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Topic: Statistical physics


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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  
  Statistical physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Statistical physics, one of the fundamental theories of physics, uses methods of statistics in solving physical problems.
A statistical approach can work well in classical systems when the number of degrees of freedom (and so the number of variables) is so large that exact solution is not possible, or not really useful.
Although some problems in statistical physics can be solved analytically using approximations and expansions, most current research utilizes the large processing power of modern computers to simulate or approximate solutions.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Statistical_physics   (244 words)

  
 Physics 3P41 - Statistical Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Thermal physics is the branch of science which deals with collections of large numbers of particles — on the order of 1023.
Statistical mechanics, on the other hand, takes the approach that what we are really dealing with is a large number of particles which interact according to the laws of quantum mechanics.
Statistical physics is perhaps one of the greatest accomplishments of the human mind in the last century.
www.physics.brocku.ca /www/courses/3p41   (339 words)

  
 Physics Today July 2001
It is hardly surprising that books on statistical physics written almost 40 years apart should have little in common or that the newer of the two should be more inclusive or general.
The significant fact is that the statistical mechanical techniques that were primarily used to explain the properties of gases and crystals fifty years ago, are now being widely applied to "squishy" matter (polymers, gels, and biomaterials), to living things, and even to such "unnatural" phenomena as financial systems and computational networks.
Readers of Statistical Physics will immediately appreciate, from Kadanoff's provocative allusions to glasses, turbulent fluids, chemical reactions, and vortices in superconductors, that (1) the links between thermodynamics and both hydrodynamics and microscopic dynamics are often very tenuous, and (2) the construction of relevant dynamical models is an art.
www.physicstoday.org /pt/vol-54/iss-7/p54.html   (845 words)

  
 Philosophy of Statistical Mechanics
Statistical mechanics was the first foundational physical theory in which probabilistic concepts and probabilistic explanation played a fundamental role.
Philosophers dealing with statistical explanation have generally focussed on everyday uses of probability in explanation, or the use of probabilistic explanations in such disciplines as the social sciences.
Physically this means that the two systems, if initially in equilibrium and then energetically coupled, will retain their original equilibrium conditions.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/statphys-statmech   (5119 words)

  
 3rd year course information
Statistical physics is the study of the physical properties of systems consisting of large number of particles and its importance arises from the fact that all macroscopic objects and complex microscopic objects are systems of this kind.
Physical phenomena described by statistical physics include properties of gases, liquids and solids, phase transitions, equilibrium in chemical reactions, complex atoms and nuclei, "usual" and neutron stars, Cosmic background radiation and creation of matter after Big Bang.
Thermal Physics and Quantum Physics on the introductory level (PHYS 2060, PHYS 2040 or equivalent courses).
www.phys.unsw.edu.au /2nd_and_3rd_syllabi/phys3020.htm   (127 words)

  
 Statistical Physics Using Mathematica
Although many good textbooks on Statistical Physics are available, I noticed while preparing my first set of lecture notes that figures were often reproduced from one generation of textbook to the next with decreasing fidelity, with the result that significant distortions or even outright errors eventually appeared in some recent books.
The present courseware for statistical physics assumes that the reader is already familiar with Mathematica, but we also offer a course entitled Essential Mathematica for Students of Science that teaches the fundamentals of Mathematica using a tutorial approach that is suitable for self study; the getting started notebook provides sufficient background for this course.
Formalism notebooks present the formalism of equilibrium statistical physics in a format that is similar to that of traditional textbooks, except that hyperlinks are often provided to related materials.
www.physics.umd.edu /courses/CourseWare/StatisticalPhysics   (1478 words)

  
 STIPCO European network
One of the main trends of statistical physics in the last two decades has been the emergence of new concepts and techniques to study disordered systems.
This activity focuses on the use of statistical physics to study complex systems in realms that are at the borderline of physics.
We have made significant progress on the statistical physics studies of phase transitions in large scale combinatorial optimization problems: the phase diagrams of K-satisfiability, XOR-SAT and coloring have been studied in details, as well as the geometrical structure of the space of solutions.
ipnweb.in2p3.fr /%7Elptms/membres/mezard/STIPCO   (1313 words)

  
 History and outlook of statistical physics
This site gives a short review of the history of statistical physics starting from D. Bernoulli's kinetic theory of gases in the 18th century until the recent new developments in nonequilibrium kinetic theory in the last decades of this century.
It is shown how the reversibility and the recurrence paradox are resolved within Boltzmann's statistical interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics.
Finally the progress in nonequilibrium kinetic theory in the second half of this century is sketched starting from the work of N.N. Bogolyubov in 1946 up to the progress made recently in understanding the difusion processes in dense uids using computer simulations and analytical methods.
statisticfunction.net   (131 words)

  
 Statistical Mechanics of Membranes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
The past decade has seen a surge of interest in the statistical mechanics of two-dimensional surfaces, coming from directions as disparate as fundamental particle physics, biophysics, and chemical engineering.
Models for subatomic particles in which the elementary constituents of matter are string-like (and hence sweep out two-dimensional trajectories in space and time) hold out the tantalizing prospect of finally reconciling gravitation with quantum mechanics, a problem as old as quantum mechanics itself.
On the other hand, physical membranes composed of fatty chain molecules are a basic architectural element of biological systems.
www.physics.upenn.edu /%7Epcn/mcgraw1/mc_graw_hill.html   (1612 words)

  
 Daniel V. Schroeder Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
I taught physics at Pomona College for one year and at Grinnell College for two years before coming to Weber State in 1993.
Energy First and Foremost in Physics 101 is a talk that I gave at the 2002 summer meeting of the American Association of Physics Teachers.
At the 2000 summer meeting of the American Association of Physics Teachers in Guelph, Ontario, I presented a talk titled "From Clouds to Cosmology: New and Old Applications of Thermal Physics." Here is a pdf version of the handout that summarizes most of the talk.
physics.weber.edu /schroeder   (455 words)

  
 STATISTICAL PHYSICS
One of these is a graduate-level survey of statistical physics; the other, a rather personal perspective on critical behavior.
It will be particularly appreciated for its emphasis on providing tools appropriate to the most active and important new research areas in statistical physics...
Statistical Physics is a collection of valuable essays and papers.
www.worldscibooks.com /physics/4016.html   (847 words)

  
 Physics Today October 2000
The mathematical complexities of his formulation of the second law not only obscured the physical simplicity of his idea, but for some time they were a significant impediment to the use of his methods by physicists.
Most of the article is devoted to a complicated presentation of the properties of entropy, concluding with the statement that they have developed an axiomatic foundation for thermodynamics and eliminated the intuitive but hard-to-define terms such as "hot," "cold," and "heat" from its development.
The "disorder" of statistical mechanics corresponds to the homogeneity of the sea of dissipated energy, but we don't need to know this to understand the physical reality of entropy and the second law.
www.aip.org /pt/vol-53/iss-10/p11.html   (1630 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Statistical Physics (Course of Theoretical Physics, Volume 5)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Statistical physics, often called for brevity simply statistics, consists in the study of the special laws which govern the behaviour and properties of macroscopic bodies (that is, bodies formed of a very large number of individual particles, such as atoms and molecules).
This is the Volume 9 of the famous Course of Theoretical Physics by L. Landau and E. Lifshitz.
This is the Volume 5 of the famous Course of Theoretical Physics by L. Landau and E. Lifshitz.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0750633727?v=glance   (1672 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Statistical Physics, 2nd Edition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Mandl "Statistical physics is devoted to the study of the physical properties of macroscopic systems, i.e.
Statistical physics is devoted to the study of the physical properties of macroscopic systems, i.e.
Whereas Statistical Physics attempts to give a microscopic view point of properties of matterThere is no concept of heat as such in the statistical approach.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0471915335?v=glance   (1131 words)

  
 School of Physics Spring 2002 Courses: 6107 Statistical Mechanics I
The objective of the course is to help you learn how to apply statistical ideas to the solution of real physical problems.
Before you can do so, you will have to learn to recognize when statistical ideas will be useful, what the most promising approach is likely to be, and what methods are available to solve the problem.
The lectures will develop the methods of statistical mechanics systematically, and illustrate their application with numerous examples and applications to real problems.
www.physics.gatech.edu /academics/Classes/spring2002/6107   (462 words)

  
 Physics 117 - Statistical Mechanics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
In it we explore the mechanical basis for temperature and entropy, learn why heat flows from hot to cold, why the nozzle of the propane dispenser gets freezing cold on a hot day, why ice shatters boulders, and why there is an arrow of time.
Our approach to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics includes both classical and quantum mechanical views of physical systems and begins with the basic concepts of probability and statistics.
The course includes the statistics of the microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical ensembles; the relation between classical and quantum statistical mechanics; the Planck distribution, bosons, fermions, and doped semiconductors, among others; and an introduction to kinetic theory.
kossi.physics.hmc.edu /courses/p117   (315 words)

  
 [No title]
There are two approaches to thermal physics, the large scale or macroscopic approach of Classical Thermodynamics, and the atomistic or microscopic approach of Statistical Mechanics.
Morse "Thermal Physics" is similar in scope and order of presentation to Crawford, but there is less discussion of the phenomena and the arguments are presented at a higher intellectual level.
The methods used to derive the statistical distribution laws were very novel when the first edition was published, quite different from the counting techniques used in the earlier books.
www.crab.rutgers.edu /%7Ecowley/thermal1/textbooks.htm   (1373 words)

  
 Theoretical Physics- Department of Physics- Umeå University
The Statistical Physics group is examining phase transitions and critical phenomena in superconductors.
The Mesoscopic superconductivity group studies physics of superconductors on a mesoscopic scale, which is intermediate between macroscopic and microscopic (atomic) scales.
The space physics group is trying to understand and explain these processes.
www.tp.umu.se   (241 words)

  
 Ising applet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Statistical Physics attempts to predict the properties of complex systems containing many interacting components undergoing random thermal motions.
These might be molecules in a gas, atoms in a magnet, polymers in solution or a host of other interesting physical systems.
The goal of statistical physics is to not to predict all of these detailed motions but only to calculate certain average properties of these motions, for example, how many spins on average are pointing up, what is the mean energy etc.
www.phy.syr.edu /courses/ijmp_c/Ising.html   (436 words)

  
 Introduction to Statistical Physics - Kerson Huang - Microsoft Reader eBook
Statistical Physics is a core component of most undergraduate (and some post-graduate) physics degree courses.
It is primarily concerned with the behaviour of matter in bulk - whether that be the boiling of water to the superconductivity of metals.
This essential new textbook guides the reader quickly and critically through a statistical view of the physical world, including a wide range of physical applications to illustrate the methodology.
www.ebookmall.com /ebook/81362-ebook.htm   (549 words)

  
 Theoretical Physics
There are two main emphases: plasma physics, including applications to astrophysics, space physics and laboratory experiments; and electromagnetic theory and photonics, including wave theory, and linear, nonlinear and guided optics.
The members of the Research Centre for Theoretical Astrophysics (RCFTA) and the Center for Wave Physics are part of the Theoretical Physics group.
The aims of the Center for Wave Physics are to integrate expertise in the various components of wave science to generate new insights into fundamental wave science across disciplines.
www.physics.usyd.edu.au /theory/theory.html   (184 words)

  
 Ralf Bundschuh
1993: diploma in physics at the university of Cologne.
These methods will be derived using statistical physics tools since statistical physics provides a natural framework for the interpretation of high volume data.
Characterizing the behavior of a random system is clearly the domain of statistical physics and several of its tools can be used to tackle this problem.
cannoli.mps.ohio-state.edu /~rbund   (2297 words)

  
 Statistical Mechanics
I am using an oral exam because: (1) Physics involves both formal and informal reasoning, but written exams usually test only the formal side.
Reif, Fundamentals of Statistical and Thermal Physics (McGraw-Hill, 1965).
An approach to statistical mechanics completely different from the one that I will use.
www.oberlin.edu /physics/dstyer/StatMech.html   (831 words)

  
 Course Offerings
Prereq: 1 entrance unit of physics or chem; and Math 151 and concur Math 152, or concur Math 161 or higher, or written permission of instructor.
Introduction to the experimental techniques of physics and the statistical analysis of data, through lectures and a variety of experiments.
Physical thermodynamics and introduction to statistical physics; fundamental postulates, entropy, thermodynamic potentials and changes of phase; microscopic expression for entropy and basis of classical ensemble theory.
www.ureg.ohio-state.edu /course/autumn/book3/B380.htm   (2399 words)

  
 453320FC Electromagnetism and Statistical Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-05)
Fundamentals of statistical mechanics: entropy, temperature and the partition function.
Quantum statistical mechanics and the quantal ideal gas.
Thermal Physics by Charles Kittel and Herbert Kroemer, W.H. Freeman, 1980.
www.phy.auckland.ac.nz /Staff/smt/453320FC.html   (348 words)

  
 Grinnell College Physics 437: Thermodynamics & Statistical Physics
This is the seemingly hopeless province of Thermal Physics.
The oldest one, classical thermodynamics, is a set of hard-won quantities that are variants of energy, plus the mysterious quantity known as entropy.
That second face is called Statistical Mechanics, which uses statistical principles to understand microscopic flows of energy--very pretty, but not at all practical until you tie it to the macroscopic principles.
web.grinnell.edu /physics/ms437S00syll.html   (330 words)

  
 Statistical Thermodynamics of MaterialsMatSc 597c
This course is intended to be an introduction to Statistical Thermodynamics for students with varied skills and background.
The main objective of the course is to teach MatSci, ChemE, Chem and Phys students the language of Statistical Thermodynamics.
We will keep in mind a student that learned basic calculus and physics long time ago and forgot most of it.
www.plmsc.psu.edu /~www/matsc597c-1997   (272 words)

  
 statphysII
"Statistical physics enjoys a very special position among the subfields of physics.
In this lecture we discussed the Metropolis importance sampling Monte Carlo method in the context of simulating statistical physics systems in thermal equilibrium.
Finally, we discussed the properties of the mean field theory approximation as regards the critical point and introduced the critical exponents characterizing the phase transition.
www.phys.au.dk /~fogedby/statphysII02.html   (950 words)

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