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Topic: Standard English

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In the News (Mon 18 Feb 19)

  American English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
American English has both spelling and grammatical differences from English as used elsewhere (especially British English), some of which were made as part of an attempt to rationalize the spelling used in Britain at the time.
English words that arose in the U.S. A number of words that arose in the United States have become common, to varying degrees, in English as it is spoken internationally.
English words obsolete outside the U.S. A number of words that originated in the English of the British Isles are still in everyday use in North America, but are no longer used in most varieties of British English.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/American_English   (1863 words)

 Standard English - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Standard English is a general term for a form of written and spoken English that is considered the model for educated people by native English speakers.
There are no set rules or vocabulary for "Standard English" because, unlike languages such as French or Dutch, English does not have a governing body (see Académie française, Dutch Language Union) to establish usage.
Standard English is a language, not an accent; that is, it refers to a set of words, grammar, and linguistic sounds, not to a particular pronunciation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Standard_English   (209 words)

 [No title]
Standard English speakers can be found in all English-speaking countries, and it goes without saying that they speak this variety with different non-RP accents depending on whether they came from Scotland or the USA or New Zealand or wherever.
English as it is employed in areas where it is the major native language of the community, such as in the British Isles, North America and Australasia, is a language which has the fullest possible range of styles running from the most to the least formal.
Standard English is a dialect which is spoken as their native variety, at least in Britain, by about 12%-15% of the population, and this small percentage does not just constitute a random cross-section of the population.
www.phon.ucl.ac.uk /home/dick/SEtrudgill.htm   (4182 words)

 Salikoko Mufwene: Ebonics and Standard English in the Classroom: Some Issues
Therefore standard English should be taught to its speakers according to second-language teaching techniques, more or less in the same way that English is taught to speakers of Niger-Congo languages in Africa, for instance.
Since LEP programs were designed for speakers of languages other than English, they argue that AAE can also be treated as a separate language and techniques for teaching standard English to its speakers must be at least similar to those used for teaching it to children of immigrants from non-Anglophone countries.
In the process of learning standard English, he/she brings in the classroom assumptions and expectations which are not the same as those of non-native speakers of the same language, such as being able to understand what is said in standard English and paraphrasing it in their own vernaculars.
humanities.uchicago.edu /faculty/mufwene/gurt99.html   (3671 words)

 Standard English. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The variety of English that is generally acknowledged as the model for the speech and writing of educated speakers.
Sometimes it is used to denote the variety of English prescribed by traditional prescriptive norms, and in this sense it includes rules and usages that many educated speakers don't systematically conform to in their speech or writing, such as the rules for use of who and whom.
A form that is considered standard in one region may be nonstandard in another, and a form that is standard by contrast with one variety (for example the language of inner-city African Americans) may be considered nonstandard by contrast with the usage of middle-class professionals.
www.bartleby.com /61/22/S0702225.html   (380 words)

 Rare Breed Network: English Shepherd Standard
According to legend, the English Shepherd is almost pure Roman sheep and cattle dog, originally brought to the British Isles by Caesar when he invaded in 55 BC He used these dogs to herd the livestock brought along to feed his troops.
As the livestock was depleted, surplus dogs were left along the way, and were used by local natives and interbred with existing types of dogs with similar "herding" talents, to intensify those instincts.
The English Shepherd was brought to the American colonies by some of the first settlers and followed the development of the United States from east to west.
rarebreed.com /breeds/eng_shep/eng_shep_ukc_std.html   (852 words)

 Do You Speak American . Sea to Shining Sea . Standard American | PBS
People who invoke the term Standard English rarely make clear what they have in mind by it, and tend to slur over the inconvenient ambiguities that are inherent in the term.
A form that is considered standard in one region may be nonstandard in another...
The variety of English spoken in the nation's Midland areas is often pointed to as sounding most neutral or "mainstream." It's frequently identified as the speech of broadcasters.
www.pbs.org /speak/seatosea/standardamerican   (562 words)

 Received Pronunciation
A pronunciation of British English, originally based on the speech of the upper class of southeastern England and characteristic of the English spoken at the public schools and at Oxford and Cambridge Universities.
A standard form of written English, in the sense of a variety whose geographical provenance is undetectable, had its origins in developments in the 1420s in the central government bureaucracy in the capital, and, as Dr Mugglestone confirms in this book, was "clearly in existence" by the late 17th century (M10, i.e.
Most of the elements of the standard accent were in place by the end of the 18th century, and in the period c.
www.yaelf.com /rp.shtml   (2666 words)

 English Standard Version
This is an evangelical revision of the Revised Standard Version that corrects the non-Christian interpretations of the RSV in the Old Testament and improves the accuracy throughout with more literal renderings.
The Revised Standard Version seemed close enough to this middle ground that it might be suitably revised in a short period of time.
The English Standard Version (ESV), announced in February by Crossway Books, had its roots in discussions that took place before the May 1997 meeting called by James Dobson at Focus on the Family headquarters to resolve the inclusive NIV issue.
www.bible-researcher.com /esv.html   (1558 words)

 English Trumpeter Standard
The English Trumpeter is a medium sized (similar to a Show Racer), double-crested (head and beak), muffed trumpeter.
It is very important that the English Trumpeter be calm and alert, yet poised in the judging pen, positioning itself so as to advantageously show all its features.
The indigo factor may be applied to any standard color but only fl indigo is to be known as "andalusian".
www.azpigeons.org /englishtrumpeter.htm   (3814 words)

 Why "Standard" English   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Grammar books commonly describe one of the many dialects spoken in America, "Standard English." When people use terms such as "good" grammar; or when they describe a different dialect as "bad" English, they usually mean good or bad (correct or incorrect) in "Standard English".
In any of the forms of English "good" or "bad," however, is more a quality of whether or not your words convey the meaning you intend, rather than any particular combination of the language.
Learn and use Standard English not because it is "good" grammar or better grammar than you now use, but because it can be the dialect most appropriate for a particular audience, the one most often expected in school.
wonderfulwritingskillsunhandbook.com /html/why__standard__english.html   (705 words)

 The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. 1993   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Shaw, G.B. Stein, G. Stevenson, R.L. Wells, H.G. Reference > Usage > The Columbia Guide to Standard American English
Standard American English usage is linguistic good manners, sensitively and accurately matched to context—to listeners or readers, to situation, and to purpose.
A vigorous assessment of how our language is best written and spoken and how we can use it most effectively, this guide is the ideal handbook of language etiquette: friendly, sensible, reliable, and fun to read.
www.bartleby.com /68   (119 words)

It offends those who wish to confine English usage in a logical straitjacket that writers often begin sentences with “and” or “but.” True, one should be aware that many such sentences would be improved by becoming clauses in compound sentences; but there are many effective and traditional uses for beginning sentences thus.
On a related though slightly different subject, it is interesting to note that in English adjectives connected to sensations in the perceiver of an object or event are often transferred to the object or event itself.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the earlier form was "spitten image,” which may indeed have evolved from “spit and image.” it’s a crude figure of speech: someone else is enough like you to have been spat out by you, made of the very stuff of your body.
www.wsu.edu /~brians/errors/nonerrors.html   (2011 words)

 The Sounds of Standard American English
The English of the British Isles and of the northeast United States (icluding New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New England, and Michigan) retains both vowels.
The two vowels are 'merged' in Mid-western, western, and southern American English, as well as in Canadian English.
A diphthong is a complex vowel, made of two components; a diphthong begins as one vowel and finishes as another.
www.ic.arizona.edu /~lsp/IPA/SSAE.html   (340 words)

 Vernacular Dialects and Standard American English in the Classroom
A study used Standard English and Black English (BE) scoring procedures with the Arizona Articulation Proficiency Scale to compare responses of Detroit low-income African-American preschoolers who spoke BE.
Viewing the teaching of Standard English as a Second Dialect from the viewpoint of "additive bidialectalism" rather than "remediation," the article rejects an assimilationist viewpoint, proposing instead the adoption of a pluralist position vis-a-vis dialects.
The study contrasts Acadian (Cajun) English spoken in Louisiana with the local standard English and describes the linguistic features of the dialect in nontechnical language, so as to inform elementary and secondary school teachers and others in contact with speakers of that population.
www.cal.org /ericcll/minibibs/VernDial.htm   (874 words)

Standardizing a language requires a standardizer, as in the case of many European languages, whose speakers mistakenly believe this to be the case of all languages.
They recognize that "standard" often means, "The more archaic, the better; the more up-to-date, the worse!" But there are those who believe their teachers about a standard English.
Since speakers of English generally avoid putting the pronoun I or me before a second- or third-person pronoun in conjoined pronouns, examples like "for I and she" are not attested.
www.orlapubs.com /AL/L36.html   (5653 words)

 Standard English   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Standard English, also known as Standard Written English or SWE, is the form of English most widely accepted as being clear and proper.
Standard English is especially helpful when writing because it maintains a fairly uniform standard of communication which can be understood by all speakers and users of English regardless of differences in dialect, pronunciation, and usage.
There are a few minor differences between standard usage in England and the United States, but these differences do not significantly affect communication in the English language.
englishplus.com /grammar/00000374.htm   (166 words)

 The Importance of Standard English Today   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
What is "Standard English?" Standard English, sometimes know as edited American English (AEA)is the term adopted by the National Council of Teachers of English for the formal style expect in most college writing.
Almost every day in America's schools, Standard English is being taught, regardless of where the students were born and raised.
Unfortunately, this causes some conflict with certain races and immigrants who are reluctant to use Standard English as their spoken language (Cozart 244).
online.milwaukee.tec.wi.us /eng-201/burke.htm   (515 words)

 Bible Translations Into English
The English Standard Version uses archaic constructions to produce a text that sounds more literal than it really is. For example, Hosea 9:1 in the English Standard Version reads, “Rejoice not, O Israel” where the equally conservative Holman Christian Standard Bible reads, “Israel, do not rejoice.” The translations are equally literal.
While I am all in favor of the English translation being as gender-inclusive as the Greek (for instance, the most accurate translation of αδελφοι is ‘brothers and sisters’), most ‘inclusive-language’ versions go too far, changing gender-specific Greek words into generic or plural English words, which changes the meanings of passages such as Hebrews 2.
The word “standard” in the name of a Bible translation does not mean that the translation passed the scrutiny of some sort of Underwriters Laboratories for Bible translations, or that they are better or worse than translations without the word “standard” in their names.
www.kencollins.com /Bible-t2.htm   (3485 words)

 Standard English - Glossary Definition - UsingEnglish.com
Standard English is the variety of English that is held by many to be 'correct' in the sense that it shows none of the regional or other variations that are considered by some to be ungrammatical, or non-standard English.
Received Pronunciation, often called RP, is the way Standard English is spoken; without regional variations.
Standard English and RP are widely used in the media and by public figures, so it has prestige status and is regarded by many as the most desirable form of the language.
www.usingenglish.com /glossary/standard-english.html   (145 words)

 TriniView.com - Trinidad and Tobago Standard English?
But we generally think that such a standard is something apart from us, something received from more linguistically respectable societies such as Britain and America, something that has been called Internationally Accepted English (IAE).
That standard exists alongside the Creole and is distinctly flavoured by it - in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.
The trouble is how to convince a mind accustomed to seeing an outside standard as the standard that there is one right here with a distinctly local character.
www.triniview.com /winford/tntenglish.htm   (779 words)

 Dr. NAD's Prig Page. Test standard English grammar, usage, etc.
To prigs or casual readers, poor observation of standards, regardless of intent, often reveals a laziness offensive to readers, or, less benignly, a deficiency in one's knowledge.
It has never been an English convention that sentences cannot end in prepositions or that infinitives cannot be split.
Even in the information age when movements progress rapidly among the informed, conservative standards may be less risky than desires not to appear standoffish.
www.geocities.com /CapeCanaveral/5229/p_.htm   (715 words)

 Grade Seven - Content Standards (CA Dept of Education)
The standards for written and oral English language conventions have been placed between those for writing and for listening and speaking because these conventions are essential to both sets of skills.
Students write and speak with a command of standard English conventions appropriate to the grade level.
Establish a context, standard plot line (having a beginning, conflict, rising action, climax, and denouement), and point of view.
www.cde.ca.gov /be/st/ss/enggrade7.asp   (1372 words)

 Standard Written English
"Representations of English in Twentieth-Century Britain: Fowler, Gowers and Partridge." Standard English: The Widening Debate.
"Standards from the Past: The Conservative Syllable Structure of the Alliterative Revival." Standardizing English: Essays in the History of Language Change.
"Standard English and the Study of Variation: 'It All Be Done for a Purpose.'" Language Variation in North American English: Research and Teaching.
wrt-howard.syr.edu /Bibs/SWE.bib.html   (6596 words)

 The Quran: Standard English Version, Table of Contents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Most English translations of the Quran suffer from poor grammar and punctuation, and are simply no longer readable in the 21st century.
The Standard English Version does not attempt a literal translation because of the dissimilarities of classic Arabic and modern standard, though not Anglicized, English.
The Standard English Version (SEV) is an ongoing project that will translate all the chapters of the Quran in standard English consistent with the New Revised Standard Version translation of the Hebrew Bible, Apocrypha, and New Testament.
www.anova.org /sev/htm/qr   (162 words)

 Embracing Ebonics and Teaching Standard English - Vol 12 no 1 - Rethinking Schools Online
Prescott had been the only school in the system where a majority of teachers voluntarily agreed to adopt the Standard English Proficiency program, a statewide initiative which acknowledges the systematic, rule-governed nature of "Black English" while helping children to learn Standard English.
Q: Prescott is one of the Oakland schools that uses the Standard English Proficiency Program (SEP).
Let's say that in fifth grade, students are requested and encouraged to speak in English almost all the time.
www.rethinkingschools.org /archive/12_01/ebsecret.shtml   (3576 words)

 Part One of Survey on Learning Standard English   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Ebonics is primarily a matter of grammar, i.e., dropping endings, overuse of the verb "be," and different verbs, like "done" for "have." Although Ebonics often occurs with slang, or hip-hop, or cool vocabulary, it often does not have that vocabulary.
These are just a few of the many ways that Ebonics and Standard English differ that do not necessarily involve slang or street talk.
Do you remember ever trying to use something from Standard English, but the Ebonics kept coming out, like "aks" for ask, or "Don't nobody see him," for Nobody sees him with the single negative word, or "auntie" for aunt.
www.language.fau.edu /surveyse/part1.htm   (1639 words)

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