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Topic: Stereotype

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In the News (Mon 18 Dec 17)

  Stereotype - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Often a stereotype is a negative caricature or inversion of some positive characteristic possessed by members of a group, exaggerated to the point where it becomes repulsive or ridiculous.
Stereotypes are common in the world of drama, where the term is often used as a form of dramatic shorthand for "stock character".
For example, the stereotypical devil is a red, impish character with horns, bifurcated tail, and a trident, whilst the stereotypical salesman is a slickly-dressed, fast-talking individual who cannot usually be trusted.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Stereotype   (663 words)

 Ethnic stereotype - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An ethnic stereotype is a generalized representation of an ethnic group, composed of what are thought to be typical characteristics of members of the group.
The use of stereotypes often leads to misunderstanding and hurt feelings, because they may be either untrue generalizations, truthful but unflattering generalizations, or truthful generalizations about a group which are untrue of any given member of a group.
Many modern ethnic stereotypes can be described as accurate representations of social norms within a given ethnicity and may reflect what a large portion of the living population is, in fact, doing.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ethnic_stereotype   (240 words)

 The Librarian Stereotype and the Movies
The librarian stereotype in these films is first discussed in relationship to the significance of character traits and job duties, and it is then examined as it appeared according to gender, age, marital status, characterization, and film genre.
They are associated with certain recurring traits that form a stereotype which is seldom as simple as a severe, old-maidish librarian in glasses with a finger to her lips.
Stereotypes are shorthand for attitudes and to work they must be recognized by the audience as such.
wings.buffalo.edu /publications/mcjrnl/v1n1/image.html   (3234 words)

 Stereotype Vulnerability
In an educational context in which stereotype vulnerable students are asked to perform tasks with which they identify comfortably as well as tasks as to which they are stereotype vulnerable, they should be more confident and better able to take on anxiety-provoking challenges.
Furthermore, Steele found that stereotype vulnerability could be induced by asking students to identify their races in a pre-test questionnaire, even when they had been told that the test was not a measure of ability.
We hypothesize that stereotype vulnerability will be reduced for all students by work that draws upon the full range of capacities relevant to good lawyering in a context which promotes shared work and a conception of ability as an expandable resource.
www.law.nyu.edu /workways/theoretical/stereotype/stereovul.html   (2520 words)

 frontline: secrets of the sat: interviews: claude steele
By the term "stereotype threat" what we have in mind is simply being in a situation where a negative stereotype about your group could apply.
It's important to stress that everybody experiences stereotype threat in some way or another because we're all members of one group or another that is negatively stereotyped in society.
The complication with that though is that the fl kid has this racial stereotype to deal with [and] doesn't really know how he or she is going to be perceived in that situation.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/sats/interviews/steele.html   (6783 words)

 The Effects of Stereotype Threat on Women
Stereotype threat is "an uncomfortable feeling that arises when people are at risk of confirming a negative stereotype in the eyes of others" (Steele, James, and Barnett, 2002).
Stereotype threat can have an effect on an individual's performance if he or she knows "that some people hold a negative stereotype about their group" (O'Brien and Crandall, 2003).
In a stereotype threat experiment, the participants that are concerned with confirming a negative stereotype about their group will perform more poorly than those who are not threatened by a stereotype (O'Brien and Crandall, 2003).
www.ship.edu /~jacamp/sample_paper.htm   (1229 words)

 Stereotype Accuracy - APA Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The idea that stereotypes may have some degree of accuracy has been seen as anathema, and those raising the question of stereotype accuracy have been viewed as racist, sexist, or worse.
Stereotype Accuracy breaks this taboo by presenting research related to stereotype accuracy, arguing that understanding stereotype accuracy is crucial to both social psychology and to its applications (e.g., to improving intergroup relations).
The goals of this volume are to reduce commonplace errors in modern social science by challenging the off-hand and undocumented claims appearing in the scholarly literature that stereotypes are "typically" inaccurate, resistant to change, overgeneralized, exaggerated, and generally destructive.
www.apa.org /books/4318390.html   (163 words)

 2 Tone Records - Stereotype - CHS TT13
This single was a lifted from the bands second album and saw the band move away form their ska roots and experiment with lounge music or musak as it was called.
Stereotype was a strange choice of track to release but it sold well, giving the band yet another 10 ten hit.
The single was promoted in the music press by a picture of a car crash, which can be assumed is a reference to the line “he drives home pissed at night” and “ He’s wrapped ‘round a lamp post on Saturday night”.
2-tone.info /2tone.pl?show108&   (154 words)

 Mental Health - Stereotyping - Stereotype Threat
BOSTON, MA — As members of a stereotyped group grapple with how their self-image interacts with a stereotype, they may be dealing with a predicament that mental health professionals call stereotype threat.
Stereotype threat arises when members of the stereotyped group risk doing something that conforms to the dominant culture’s typecasting.
Stereotype threat can lead to self-consciousness that is not only distracting and anxiety-provoking, but can also interfere with achievement.
www.health.harvard.edu /press_releases/mental_health_stereotyping.htm   (374 words)

 dctalksolo.com - Exclusive Interview: Don't Stereotype Me with Kevin Max -------->   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Stereotypes are sometimes somewhat true and I think the interesting thing about creation is that we're all so individual and there are some truths to some stereotypes of people.
Stereotype Be seems to be a great summation of what you stand for artistically and personally.
Stereotype Be to me was just more depictive of what I was trying to say within the total.
www.dctalksolo.com /kevinmax/interview2.shtml   (1464 words)

 argouml: 15.5. Stereotype
Stereotypes are the main extension mechanism of UML, providing a way to derive specializations of the standard metaclasses.
Tagged values for a stereotype are rather different to those for elements in the UML core architecture, in that they apply to all artifacts to which the stereotype is applied, not just the stereotype itself.
This creates a new stereotype (see Section 15.5, “Stereotype”) within the model (which appears on no diagram), navigating immediately to the properties tab for that stereotype.
argouml.tigris.org /documentation/defaulthtml/manual/ch15s05.html   (383 words)

 Article by JD
Stereotypes, of course, come in both positive and negative varieties, with a single group often being the subject of both simultaneously.
Pure logic suggests that stereotypes fall into four classes (any one of which might, of course, after careful research, turn out to be empty): positive and accurate, positive and inaccurate, negative and accurate, negative and inaccurate.
Stereotypes are, in fact, merely one aspect of the mind's ability to make generalizations, without which science and mathematics, not to mention much of everyday life, would be impossible.
www.olimu.com /WebJournalism/Texts/Commentary/Stereotypes.htm   (1681 words)

 Reducing Stereotype-based Judgments: The Impact of Habitual Stereotype Use New Zealand Journal of Psychology - Find ...
The focus of the present research, however, is on the impact of differences in perceivers' use of stereotypes on their response to the presentation of stereotype disconfirming information about specific targets and their subsequent endorsement of stereotype-based beliefs.
Those motivated primarily by internal factors should strive against prejudice and stereotyping in all situations whilst those motivated by external factors should be less prejudiced and rely less on stereotypes only in situations where there is potential external evaluation of their responses.
When a social norm against stereotype use was made salient by a confederate, individuals' judgments were less stereotypic than when no such norm, or a norm promoting stereotype use, was made salient, regardless of the individuals' prejudice level.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3848/is_200603/ai_n16123636   (785 words)

 CCSR - Stereotype Threat and Severe Mental Illness
One social factor that influences cognitive functioning is a person's reaction to being the object of stereotype and prejudice: stereotype threat.
Steele (1997) coined the term "stereotype threat" to describe this phenomenon; it is the social-psychological threat that occurs when members of a stereotyped outgroup (e.g., African Americans, women, persons with schizophrenia) find themselves in a situation specific to a domain for which a negative stereotype applies.
The experiences of stereotypes and the social cognitive deficits of severe mental illness seem to differ markedly from the experiences of women and African Americans.
www.stigmaresearch.org /projects/stereotypethreat.cfm   (436 words)

 UnderstandingPrejudice.org: The Psychology of Prejudice
Journalist Walter Lippmann (1922) later likened stereotypes to "pictures in the head," or mental reproductions of reality, and from there, the term gradually came to mean generalizations -- or, quite often, overgeneralizations -- about the members of a group.
In the skeleton there is a smoothness of contour which even in adults often recalls the bony form of a child, and among some members of the group the forehead has that prominent and smooth form which is so characteristic of the infant of our own race.
Today it would be shocking for a respected encyclopedia to print a stereotype such as this, yet other stereotypes concerning race, gender, religion, and sexual orientation remain widespread.
www.understandingprejudice.org /apa/english   (532 words)

Stereotypes are generalizations, or assumptions, that people make about the characteristics of all members of a group, based on an image (often wrong) about what people in that group are like.
For example, one study of stereotypes revealed that Americans are generally considered to be friendly, generous, and tolerant, but also arrogant, impatient, and domineering.
One problem is that negative stereotypes will influence the parties' perceptions of their opponent and block potential cooperation between them.
www.colorado.edu /conflict/peace/problem/stereoty.htm   (344 words)

 Steele Discusses “Stereotype Threat”
Steele made clear that stereotype threat is not limited to historically disadvantaged groups, and that every person suffers stereotype threat in certain contexts.
According to Steele, a person’s fear of being negatively stereotyped according to race—whites as racist, fls as intellectually inferior, for example—creates a general level of discomfort in racially mixed settings.
He maintained that stereotype threat would continue as the “default setting” until steps are taken to counteract it.
www.mtholyoke.edu /offices/comm/csj/092404/steele.shtml   (426 words)

 Spinster: An evolving stereotype
She fits the classic stereotyped image of a spinster and we have compartmentalized her as such in our minds before she has a chance to speak her first line.
When a stereotype is outside or deviant from what people generally consider normal, Peach (1998) proposes that these stereotypes function as a form of social control.
Another aspect of the spinster stereotype is the relegation of the individual to the role of caretaker.
www.calstatela.edu /faculty/sfischo/spinster.html   (3536 words)

 Stereotype Susceptibility
Cross-cultural investigation indicated that it is the stereotype, and not the identity per se, that influenced performance.
These stereotypes suggests that the performance of Asian-American women in a quantitative domain is susceptible to two very different stereotypes.
In this population, the stereotype that Asians possess superior quantitative skills is not prevalent.
www.si.umich.edu /ICOS/shihpaper.html   (3157 words)

 Stereotype overview — plone.org
When a UML class contains or aggregates other classes, it is automatically turned into a folder; this stereotype can be used to turn normal classes into folders, too.
stereotype, but also copy an empty controller page template to the skins directory with the same name as the method and set this up as the target of the action.
stereotype, but also copy an empty page template to the skins directory with the same name as the method and set this up as the target of the action.
plone.org /documentation/tutorial/archgenxml-getting-started/stereotype-overview   (844 words)

 Gene Expression: Stereotype Threat
You may have already seen Sailer's article on stereotype threat, but here is the full set of PDFs (1,2,3) documenting the brutal takedown of Steele & Aronson's widely mischaracterized findings by Sackett, Hardison, and Cullen.
In short, Steele and Aronson's study was widely misinterpreted to mean that "stereotype threat" was responsible for the fl-white test score gap...but Sackett et.
It was almost 10 years between the first publication of "stereotype threat" (1995) and the debunking in 2004.
www.gnxp.com /MT2/archives/002620.html   (858 words)

 Media Influence and Self-Image
Children also observe and are exposed to prejudice by watching television, reading books and magazines, or even studying school textbooks that present stereotyped views of various groups of people.
To label an entire group based on the actions of some is to engage in stereotyping.
Even when a stereotype is positive, such as when people in one racial group are thought to be superior athletes, the consequences of stereotyping are negative.
www.adl.org /what_to_tell/whattotell_media.asp   (308 words)

 Stereotype [EA User Guide]
The Stereotype element corresponds to a UML Stereotype, which is an extension mechanism for varying the behavior and type of a model element.
Use the repository Stereotypes collection to add new elements and delete existing ones.
Indicates an inbuilt visual style associated with a stereotype.
www.sparxsystems.com.au /EAUserGuide/stereotype.htm   (143 words)

 Define Stereotype Tags [EA User Guide]
Stereotypes within a UML Profile may have one or more associated tagged values.
In creating a UML Profile, these tagged values are defined as attributes of the stereotype class.
Open the Attributes dialog for the stereotype element.
www.sparxsystems.com.au /EAUserGuide/definestereotypetags.htm   (95 words)

The stereotype was probably not based on school librarians nor academic librarians, who are mostly known by students.
The stereotype has become pervasive, as a short-hand for a certain kind of woman, and librarians began to blame themselves.
Matching a "female stereotype," they are portrayed as "man crazy," bringing such preoccupations into their workday, but that is hardly the librarian's stereotype.
home.earthlink.net /~cyberresearcher/stereotypes.htm   (2978 words)

 Mass media and the African American criminal male stereotype
It poisons race relations in the United States, Rome says, by contributing to negative stereotypes of African American men, creating damaging self-fulfilling prophecies for fl youth and bolstering an age-old fear many white Americans have of African Americans.
While the book is geared to the college classroom, Rome wrote it to appeal to the general public as well, which he would like to see take a more critical view of media that he says foster a negative stereotype of African Americans.
He makes a strong case for how the African American male criminal stereotype continues to be used to justify covert and overt racism.
newsinfo.iu.edu /news/page/normal/1580.html   (597 words)

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