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Topic: Standardized testing

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  On Standardized Testing. ERIC Digest.
While standardized tests are problematic at all ages and levels of schooling, they are especially questionable in primary grades.
Results of these "screening" tests are often the basis for cautioning parents to "wait another year before starting your child in kindergarten." They are also used as a means of "early identification" of individuals who need special assistance, according to the preschool screeners.
If tests play a significant role in grade advancement or are the primary basis for a school's so-called accountability, teachers feel compelled to spend considerable time preparing children to take the tests.
www.ericdigests.org /1992-5/testing.htm   (1551 words)

 Standardized test - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
A standardized test is a test administered and scored in a standard manner.
Norm-referenced tests are associated with traditional education, which measures success by rank ordering students, while standards-based assessments are based on the egalitarian belief that all students can succeed if they are assessed against high standards which are required of all students regardless of ability or economic background.
One of the main advantages of standardized testing is that it is able to provide assessments that are psychometrically valid and reliable, as well as results which are generalizable and replicable.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Standardized_testing   (1286 words)

 Standardized Testing
In today's world, so many decisions are based on the results of standardized tests that it is vital for educators to know what they are testing and why when a standardized test is administered in their school.
When an educator understands the background behind standardized testing, they are better able to prepare students for the specific test being administered at their school and even decide whether they approve of the test.
These tests have so many effects on students performance that we as a nation have to decide whether basing high stakes decisions on the results of standardized tests is really a valid approach to assessing student's knowledge and skills.
www.msu.edu /~youngka7/testing.html   (482 words)

 NEA: Accountability and Testing - Standardized Testing
A test becomes a standardized test when it is administered (directions) to all students under the same conditions (time limit) and scored in the same manner for all students.
A norm-referenced test is a test that has been given to representative samples of students such that norms of performance are established.
Standardized tests can show gaps in achievement among different groups of students in the school when the data are disaggregated by group.
www.nea.org /accountability/standardization.html   (575 words)

 Standardized Testing
In many states the results of standardized tests determine whether children are promoted to the next grade or graduate from high school.
Test morning is not the time for a high-sugar snack – or no breakfast at all.
Standardized tests are just one of the ways that schools evaluate children’s abilities.
www.menno.k12.sd.us /parenttips/StandardizedTesting.htm   (522 words)

 On Standardized Testing
Given the power of standardized testing in society, it comes as a surprise to many that the history of this form of testing is so short.
Yearly testing, beginning in grade 3, became more the norm, although in many school districts accountability demands contributed to the use of annual fall and spring testing as a means of determining "gains" in achievement.
Yet, standardized tests are rooted in standard curricular materials (basal textbooks, syllabuses, state or provincial guidelines) that have predetermined expectations all children must meet.
www.udel.edu /bateman/acei/onstandard.htm   (5871 words)

 FairTest: Standardized Testing Damages Education
Despite their biases, inaccuracies, limited ability to measure achievement or ability, and other flaws, schools use standardized tests to determine if children are ready for school, track them into instructional groups; diagnose for learning disability, retardation and other handicaps; and decide whether to promote, retain in grade, or graduate many students.
Readiness tests, used to determine if a child is ready for school, are very inaccurate and encourage the use of overly academic, developmentally inappropriate primary schooling (that is, schooling not appropriate to the child's emotional, social or intellectual development and to the variation in children's development).
For multiple-choice tests, "teaching to the test" means focusing on the content that will be on the test, sometimes even drilling on test items, and using the format of the test as a basis for teaching.
www.fairtest.org /facts/howharm.htm   (859 words)

 CCS - Standardized Testing
Any standardized test is considered by the faculty and administration as one tool in the measurement of student progress.
Each June following the testing, parents of students that were tested during the school year receive a "home report" in the mail that presents a student's test scores and other relevant information.
The Terra Nova Standardized Test is administered once a year throughout the Diocese of Richmond in grades 1,3, 5 and 7.
www.cvillecatholic.org /academics/testing.html   (208 words)

 Standardized testing and public policy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Standardized testing is used as a public policy strategy to establish stronger accountability measures for public education.
The idea behind the standardized testing policy movement is that testing is the first step to improving schools, teaching practice, and educational methods through data collection.
Critics also charge that standardized tests encourage "teaching to the test" at the expense of creativity and in-depth coverage of subjects not on the test.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Standardized_testing_and_public_policy   (262 words)

 Standardized testing: The HMO of education?
Some in the audience raised their hands when asked if standardized tests were given to first graders and kindergartners.
Testing students at that age is inappropriate, he said, since about all they can do is successfully fill the bubble on the score sheet.
Teachers were encouraged to talk publicly about how the increasing emphasis on standardized testing robs children of a well-rounded education, about the pressures they create, and about politicization of standardized testing.
www.weac.org /News/2000-01/oct00/peterson.htm   (888 words)

 Washingtonpost.com: Live Online
All the students taking the test have the same time, similar test booklets, can either use rulers or protractors or not, etc. You can have multiple choice, grid tests, fill in the bubbles, fill in the blank or essay questions all of which can be standardized tests.
One of the reasons that testing specialists advocate using "multiple measures," that is different assessments of student achievement, before making any important decision like promotion is that children have bad days or there are sometimes distractions, such as a loud lawnmower, that run counter to the standardized conditions that we hope for.
Testing results may show that instruction in the local schools serving wealthy neighborhoods is not adding much to what the children already bring to the classroom from their educated households.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/liveonline/01/school_evers082301.htm   (1664 words)

 [No title]
Because the test is “normed” for the academic preparation of juniors, freshmen and sophomores should not be alarmed if their scores are lower than anticipated.
This testing program is used mostly by colleges in the South and Midwest but almost all schools will accept this test in place of the SAT I. Students receive a score for each subject-related test (English, mathematics, science, and social studies) as well as a composite score that ranges from 1 to 36.
Standardized tests are rarely the most important factor in an admission decision, but the scores provide one of the very few means by which colleges can evaluate students across the country.
www.lhps.org /ccareer/standardized-testing.htm   (1954 words)

 Choate Rosemary Hall: Academics » Standardized Testing
Standardized tests are opportunities for a student to demonstrate his or her reasoning ability or mastery of a given subject.
If a student's SAT Reasoning Test and SAT Subject Tests seem to undervalue the student's actual achievement and ability, the student could be recommended to take the ACT at some point in the early fall of his or her sixth form year.
The tests are demanding and are designed to challenge a student's factual grasp of material as well as his or her conceptual understanding of the subject matter.
www.choate.edu /academics/standardizedtesting.asp   (1095 words)

 Standardized Testing St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture - Find Articles
In fact, Europeans refer to these tests as "American tests." A standardized test is called such because everyone takes the same test with the same questions, so one's performance can be compared to everyone else's, in order for a relative score to be obtained.
The data gathered from Brigham's army tests was continually invoked in Congress and was instrumental in fostering congressional debates that led to the Immigration Restriction Act of 1924.
Standardized tests are being used more than ever to aid overworked and understaffed admissions departments.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g1epc/is_tov/ai_2419101145   (815 words)

 Standardized Testing:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
All too often, standardized tests are viewed as being the most objective method of assessment and/or evaluation within the academic realm.
Also, because a standardized test does not require that multiple raters decipher various texts, the financial and hourly burden is lessened for colleges and universities.
Testing situations are intended to demonstrate a student's knowledge and/or skill within a given subject area.
www.humboldt.edu /~ecc7/standtest.html   (404 words)

 Standardized Testing
The TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is strongly encouraged for foreign students for whom English is not the principal language of instruction and for non-native speakers of English.
All testing must be completed by January of the senior year in high school.
Information and test registration forms may be obtained from your high school guidance office or by writing to the College Board or the American College Testing Program.
www.dartmouth.edu /apply/admissions/testing.html   (442 words)

 Standardized Testing
Michigan school officials were scrambling yesterday to investigate irregularities on the state's standardized tests in what appears to be the largest of a recent spate of cheating scandals across the country as the use of high-stakes tests has risen.
After three years of standardized testing in California, a growing grassroots network of teachers and parents believes the exams are turning classrooms into basic fact factories where teachers teach to the test to win reform bonuses.
Testing experts have long warned that cheating can be an outgrowth of the pressure educators feel when standardized test scores are used to make important decisions about students and schools.
www.cooperativeadventures.com /testing.htm   (13827 words)

 Standardized Testing
The National Center for Fair and Open Testing (FairTest) is an advocacy organization working to end the abuses, misuses and flaws of standardized testing and ensure that evaluation of students and workers is fair, open, and educationally sound.
The worst problems affect as much as 18% of the test data statewide and could sharply limit the value of a program that cost taxpayers about $35 million and was intended to give them a public school report card.
It compares students to each other and not to a standard of what they ought to learn,'' said Monty Neill, executive director of FairTest in Cambridge, Mass., a watchdog of standardized testing practices across the nation.
www.well.com /user/dgnw/testing.html   (2298 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Issues: Education: Standardized Testing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Although testing is a valuable part of educational assessment, when tests are used in high-stakes circumstances, a number of safeguards must be in place.
National Research Council: Board on Testing and Assessment - The BOTA was created to assist policymakers and the public on issues of testing and assessment in education, the workplace, and the armed services.
Test Bashing Series - A series of essays from the year 2000 that counter allegations made by standardized testing's opponents.
dmoz.org /Society/Issues/Education/Standardized_Testing   (1145 words)

 Standardized Testing:
The legislation calls for states to introduce mandatory standardized testing in math and reading for all children in grades three through eight by 2003, and penalizes "under-performing" schools by closing them or turning them into for-profit charter school operations.
In the process of raising standards and establishing testing programs nationwide, this new, so-called "reform movement" destroys any decision-making power still held by citizens and local school boards, replacing the democratic ideals of public education with the code of corporate rule.
By 1992, NCEE's national testing experiment, known as the New Standards Project, was being used in eighteen states and six of the largest school districts in the country.
www.nomoretests.com /insider.htm   (3982 words)

 LASPAU: Higher Education Issues and Resources
The GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.
The SAT I is a standardized test required for admission to many American colleges and universities.
Test of English as a Foreign Language (administered by the ETS)
www.laspau.harvard.edu /testing.htm   (295 words)

 Standardized Testing Education Issues Society
- The BOTA was created to assist policymakers and the public on issues of testing and assessment in education, the workplace, and the armed services.
- Explanations of and counterarguments to often-used criticisms of standardized tests.
Although testing is a valuable part of educational assessment, when tests are used in high-stakes circumstances, a number of safeguards must be in place.
www.iaswww.com /ODP/Society/Issues/Education/Standardized_Testing   (952 words)

 Defending Standardized Testing
Some standards advocates attach a testing mechanism to gauge the extent to which high standards are actually accomplished, whereas some critics accuse the push for standards and testing of impeding reform and perpetuating inequality.
Coverage includes the history of standardized testing, the special case of high-stakes testing, the literature on benefits, misconceptions, typically unasked questions, "teaching to the test," and issues of ethnicity, disability and school accountability.
Phelps is the editor and co-author of Defending Standardized Testing, the author of Kill the Messenger: The War on Standardized Testing, and the lead author of Education in States and Nations, Higher Education: An International Perspective, State Indicators in Education and Features of Occupational Programs at the Secondary and Postsecondary Levels.
www.richardphelps.net /LitReviewBenefits.htm   (1763 words)

 Standardized Testing -What Parents Should Know
Educators use these standardized tests to tell how well school programs are succeeding or to give themselves a picture of the skills and abilities of today's students.
Standardized aptitude tests measure students' abilities to learn in school--how well they are likely to do in future school work.
Also, your child's scores on a particular test may vary from day to day, depending on whether your child guesses, receives clear directions, follows the directions carefully, takes the test seriously, and is comfortable in taking the test.
www.kidsource.com /kidsource/content/standardized.testing.html   (1141 words)

 Standardized Tests | Scholastic.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Your child may take one or more standardized tests each year and her teacher may devote a significant amount of class time to preparation exercises.
Aim for activities that simulate the testing experience, such as multiple choice geometry questions or vocabulary practice that asks her to identify antonyms or synonyms.
Because assessment varies from test to test, it would be impossible to include all the terms you may encounter here.
content.scholastic.com /browse/article.jsp?id=1403   (1025 words)

 Standardized Testing
What tests you can expect in high school, when to take them, and why they matter to you.
GSE’s are subject area exams that test competency near the end of a semester of study.
Tests student skills in mathematics and language arts, science and social science.
teachers.sduhsd.k12.ca.us /tptesting   (587 words)

 Standardized Testing News
Standardized Testing News continually updated from thousands of sources around the net.
An Alameda County judge ordered the administrator of the Medical College Admissions Test to overhaul its policies for accommodating people with learning disabilities.
Education Commissioner David Driscoll will retire next August with a legacy of increased standardized testing and more stringent requirements for graduation.
www.topix.net /education/standardized-testing   (694 words)

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