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Topic: Stanislaus II of Poland


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In the News (Thu 22 Aug 19)

  
  Stanislaus II. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Catherine, with Frederick II of Prussia, secured Stanislaus’s election to the Polish throne after the death of Augustus III.
The rebellion was crushed by the Russians, and in 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria took vast territories from Poland in the first Polish partition (see Poland, partitions of).
The throne, after the death of Stanislaus, was to be hereditary in the electoral branch of the house of Saxony.
www.bartleby.com /65/st/Stanisl2.html   (395 words)

  
  Augustus II of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Augustus II, nicknamed "the Strong" (May 12, 1670–February 1, 1733; (Polish: August II Mocny; German: August II der Starke) was Elector of Saxony (where he was known as Frederick Augustus I) from 1694 to 1733 and King of Poland from 1697 to 1704 and again from 1709 to 1733.
Although he was unsuccessful in his attempt to make the Polish kingdom hereditary, his eldest son, Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, followed him as King of Poland as Augustus III, although he had to be installed by a Russian army in the War of the Polish Succession.
Although this figure would be extremely difficult to verify, Augustus II did father a very large number of illegitimate children, the most famous of whom was Maurice, comte de Saxe (his son by), the brilliant French military commander.
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Augustus_II_of_Poland   (892 words)

  
 Stanislaus I Leszczynski of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Stanisław I Leszczyński (October 20, 1677 – February 23, 1766) was the King of Poland and duke of Lorraine.
Born at Lwów in 1677, was the son of Rafael Leszczynski, governor of Poznan Voivodship, and Anne Catherine Jabłonowska.
Nevertheless, with the assistance of a bribing fund and an army corps the Swedes succeeded in procuring his election by a scratch assembly of half a dozen castellans and a few score of gentlemen (July 2, 1704).
www.bonneylake.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Stanislaus_I_of_Poland   (787 words)

  
 Sigismund II of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Sigismund II Augustus (1520-1572), Polish: Zygmunt II August, was the only son of Sigismund I the Old., King of Poland, whom he succeeded in 1548, and Bona Sforza.
A far less imposing figure than his father, the elegant and refined Sigismund II was nevertheless an even greater statesman than the stern and majestic Sigismund I.
Sigismund II died at his beloved Knyszyn on July 6, 1572, at the age of 52.
www.newlenox.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Sigismund_II_of_Poland   (849 words)

  
 Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Stanislaus Augustus (born Stanisław Antoni Poniatowski; January 17, 1732, Wołczyn, Poland - February 12, 1798, St. Petersburg, Russia) was the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1764-1795).
He was the son of Stanislaw Poniatowski, Castellan of Kraków, and brother of Michal Jerzy Poniatowski, primate of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland.
He protested the first partition of Poland (1772); but being powerless to do anything about it, and in the face of implacable opposition from Polish magnates, he was obliged to place his reliance in Russia's German ambassador,.
www.butte-silverbow.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Stanislaus_II_of_Poland   (971 words)

  
 Stanislaus II of Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Poniatowski was concerned in the mysterious and disreputable conspiracy which sought to set aside the succession of the grand duke Peter and his son Paul in favour of Catherine, a conspiracy frustrated by the unexpected recovery of the empress Elizabeth and the consequent arrest of the conspirators.
Stanislaus returned to Warsaw much discredited, but nevertheless won election (7 September 1764) as king of Poland through the overwhelming influence of Catherine (she had promised him the crown.
Stanislaus had indeed a generous heart, frequently paid the debts of his friends or of deserving scholars whose cases came to his notice, and showed exceeding kindness to the poor.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/stanislaus_ii_of_poland   (957 words)

  
 Spis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Spiš county shared borders with Poland (or from the late 18th century to 1918 with the Austrian land Galicia) and with the counties Liptov (Hungarian: Liptó), Gemer-Malohont (Gömör-Kishont), Abov-Turňa (Abaúj-Torna) and Šariš (Sáros) in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Poland also held the administrative powers in the area and was entitled to appoint a governor/administrator (starosta) for the territories, with his seat in Stará Ľubovňa, to manage them economically (especially to keep the tax revenues) and to position guards at important road crossings even outside the pawned territories.
Since Poland did not want to return those prosperous towns, attempts of the Kingdom of Hungary to repay the debt (most notably in 1419, 1426 and 1439) failed and later nobody was ready to pay the huge sum anymore, although the whole kingdom was talking about the necessity to do so.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/Spis.htm   (2714 words)

  
 Poland, partitions of. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
King Stanislaus II of Poland was unable to resist his three neighbors.
The partition of 1772 gave Pomerelia and Ermeland to Prussia, Latgale and Belarus E of the Dvina and Dnieper rivers to Russia, and Galicia to Austria.
The national uprising under Thaddeus Kosciusko (1794) and the conservative rulers’ reaction to the French Revolution led to the final partition of 1795; all of Poland was divided among Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
bartleby.com /65/po/Poland-P.html   (396 words)

  
 St. Hedwig Virtual Tour: St. Stanislaus Statue   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
After his conflicts with King Boleslaw II of Poland and his pagan ways, Stanislaus was condemned as a traitor on April 11, 1079, and died by the hand of Boleslaw at the altar during mass in St. Michael's church outside the gates of Cracow.
Stanislaus reproached King Boleslaw for his immoral way of life, since it was his practice to have mothers suckle dogs instead of their children as a punishment for crimes against their husbands.
Stanislaus is the national saint of Poland, and patron saint of the archbishops of Cracow.
www.sthedwigchurch.org /tour/statues/s.htm   (332 words)

  
 ABDERA - LoveToKnow Article on ABDERA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
When James II., after throwing the great seal into the Thames, fled to France in 1688, he did not formally resign the crown, and the question was discussed in parliament whether he had forfeited the throne or had abdicated.
Charles of Naples (on accession to throne of Spain) Stanislaus II.
Ferdinand of Austria Charles Albert of Sardinia Leopold II.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AB/ABDERA.htm   (676 words)

  
 PONIARD - LoveToKnow Article on PONIARD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The first of the Poniatowskis to distinguish himself was STANISLAUS PONIATOWSKI (1677-1762), who only belonged to the family by adoption, being the reputed son of Prince Sapieha and a Jewess.
With his father he attached himself to the party of Stanislaus Leszczynski, and became major-general in the army of Charles XII.
STANISLAUS PONIATOWSKI (1757-1833), son of Casimir, shared in the aggrandisement of the family during the reign of Stanislaus II., becoming grand treasurer of Lithuania, starost of Podolia and lieutenant-general of the royal army.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /P/PO/PONIARD.htm   (583 words)

  
 Abdication - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Richard II of England, for example, was forced to abdicate after the throne was seized by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, while Richard was out of the country.
When James II of England, after throwing the Great Seal of the Realm into the Thames, fled to France in 1688, he did not formally resign the crown, and the question was discussed in Parliament whether he had forfeited the throne or had abdicated.
He was already Emperor of Brazil when he succeeded to the throne of Portugal in 1826, but abdicated it at once in favour of his daughter Maria II of Portugal.
www.americancanyon.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Abdication   (630 words)

  
 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stanisław I Leszczyński (October 20, 1677–February 23, 1766) was the King of Poland and Duke of Lorraine.
The first act of the new king was to cement an alliance with Charles XII whereby Poland engaged to assist Sweden against the tsar.
His son-in-law Louis XV supported his claims to the Polish throne after the death of Augustus II in 1733, which led to the War of the Polish Succession.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Stanislaus_I_of_Poland   (900 words)

  
 Wladislaus II of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Jagiellonian era is usually characterised as the start of Poland's "golden age", and saw the country become a major European power and extend its frontiers to the north and east.
Before that the Piasts were monarchs of Poland, in last century intermitting with the Bohemian Przemysls and followed by a brief period of Angevins.
Jagiello was married in 1385 to Queen Jadwiga of Poland (1374-1399).
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Wladyslaw_II_Jagiello   (1203 words)

  
 John II Casimir Of Poland Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
John II Casimir Vasa (Polish: Jan II Kazimierz Waza, March 22, 1609 - December 6, 1672), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and Duke of Opole in Silesia.
Poland and Sweden were also on opposite sides in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), although Poland, for the most part, has avoided taking part in any major military actions in that war.
In 1660 John Casimir II was forced to renounce his claims to the Swedish throne and acknowledge Swedish sovereignty over Livonia and city of Riga.
popularityguide.com /encyclopedia/John_II_Casimir_of_Poland   (1184 words)

  
 Saints For Our Lives: Speaking Truth to Power Cost His Life - April 2003 Issue of St. Anthony Messenger Magazine Online
Born around 1030 in the ancient city of Szczpanow in Poland, Stanislaus went west to Liège, Belgium (or possibly Paris, France), to study and was ordained to the priesthood.
Stanislaus was trapped in a chapel dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel on the outskirts of Krakow.
It is not without significance that the Communist authorities in Poland negotiated the first visit of John Paul II in 1979 after his election to the papacy the previous year (the ninth centenary of the death of Stanislaus).
www.americancatholic.org /Messenger/Apr2003/Saints.asp   (772 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: St. Stanislaus of Cracow
Stanislaus spared neither tears nor prayers and admonitions to bring the king to lead a more Christian
buried in the chapel, but in 1088 it was transferred to the cathedral by Bishop Lambert II.
Stanislaus was canonized 1253 by Innocent IV at
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14246a.htm   (385 words)

  
 Polish Succession, War of the on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
On the death (1733) of Augustus II of Poland, Stanislaus I sought to reascend the Polish throne.
Stanislaus was elected by a majority of the Polish nobles, but a minority proclaimed the elector of Saxony king of Poland as Augustus III.
Stanislaus I renounced Poland, though he retained his royal title, and was compensated with the duchies of Lorraine and Bar, which were to pass to the French crown at his death.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/P/PolishS1u.asp   (489 words)

  
 PAPROCKI descendants
Apollonia JASNIECKA was born on 1 Nov 1862 in Cirkwitz, Posen, Poland.
Vincent KABACZENSKI was born in 1905 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
MaryAnn PAPROCKI was born on 12 Jul 1877 in Poland.
www.geocities.com /Heartland/Meadows/5597/paprocki.htm   (1296 words)

  
 Henry II of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Henry II the Pious, Henryk II Pobożny (b.
Henry the Pious succeeded his father in 1238 and became the most powerful of the all Polish dukes.
In 1239 supported the pope in his conflict with emperor Frederick II.
www.hackettstown.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Henry_II_of_Poland   (185 words)

  
 Stanislaus I of Poland Information - TextSheet.com
Stanislaw I Leszczynski (1677 - 1766) was king of Poland and Lorraine.
Born at Lemberg in 1677, was the son of Rafael Leszczynski, governor of Poznan Voivodship, and Anne Catherine Jablonowska.
On March 17, 1735 Marshal Mllnnich superseded Lacey, and on the May 20, the long expected French fleet appeared in the roads and disembarked 2400 men.
www.medbuster.com /encyclopedia/s/st/stanislaus_i_of_poland.html   (705 words)

  
 Poland, partitions of on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
At the Congress of Vienna (1814-15) Poland remained partitioned, although the boundaries were radically changed in favor of Russia.
The labor of identity: form and ideology in Stanislaw Brzozowski's Legend of Young Poland.
The faith that overcame disaster: the strength of Poland.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/p/poland-p1.asp   (532 words)

  
 Polish History: chapter/book-length sites
An illustrated history of Poland in 21 chapters which was published in 1917.
A history of Poland illustrated with historical paintings: five webpages and 26 sections.
A history of Poland, primarily in the realm of diplomatic and military actions, in seven sections.
info-poland.buffalo.edu /web/history/overview/link.shtml   (552 words)

  
 Eastern Europe and Scandinavia, 1600-1800 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Although nominally subject to the king of Poland, the Potocki, like other powerful landowners, had constructed Buczacz as a monument to their own greatness and as a center for the administration of their lands; it was therefore a private city whose foundation grew from aristocratic concerns rather than economic and social factors.
The accession of Catherine II to the Russian throne in 1762 initiates a shift in patronage.
Stanislaus, eager to proclaim the stature of his capital city, is pleased to have Bellotto paint Warsaw and commissions a series of twenty-six views to adorn the royal castle.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/09/eue/ht09eue.htm   (3865 words)

  
 ABC's of Polish Community in Boston and New England- ABC Polonii Bostonu i Nowej Anglii - Polacy - Boston - Nowa Anglia
For the Boston Globe new lustration law in Poland is a bizzare and
Janusz Reiter, the Ambassador of the Republic of Poland and Marek
Poland is popular lately because of energy supply problems in Europe
www.polboston.com   (1043 words)

  
 Poland, partitions of
Frederick II of Prussia feared that Russia was about to take the Danubian principalities from the Ottoman Empire and thus provoke an Austro-Russian war.
Catherine II of Russia, who had long contemplated such a partition.
Stanislaus II of Poland was unable to resist his three neighbors.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0839493.html   (359 words)

  
 Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski, King of Poland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was the son of Stanisław Poniatowski (1676-1762), Castellan of Kraków, and brother of Michal Jerzy Poniatowski, primate of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland.
He protested the first partition of Poland (1772); but being powerless to do anything about it, and in the face of implacable opposition from Polish magnates, he was obliged to place his reliance in Russia's German ambassador, Otto Magnus Stackelberg.
Nevertheless, he did accomplish much in the realm of culture and education.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Stanislaus_II_Augustus_Poniatowski_of_Poland   (985 words)

  
 Timeline Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Poland was given Pomerelia and West Prussia, and the knights retained East Prussia, with a new capital at Königsberg (Kaliningrad).
1710 Feb 4, August II with the support of the Russian army was recognized by the parliament in Warsaw as King of Lithuania and Poland.
Poland’s partition line was moved eastwards from the Vistula line to the line of the Bug.
timelines.ws /countries/POLAND.HTML   (14109 words)

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