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Topic: Strait of Gibraltar

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  Strait of Gibraltar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Strait of Gibraltar (Arabic: مضيق جبل طارق, Spanish: Estrecho de Gibraltar) is the strait that separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Mediterranean Sea.
On the northern side of the Strait is Spain and Gibraltar, while on the southern side is Morocco and Ceuta, a Spanish exclave in North Africa.
A shot of the Strait of Gibraltar from atop "The Rock" in the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Strait_of_Gibraltar   (778 words)

 Gibraltar Strait Dam: History of a Sea-change Macroproject Proposal
Macro-engineering’s fixation on the Strait of Gibraltar is centered on proposals to span it with a bridge –; perhaps as blueprinted by T. Lin (1912-2003) – or a tunnel to function as a Europe-Africa permanent transportation linkage across the Strait of Gibraltar (Starossek, 1996).
The hydroelectric dam in the Strait of Gibraltar was the main infrastructure facility that would unleash chiefly European farm and city reclamation of the exposed continental shelf that would soon appear because closure of the Mediterranean Sea Basin can cause a natural evaporative reduction of the sea.
Supposing the Strait of Gibraltar to be closed, the present-day rate of sea level depression caused by normal evaporation from the Mediterranean Sea could be about 0.5 m/yr; uncovering the continental shelf to add new land to humanity’s resources base would require a wait of nearly four centuries.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/G/Gibraltar_Cathcart.html   (3007 words)

 Gibraltar Bridge   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The longer the span, the heavier the bridge; at the length required to span the Strait of Gibraltar, a suspension bridge that supports the weight of the roadway with cables spanning from tower to tower would sag and ultimately collapse.
The predominant direction of the waves is oriented in the direction of the Strait, with a maximum wave height of 11 m, and corresponding period of T = 21 sec.
The Gibraltar Bridge design supports 3 miles of each 4 1/2 mile span with suspension cables, and the remaining 1 1/2 miles with a cable-stay technique attaching cables to diagonal struts on either side of each tower.
idol.union.edu /~ferrerf/project/text.htm   (1410 words)

 Earlham College - Geology 211 - Template
Today, the Rock of Gibraltar forms a peninsula jutting out into the Strait of Gibraltar from the southern coast of Spain (Gibraltar itself is a British colony).
Gibraltar is located near the boundary between the Eurasian and African plates.
As the MOW is exiting the Mediterranean, near the western end of the Strait, it encounters a sill, or sudden rise in the sea floor.
www.earlham.edu /~samueke/Gibraltar.htm   (1003 words)

The Phoenicians, a key town and a culture of the history of the Mediterranean and the Straits of Gibraltar, are the travellers who reinauguran this new stage of relations and interchanges through this one last one, communicating the Eastern Mediterranean and the Atlantic.
From principles of century XI the political instability in the andalusíes cities of the Straits is increased by the dynastic rivalries and the intense movements of armies that as of this century are going away to produce.
The militarization of the Straits until the fall of Granada would be a consequence of the state military in which it was lived.
www.windtarifa.com /eng/history/strait.htm   (2318 words)

 ipedia.com: Gibraltar Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It is located in southwestern Europe adjoining the southern coast of Spain, a strategic location on the Strait of Gibraltar that links the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
A visit by Princess Anne in June 2004, the brief return of HMS Tireless in July 2004, together with a visit by Geoff Hoon, the UK Defence Secretary, for the tercentenary celebrations of the cession were subjects of complaint by the Spanish government.
Gibraltar's territorial waters currently extend up to 3 nautical miles, but could be extended to 12 if required—the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea set a standard of the latter distance for all of its signatories.
www.ipedia.com /gibraltar.html   (1632 words)

 Gibraltar - Britannica Concise
The Moors held Gibraltar from 711 to 1462, and in 1501 it was annexed by Spain.
Gibraltar, Strait of - channel connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean, lying between southernmost Spain and northwesternmost Africa.
The strait's western extreme is 27 miles (43 km) wide between the capes of Trafalgar (north) and Spartel (south), and the eastern extreme is 14...
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9365573   (623 words)

 Strait of Gibraltar Bird Observatory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Gibraltar has long been known as a key location for observing the migration of birds.
Observations of birds of prey are carried out from well established points on the Upper Rock, overlooking the Straits during the northward passage and overlooking the isthmus to the north during the southward passage.
Information gathered by the Strait of Gibraltar Bird Observatory is contributing to increasing knowledge of aspects of migration such as passage periods and changes therein and, in particular the ringing studies, to aspects of migration biology, as work currently in preparation will show.
www.gibnet.gi /~gonhs/StraitofGibraltarBirdObservatory.htm   (462 words)

 ASTER Image Gallery: Strait of Gibraltar
This 34 by 59 km sub-scene, acquired on July 5, 2000, covers the eastern part of the Strait of Gibraltar, separating Spain from Morocco.
The promontory on the eastern side of the conspicuous Spanish port is the Rock of Gibraltar.
The Rock of Gibraltar was once one of the two classical Pillars of Hercules, crowned with silver columns by Phoenician mariners to mark the limits of safe navigation for the ancient Mediterranean peoples.
asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov /gallery-detail.asp?name=Gibraltar   (200 words)

 Fadaiat: Wireless 802.11b link across the Strait of Gibraltar for no-border media lab
Gibraltar was taken by the British in 1704 and since the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht between Spain and Great Britain, been a sovereign dependency of the United Kingdom.
The Gibraltar Strait is stage to a constant stream of human traffic, people risking their lives for a perceived better life in Europe than they could have in Africa.
The castle is situated on the coast of the Gibraltar Strait and overlooks the historic town and the point where the Mediterranean Sea becomes the Atlantic Ocean - the southermost point of the European continent.
flakey.info /fadaiat   (4849 words)

 U-Boats, Density Currents, and the Strait of Gibraltar
By 1941, the strait was so heavily patrolled by ships and watched by spotters on the land that most U-boat commanders preferred to cross under the cover of darkness with the incoming tide on the surface.
The submarines submerged in the relatively shallow strait had to be very familiar with the varying depth of the sea floor and were very limited in their ability to maneuver evasively.
However, to dive to such a depth in the Strait of Gibraltar with the varying depth of the sea floor required good knowledge of the area in addition to a great deal of courage.
formontana.net /uboats.html   (1848 words)

The famous Rock of Gibraltar is one of the last remnants of the British Empire which at one time covered 25% of the world.
Gibraltar's strategic location has historically given the British control of the eight mile wide Strait of Gibraltar and thus the Atlantic Ocean gateway to and from the Mediterranean Sea.
Spain is on the far left, Morocco is across the Strait of Gibraltar past the right edge of the photo.
www.bucks.edu /~bunkinm/Gibraltar.html   (333 words)

 Reach The World   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Gibraltar itself is a small peninsula that is 3.1 miles long and 0.62 miles wide and has a total area of 2.3 square miles.
Gibraltar is also an ideal spot to watch the migrations of birds.
Gibraltar is one-of-a-kind because it is a mix of the different cultures that have lived on the peninsula.
www.reachtheworld.org /fieldnotes/fn_atlantic1.shtml   (1014 words)

 Gibraltar Travel Guide - Gibraltar Holidays
The impervious Rock of Gibraltar is situated at the southern tip of Spain, standing guard over the strait of Gibraltar which divides Europe and Africa.
The town and its harbour take up the thin coastal strip to the west overlooking the Strait of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean, while the steeper eastern side is made up of sheer cliffs dropping to little beaches on the Mediterranean Sea.
Gibraltar is full of surprises, from its unusual sand and limestone landscape, to its resident Bay dolphins and a botanical garden to equal the finest in the world.
www.wordtravels.com /Travelguide/Countries/Gibraltar   (622 words)

 gibraltar map and information page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Gibraltar, a self-governing British colony, is a small, narrow peninsula, located at the southern edge of Spain.
It overlooks the Strait of Gibraltar, and the northern coastal areas of Africa.
The Gibraltar pages are currently being revised, but you can find additional information about the history of the colony here.
www.worldatlas.com /webimage/countrys/europe/gi.htm   (353 words)

 Gibraltar Official Website gibraltar.gi - Tourism
When you first see the Rock of Gibraltar, whether it is from the air, from the sea or from either the Costa del Sol or the western end of the Bay, it is its impressive stature, towering isolated above the surrounding countryside, that causes the greatest impact.
Gibraltar is a beacon which signals the position of the Strait of Gibraltar, the narrow neck which separates Europe from Africa and provides the only link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The scene was close to paradise for the early inhabitants of Gibraltar.
www.gibraltar.gi /tourism   (580 words)

 Where do you want to go birding in Gibraltar today?
The Strait of Gibraltar Bird Observatory is a branch of the Gibraltar
Its aims are to foster the study and protection of wildlife and the natural environment in the area of the Straits of Gibraltar.
Gibraltar in Spring and Autumn is the scene of significant migration of Storks and Raptors (birds of prey), only seriously rivalled by the Straits of the Bosphorus and the Middle East.
www.camacdonald.com /birding/eugibraltar.htm   (445 words)

 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Country Profiles
Chief Minister: Hon Peter Caruana QC The peninsula that is Gibraltar is in Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar on the southern coast of Spain.
Gibraltar was ceded to Britain in 1713 under the Treaty of Utrecht.
Gibraltar is within the European Community by virtue of Article 299(4) of the Treaty of Rome that established the European Community.
www.fco.gov.uk /servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1007029394365&a=KCountryProfile&aid=1018965242498   (1837 words)

 Strait of Gibraltar --  Encyclopædia Britannica
The strait's western extreme is 27 miles (43 km) wide between the capes of Trafalgar (north) and Spartel (south), and the eastern extreme is…
The strait's western extreme is 27 miles (43 km) wide between the capes of Trafalgar (north) and Spartel (south), and...
Except for the Strait of Gibraltar and the Gulf of Venice, it is the only part of the Mediterranean with a substantial tidal range (about 8 feet [2 m] at...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9036755   (860 words)

 Gibraltar. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
West of the peninsula is the Bay of Gibraltar, an inlet of the strait.
During the many years that Gibraltar was a British fortress, most of the area was taken up by military installations, and the civilian population was kept small.
After the war Spain renewed claims to Gibraltar, which, as a British strategic air and naval base, continued to be a major source of friction between Britain and Spain.
www.bartleby.com /65/gi/Gibralta.html   (574 words)

Gibraltar is on the east side of Gibraltar Bay on the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar.
Gibraltar port facility is located on the west side of the Rock of Gibraltar and adjacent to the town.
Communication with Gibraltar Port on VHF channels 12 or 16 must be made to confirm that the North Entrance is clear from all traffic.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/facility/gibraltar.htm   (600 words)

 Gibraltar strait superdam
Gibraltar Strait Super Dam emplacement and operation, ultimately causing a 50 m drop in level, will "suddenly" bring about a situation for the virtually tide-less Mediterranean Sea of a Basin-wide seawater still-stand and new erosion base-level for the encircling strand.
Seafloor Macro-engineering in the Strait of Gibraltar requires intense site-specific study with the objective of defining all the possible effects of seafloor conditions and processes on the proposed sea-change screen during its anticipated, but as-yet-undetermined, lifetime.
One pertinent long-term anti-Global Warming/Cooling mitigation technique is a massive dike-weir blocking the Strait of Gibraltar to reduce the average salinity of the North Atlantic Ocean's water.
2100.org /text_Gibraltar.html   (7070 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Strait of Gibraltar (Arabic: جبل طارق, Spanish: Estrecho de Gibraltar) is the strait which separates the Atlantic Ocean from the Mediterranean Sea.
It is often called by a plural form: the Straits of Gibraltar, or a short form: Strog (STRait Of Gibraltar) as it is known in the Navy circles.
Estudios Geográficos del Estrecho de Gibraltar, Research team about the Strait of Gibraltar.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/Strait-of-Gibraltar.htm   (454 words)

When you first see the Rock of Gibraltar, whether it is from the air, from the sea or from the Costa del Sol, it is its impressive stature, towering isolated above the surrounding countryside, that causes the greatest impact.
Century AD Gibraltar is part of the Arab kingdom of Seville except for a short period when it comes under Berber rule from Malaga.
Gibraltar then had 1500 inhabitants and they were allowed to leave for North Africa.
www.gibraltar.gov.gi /about_gib/history/history_index.htm   (1930 words)

 Gibraltar on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Joie des habitants de Gibraltar à l'annonce des résultats Gibraltar a voté à 98,97% contre un projet du Royaume Uni de par.
Chaîne humaine pro-britannique à Gibraltar, mercredi Les habitants de Gibraltar ont célébré mercredi avec éclat leurs troi.
Gibraltar petitioners tell Decolonization Committee sovereignty dispute between Spain, UK should not displace right to self-determination; Hears from Territory's Chief Minister, Opposition Leader; Spain's delegate says territorial integrity overriding principle.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/G/Gibralta.asp   (1510 words)

 EO Newsroom: New Images - Solitons, Strait of Gibraltar
The narrow Strait of Gibraltar is the gatekeeper for water exchange between the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.
When large tidal flows enter the Strait, internal waves (waves at the density boundary layer) are set off at the Camarinal Sill as the high tide relaxes.
Christopher O. Tiemann, Peter F. Worcester, Bruce D. Cornuelle, Effects of Internal Waves and Bores on Acoustic Transmissions in the Strait of Gibraltar, Conference Proceedings from Internal Solitary Wave Workshop, Victoria, B.C., Canada, October 1998.
earthobservatory.nasa.gov /Newsroom/NewImages/images.php3?img_id=16581   (471 words)

 Strait of Gibraltar, Dardanelles, Bosporus
The strait is deepest in the east; the relative shallowness of the western end (320 m/1,050 ft) causes it to retain the warmth of the Mediterranean's water.
The strait is named for the Spanish promontory that was once named Jebel Tariq or Mount Tariq in honor of the Berber leader who began the Muslim conquest of Spain in 711.
Since ancient times the strait, with a maximum width of 3.7 km (2.3 mi) and a length of 30 km (19 mi), has been strategic for trade and military purposes.
www.paradisepath.com /strait_of_gibraltar.htm   (383 words)

Gibraltar residents vote overwhelmingly in referendum against “total shared sovereignty” arrangement worked out between Spain and UK to change 300-year rule over colony.
Gibraltar, at the south end of the Iberian Peninsula, is a rocky promontory commanding the western entrance to the Mediterranean.
Gibraltar: History - History The name Gibraltar derives from the Arabic Jabal-al-Tarik [mount of Tarik], dating from the...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0108113.html   (435 words)

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