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Topic: Standard Hebrew

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Hebrew language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hebrew, long extinct outside of Jewish liturgical purposes, was revived at the end of the 19th century by the Jewish linguist Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, owing to the ideology of Zionism.
Mishnaic Hebrew from the 1st to the 3rd or 4th century CE, corresponding to the Roman Period after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and represented by the bulk of the Mishnah and Tosefta within the Talmud and by the Dead Sea Scrolls, notably the Bar Kokhba Letters and the Copper Scroll.
Hebrew functioned as the local mother tongue, Aramaic functioned as the international language with the rest of the Mideast, and eventually Greek functioned as another international language with the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_language   (5445 words)

 Hebrews - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hebrews lived within this region in the 2nd millennium BCE and spoke a Canaanite dialect, which played a role in the Hebrew languages, although their culture was distinct from the local Canaanite culture.
Biblically, the term Hebrew refers to all the Children of Eber, and in particular the descendants listed in the Hebrew Bible of the patriarch Jacob, who was later renamed Israel.
Hebrews are also referred to as the Children of Israel for this reason.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrews   (735 words)

 Hebrew language
Hebrew was revived as a spoken language by the efforts of a single man, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda (אליעזר בן־יהודה) (1858-1922).
Hebrew is spoken primarily in Israel, but it is spoken in many areas where there is a large Jewish populations, especially in Australia, Canada, Germany, Panama, United Kingdom, and the United States.
Sephardi Hebrew is the basis of Standard Hebrew and not all that different from it, but traditionally it had a slightly bigger variety of pronunciation.
www.knowledgefun.com /book/h/he/hebrew_language.html   (4846 words)

 Britain.tv Wikipedia - Hebrew language
This Tiberian Hebrew from the 7th to 10th century CE is sometimes called "Biblical Hebrew"?title=because it is used to pronounce the Hebrew Bible, however properly it should be distinguished from the historical Biblical Hebrew of the 6th century BCE, whose original pronunciation must be reconstructed.
It was not, however, until the 1904-1914 "Second aliyah"?title=that Hebrew had caught real momentum in Ottoman Palestine with the more highly organized enterprises set forth by the new group of immigrants.
The Soviet authorities considered Hebrew a "reactionary language"?title=since it was associated with both Judaism and Zionism, and it was officially banned by the Narkompros (Commissariat of Education) as early as 1919.
www.britain.tv /wikipedia.php?title=Hebrew_language   (5465 words)

 Poetry, Hebrew (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
Isaac Taylor of Ongar (The Spirit of Hebrew Poetry, 1861, 56 ff.) and Keil of Dorpat (Introduction to the Old Testament, 1881, I, 437) denied on a priori grounds the presence of epic and dramatic poetry in the Bible.
Hebrew poetry is destitute of meter in the strict sense, and also of rhyme, though this last occurs in some isolated cases (see below, III, 1, (4), c and e).
The view of the present writer may be stated as follows: That the poetry of the Hebrew is not in the strict sense metrical, though the writers under the influence of strong emotion express themselves rhythmically, producing often the phenomena which came later to be codified under metrical rules.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/7004   (4938 words)

 Hebrew Language, Grammar Pronunciation-Transliteration - Zionism and Israel -Encyclopedia / Dictionary/Lexicon of ...
Ancient Hebrew used the Canaanite script that was used by Phoenicians and was the basis of the Greek and later the Roman alphabets.
Hebrew has no W, J or X. The Hebrew letters can be approximated by English sounds, but the pronunciation of vowels, and of "r", and 'h (het) are often problematic for English speakers.
The standard pronunciation of modern Hebrew is a simplified version of the Sephardi pronunciation: in particular, the kaf-kuf, chet-chaf, and tet-tav pairs are pronounced identically and the alef and ayin are both silent vowel stops.
www.zionism-israel.com /dic/Pronunciation-Transliteration.htm   (1674 words)

 Hebrew language, alphabet and pronunciation
The modern Hebrew script was developed from a script known as Proto-Hebrew/Early Aramaic.
Hebrew is a member of the Canaanite group of Semitic languages.
In the late 19th and early 20th century the Zionist movement brought about the revivial of Hebrew as a widely-used spoken language, and it became the official languge of Israel in 1948.
www.omniglot.com /writing/hebrew.htm   (558 words)

 Jewish Language Research Website: Hebrew
They strove to make Hebrew and Yiddish respectively the sole language in their speech communities, while the traditionalists claimed the maintenance of the traditional diglossia of Hebrew and Yiddish, which can still be found in some Hasidic enclaves in Israel.
Until then the use of Hebrew had been restricted mainly to religious spheres, but it was expanded to non-religious areas such as secular literature, etc., laying the foundation for the functioning of Hebrew as a spoken language later.
Structurally speaking, Modern Hebrew may be defined as a fusion language comprising the intracommunal classical components of Biblical Hebrew, Mishnaic Hebrew, Medieval Hebrew, and Babylonian Aramaic, with Yiddish as its main susbtratum.
www.jewish-languages.org /hebrew.html   (1216 words)

 Hebrew Slang and Foreign Loan Words by Raphael Sappan
Raphael Sappan, lecturer in Hebrew Language at the Haifa University Institute, has made a study of Hebrew slang, for which he received a UNESCO prize.
Yet it cannot be denied that the number of foreign loan-words in the Israeli slang vocabulary is still proportionately larger than in any other language, and that particularly in the initial period of the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language, the majority of such terms and expressions were of alien provenance.
  Later, as Hebrew became the mother tongue of an increasing proportion of the Jewish population and particularly among the youth, the Hebrew element began to predominate.
www.adath-shalom.ca /hebrew_slang_sappan.htm   (1672 words)

 HSB: The Interlinear Hebrew-English Old Testament
The Hebrew text is written in standard Hebrew fashion (right to left) with the English translation (based on the NIV translation) of each word directly under each Hebrew word.
For example, the Hebrew word "vayomer" may have the translation "and he said" under it, but at other times it might be "but he said", "and he spoke" or "now he said".
These four volumes in one binding include the standard Hebrew text Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia, the NIV (North American version) as the English parallel text, a word for word translation for renderings of specific Hebrew words, and an introduction on how to use the Interlinear text.
www.ancient-hebrew.org /hebrewstudies/104.html   (1842 words)

 [No title]
The primary text for study in the Hebrew is the German Bible Society’s Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia.
The methods used to examine the various manuscripts of the Hebrew bible, often in comparison with early translations, such as the Greek Septuagint or the Aramaic Targums, in order to determine the most accurate original text is called 'text criticism'.
Hebrew lexicons like HALOT often cite the non-biblical Hebrew for more evidence on how a given word is used.
www.logos.com /hebrew/ot   (2170 words)

 Standard Hebrew Keyboard Layouts
Hebrew Typography in German-speaking Regions, a fascinating project led by Dr. Ittai Joseph Tamari on Ashkenazic Hebrew typography.
The most common problem beginners encounter when typing in Hebrew or Yiddish (other than figuring out how to use the cursor and delete keys, which now work backwards) is what happens at the end of the sentence.
The Hebrew Typography pages are sponsored by FontWorld, featuring Middle Eastern editions of Adobe-ME software, including InDesign-ME, PhotoShop-ME, Acrobat Pro-ME, and the NEW Adobe Illustrator-ME. www.fontworld.com/arabic/adobeme.html.
www.ivritype.com /hebrew/kbd   (910 words)

 AALL: Hebrew Language Courses
By the end of Hebrew 002, students will be able to use active verbs in all tenses and will be able to converse on a variety of subjects from everyday life.
Toward the end of the semester, standard Hebrew texts drawn from literary sources will be read, analyzed, and discussed in class.
By the end of Hebrew 063, students will have completed a introduction to the grammar and basic syntactic structures of modern Hebrew.
www.duke.edu /web/aall/hebrew/langcourses.html   (590 words)

 Commentaries, Hebrew (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
For the Targum is not a mere translation, but rather a combination of a translation with a commentary, resulting in a paraphrase, or an interpretative translation--having its origin in exegesis.
The language of this paraphrase is the vernacular tongue of Syria, which began to reassert itself throughout Palestine as the language of common intercourse and trade, as soon as a familiar knowledge of the Hebrew tongue came to be lost.
A new Hebrew commentary on the whole of the Old Testament has been since 1903 in progress under the editorship of A. Kahana.
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/ISBE/ID/2216   (2590 words)

 A New Transliteration of Hebrew into Standard Characters -- KATZ 9 (3): 306 -- Applied Linguistics
EKTB is a new transliteration scheme for Hebrew based on the
Hebrew letters and permits Hebrew to be used with standard equipment
Please note that abstracts for content published before 1996 were created through digital scanning and may therefore not exactly replicate the text of the original print issues.
applij.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/abstract/9/3/306   (151 words)

 Purim (פורים "Lots," Standard Hebrew Purim, Tiberian Hebrew Pûrîm
Purim (פורים "Lots," Standard Hebrew Purim, Tiberian Hebrew Pûrîm: plural of פור pûr "Lot," from Akkadian pūru) is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the deliverance of the Persian Jews from the plot of the evil Haman to exterminate them, as recorded in the biblical Book of Esther.
Purim is celebrated annually on the 14th of the Hebrew month of Adar.
In leap-years on the Hebrew calendar, Purim is celebrated in the second month of Adar, but by the Karaites in the first.
www.milechai.com /judaism/purim.html   (2064 words)

 [No title]
This means that the Hebrew text is encoded from left to right (even though Hebrew text is entered right to left) and is transmitted from left to right via the standard MIME mechanisms.
All discussion regarding Hebrew in email, as well as discussions of Hebrew in other TCP/IP protocols, is discussed in the ilan- h@vm.tau.ac.il list.
For lists that contain Hebrew, users should send mail to Listserv with the following command: set listname full where listname is the name of the list which the user wants full, unabridged headers to appear.
www.ietf.org /rfc/rfc1555.txt   (878 words)

 Hebrew - Radio and TV Links
This site is in Hebrew, but by moving the cursor over the hyperlinks, you can go to the other four pages, and find the.zip files to download.
It is a growing standard that uses two-bytes per character to describe international fonts.
The emergence of the Unicode Standard, and the availability of tools supporting it, are among the most significant recent global software technology trends.
www.hebrewresources.com /webhebrew.html   (1696 words)

 Standard Hebrew Keyboard with Niqud
Unassigned keys are left blank, and are indicated in the standard as reserved for future use.
The standard defines two states - Hebrew and English, and three Levels - Base, Shift and Alternate.
The standard does not define how a state is selected.
www.qsm.co.il /NewHebrew/Key1452e.htm   (78 words)

 Hebrew College Currents Vol. 1 No. 3
One of a growing number of Jewish collegiate a capella groups, the Hebrew College group is noncompetitive and open to all students.
Hebrew College is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges
Hebrew College does not discriminate in admission or any matter with regard to age, sex, religion, handicap, race, color or national origin.
www.hebrewcollege.edu /html/news/currents/v1-3_hcap.htm   (257 words)

 Jewish History Resource Center -
This site is devoted to Abraham or Abram, biblical patriarch, according to the Book of Genesis (see 11:27-25:10), progenitor of the Hebrews, who probably lived in the period between 2000 and 1500 BC.
Abzu is a guide to the rapidly increasing, and widely distributed data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East via the Internet.
A description of the time after the Persian king Cyrus conquered Mesopotamia and the whole of the Middle East, and ordered that the Jews in Babylon return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and renew the worship there.
www.dinur.org /resources/resourceCategoryDisplay.aspx?categoryID=411&r...   (764 words)

 Ethnologue report for language code:heb
Standard Hebrew (General Israeli, Europeanized Hebrew), Oriental Hebrew (Arabized Hebrew, Yemenite Hebrew).
Not a direct offspring from Biblical or other varieties of Ancient Hebrew, but an amalgamation of different Hebrew strata plus intrinsic evolution within the living speech.
Some who use it as primary language now in Israel learned it as their second language originally.
www.ethnologue.com /show_language.asp?code=heb   (129 words)

 Trope Trainer Standard - bar mitzvah bat mitzvah hebrew bible reading trainer
Various styles standard to many Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform synagogues - from Ashkenazic and Sephardic traditions -are included.
Simply click to the year and month of your birth, click on the date, and see your Hebrew calendar birthdate.
The calendar lets you peek into the near and distant future or even go back in time to see what was lained in the past.
www.jewishsoftware.com /products/Trope_Trainer_Standard_701.asp   (1775 words)

 Hebrew Office 2003 Standard (Full), Hebrew, General Office, Windows
Hebrew Office 2003 Standard (Full), Hebrew, General Office, Windows
Office 2003 Standard with menus and manual in Hebrew.
Based on the autobiographical memoir by Gila Almagor (The Summer of Aviya), this "gentle, loving film about confronting the past" (Los Angeles Times) is the poignant and harrowing story of a group of teenagers living in a youth village.
www.worldlanguage.com /Products/105917.htm   (254 words)

 Hebrew Language Software,Hebrew Microsoft Office Standard 2003 software,MS-Office Standard 2003 software   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
We also supply Dagesh word processing software, foreign language keyboards, Hebrew language fonts, machine translation software, spell checkers, Hebrew language handheld devices/PDAs, language learning software, foreign OEM software.
Microsoft Hebrew Office Standard 2003 is the most significant version of Hebrew Office Standard ever released.
These experiences enable customers to unlock their creativity and productivity through the power of Hebrew Microsoft Office 2003 software and the Internet.
www.hebrew-software.com /hebrew-office-standard-2003.html   (166 words)

 Hebrew Keyboards   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-31)
Various Hebrew Keyboard Designs (For an explanation of the color system employed, see the bottom of this page.)
Blue: One of the 22+5 (nonfinal+final) Hebrew letters where they appear in the standard Hebrew keyboard position.
Green: One of the 22+5 Hebrew letters appearing in nonstandard Hebrew keyboard position, 11 Hebrew-letter and/or diacritic combinations, or 3 Hebrew-letter digraphs used in standard Yiddish orthography, and able to be encoded in as a single Unicode base character followed by one or more Unicode non-spacing marks (i.e., diacritics).
www.uyip.org /keyboards.html   (234 words)

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