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Topic: Stylobate

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In the News (Sun 21 Jul 19)

  Stylobate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Greek architecture, stylobate is a platform on which colonnades of columns are placed (it is the "floor" of the temple).
The stylobate was typically composed of an odd number of steps (most often three) above a leveling course that flattened out the area immediately beneath the temple.
In some methodologies, the word stylobate is used to describe only the topmost step of the temple's base, while stereobate is used to describe the remaining steps of the platform beneath the stylobate and just above the leveling course.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Stylobate   (121 words)

 Observations on the Forum Colonnades   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Ancient stylobates still in situ are found south of the Via dell'Abbondanza along the east side of the forum, along the entire southern edge of the forum, along most of the west side, and finally, in front of the Macellum.
As the stylobate blocks extend to the rear of the columns and their footings, the illusion is created that the columns are set on the stylobate itself.
In summary, the hallmarks of the ancient stylobates are precision in the cutting and laying of blocks, a two-step descent to the forum that includes a broad apron as an intermediary level, columns set on lava footings, and stylobate blocks extending to the rear line of the columns and their footings.
pompeii.virginia.edu /pompeii/ann-rpts/95/forcol.html   (2310 words)

 The Dimensions of the Parthenon
Balanos calculated the spacing of the columns of the cella by measuring the blocks of the stylobate one by one and assuming that the columns stood exactly on the junctions of the blocks.
According to Balanos the interval between the stylobate of the peripteros and the stylobate of the cella averages 4,578 mm.
The stylobate blocks for the ends of the temple show a width of 2.09 m., those from the sides a width of 2.04 m., a difference which corresponds with the difference in the axial spacing on the sides and ends, and indicates the usual slight variation in the size of the columns.
www.metrum.org /key/athens/dimensions.htm   (6658 words)

 SCAMILLI IMPARES - LoveToKnow Article on SCAMILLI IMPARES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Schutzstege), in architecture, a term quoted by Vitruvius when referring to the rise given to the stylobate in the centre of the front and sides of a Greek temple.
4) that, if set out level, the stylobate would have the appearance of being sunk in the centre, so that it is necessary that there should be an addition by means ~f small steps (scamilli impares).
According to Penrose the rise of the curved stylobate of the Parthenon had already been obtained in the stereobate carrying it, long before the problem of bedding the columns on the curve had arisen.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /S/SC/SCAMILLI_IMPARES.htm   (216 words)

 STYLOBATE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The uninterrupted and continuous flat band, coping, or pavement upon which the bases of a row of columns are supported.
"STYLOBATE" is generally used as a noun (singular) -- approximately 100.00% of the time.
"STYLOBATE" is used about 4 times out of a sample of 100 million words spoken or written in English.
www.websters-online-dictionary.org /St/Stylobate.html   (331 words)

 New multifunctional complex ECO, 27, Mironovskaya street- Капитал Груп   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
ECO is an integrated group of buildings combining three apartment houses with a stylobate to accommodate offices.
The stylobate part of the complex is a separate block of 2-4 levels, which is intended for public purposes – office, retail, administration and recreation spaces, inner courtyard with a children’s playground.
It is a group of buildings to combine clear and austere form, noble proportions, hi-tech elements and a winter garden in each apartment, which makes it one of the best examples of ecological houses, an actual and wide-spread European architectural trend.
www.capitalgroup.ru /eng/home/new/200402051312-1377.htm   (193 words)

 The Keys of Atlantis [2] - The Parthenon of Athens
In 1846 the stylobate was measured by Francis Cranmer Penrose
Q.E.D. Interestingly, in the case of the proportions of the stylobate of the Parthenon, LMP (congruent with CLM) is a Pythagorean {5-12-13} triangle.
Identified on this graph are the stadia derived from the lengths of the sides of the stylobate.
www.odeion.org /atlantis/chapter-2.html   (5641 words)

 INDIVIDUAL PROPORTIONING FEET FOR GREEK TEMPLES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
If, for example, one divides the stylobate length of the Parthenon temple on the Acropolis in Athens, which is approximately 69.5 m in length, by these extreme foot measurements, one obtains numbers ranging from 198 to 257, which include two extremely flexible numbers: 240 (with 18 whole-number divisors) and (6x6x6=) 216 (with 14 whole-number divisors).
With a stylobate proportion of 4:9, however, only 216 also yielded significant whole-number foot and cubit values for all the temple's main measurements.
The value of the height of the peristasis columns of 32.4 F, for example (which cannot be formulated in terms of dactyls!) could be derived by means of the simply-formulated instruction: "Divide the stylobate length into 20 equal parts and take 3 of these parts to give the height of the peristasis columns".
www.archaeometry.gr /oldv/symposium2003/pages_en/abstracts/papers/tech/tech1.htm   (388 words)

 Interactive Dig Sagalassos: Macellum Report 5
Excavation behind the stylobate and the original pier of room 1 revealed a mortar substrate that probably belongs to the last occupation phase.
It was impossible to go deeper there, so the team focused on the area along the stylobate carrying the columns of the entrance, which probably belongs to the second-century building phase.
An excavation along the stylobate of the facade inside the room produced a white mortar layer, whereas another excavation in the room's northwestern corner still contained a rubble mixed set in similar white mortar.
www.archaeology.org /interactive/sagalassos/field05/macellum5.html   (326 words)

 The Cult of Athena Polias
Its foundations rest on the foundations of the stylobate of the Old Temple, and are oriented at a slight angle to it.
To understand why, we must first of all grasp the fact that both, the Old Temple of Athena and the so-called Erechtheion, to which the Porch of the Maidens is attached, were the temples of Athena Polias—although the new temple of Athena Polias also contained cult places dedicated to Erechtheus and to Poseidon.
The ideal groundplan of the stylobate of the Old Temple of Athena Polias was 70 x 140 geographic feet of 308.2765 mm., although in its final form the temple was made just slightly narrower and longer.
www.metrum.org /key/athens/cult.htm   (1505 words)

 ::: Welcome to BUYEO :::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
As far as the structure of this stone pagoda is concerned, the foundation stones were laid and the stylobate was built on them.
On the stylobate, five-story pagoda stands and the upper parts are on the top of structure.
The flat stone is low, with the corner pillar on the surface of both sides and a flat stone having 8 plate is thick.
www.buyeotour.net /eng/cultural/cultural01_1.asp   (365 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Dome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
During the Italian Renaissance, domed construction became again of the first importance, possibly on account of its classical precedent, and it is interesting to note that the Pantheon became once more the starting-point of a new development which culminated in the domes of St. Peter's, Rome, and St. Paul's, London.
The substructure of the dome of St. Peter's is a round drum, which serves as a stylobate and lifts it above the surrounding roofs.
The enormous thickness of the stylobate allows an outside offset to receive the buttresses which are set between the windows, in the shape of spurwalls with engaged columns at the corners, over which the entablature is broken.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/05100b.htm   (1656 words)

 Chapitre 5 de Pompeiana, de William Gell (1832)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Greeks seem to have preferred the view of a magnificent building from a corner, and there is scarcely a rightangled plan to be found in either ancient or modern Italy.
The Temple of Fortune is placed upon a podium or stylobate, the height of which protects it from the contamination of the street, and which was necessary where no peribolus existed.
The stylobate is eighty-three palms long by thirty-five palms nine inches.
www.mediterranees.net /voyageurs/gell/Chapter_5.html   (1756 words)

 The Petra Great Temple | 1993 Field Campaign
Fourth, excavations were conducted along the north temple stylobate wall consisting of four irregularly-sized trenches (Trenches 1-4) positioned between fallen column drums, so that the character of the Great Temple stylobate and its foundations might be ascertained.
Beyond and to the north of the temple itself, and of great interest, was initially determined to be a four-branched subterranean canalization system positioned under the floor of a disturbed portion of the hexagonal pavement in Trench 1.
Regarding the temple itself, from our excavation of the east-west stylobate and crepidoma, the temple stylobate itself measures approximately 28 meters (east-west), and we assume the temple itself to be some 42 meters in length, if not more.
www.brown.edu /Departments/Anthropology/Petra/excavations/1993-excavations.html   (1695 words)

 HELLAS:NET - Acropolis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The stylobate measures 69.51 by 30.86 metres and is the three-step base on which the Parthenon stands.
The stylobate might look simple and dull at first sight, but it shows the incredible subtlety of the temple.
The architects corrected these distortions, which are naturally made by the human eye, by curving the stylobate upward toward the center of the colonnades on each side of the temple.
monolith.dnsalias.org /~marsares/acro/parth/stylobat.html   (91 words)

 Interactive Dig Sagalassos: Restoration Report 11
Last week, the team was again able to continue placing stones after a long period spent on filling the core of the monument with mortared rubble (see Restoration, August 15-19).
The stylobate blocks of the ground level of the temple-like structure (naiskos), which forms the monument's upper part, had been prepared for installation during the past weeks.
The stylobate of the monument was one of the few rows on the building, where all original slabs were available and no supplemental pieces were needed.
www.archaeology.org /interactive/sagalassos/field04/restoration11.html   (952 words)

 CHS: Civil War Monuments of Connecticut:
The stylobate, wreath, torches, and swags all reference classical architecture, while the allegorical figure is consistent with classical sculpture of the mid-l9th century school of Rome.
At the same time, the clean lines of the stylobate and shaft and the classical references of torches and swags evoke a sense of the beginning of the Art Deco, which used classical motifs in simplified forms.
The stylobate is extended in front to accommodate the pedestal of the figure, which projects from the shaft.
www.chs.org /ransom/113.htm   (1114 words)

 IDEAS OF THE PARTHENON. Free term papers for college, book reports and research papers. Welcome to Quality Essays
The stylobate that the columns rest on is also built to allow for this optical illusion of the human eye.
This effect, known as entasis, can be seen throughout the Parthenon from the curve of the stylobate and entablature to the slight bulging of the columns that gives the impression of bearing the load of the structure.
For example, when the length of the Parthenon at the stylobate of 228 feet is compared to the width at the stylobate of 104 feet the resulting ratio is 9:4.
www.qualityessays.com /essay/008697.html   (1566 words)

 The Parthenon - Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias - Great Buildings Online
The corner columns are slightly larger in diameter, with their spacing reduced to make it possible for the frieze to conform to the rule that it must terminate with a triglyph.
The stylobate has an upward curvature towards its centre of 60 mm (2 3/8 in) on the east and west ends, and of 110 mm (4 5/16 in) on the sides.
In the late sixth century the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church, and from about 1204, under the Frankish Dukes of Athens, it served as a Latin church, until in 1458 it was converted by the Turkish conquerors into a mosque.
www.greatbuildings.com /buildings/The_Parthenon.html   (426 words)

 Nieuwe pagina 1
Above the pedestal (stylobate) the columns are put of such a height as is the diameter of the pedestals from side to side; the diameter is to be 1/10 of the height including the capitals and bases.
But if the temple is peripteral, two steps and the stylobate are to be built from the foundation; then the wall of the cella is to be built set back from the edge of the stylobate about 1/5 of the width.
On the stylobate, let columns be disposed round the cella and of the same proportions.
www.vitruvius.be /boek4h8.htm   (1622 words)

 Interactive Dig Sagalassos: Restoration Report 3
On top the stylobate of the 7 m tall naiskos, which will have to be placed on top of it.
Three courses of ashlar blocks have now been replaced above the famous frieze with the dancing girls, of which the copies were fixed to the central part of the socle two years ago.
The courses just laid consist of a short and a tall ashlar layer, crowned by a stylobate, bringing the current height of the structure to nearly eight m.
he.net /~archaeol/interactive/sagalassos/field04/restoration3.html   (531 words)

 Art and Architecture of Ancient Greece
Some of the basic elements include the stylobate, which is the flat platform that is the base for the temple.
The stylobate supports the columns, it is similar to a "floor".
It is usually a square or round block that is directly above the stylobate and supports the base of the column.
techcenter.davidson.k12.nc.us /spring5/goddess2/artnarch.htm   (1214 words)

The temple, wrote John Julius Norwich, "enjoys the reputation of being the most perfect Doric temple ever built.
Even in antiquity, its architectural refinements were legendary, especially the subtle correspondence between the curvature of the stylobate, the taper of the naos walls and the entasis of the columns."
The stylobate has an upward curvature towards its centre of 60 millimetres on the east and west ends, and of 110 millimetres on the sides.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/parthenon   (1728 words)

 Something Strange Happened On The Way To The Parthenon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
the short stylobate dimension of the Parthenon was set by the builders to be equal to the length of one second of arc of the earth’s surface.
Perhaps the Parthenon stylobate design width of 100 Greek feet was a mere coincidence to one arc second of earth measure.
Since the stylobate of the Parthenon was held to an accuracy to provide 6076.2 feet (60 X 101.27), the Greeks of the fifth century BC did far better than the Egyptians of 2700 BC in representing that ancient source of geodetic measure.
www.egyptorigins.org /somethingstrange.htm   (7789 words)

 Allwords.com Definition of stylobate
Your Query of 'stylobate' Resulted in 1 Matches
A continuous platform of masonry that supports a row of columns.
Etymology: 17c: from Greek stylobates, from stylos a column + bates, from bainein to walk or tread.
www.allwords.com /word-stylobate.html   (70 words)

 [No title]
East side of the stylobate mall recently restored view to the southeast.
Construction of protection for stylobate on the east side of the Jefferson Memorial.
View of protection for grass stylobate mall on the east side of the memorial.
lcweb2.loc.gov /pnp/pplot/13500/13555/13555.txt   (5497 words)

 George Rogers Clark NHP: Historic Structures Report (Chapter 7)
An examination of the floor of the "stylobate immediately around the walls of the building, and of the joints in the terrace," had proved that the principal leaks were in the
It was apparent to Hirons that the circumferential joints in the stylobate had not been treated in this manner.
As every third radial joint in the stylobate had apparently been waterproofed, it was desirable to have the others treated in the fashion prescribed for the circumferential joints, and to have all joints around the drain and in the terrace reworked and made waterproof.
www.cr.nps.gov /history/online_books/gero/hsr7.htm   (1388 words)

 AllRefer.com - Parthenon, Greece (Greek Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia
Ictinus and Callicrates were the architects and Phidias supervised the sculpture.
The temple is peripteral, with eight Doric columns at each end and 17 on the flanks (46 in all); it stands upon a stylobate three steps high.
The body of the building comprised a cella and behind it an inner chamber (the Parthenon proper), which gave the temple its name.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/P/Parthnon.html   (538 words)

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