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Topic: Strabismus

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  Strabismus - Crossed or turned eye
Strabismus is a problem caused by one or more improperly functioning eye muscles, resulting in a misalignment of the eyes.
Strabismus is detected with a comprehensive eye exam and special tests used to evaluate the alignment of the eyes such as: the Krimsky test and prism testing.
The appropriate treatment for strabismus is dependent on several factors including the patient's age, the cause of the problem, and the type and degree of the eye turn.
www.stlukeseye.com /Conditions/Strabismus.asp   (550 words)

 Strabismus: Eye Disorders: Merck Manual Home Edition
Strabismus (squint, cross-eyes, wandering eye) is a misalignment or wandering of one eye so that its line of vision is not pointed at the same object as the other eye.
The causes of strabismus are varied and include an imbalance in the pull of muscles that control the position of the eyes or poor vision in one eye.
Strabismus may cause double vision (diplopia) in the older child or amblyopia in the younger child.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec23/ch277/ch277c.html   (866 words)

 Strabismus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Divergent strabismus, also known as exotropia, is strabismus in which the deviating eye turns outward, so that its foveal line of sight crosses the line of sight of the fixating eye at a point beyond the object of fixation or at a hypothetical point behind the eyes.
Concomitant strabismus is strabismus in which the angle of deviation remains constant for all directions of gaze and with either eye fixating.
Nonconcomitant strabismus is strabismus in which the angle of deviation varies with the direction of gaze and/or with the eye that fixates.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Strabismus   (1214 words)

 Strabismus (Crossed Eyes): Definition, Symptoms, and Treatment - Kellogg Eye Center
Strabismus is a visual disorder where the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions.
Depending on the cause of the strabismus, treatment may involve repositioning the unbalanced eye muscles, removing a cataract, or correcting other conditions which are causing the eyes to turn.
When strabismus surgery is performed on children, a general anesthetic is required while a local anesthetic is an option for adults.
www.kellogg.umich.edu /patientcare/conditions/strabismus.html   (721 words)

 Child Health Library - Eye Care - Crossed-Eyes (Strabismus)
Strabismus, a misalignment of the eyes, is one of the most common eye problems in children, affecting approximately 4 percent of children under the age of 6 years.
There appears to be a higher incidence of strabismus in children with disorders that affect the brain, such as cerebral palsy or hydrocephalus.
Strabismus may also occur later in life as a result of an illness, cataract, or eye injury.
www.chp.edu /greystone/eye/visstra.php   (518 words)

Strabismus in children can be corrected with a surgical procedure.
Strabismus could be a sign of stroke, a condition of the thyroid gland or another health problems.
Strabismus is corrected by "strengthening" or "weakening" the effect of one or more of the muscles that move the eye.
www.clevelandclinic.org /eye/patient_info/strabismus.asp   (677 words)

 Eye Conditions > Strabismus -- EyeMDLink.com
Strabismus occurs in approximately 2% of children under 3 years of age and about 3% of children and young adults.
Strabismus is important to recognize, primarily because, in childhood, it is often associated with the development of amblyopia, or lazy eye.
Strabismus is associated with reduction of depth perception and, if onset is in adulthood, double vision.
www.eyemdlink.com /Condition.asp?ConditionID=421   (1605 words)

 Strabismus - Kang Zhang Laboratory
Strabismus and amblyopia are together the most common causes of visual impairment in children.
Although many children with strabismus or amblyopia can be effectively treated, a better understanding of the causes of these disorders would permit a more accurate assessment of which treatment plan is most likely to succeed for each child.
Strabismus, commonly known as crossed or lazy eye, is a condition in which both eyes cannot be aligned simultaneously under normal conditions.
zhang.hmbg.utah.edu /info/strabismus.html   (881 words)

 Adult Strabismus & Other Eye Muscle Disorders
Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned.
Another technique for detecting strabismus in children is to watch for equal light reflexes in the child's pupils.
As discussed earlier, strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are misaligned and pointed indifferent directions.
www.heatoneye.com /strab.html   (867 words)

 Strabismus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes in which the visual axes deviate from bifoveal fixation.
The classification of strabismus may be based on a number of features including the relative position of the eyes, whether the deviation is latent or manifest, intermittent or constant, concomitant or otherwise and according to the age of onset and the relevance of any associated refractive error.
Strabismus is often found in association with neurological disease such as in cerebral palsy and in craniofacial developmental anomalies.
www.site4sight.org.uk /Quality/RGov/Guidelines/Squint.htm   (6692 words)

 BOTOX┬« > Healthcare Professionals > Approved Uses > Strabismus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Strabismus is characterized by a deviation in alignment of one eye from the other.
Importantly, rapid onset of strabismus may be an indication of significant head trauma or systemic illness such as diabetes, cancer, or inflammation.
As a therapy for strabismus in adults, BOTOX® (Botulinum Toxin Type A) Purified Neurotoxin Complex is thought to affect muscle pairs by inducing an atrophic lengthening of the injected muscle and a corresponding shortening of the muscle antagonist.
www.botox.com /site/professionals/approved_uses/strabismus.asp   (587 words)

 Guide to Strabismus - AllAboutVision.com
Strabismus is the physical disorder, and amblyopia is the visual consequence.
Strabismus may be caused by unequal pulling of muscles on one side of the eye or a paralysis of the ocular muscles.
Treatment for strabismus is similar to amblyopia treatment: vision therapy including patching or visual exercises, glasses with the correct prescription or bifocal or prism correction to aid in proper focusing, eyedrops to help focus, or surgery.
www.allaboutvision.com /conditions/strabismus.htm   (444 words)

 Information about crossed eyes (strabismus) at MedicineNet.com
Strabismus, also known as crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes don't look towards an object together.
If the eyes become misaligned in an adult who did not have strabismus as a child, it could be a sign of a serious condition such as a stroke.
Surgery to correct strabismus is performed to strengthen or weaken the effect of one or more of the muscles that move the eye.
www.medicinenet.com /strabismus/article.htm   (680 words)

 Strabismus (Crossed-Eyes) - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
There appears to be a higher incidence of strabismus in children with disorders that affect the brain, such as cerebral palsy or hdrocephalus.
If you notice that your child?s eyes are moving inward or outward, if he or she is not focusing on objects, and/or the eyes seem to be crossed, you should seek medical attention.
The onset of strabismus is most common in children 18 months to 6 years of age.
www.chop.edu /consumer/your_child/wellness_index.jsp?id=-8518   (622 words)

Strabismus involves deviation of the alignment of one eye in relation to the other.
Strabismus is caused by a lack of coordination between the eyes.
Acquired strabismus in adults can be caused by injuries to the orbit of the eye or brain, including closed head injuries and strokes.
www.umm.edu /ency/article/001004.htm   (442 words)

Strabismus is a vision problem in which both eyes do not look at the same point at the same time.
The most common visible sign of strabismus is when a child's eyes do not look at the same point in space at the same time.
For example, if the child is not using one eye because it is misaligned, he or she can develop poor vision in that eye (called "lazy eye" or amblyopia).
www.everettclinic.com /kbase/topic/mini/hw166670/overview.htm   (613 words)

 Strabismus (crossed eyes)
Strabismus may be present at birth, it may become apparent at a later age or it may appear at any time in life as a result of illness or accident.
It is critical that this condition be diagnosed and corrected at an early age since children with uncorrected strabismus may go on to develop amblyopia.
The types of treatments may be used alone or in combination, depending on the type of strabismus and its cause.
www.preventblindness.org /children/strabismusFAQ.html   (581 words)

 Eye Procedures > Strabismus surgery -- EyeMDLink.com
Strabismus has an inherited pattern, i.e., it is much more likely to occur if one or both parents are affected.
Strabismus surgery commonly entails recessions of eye muscles if weakening of muscles is required, and resections of eye muscles when strengthening of eye muscles is required.
The amount that a muscle is recessed or resected is based on the pre-operative degree of misalignment of the eyes, which is measured by the ophthalmologist using prisms.
www.eyemdlink.com /EyeProcedure.asp?EyeProcedureID=59   (825 words)

As defined by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (2) strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions.
One cause of strabismus is the inadequate coordination of the six muscles which operate to move the eye.
This type of strabismus can not be treated with patching, as their brains have already developed a patte rn which uses both eyes to comprise the brain image.
serendip.brynmawr.edu /bb/neuro/neuro98/202s98-paper2/Hirst2.html   (1574 words)

 Strabismus - DrGreene.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The misalignment of strabismus is often caused by a mismatch in the strength of the muscles moving the eye.
Often strabismus is detected on informal vision screening, when the position of a spot of light reflected off the eyes is asymmetric.
Strabismus is difficult to prevent, but it is possible to prevent years of undiagnosed strabismus and the vision loss that results.
www.drgreene.com /21_1194.html   (636 words)

 Strabismus (Squints)
A squint is the common name for strabismus which is the medical term used to describe eyes that are not pointing in the same direction.
Strabismus can be caused by weak or paralysed muscles in the eye socket, resulting in the eye turning more in one direction than the other, or by focusing problems.
Strabismus can be serious in children, and can cause amblyopia (lazy eye) leading to partial or total loss of vision in one eye if uncorrected through the brain not learning to actually see through the affected eye.
www.orbis.org /bins/content_page.asp?cid=111-1526-117   (229 words)

 Strabismus (child)
Strabismus is a visual defect in which the eyes are misaligned and point in different directions.
Adults who develop strabismus often have double vision because the brain is cannot ignore the image from the misaligned eye.
Strabismus is especially common among children with disorders that affect the brain, such as:
www.westtexaseye.com /strabism1.htm   (913 words)

 Ophthalmology: Strabismus
Strabismus can be subtle or obvious, intermittent (occurring occasionally), or constant.
Acquired strabismus can occasionally occur because of a problem in the brain, an injury to the eye socket, or thyroid eye disease.
Strabismus is often treated by surgically adjusting the tension on the eye muscles.
www.hsc.stonybrook.edu /som/ophthalmology/disorders/strabismus.cfm   (374 words)

 Strabismus - Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Strabismus can occur early in childhood or later in adulthood, although the causes of the eye misalignment are different.
Again, the major consequence of strabismus in young children is permanent vision loss, so children should undergo vision screening and at the first indication of eye misalignment call your pediatrician.
Adults who develop strabismus often have double vision because the brain is already trained to receive images from both eyes and cannot ignore the image from the turned eye.
www.healthscout.com /ency/429/534/main.html   (1118 words)

 Strabismus and amblyopia (12-24 months)
Strabismus can be constant (meaning the eyes are always crossed or misaligned) or intermittent (meaning it happens now and then).
If your child has strabismus and it isn't treated, his brain could start ignoring the input from one of his eyes, eventually causing the vision in the ignored eye to deteriorate.
Strabismus that's a result of farsightedness can usually be corrected with glasses, especially if caught early.
www.babycenter.com /refcap/toddler/toddlerills/todeyes/11441.html   (1293 words)

 What is strabismus? crossed-eyes, cross-eyed, wandering eye, wall-eyed, deviating, deviation
Strabismus or tropia are the medical terms for eye conditions commonly called by various names: eye turns, crossed eyes, cross-eyed, wall-eyes, wandering eyes, deviating eye, etc. Strabismus is not the same condition as "lazy eye" (amblyopia).
A strabismus is defined as a condition in which the eyes deviate (turn) when looking at the object of regard.
Eye doctors generally look for the presence of a strabismus when looking at distance (20 feet or more); at near (16 inches for an adult and 13 inches for a child); and the lateral and vertical directions (up, down, left, or right).
www.strabismus.org /strabismus_crossed_eyes.html   (298 words)

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