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Topic: Strip mining

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In the News (Sat 15 Dec 18)

  Surface mining - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Surface mining generally leaves large devastated areas called spoil banks unless the land is recovered and it has a huge negative effect on the local ecosystem and the environment.
Strip mining is the practice of mining a seam of mineral ore by first removing all of the soil and rock that lies on top of it (the overburden).
Open-pit mines are used when deposits of commercially useful minerals or rock are found near the surface; that is, where the overburden (surface material covering the valuable deposit) is relatively thin or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for tunneling (as would be the case for sand, cinder, and gravel).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Strip_mining   (542 words)

 Citizens Coal Council   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
One mountaintop removal mine can strip up to 10 square miles and dump hundreds of millions of waste into as many as 12 valley fills that can be 1,000 feet wide and 1 mile long.
Mine operators often admit in their permit applications that the sites will be used for "grazing" or "wildlife habitat" instead of stores, factories, or other facilities.
Mines have blasted rocks and debris into homes and cars, making it dangerous in some areas for people to work in their yards or allow children to wait outside for the school bus.
www.citizenscoalcouncil.org /facts/mtntop.htm   (898 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Isolated voices protesting strip mining's damages were raised intermittently, but organized opposition to its environmental and social damages did not develop until environ mental protection became a national issue.
The Surface Mining Association and the Coal Asso ciation were saturating the airwaves with radio and TV advertise ments designed to convince the public of the economic necessity of continued strip mining.
Strip mining has left a trail of utter fear and despair for thousands of people whose only fault is that they have their homes near the strip mines.
webpages.marshall.edu /~bady/envi/CHSTRPMN.TXT   (3218 words)

 Arizona Mining Association :: Educators :: From the Ground Up :: Mining/Mineral Resource Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Mining or mineral resource development as it is sometimes called is the profitable extraction of mineral resources from the earth or oceans.
Open-Pit Strip is a term used almost exclusively for the surface mining of coal, but it sometimes is applied to the mining of other mineral deposits of similar shape and low cohesive strength, such as some pebble phosphate and uranium deposits.
Alluvial Mining is used to develop alluvial (placer) deposits, in which valuable mineral particles are intermixed with silt, sand, and gravel that occur along banks and shores of streams, rivers, lakes, and oceans.
www.azcu.org /fromgroundup/04mrdevelopment   (1293 words)

 Stip Mining   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Strip mining is only done when a vein of coal is close to the surface.
Strip mining is much cheaper and faster than conventional mining since it does not require structures to be implemented for mining and there is less movement of material.
With strip mining, the animals are removed from their natural habitats and plants are destroyed.
www.personal.psu.edu /smr297/stripmining.html   (465 words)

 The Nation, 04/19/1971 - Strip Mining - Coast to Coast by Caudill, Harry M.
Something mineable can be found practically anywhere, and the pressure on natural resources is so great in U.S. highly industrialized society that all of them are practically certain to be mined.
...In stripping, the overlying strata'of soil and rock-and their flora and fauna-are blasted and shoved aside to expose the mineral, It is then loosened by explosions, lifted into trucks and hauled away, The effect on the ecology has been widely documented, but remains indescribable...
...However, strip mining is a land use that threatens to devour the continent in a single-benefit operation...
www.archive.thenation.com /Summaries/v212i0016_06.htm   (1760 words)

 Independent Lens . RAZING APPALACHIA . Mountaintop Removal Strip Mining | PBS
Mountaintop removal mining is the practice of blasting off the tops of mountains so machines called draglines can mine coal deposits.
Coal mining companies dump the mountaintops into nearby valleys and streams to create "valley fills," converting mountain landscapes covered in hardwood forests into fields of sparse grass.
In 2000, almost 170 million tons of coal were mined in West Virginia, with 60 million tons coming from strip mines.
www.pbs.org /independentlens/razingappalachia/mtop.html   (275 words)

 Clayton - Articles: Effects of Past Coal Strip Mining on Groundwater Quality By Bruce Patterson, PG   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Generally, this type of mining involves removing the overburden rocks, stripping the coal, and recontouring the overburden spoils which are left on the property.
Mine spoils were encountered in at least 15 of the soil borings drilled for the monitoring wells installed at the landfill.
The mine spoils were as much as 42 feet thick and consisted primarily of clay with pieces of coal and weathered shale, siltstone, or sandstone.
www.claytongrp.com /coalmining_art.html   (2062 words)

 Idaho Mining Association : History
Mining in Idaho has shaped the state's political boundaries, built cities, and supplied the nation with minerals necessary for today's modern lifestyle which many of us take for granted.
The history of mining in Idaho is as colorful as the metal that first drew thousands of fortune seekers to the Gem State.
And the Sunshine Mine was America's richest silver mine, producing over 300 million ounces of silver, more than the entire output of Nevada's famous Comstock Lode.
www.idahomining.org /history.html   (926 words)

 Strip Mining   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Strip mining-A form of surface mining in which the overburden is removed so that a vein of ore or seam of coal roughly horizontal to the surface can be removed; it differs from open pit mining in that benches are not usually used in strip mining operations(3).
The mining of coal by surface mining methods as distinguished from the mining of metalliferous ores by surface mining methods; the latter is commonly designated as openpit mining.
Specialty definitions using "strip mining": circle haul ♦ dual haulage ♦ openpit mining ♦ Surface mining, Surface Uranium Mines.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /definition/Strip+Mining   (638 words)

 National Catholic Reporter: A slugfest over strip-mining: in Tennessee, coal company and environmental group duke it ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Their latest bout is temporarily on hold after the "referee," the federal government's Office of Surface Mining, Department of the Interior, issued a draft environmental impact study this summer that pleases neither of the combatants.
He maintains that his mining operation restores the landscape after mining and that the bishop's objections were uninformed.
The Office of Surface Mining recommended that the environmental group's petition be denied but also recommended that the coal company be required to conduct a separate environmental impact study each time it wished to mine a new portion of the watershed.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m1141/is_n44_v34/ai_21230189   (1425 words)

 Strip Mining and Loop Interchange Are Not Enough
Strip Mining and Loop Interchange Are Not Enough
At each time step (each iteration of the t loop) at every grid point, the value of u(i) is updated by using the data at the three grid points i-1, i, and i+1 from the previous time step, t-1.
We then consider the problem of determining which loop index transformations A permit the resulting index-transformed loop nest to be successfully tiled through strip mining and interchange.
www.netlib.org /utk/papers/autoblock/node4.html   (729 words)

 Strip Mining in South Knoxville   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Yet strip mines continue to destroy land and disrupt homes—not only far off in the mountains, but surprisingly near—hardly a mile, in fact, as the crow flies, from the campus of the University of Tennessee.
These companies may not be mining coal, but their operations are hardly less destructive than the more familiar forms of strip mining.
And, as with the strip mines of Appalachia, the environmental cost of the soil mines of South Knoxville is considerable.
web.utk.edu /~nolt/radio/stripmine.html   (612 words)

 Gazette Online
Today, strip mining accounts for roughly a third of all coal produced in the state.
Richard Lawson, president of the National Mining Association, wrote that Loeb's article was "an insult to the mining industry and the hundreds of dedicated federal and state mine inspectors.
Asked for his general impression of strip mining, Underwood said it would be good for long-term economic development efforts.
www.wvgazette.com /static/series/mining/MINE0322.html   (2751 words)

 Strip mining -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
It is similar to (Click link for more info and facts about open-pit mining) open-pit mining in many regards.
Strip mining is also used to extract the oil-impregnated sand in the (Click link for more info and facts about Athabasca Tar Sands) Athabasca Tar Sands.
Since colossal quantities of material often need to be removed, the excavating machinery used in strip mining is often among the largest such equipment ever constructed; (Click link for more info and facts about drag line excavator) drag line excavators and bucket wheel excavators are common examples.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/s/st/strip_mining.htm   (117 words)

 Razing Appalachia
In the most apocalyptic form of strip mining, called mountaintop removal, whole peaks are razed to extract layers of relatively clean-burning low-sulfur coal, while the excess rock and earth "overburden" is dumped into the valleys.
What's at stake is the future of surface coal mining in West Virginia, the economies of several counties, the way of life of thousands of people, and, environmentalists contend, the ecological health of the northern Appalachian watershed.
He characterizes the mining industry's preferred reforestation methods as "bogus," saying they are "totally superficial and will not work." After Maxey failed to convince the DEP to require adequate reforestation of mountaintop mines, he resigned from his job in disgust.
www.motherjones.com /mother_jones/JA99/mountaintop.html   (4623 words)

 Archives of Appalachia, Coal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Coal and coal mining have long provided an image of Appalachia to the world -- a rich mixture of mineral and human resources, exploitation and economic benefits, pollution and reclamation, violence and contentment, decline and renewal -- all blended into a story rich and complex.
Materials relate to such topics as Appalachian economic development, coal and coal mining, absentee land ownership, land use, strip mining and the reclamation of mined areas, miner protests, coal power, the coal tax issue, pollution, and coal company profits and taxes.
Includes audio recorded interviews discussing coal mining (modern and historically), strip mining, reclamation of land, the miner's life, mining accidents and safety, mining on the Cumberland Plateau, in southwest Virginia, and in West Virginia, and unions.
cass.etsu.edu /archives/coal.htm   (741 words)

 Mining in West Virginia'
Strip mining can be dangerous, too, because loose, large rocks can fall off the mountainsides and roll toward the homes and historical properties located near the strip mine sites.
When the strip mining companies do not reclaim the mountains to their original state and don't replant trees and plants, the beautiful scenery is ruined.
The laws state that when companies mine, either deep, slope, or strip mine, they must return the land to as near its original state as is humanly possible.
gvc03c07.virtualclassroom.org /mining.htm   (726 words)

 Contour strip mining (from coal mining) --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
Contour mining is commonly practiced where a coal seam outcrops in rolling or hilly terrain.
Normally one of the lowest-cost techniques of mining, it is limited to horizontal or slightly pitched seams that have been exposed by geologic erosion.
The strip is about 25 miles (40 kilometers) long and 4 to 5 miles (6 to 8 kilometers) wide and is one of the world's most densely populated areas.
www.britannica.com /eb/article?tocId=81660   (888 words)

 Idaho Mining Association : mining in Idaho
This website was designed to introduce you to the Idaho Mining Association, and provide links to give you information about the mining industry both in and outside Idaho.
Unfortunately, we don't have information on historical mining companies and suggest that you contact the Secretary of State, State of Idaho, Corporations Division at secstate@idsos.state.id.us or call 208-334-2300.
Because of the mining industry's constantly changing technology and issues, this website will always be under construction.
www.idahomining.org /home.html   (201 words)

 EVE Vault: Strip Mining Guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
As Nyoshul Khenpo, Head of Mining of IAM states, "All mining is only as fast as your fastest miner." This wisdom is golden.
Mining Grp Leaders need to make sure they are mining from the side of entry into the field...it does no good to have the container on the opposite side of a hauler's entry path...such a thing especially with slow ships IS WORTHLESS.
Where as mining is sometimes relaxing… Strip Mining is NOT, you need to be on the BALL...
evevault.ign.com /articles/400/400682p1.html   (670 words)

 [Chotalist] Armada to carry strip mining message to Governor July 24, volunteers needed   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
Armada to carry strip mining message to Governor July 24, volunteers needed King Coal is rearing its head again in the Cumberland Mountains, threatening the water quality of such popular streams as the Big South Fork and the Obed River System.
With the federal Office of Surface Mining not only allowing, but encouraging mountain-top mining (Referred to by OSM here in Tennessee as "cross ridge mining"), state environmental agencies appear to be the only hope.
Strip miners must still obtain a water quality discharge permit from the state, and a tough stance by the Division of Water Quality could discourage widespread mountain-top mining.
www.korrnet.org /pipermail/chotalist/2004-May/001351.html   (593 words)

 AllRefer.com - strip mining (Metallurgy And Mining: Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia
AllRefer.com - strip mining (Metallurgy And Mining: Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia
strip mining, Metallurgy And Mining: Terms And Concepts
More articles from AllRefer Reference on strip mining
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/X/X-stripmin.html   (144 words)

 News 8 Austin | 24 Hour Local News | TOP STORIES
Webberville is a rural area with a small population and has prime land for sand and gravel with strip mines and gravel pits on either end of the city.
A Beaumont corporation, Trinity Materials, plans to build more strip mines in four large fields along FM 969 and the Colorado River.
"The red represents where the strip mining operations are going to be, we're they're going to actually destroy and destruct the heart of the community," said Hector Gonzales, vice chair of VOW committee.
www.news8austin.com /content/top_stories?ArID=50028   (337 words)

 Surface Mining Method - Stripping   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
When orebodies are flat-lying and close to surface, it is sometimes economical to remove the overlying rock to expose the orebody.
The surface soil is stripped off and stockpiled for later land reclaimation.
A stripping dragline with a long-boom or long reach shovels are common.
www.digistar.mb.ca /minsci/surf/strip.htm   (73 words)

 MBEAW: Strip Mining
The Strip Mining of America: An Analysis of Surface Coal Mining and the Environment (NY: Sierra Club, 1971).
Bird, E.C.F. The Impacts of Opencast Mining on the Rivers and Coasts of New Caledonia (Tokyo: UN University, 1984).
The Strip Mining Handbook: A Coalfield Citizens' Guide to Using the Law to Fight Back Against the Ravages of Strip Mining and Underground Mining (Washington: Environmental Policy Institute and Friends of the Earth, 1990).
www.mbeaw.org /resources/environment/stripmining.php   (545 words)

 [No title]
Strip mining and mountaintop removal could put almost a quarter of this area off limits to hunting, four wheeling, fishing, and hiking.
I joined the committee because of a strip mine located on the property next to mine--I was scared of the consequences I had seen my neighbors suffer.
In the Spring of 2000, the strip mine committee won a huge victory in their 25 year fight to protect communities on the Cumberland Plateau from the devastating effects of strip mining.
www.socm.org /stripmining.html   (1553 words)

 [No title]
Currently, strip mining operations require several permits from state regulators (who enforce the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act and are overseen by OSM) and COE (which issues fill permits under the Clean Water Act, overseen by EPA).
IMAGERY NOTE: Strip mining captured the attention of artist Jonathan Long, who is currently exhibiting several giant 360-degree photographic views of acid-scarred soils and rust-filled streams from a midwestern strip mine prior to environmental cleanup.
Reporters who want to know if this is an issue in their area should check this map of all OSM office locations (with contact information for state mining regulatory agencies).
notes.sej.org /sej/tipsheet.nsf/0/b11d999323fb2c9686256fc7004b7233?OpenDocument   (599 words)

 ICREST   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-06)
From this and subsequent meetings several areas for potential application of the imagery data to possibly address their needs in monitoring the extent, health, condition, and possible age of the mining site were determined or eliminated.
For example, the monitoring of the extent of a mine operation with these resolution groups was not accurate enough for utility unless the operation was grossly making infractions of its planned activity.
Other areas of interest include vegetative state and status imagery (tied to permitting and regulations regarding reclamation of mined lands to a vegetated state), contextual impacts (streams, vegetation, lakes in the surrounding environment affected), and historic mining activity discovery from the Landsat archive (Is the site eligible for certain types of federal funding for reclamation?).
icrest.missouri.edu /Projects/Infomart/StripMining/index.htm   (1491 words)

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