.
You note that the article's commentary indicates that the probability of recurrence of and mortality from spontaneous bacterial peritonitis remains high even in the treated group (51%, compared with 79% in the controls).
evidence.ahc.umn.edu /case_5.htm   (429 words)

  
 Fatal Pasteurella dagmatis peritonitis and septicaemia in a patient with cirrhosis: a case report and review of the ...
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: endemic or epidemic?
Pasteurella multocida peritonitis in hepatic cirrhosis with ascites.
(Spontaneous peritonitis in a cirrhotic patient with a cat: Pasteurella multocida infection of the ascitic fluid).
jcp.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/57/2/210   (1431 words)

  
 Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and AIDS.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis was suspected and empiric treatment with Cephalotin (8g/day) was initiated.
Peritoneal liquid analysis revealed: leukocyte counts 7000, with 100 per cent of polymorphonuclear cells, peritoneal liquid protein 0,5 and peritoneal liquid DHL/seric DHL 0,8.
As we have no knowledge of reports of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in HIV patients, we think this case description may be helpful in enlarging our knowledge about clinical manifestations of this disease.
www.aegis.com /aidsline/1990/sep/m9093721.html   (468 words)

  
 Management of the Decompensated Cirrhotic Patient with HCV
Bacterial infections occur frequently in cirrhotic patients admitted with gastrointestinal hemorrhage and the use of short-term (7 days) antibiotic prophylaxis has been shown to decrease the rate of infections and to improve survival [6].
SBP is an infection of ascites that occurs in the absence of a contiguous source of infection (e.g., intestinal perforation, intraabdominal abscess).
The preferred therapy for SBP is the use of intravenous antibiotics, mainly cefotaxime or another third generation cephalosporin (ceftriaxone, ceftazidime) or the combination of a b-lactam/b-lactamase such as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid [7].
www.hcvadvocate.org /hcsp/articles/Khalid_Garcia-Tsao-1.html   (3203 words)

  
 Medical Encyclopedia: Peritonitis - spontaneous (Print Version)
Peritonitis is the inflammation of the peritoneum, which is the membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers the abdominal organs.
In these patients, the cause of spontaneous peritonitis is infection that spreads to the peritoneal fluid, usually from a contaminated peritoneal dialysis catheter.
Surgery may be needed in cases where peritonitis is asociated with a foreign object, such as a peritoneal dialysis catheter.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/print/ency/article/000648.htm   (409 words)

  
 [No title]
The negative ascitic fluid culture in SBP may be due to a very low bacterial concentration of less than 1 organism/ml (6).
The most reliable predictor of the risk of developing SBP in cirrhotics is ascitic fluid protein concentration which is related to the opsonin activity and peritoneal immune reaction.
Llach et al (8) found that the probability of first SBP within 3 years was 24% in patients with an ascitic fluid protein concentration less than 1gm/dl, and 4% in patients with ascitic fluid protein content greater than 1gm/dl.
www.mejfm.com /journal/persistent3.htm   (634 words)

  
 eMedicine - Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis : Article by Steven M Bandy, MD, FACEP   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Two peak ages for SBP are characteristic in children: one in the neonatal period and the other at age 5 years.
Peritoneal fluid analysis must be performed in any patient in whom SBP is considered.
Although not required, a repeat peritoneal fluid analysis is recommended to verify declining PMN counts and sterilization of ascitic fluid.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic882.htm   (2446 words)

  
 ACP - Wisconsin Chapter - An unusual organism causing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in a 69 year old man with liver ...
An unusual organism causing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in a 69 year old man with liver cirrhosis.
SBP is a life threatening complication occurring in up to 30% of cirrhotic patients.
The mechanism involves the bacterial seeding of ascitic fluid during transient bacteremia.
www.acponline.org /chapters/wi/associates/vignettes19.htm   (331 words)

  
 Natural history and risk factors in fulminant hepatic failure -- Poddar et al. 87 (1): 54 -- Archives of Disease in ...
The prevalence and prognostic significance of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in severe acute hepatitis with ascites.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: a prospective investigation in predominantly nonalcoholic cirrhosis patients.
Ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in fulminant hepatic failure.
adc.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/87/1/54   (1526 words)

  
 Treatment of Patients with Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Although bleeding from esophageal varices ceases spontaneously in up to 40 percent of patients, the mortality of an episode of variceal hemorrhage is about 30 percent and occurs mostly in patients with severe liver disease and in those with early rebleeding.
SBP is an infection of ascites that occurs in the absence of a contiguous source of infection (e.g., intestinal perforation, intra-abdominal abscess).
SBP occurs in 10 to 20 percent of hospitalized cirrhotic patients.
hepatitis.va.gov /vahep?page=tp03-03-02-01   (9032 words)

  
 Bacterial DNA activates cell mediated immune response and nitric oxide overproduction in peritoneal macrophages from ...
Bacterial DNA activates cell mediated immune response and nitric oxide overproduction in peritoneal macrophages from patients with cirrhosis and ascites -- Francés et al.
Intestinal bacterial overgrowth and bacterial translocation in cirrhotic rats with ascites.
Low-protein-concentration ascitic fluid is predisposed to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
gut.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/53/6/860   (3055 words)

  
 PMID: 14614644   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis due to Brucella is extremely rare.
A 63 year-old man with diabetes mellitus was admitted to hospital with complaints of weakness, backache, abdominal pain and abdominal swelling.
On the basis of physical examination and laboratory findings, cryptogenic cirrhosis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were diagnosed.
invention.swmed.edu /cgi-bin/etblast/abstract_local?pmid=14614644&user_id=107540011   (189 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Peritonitis is a painful inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the wall of the abdomen.
spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in people who are immune- compromised," said Christian A. Koch, a clinical instructor in internal medicine at Ohio State and lead author of the review article.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis has an overall mortality rate of 30 to 40 percent; in fact, 7 of the 13 patients reviewed in the study died of complications of peritonitis.
researchnews.osu.edu /archive/cat.htm   (600 words)

  
 Paracentesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
to diagnose spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and other infections (e.g.
During the procedure, patients were asked to lie down on a stretcher and expose their abdomen.
After cleaning the side of abdomen with an antiseptic solution, physicians will freeze a small area of skin and then insert a fairly large-bore needle (along with a plastic sheath) 2-5 cm to reach the peritoneal (ascitic) fluid.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Paracentesis   (252 words)

  
 Antibiotics for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotics
Because spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is a serious condition with high mortality, antibiotics such as cefotaxime, amoxycillin-clavulanic acid, or ofloxacin have previously been recommended to resolve the infection.
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is mainly a complication of cirrhotic ascites that occurs in the absence of any intra-abdominal, surgically treatable source of infection.
Nine trials dealing with 684 patients diagnosed with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were included.
www.cochrane.org /reviews/en/ab002232.html   (445 words)

Try your search on: Qwika (all wikis)

Factbites
  About us   |   Why use us?   |   Reviews   |   Press   |   Contact us  
Copyright © 2005-2007 www.factbites.com Usage implies agreement with terms.