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Topic: Sugarcane

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  Sugarcane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of between 6 and 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Old World.
Sugarcane cultivation requires a tropical or subtropical climate, with a minimum of 600 mm (24 in) of annual moisture.
Sugarcane is propagated from cuttings rather than from seed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sugarcane   (1769 words)

 Crop Water Management - Sugarcane   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Sugarcane has high nitrogen and potassium needs and relatively low phosphate requirements, or 100 to 200 kg/ha N, 20 to 90 kg/ha P and 125 to 160 kg/ha K for a yield of 100 ton/ha cane, but application rates are sometimes higher.
Sugarcane is moderately sensitive to salinity and decrease in crop yield due to increasing salinity is: 0% at ECe 1.7 mmhos/cm, 10% at 3.3, 25% at 6.0, 50% at 10.4 and 100% at ECe 18.6 mmhos / cm.
The response of sugarcane to irrigation is greater during the vegetative and early yield formation periods (1 and 3a) than during the later part of the yield formation period (3b), when active leaf area is declining and the crop is less able to respond to sunshine.
www.fao.org /ag/agl/aglw/cropwater/sugarcane.stm   (1866 words)

 MSN Encarta - Sugarcane
Sugarcane, common name for certain species of perennial herbs of a genus of the grass family (see Grasses).
The common sugarcane is extensively cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world for the sugar contained within its many-jointed stems (see Sugar).
Sugarcane grows to a height of 3 to 6 m (about 8 to 20 ft) and has stems 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 in) thick.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761573379   (384 words)

 Ethnobotanical Leaflets
Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family.
Sugarcane cannot be easily harvested by machine, so for centuries it has been harvested by hand, using large machete like blades.
The sugarcane producing countries are not given much credit for supplying the world with a major source of food and nutrition, but they are given plenty of credit for being a world leader in making money.
www.siu.edu /~ebl/leaflets/cane.htm   (1089 words)

 AllRefer.com - sugarcane, Plant (Plants) - Encyclopedia
Sugarcane somewhat resembles corn and sorghum, with a large terminal panicle and a noded stalk.
Today, sugarcane and the sugar beet (see beet), a temperate plant developed as a commercial sugar source c.1800, are the only two major economic sources of sugar.
Sugarcane is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae (Gramineae).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/sugarcan.html   (364 words)

 An Overview of Florida Sugarcane
Sugarcane is a tropical grass native to Asia where it has been grown in gardens for over 4,000 years.
In Florida, sugarcane is grown near the southern and eastern shores of Lake Okeechobee.
Sugarcane milling is an industrial process and, as such, is dusty, noisy, and dangerous.
edis.ifas.ufl.edu /BODY_SC032   (2768 words)

 sugarcane borer - Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius)
Larval distribution in sugarcane is described by Hall (1986), who determined that a sample of sugarcane consisting of five stalks taken from five plants spaced 3 m apart gave a good indication of borer density.
Cultivar resistance and arthropod predation of sugarcane borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) affects incidence of deadhearts in Louisiana sugarcane.
A bibliography of the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), 1887- 1980.
creatures.ifas.ufl.edu /field/sugarcane_borer.htm   (2164 words)

 Food that Heal - Sugarcane   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Sugarcane is the most important member of the plant kingdom with a metabolism leading to the accumulation of sucrose.
Originally, sugarcane was grown solely for chewing in the pacific and South Eastern Asia, a custom which has now spread throughout most of the tropics.
The juice sucked from the sugarcane can prove highly valuable in case of weak teeth due to lack of proper exercise resulting from excessive use of soft foods.
www.indiangyan.com /books/healthbooks/food_that_heal/sugarcane.shtml   (471 words)

 HARC Sugarcane Research
Producing sugarcane seedlings each year from genetically diverse parents (breeding clones) is essential for developing high yielding disease and insect resistant sugarcane cultivars for commercial planting by the sugar industry.
New sugarcane clones are being screened for resistance to the pathogen using a toxin from the fungus to inoculate plants.
Sugarcane varieties developed in Hawaii are exchanged with other countries for breeding and all quarantine and disease protection protocols are strictly followed.
www.hawaiiag.org /harc/HARCSGR7.htm   (929 words)

 Meagher: Sugarcane IPM
Sugarcane (interspecific hybrids of Saccharum) is originally from southeastern Asia, possibly New Guinea, and was brought to the Western Hemisphere by Columbus.
Soil sugarcane insect pests are represented by Coleoptera (Curculionidae, Elateridae, and Scarabaeidae), Isoptera (Mastotermitidae, Rhinotermitidae, and Termitidae), Hymenoptera (Formicidae), Diptera (Stratiomyidae), Heteroptera (Cicadidae, Cydnidae, Margarodidae, and Pseudococcidae), and Orthoptera (Gryllidae and Gryllotalpidae).
Overall, breeding of sugarcane for resistance to stemborers is difficult because of hereditary characteristics of the plant and limited knowledge of specific resistant characters.
ipmworld.umn.edu /chapters/meagher.htm   (2779 words)

 KISSAN - Kerala
Sugarcane grows well on medium heavy soils, but can also be raised on lighter soils and heavy clays, provided there is adequate irrigation.
The important pests of sugarcane found in the state are early shoot borers, top shoot borers mealy bugs, white grubs, termites and rats.
In severely affected areas sugarcane should not be cultivated at least for one season during which paddy and tapioca can be cultivated.
www.kissankerala.net /kissan/kissancontents/sugarcane.htm   (1041 words)

 Sugarcane Breeding Institute - Preamble
The Institute, originally called as Sugarcane Breeding Station, was established in the year 1912 under the administrative control of the Director of Agriculture of Madras Presidency and was attached to the Agricultural College and Research Institute, Coimbatore.
Sugarcane is a tropical plant and does well under tropical conditions in the world.
Yet in India, from time immemorial, indigenous sugarcane varieties were being grown in the sub-tropical Indo-Gangetic plains with the rigours of severe summer and winter conditions which inhibit the growth of the crop.
www.sugarcane-breeding.tn.nic.in /preamble.htm   (750 words)

 Sugarcane Mapping Projects - North America
The first sugarcane genes were isolated, characterized, and used in transformation to learn the function of the genes in vivo.
Factors affecting the accumulation of sucrose in the sugarcane stem are being studies to develop strategies for improving the efficiency of this process.
Anatomical and histochemical studies on developing sugarcane stem indicate that the vascular tissue apoplastic space becomes isolated from the storage parenchyma apoplast by a water non-permeable barrier which appears to force phloem unloading via plasmodesmata.
www.nal.usda.gov /pgdic/Map_proj/sugarcan.html   (2558 words)

 Search Results for sugarcane -¬†Encyclop√¶dia Britannica
During the 18th century Cuba depended increasingly on the sugarcane crop and on the expansive, slave-based plantations that produced it.
Sugarcane processing, outlined in, is practiced in many variations, but the essential process consists of the following steps: extraction of the cane juice by milling or diffusion, clarification of...
Grapes, cultivated in most of the subtropic and warm temperate zones of the world, are the major fruit employed as the raw material of distilled spirits, and the final product of their fermentation...
www.britannica.com /search?query=sugarcane&submit=Find&source=MWTAB   (506 words)

 ARS Project: Biology and Control of Sugarcane Diseases by Screening for Resistant Germplasm (406790) Annual Report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Sugarcane clones were screened for disease resistance to ratoon stunting disease, leaf scald, mosaic and smut at multiple stages of the program.
Sugarcane clones in the World Collection of Sugarcane and Related Grasses will be evaluated for the presence of sugarcane yellow leaf virus and the ratoon stunting disease pathogen.
New populations of sugarcane clones will be evaluated for their disease reaction to sugarcane mosaic for molecular marker research to associate markers with mosaic resistance.
www.ars.usda.gov /research/projects/projects.htm?ACCN_NO=406790&showpars=true&fy=2003   (1101 words)

 Sucrose Accumulation and Harvest Schedule Recommendations for CP Sugarcane Cultivars
Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is harvested during a 5-month period (October to March) in the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) of south Florida.
Sugarcane is grown in 4 counties (Glades, Hendry, Martin, and Palm Beach) in Florida, with the majority of the production area extending in a 30-mile wide arc from the south and east of Lake Okeechobee (Fig.
Although most sugarcane growers in Florida are now planting a diverse selection of newer cultivars, lack of maturity curves for these clones makes it difficult to make informed harvest scheduling decisions.
www.plantmanagementnetwork.org /pub/cm/research/2004/sugarcane   (2000 words)

 yellow sugarcane aphid Sipha flava
The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884.
Wingless yellow sugarcane aphid adults and nymphs are straw to bright yellow to light green in color with two double rows of dusky colored spots down the top of the abdomen.
Sugarcane leaf damage symptoms are a good indicator of season long growth and yield effects and works without having to count aphids.
creatures.ifas.ufl.edu /field/bugs/yellow_sugarcane_aphid.htm   (1182 words)

 South African Sugar Association - Homepage
It is a diverse industry combining the agricultural activities of sugarcane cultivation with the industrial factory production of raw and refined sugar, syrups and specialised sugars, and a range of by-products.
Sugarcane is grown in 14 cane producing areas extending from Northern Pondoland in the Eastern Cape Province through the coastal belt and midlands of KwaZulu-Natal to the Mpumalanga Lowveld.
Of the 412 000 hectares currently under sugarcane about 68% is grown within 30 km of the coast and 17% in the high rainfall area of the KwaZulu-Natal midlands.
www.sasa.org.za   (203 words)

 Project CTA046: Perfect markers for sugarcane mapping   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At the start of this project, molecular mapping in sugarcane was relatively new with maps being developed in interspecific crosses or within the selfed progeny of a variety.
Further research is now needed to determine whether the association is coincidental, in which case the candidate gene is still a useful marker, or whether the gene is implicated in the expression of the trait, in which case it could provide valuable information on the underlying genetics, biochemistry and physiology of the trait itself.
It has demonstrated the value of comparative mapping between small and larger sugarcane maps, the usefulness of the candidate gene approach as a source of useful markers in sugarcane, and the variety of candidate gene mapping techniques currently available.
www.srdc.gov.au /ProjectReports/CTA046.htm   (1029 words)

The field used to represent sugarcane production in Louisiana is located in Terrebonne Parish in South-central Louisiana, although sugarcane production areas cover 21 parishes in the south central part of the state.
Sugarcane is grown on fields with 15- to 18-inch flat bottom furrows or a furrow with a slight ridge of loose soil down the center.
Sugarcane is produced in a three to four year cycle with the first year planting referred to as the "plant cane" crop and successive years referred to as "stubble" or "ratoon" crops which are harvested from regrowth.
www.epa.gov /oppefed1/models/water/met_la_sugarcane.htm   (761 words)

 Louisiana sugarcane crop faces long recovery
Some 30,000 acres of sugarcane was beneath 8 to 10 feet of water.
In terms of value, sugarcane is the number one row crop for the state.
The American Sugarcane League — the commodity group that represents Louisiana sugar — has taken this data to Washington, D.C. “Our entire congressional delegation also knows these figures and is in the process of writing legislation that will hopefully bring us some type of federal assistance, as in 2002,” said Legendre.
deltafarmpress.com /news/051107-sugarcane-long-recovery   (1827 words)

 Louisiana Sugarcane Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The development of improved sugarcane varieties has been a major factor in sustaining a competitive sugarcane industry in Louisiana.
LAES sugarcane varieties are released in cooperation with the USDA-ARS and the American Sugar Cane League.
Sugarcane growers are quickly expanding their acreage of LCP 85-384.
www.agctr.lsu.edu /Subjects/sugarcane/competitive_agsystems_varieties.asp   (404 words)

 Sugarcane's New Promises   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Of the surprising variety of sugarcane derivatives, the product that achieved perhaps the greatest international popularity in the late 20th century was policosanol, or PPG, discovered and developed in Cuban laboratories.
These drugs were produced from sugarcane by the Chemical Bioactives Center at the Central University of Las Villas, in Santa Clara, 300 km east of the capital.
The research center uses furfural, from sugarcane waste, to produce what is known as G-1, a strong adversary against bacteria and fungus that were resistant to previously known antibiotics.
www.tierramerica.net /2004/0828/iarticulo.shtml   (779 words)

 sugarcane in florida and the environment
Sugarcane is a grass grown primarily for its sugar (sucrose) content.
Sugarcane planting and harvesting operations are conducted during the fall and winter.
Sugarcane requires only one half the amount of phosphorus needed for sweet corn, one third the amount needed for celery, and only one quarter the amount needed for lettuce.
www.assct.org /florida/flenviron.htm   (1684 words)

 Changing Sugarcane   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Nature, and its preservation, is one reason Tai is studying wild sugarcane at the Sugarcane Research Field Station operated by USDA's Agricultural Research Service.
He is also working to develop sugarcane varieties that can produce high yields with less phosphorus fertilizer or varieties that actually remove phosphorus from the soil.
The agricultural area's phosphorous fertilizers, one of several concerns, may have contributed to changes in natural habitatmost notably, a change in the balance of plant life from sawgrass, a native plant that is the staple of the ecosystem, to cattail.
www.ars.usda.gov /is/AR/archive/dec97/ever1297.htm   (1158 words)

 sugarcane on Encyclopedia.com
Mauritius, sugarcane fields in region of volcanin stone.
Agronomic performance and transmission of the multiple-bud mutation of sugarcane.
Mercedes Medero, 35, the head of a sugarcane cutting brigade in Cuba, is a former elementary school teacher who started cutting cane 8 years ago, because the pay was better; 7dollars a month.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/s1/sugarcan.asp   (1124 words)

For a mechanical harvester, the sugarcane has to be planted at a spacing of 150 cm.
Thus sugarcane plants have been observed to recover (in terms of leaf elongation rates) from adverse effect of salinity with 2-3 hours of desalinization of the media.
Wilt disease of sugarcane is one of the distructive disease of Sugarcane in Punjab, Haryana, Utter Pardesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh.
karnal.nic.in /res_sbirc.asp   (3241 words)

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