| __Sketching the History of Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics__ *(Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)* |

| | 's **theory** of heat and radiation exchange, stating that cold is the absence of heat, hot bodies radiate continually and that a lack of radiation indicates equilibrium with surroundings temperature. |

| | Boltzmann formulates a **statistical** mechanical version of the second law of thermodynamics in the paper, "On the Relation Between the Second Law of the Mechanical **Theory** of Heat and the Probability Calculus with Respect to the Theorems on Thermal Equilibrium". |

| | Gibbs publishes Elementary Principles in **Statistical** Mechanics, his treatise on the subject, deriving common thermodynamic properties from particle **statistics**, giving his full account of ensemble **theory** and their relationships (including the so-called "Gibbs paradox," though there was nothing paradoxical about it at the time). |

| history.hyperjeff.net /statmech.html (6799 words) |