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Topic: Stimson Doctrine

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Tibet Justice Center - Legal Materials on Tibet - Germany - Report to German Parliament on Tibet (1987) [p.315]
The doctrine seeks to prevent, in accordance with the prohibition against violence that under international law, ineffective territorial changes obtain legal effectiveness though the consolidating effect of recognition on the part of third states.
In this regard, it must be considered that the prohibition against annexation and the Stimson Doctrine, which is supported by the United Nations and which prohibits the recognition of violent territorial changes, stand against the express recognition of China's territorial rights.
This would contradict the fundamental principle as it is expressed in the prohibition of annexation, in the Stimson Doctrine which is based thereon, and in Article 52 of the Vienna Treaty Convention regarding the voidness of renunciation under force.
www.tibetjustice.org /materials/germany/germany1.html   (1870 words)

  How Henry Stimson Bombed Hiroshima
Stimson was not actually concerned with the issue of the Emperor remaining as head of state; Stimson was simply concocting every pretext he could fabricate, in support of his one purpose: to hit Japan with the nuclear weapons--then two bombs--in the U.S. arsenal.
Stimson wished world government, but he wished it to be unequivocally based on feudalistic terms suitable to what he desired as the form of a renewed "Anglo-American" partnership between Wall Street lawyers and bankers, on the one side, and the British monarchy, on the other.
Stimson was at the center of the financial crises during 1929-31, and engaged in the same type of "crisis management" that is today bringing the world again to the brink of catastrophe.
www.larouchepub.com /other/1999/rosenblatt_stimson_2611.html   (9046 words)

 The Mukden Incident of 1931 and the Stimson Doctrine
The Mukden Incident of 1931 and the Stimson Doctrine
In response, U.S. Secretary of State Henry Stimson issued what would become known as the Stimson Doctrine, stating that the United States would not recognize any agreements between the Japanese and Chinese that limited free commercial intercourse in the region.
Stimson responded to this development by declaring that as a result of Japanese violation of the Nine Power Treaty, the United States would no longer consider itself bound by the naval limitations agreements.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ho/time/id/88739.htm   (809 words)

 Doctrine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
In matters of foreign policy, a Doctrine is a body of axioms fundamental to the exercise of a nation's foreign policy.
Doctrines of this sort are almost always presented as the personal creations of one particular political leader, whom they are named after.
Examples include the Monroe Doctrine, the Stimson Doctrine, the Truman Doctrine, the Eisenhower Doctrine, the Brezhnev Doctrine, and the less catchy Bush administration Doctrine of military preeminence, and the Kirkpatrick doctrine.
doctrine.area51.ipupdater.com   (344 words)

 Stimson, Henry Lewis - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Stimson was (1906-9) U.S. attorney for the southern district of New York state, and in 1910 he ran unsuccessfully for governor of New York on the Republican ticket.
As Secretary of State (1929-33) in President Hoover's administration, Stimson was chairman of the American delegation to the London Naval Conference (1930-31) and of the delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference (1932).
In 1933, Stimson resumed law practice, but he retained his interest in international affairs, advocating a firm attitude toward the Axis Powers.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-stimson.html   (436 words)

 Henry L. Stimson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stimson was defeated as Republican candidate for governor of New York in 1910.
Stimson wrote that Nicaraguans "were not fitted for the responsibilities that go with independence and still less fitted for popular self-government." Later, after he was appointed Governor-General of the Philippines (succeeding General Leonard Wood), an office he held from 1927 to 1929, he opposed Filipino independence for the same reason.
From 1930 to 1931 Stimson was the Chairman of the U.S. delegation to the London Naval Conference.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Henry_L._Stimson   (1070 words)

 Stimson Doctrine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Stimson Doctrine is a policy of the United States government, endoctorned in a note of January 7, 1932 to Japan and China, of non-recognition of international territorial changes effected by force.
The policy was subsequently incorporated in several international declarations, including a League of Nations Assembly resolution of March 11, 1932, the Inter-American Pact of Rio de Janeiro (October 10, 1933) and the Budapest Articles of Interpretation (September 10, 1934) of the August 1928 Pact of Paris (Kellogg-Briand Pact).
The principles of this doctrine were also used in the US Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles's declaration of July 23, 1940, on the non-recognition policy of the Soviet annexation and incorporation of three Baltic countries — Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Stimson_Doctrine   (547 words)

 Bush book: Chapter -6-
Stimson was possibly mindful of the hecatomb of young members of the British ruling classes which had occurred in the trenches of World War I on the western front.
In any event, Stimson's advice to the Andover graduates was that the war would go on for a long time, and that the best way of serving the country was to continue one's education in college.
Henry L. Stimson was certainly an authoritative spokesman for the Eastern Liberal Establishment, and Bushman propaganda has lately exalted him as one of the seminal influences on Bush's political outlook.
www.tarpley.net /bush6.htm   (5155 words)

 Introduction to Stimson's Conflict of Criminal Laws
However, Stimson's exposition is not always as clear or logically precise as it should be, reflecting some confusion, both on his part and on the part of jurists generally.
Stimson correctly takes the position that the offense is committed where the offender was when he did it, but does not adequately explain why.
Gradually, the privilege of voting was extended to all but minor citizens, still considered "virtually represented" by their parents or guardians, and thus as "consenting" to the legislative, and therefore the executive and judicial jurisdictions, of the union and state governments.
www.constitution.org /cmt/stimson/con_crim_jr.htm   (3569 words)

 Stimson Doctrine
It was evident that appeals to the spirit of the Kellogg-Briand Pact had no impact on either the Chinese or the Japanese, and the secretary was further hampered by President Hoover’s clear indication that he would not support economic sanctions as a means to bring peace in the Far East.
Stimson had stated that the United States would not recognize any changes made in China that would curtail American treaty rights in the area and that the "open door" must be maintained.
The doctrine's greatest extension came with Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary, which inverted the original meaning of the doctrine and came to justify unilateral U.S. broadened in Latin America.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h1500.html   (407 words)

 Harry Elmer Barnes: Pearl Harbor After a Quarter of a Century   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Stimson first became publicly very influential in this policy only by the summer of 1941 when Roosevelt decided that Japan would probably have to become the main initial target of his bellicosity.
Most basic, perhaps, was the fact that Litvinov sold his doctrine of "collective security" to the Popular Front politicians in Europe, and this was adopted by the American Liberals as the dominant consideration in their pro-war propaganda in the United States.
The desire to prevent this was a major consideration of Roosevelt and Stimson in connection with formulating the fake warnings to Short and Kimmel on the 27th.
tmh.floonet.net /articles/ph25_6.html   (9696 words)

 Chronology 1932
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Stimson declared in notes to the Chinese and Japanese governments, as well as the other signatories of the Nine-Power Treaty of 1922, that the United States would not recognize any situation, treaty, or agreement brought about by means contrary to the Pact of Paris.
U.S. Secretary of State Henry Stimson informed the U.S. Senate that the Hoover administration would stand by its treaty rights in the Far East and urged other countries to adopt the Stimson Doctrine of non-recognition of acts which violated the Pact of Paris.
The League of Nations, in a unanimous vote, adopted the Stimson Doctrine of non-recognition of violations of the Pact of Paris.
www.indiana.edu /~league/1932.htm   (3410 words)

 EVENTS 1932
They do not intend to forego their legitimate prerogative, in view of their treaty rights and obligations, to participate together with the other powers concerned in any negotiations whereby those rights and obligations and the policies which they represent may be affected.
League Assembly passed resolution supporting the Stimson doctrine of non-recognition and appointing a committee of nineteen to report on the Sino-Japanese dispute.
They have long been the proponents of the doctrine that the arrangement of all disputes and conflicts of whatever nature or origin that may arise between them can only be sought by peaceful means.
www.ibiblio.org /pha/events/1932.html   (3383 words)

 Stimson, Henry Lewis. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Stimson was (1906–9) U.S. attorney for the southern district of New York state, and in 1910 he ran unsuccessfully for governor of New York on the Republican ticket.
He was (1911–13) Secretary of War under President Taft and in World War I served as colonel of the 31st Field Artillery.
As Secretary of State (1929–33) in President Hoover’s administration, Stimson was chairman of the American delegation to the London Naval Conference (1930–31) and of the delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference (1932).
www.bartleby.com /65/st/Stimson.html   (342 words)

 The Stimson Doctrine
Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson, more anxious than Hoover to take a firm stand on Manchuria, made one last effort to apply the moral suasion concept that had dominated Republican foreign policy in the 1920s.
On January 7, 1932, he sent notes to both China and Japan announcing what has come to be known as the Stimson Doctrine, a policy of nonrecognition of changes brought about in violation of the Kellogg Pact.
In frustration, Stimson sent a lengthy letter to Sen. William Borah, Republican isolationist and chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in which he painstakingly detailed the evolution of the Open Door policy and the international agreements reached at Washington a decade earlier.
courses.knox.edu /hist285schneid/stimsondoctrine.html   (2256 words)

 Harry Elmer Barnes: Pearl Harbor After a Quarter of a Century   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Months before he was inaugurated, he had a long conference on January 9, 1933, with Stimson, the most eminent and passionate Japanophobe among the prominent American statesmen of the present century.
Stimson's hatred of Japan and his erratic ideas about "aggressor nations" appealed to Roosevelt, and these became the basis of the latter's Japanese policy from January 9, 1933, when he met Stimson, to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
He did not have to accept Stimson's position, and he did so only because it was in full agreement with his own personal attitude and public policy.
tmh.floonet.net /articles/ph25_7.html   (1097 words)

 Shofar FTP Archives: imt/tgmwc/tgmwc-18/tgmwc-18-171.03
The Notes of the American Secretary of State Stimson of 7th January, 1932, to China and Japan further echoed this idea.
Their contents are commonly called the Stimson Doctrine.
The League of Nations accepted the Doctrine as a resolution of the Assembly dated 11th March, 1932.
www.vex.net /~nizkor/ftp.cgi/ftp.py?imt/tgmwc/tgmwc-18/tgmwc-18-171.03   (2257 words)

 The Nobel Peace Prize 1936 - Presentation Speech
Both the Kellogg Pact and the Stimson Doctrine are simply declarations; that is to say, of purely theoretical nature.
The Antiwar Pact, therefore, tries to steer a middle course between the system of the Kellogg Pact and the Stimson Doctrine, which is satisfied to enunciate principles, and the far more rigid system laid down in the League of Nations Covenant.
Henry Lewis Stimson (1867-1950), U.S. secretary of state (1929-1933), who protested the Japanese invasion of Manchuria, stating that the U.S. would not recognize any results of it that might be contrary to the Pact of Paris.
nobelprize.org /nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1936/press.html   (2778 words)

 Fascism Comes to America by Ralph Raico
From the early days of the Republic, throughout the 19th century and into the 20th – in the days, that is, of the doctrine of neutrality and nonintervention – the U.S. government did not concern itself with the morality, or, often, rank immorality, of foreign states.
That a regime was in effective control of a country was sufficient grounds for acknowledging it to be, in fact, the government of that country.
Henry L. Stimson, Hoover’s secretary of state, applied the same doctrine when the Japanese occupied Manchuria, in northern China, and established a subservient regime in what they called Manchukuo.
www.lewrockwell.com /raico/fdr-12.html   (1896 words)

 [No title]
The doctrine of non-recognition was utilized by States to avoid a possible validation of the consequences of the use of force through recognition. In 1931 the principle of non-recognition, in the form of the Stimson Doctrine, was applied to denounce the Japanese conquest of Chinese territory.
In order to prevent this, steps should be taken by the international community to codify the principle and a UN committee should be elected to ensure that the Doctrine is upheld, especially in non-self governing territories where such support could be a determining factor in the ability to exercise their right of self-determination.
‘The Stimson Doctrine of Non-recognition of Territorial Conquest’.
www.arso.org /SKing.doc   (9425 words)

 cairo, teheran, stimson doctrine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
From 1929 to 1933, Stimson served as secretary of state under President Herbert Hoover.
He articulated the Stimson Doctrine of nonrecognition of the 1931-32 Japanese conquest of Manchuria and establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo.
In 1940, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Stimson successfully urged such a boycott.
www.owlnet.rice.edu /~mwfriedm/terms/karen25.html   (204 words)

 Picture History - Henry L. Stimson (1867-1950)
Henry Lewis Stimson was the secretary of war under President William Taft and was Herbert Hoover's secretary of state.
He introduced the 'Stimson Doctrine' denouncing Japanese aggression in Manchuria.
Stimson was again secretary of war from 1940 to 1945 under Franklin Roosevelt.
www.picturehistory.com /find/p/18340/mcms.html   (121 words)

 Nuclear Files: Library: Correspondence: Index
Henry Stimson Memorandum on Conduct of war with Japan, July 16, 1945
Henry Stimson Statement on the Bombing of Japan, August 6, 1945
Henry Stimson Memorandum on the Effects of the Atomic Bomb, September 11, 1945
www.nuclearfiles.org /menu/library/correspondence   (795 words)

 Table of contents for Library of Congress control number 2001018021
Polk's Reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine (1845) 23.
Reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine (1866) Part Four: The Gilded Age 34.
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904 and 1905) 50.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/fy031/2001018021.html   (625 words)

 The United States and Lithuania — www.greenwood.com
Description: This is the first systematic study of the Stimson Doctrine of Nonrecognition as applied to Lithuania and the other Baltic States.
The book blends political history, U.S. public policy formulation and implementation, and international law to present a complete picture of the development of the Nonrecognition Policy since the Soviet occupation of Lithuania in 1940.
The next chapter covers the Stimson Doctrine, nonrecognition, and aspects of international law.
www.greenwood.com /catalog/C3412.aspx?print=1   (294 words)

 The Presidency of Herbert C. Hoover
This volume discusses in detail the relationship of the Hoover presidency to capital and labor, showing that Hoover's farm policies provide the best illustration of his corporatist formulas.
Fausold reverses simplistic conclusions about the Stimson Doctrine, arguing that Hoover's Quaker pacifism, the Great Depression, and the forcefulness of Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson affected Hoover's foreign policy far less than has been presumed.
Finally, Fausold details the disastrous events of the 1932 reelection campaign, punctuated by the march of the Bonus Army on Washington and culminating in Hoover's decisive defeat.
www.kansaspress.ku.edu /fauhoo.html   (397 words)

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