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Topic: Subjunctive

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  Subjunctive mood - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The subjunctive mood (sometimes referred to as the conjunctive mood) is a grammatical mood of the verb that is subjective, from the person's viewpoint, that expresses wishes, commands (in subordinate clauses), emotion, possibility, judgement, necessity and statements that are contrary to fact.
The English present subjunctive is the plain (uninflected) form of the verb, the same form as the bare infinitive and the imperative.
In Indo-European, the subjunctive was formed by using the full ablaut grade of the root of the verb, and adding the thematic vowel *-e- or *-o- to the root stem, with the full, primary set of personal inflections.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Subjunctive_mood   (3638 words)

 Subjunctive mood - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The subjunctive mood (sometimes referred to as the conjunctive mood) is a grammatical mood of the verb that expresses wishes, commands (in subordinate clauses), and statements that are contrary to fact.
The English present subjunctive is formed by the third person singular inflection of a present tense verb, minus its distinctive -(e)s.
The subjunctive mood retains a highly distinct form for nearly all verbs in Spanish and Italian (among other Latin languages), and for a number of verbs in French.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /subjunctive_mood.htm   (1842 words)

 SUBJUNCTIVE MODE -BUSINESS SPANISH TUTORIALS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The subjunctive mode is used to express conjecture, emotion, uncertainty, subjectivity, influence, doubt, probability, or hypothesis that is yet unknown.
Except for its use in the main clauses to express commands, the Spanish subjunctive is used in a sentence that has at least 2 clauses, a main and a subordinate or dependent clause.
The verb in the main clause determines the use of subjunctive or indicative mode in the subordinate clause.
www.businessspanish.com /LECCION/subjunctive.htm   (422 words)

 § 61. subjunctive. 1. Grammar. The American Heritage Book of English Usage. 1996
These sentences all contain verbs in the subjunctive mood, which is used chiefly to express the speaker’s attitude about the likelihood or factuality of a given situation.
The past subjunctive is sometimes called the were subjunctive, since were is the only subjunctive form that is distinct from the indicative past tense.
Another subjunctive form that is sometimes used in speech but is usually edited out of Standard English is the intrusive have occurring in negative constructions, as in We would have been in real trouble if it hadn’t have been for you.
www.bartleby.com /64/C001/061.html   (1101 words)

 Spanish Grammar: subjunctive part II
In Part I, you learned that the subjunctive mood is used whenever the speaker feels any uncertainty about the action of the sentence, or when the speaker is expressing a subjective opinion.
For -ir stem-changing verbs, the formula applies except that the stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms follows these patterns: o:ue verbs change o to u; e:ie verbs change e to i; e:i verbs change e to i.
Conjugate just like regular subjunctives (using "yo" form of the indicative) except the stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms follows these patterns: o:ue verbs change o to u; e:ie verbs change e to i; e:i verbs change e to i.:
www.studyspanish.com /lessons/subj2.htm   (286 words)

 The Subjunctive Mood   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
By far the most common use of the subjunctive is the use of the subjunctive after "if" clauses that state or describe a hypothetical situation.
In this sentence, the author uses the indicative to indicate that she indeed was a butterfly in the past, and she is not just hypothetically speaking about a situation contrary to her reality.
The sentence above using the subjunctive suggests that it is unlikely he actually is building his house on Interstate-5, but instead the speaker brings up the scenario as a hypothetical situation.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/grammar_subjunctive.html   (770 words)

 SUBJUNCTIVE - Definition
{Subjunctive mood} (Gram.), that form of a verb which express the action or state not as a fact, but only as a conception of the mind still contingent and dependent.
It is commonly subjoined, or added as subordinate, to some other verb, and in English is often connected with it by if, that, though, lest, unless, except, until, etc., as in the following sentence: ``If there were no honey, they [bees] would have no object in visiting the flower.'' --Lubbock.
In some languages, as in Latin and Greek, the subjunctive is often independent of any other verb, being used in wishes, commands, exhortations, etc.
www.hyperdictionary.com /dictionary/subjunctive   (155 words)

 The use of the subjunctive in Spanish: A brief review
The subjunctive mood is found primarily in dependent clauses, but of course the other moods can occur there as well, depending on the type of clause, the action/state involved, and its relationship to other elements in the sentences such as the governing verb.
For present- or future-time unreal conditions, the imperfect subjunctive is used in the “if”clause and the conditional is used in the main clause; for past-time unreal conditions, the pastperfect subjunctive is used in the “if” clause, and the conditional perfect is used for the main clause.
The subjunctive is required after a verb of doubt; the governing verb is in the present tense.
users.ipfw.edu /jehle/courses/PERSUAD1.HTM   (1156 words)

 Articles - Subjunctive mood   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The future subjunctive is found by adding the present infinitive (sein, kaufen, laufen) to the present subjunctive of werden (ich werde): ich werde sein, ich werde kaufen, ich werde laufen.
The perfect subjunctive is found by adding the past participle (Partizip II) (gewesen, gekauft, gelaufen) to the present subjunctive of sein (ich sei) or haben (ich habe): ich sei gewesen, ich habe gekauft, ich habe gelaufen.
The future perfect subjunctive is found by adding the past infinitive (gewesen sein, gekauft haben, gelaufen haben) to the present subjunctive of werden (ich werde): ich werde gewesen sein, ich werde gekauft haben, ich werde gelaufen haben.
www.gaple.com /articles/Subjunctive_mood   (3718 words)

 FGHOnline: Present subjunctive
The subjunctive is used normally in a subordinate clause (in other words, after the word que or some other conjuctions) where the preceding main clause requires the subjunctive.
Note: commence is in the subjunctive mood, however, its form is the same as the present indicative.
Probably the most interesting use of the subjunctive in French is in the case of an indefinite antecedent.
www.geocities.com /sohlhaut/pressubj.html   (2375 words)

 Subjunctive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Subjunctive is used in deliberative questions and in rhetorical questions having reference to the future.
The Subjunctive may be explained as occasioned by the emphatic negative or by the rhetorical nature of the question.
This emphatically predictive Subjunctive is of frequent occurrence in Hellenistic Greek.
www.dabar.org /BurtonMoodsTenses/Subjunctive.html   (882 words)

 Writer's Block - Writing Tips - Subjunctive Mood
The subjunctive mood is the verb form used to express a wish.
The subjunctive mood is also used to express a hypothetical condition.
When the condition is presumed to be untrue, the subjunctive mood is used.
www.writersblock.ca /tips/monthtip/tipsep96.htm   (142 words)

 The Subjunctive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Here the subjunctives tell us that the condition described in the noun clause is not a present reality or a future certainty, but a possibility mediated by someone's desire.
Another common environment in which the subjunctive does not necessarily indicate doubt or unreality is the concessive clause introduced by þeah "though," which always takes the subjunctive, regardless of the truth of the statement in the clause.
In the first-person singular present, both the subjunctive and the indicative end in ­e, and in the past tense of strong verbs the subjunctive and the indicative are identical in the second-person singular.
www.engl.virginia.edu /OE/courses/handouts/Subjunctive.html   (936 words)

 Grammar Exercises Index
Present indicative or subjunctive in noun clauses of emotion and doubt, adjective clauses, and adverbial clauses
Subjunctive vs. indicative – present (noun, adjective and adverbial clauses) 1
Subjunctive vs. indicative – imperfect (noun, adjective and adverbial clauses)
www.trinity.edu /mstroud/grammar   (306 words)

 The Subjunctive Mood in Spanish   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Subjunctive is not a tense but a mood.
While conjugating verbs into the Subjunctive form is not too difficult, it is deciding when and where to use the Subjunctive that gets a little complicated.
The Subjunctive is a form that does not have a simple counterpart in English that you can associate it with.
www.drlemon.net /Grammar/Subjunctive/subjunctive.html   (510 words)

 Spanish Grammar: subjunctive part I
The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is a mood.
The difference between indicative and subjunctive is the difference between certainty/objectivity (indicative) and possibility/subjectivity (subjunctive).
Because there must be some uncertainty or subjectivity to warrant the use of the subjunctive, you will usually see it in sentences that contain a main clause which introduces a quality of uncertainty or subjectivity.
www.studyspanish.com /lessons/subj1.htm   (842 words)

 Subjunctive 101: General concept of the subjunctive
One is the indicative and the other is the subjunctive.
Since these three traditional causes comprise a fair number of subjunctive triggers, it is very important for students to be familiar with the vocabulary associated with these concepts, so have your dictionary handy.
More subjunctive quick facts: The "trigger" (wishing, doubt, emotion) is in the indicative and the subjunctive traditionally falls in the latter part of the sentence.
academics.vmi.edu /modlan_kbb/hotpotatoesquiz/subjconcept.htm   (215 words)

 subjunctives english grammar learn english
The subjunctive is used in formal English when we wish to express the importance of something.
The subjunctive looks like the infinitive form of the verb, and all persons (including the third person singular) are written or spoken without an "s".
Note that the subjunctive form of the verb to be is be for all persons:
www.learnenglish.org.uk /grammar/archive/subjunctives.html   (319 words)

 The Subjunctive Mood
An indicative verb makes a statement that is factual, whereas a verb in the subjunctive mood is used to indicate a situation or condition that is hypothetical, doubtful, or conditional.
He is not currently submitting reports monthly, so we use the subjunctive mood to discuss the possibility--not the actuality--of his doing so.
For all verbs except to be, the present subjunctive mood is most often made by omitting the characteristic s ending on verbs with third-person singular subjects.
www.getitwriteonline.com /archive/073001.htm   (524 words)

 Subjunctive Mood   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
A verb is in the subjunctive mood when it expresses a condition which is doubtful or not factual.
In English there is no difference between the subjunctive and normal, or indicative, form of the verb except for the present tense third person singular and for the verb to be.
The subjunctive mood of the verb to be is be in the present tense and were in the past tense, regardless of what the subject is.
englishplus.com /grammar/00000031.htm   (285 words)

 God save the subjunctive !   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Earlier in the twentieth century, grammarians and linguists proclaimed the subjunctive's death and argued that this was no big loss, as its historical role in English had been weak and inconsistent; some even went so far as to say that in Modern English its usage is “pretentious”.
The subjunctive mood is a beautiful and valuable component of the English language, and instead of dying out, it actually is enjoying a subtle revival.
The argument, albeit somewhat true, that English is a living, dynamic language and that therefore the subjunctive should be allowed to die should not be furthered as an excuse for incomplete or sloven education.
www.ceafinney.com /subjunctive   (331 words)

 ENGLISH PAGE - Subjunctive
The simple form is the infinitive without the "to." The simple form of the verb "to go" is "go." The subjunctive is only noticeable in certain forms and tenses.
The Subjunctive is used to emphasize urgency or importance.
In the examples below, the Subjunctive is not noticeable in the you form of the verb, but it is noticeable in the he form of the verb.
www.englishpage.com /minitutorials/subjunctive.html   (405 words)

 FGHOnline: Forms of the present subjunctive
If you have already reviewed the Uses of the subjunctive page, you probably noticed some pretty strange-looking verb forms compared to what you may be used to in the présent de l'indicatif.
Like regular -er verbs in the present subjunctive, regular -re verbs do not change their stems from the present indicatif: simply remove the -re and add the present subjunctif endings.
The regular -ir verbs conjugation in the present subjunctive is not dissimilar to its conjugation in the present indicative, but it is very interesting, especially in the singular forms.
www.geocities.com /sohlhaut/pressubjforms.html   (885 words)

 Oversimplified Guide to German Subjunctive Mood
The Subjunctive (German der Konjunktiv) mood is used to talk about hypothetical but unlikely situations, often with a condition, introduced by wenn = if, and a result, introduced by dann.
In the if-clause, which expresses the "contrary-to-fact" (highly unlikely) condition, English uses a past-like form in a present context to show that we are in subjunctive mood (= mode).
To refer to past times in the subjunctive, use the subjunctive of the appropriate auxiliary haben or sein plus the past participle of the main verb.
www.usna.edu /LangStudy/GermanSubjunctive.html   (390 words)

 Spanish Subjunctive Mood
Present subjunctive is based on the yo-form of the present indicative, minus the -o.
Elsewhere, the subjunctive is most frequent in subordinate clauses introduced by que or another subordinating conjunction, but not all que-clauses take the subjunctive.
Determine whether a subjunctive or indicative form is required in each of these sentences and fill it in.
www.usna.edu /LangStudy/spanish_subjunctive.html   (911 words)

 When to use what subjunctive in Spanish
In either case the simple subjunctive tense is used to express a simultaneous or future action, and the perfect tense is used to indicate a previous activity.
When a governing verb in the present, future, or future perfect tense and the subjunctive is required in a subordinate clause, use the present or present perfect subjunctive; with a governing verb in a “past time” tense —imperfect, preterit, past perfect, conditional, or conditional perfect—, use only a “past time” subjunctive: imperfect or past perfect.
In either case the simple subjunctive tense (present for “present time”, or imperfect for “past time”) is used to express a simultaneous or future action, and the perfect tense (present perfect for “present time”, or past perfect for “past time”) is used to indicate a previous activity.
users.ipfw.edu /jehle/courses/sequence.htm   (683 words)

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