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In the News (Tue 16 Jul 19)

Sunni Islam claims to be the continuation of the Islam as it was defined through the revelations given to Muhammad and his life, a claim which is substantiated through the fact that Shi'i Islam for a number of decades had very little following and had no real, formal organization.
Sunni Islam has its name from its identification with the importance of the Sunna (the examples from the hadiths), which earlier than in Shi'i Islam was established as a central element in Islam, and central to understanding the full truth in the religion.
Sunni Islam revere Ali, but does not hold him up as the only true continuation of the tradition from Muhammad, and has no emphasis on him bringing on a divine light from the Prophet.
i-cias.com /e.o/sunni.htm   (426 words)

 IRAQ: The Sunnis - Council on Foreign Relations
Sunni Kurds, the other major population group in Iraq, make up some 18 percent of the population; they were the target of harsh repression in the Saddam Hussein era.
Sunnis in provincial areas, experts say, tend to be more conservative and religious, and tribal and clan ties are stronger than in larger cities.
Iraq's Sunni Arabs on the whole "are frightened by their sudden, dramatic loss of political power, social status, and economic well-being," Judith S. Yaphe, a Middle East expert at National Defense University, writes in the November Arab Reform Bulletin.
www.cfr.org /background/background_iraq_sunnis.php   (2590 words)

 AllRefer.com - Sunni (Islam) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of succession of the first four caliphs (see caliphate), in contrast to the Shiite rejection of the first three as usurpers.
The scholastic formulation, the most constant expression of Sunni Islam throughout its history and geographic span, proposes the relation of the human being with the Divine as essentially individual, with no intermediaries.
The Sunni theoretical characterization of the Prophet Muhammad as a mere executor of Divine will has not precluded the intensive devotional rituals directed to his person that flourish in a diversity of forms across the Sunni world.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/Sunni.html   (293 words)

 Sunni Islam - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Followers of the Sunni tradition are known as Sunnis or Sunnites, and sometimes refer to themselves as the Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa'h.
The sunnis are those who love all the companions and hold none of them to be unbelievers, they hold themselves as the followers of the sunnah (practice) of the prophet Muhammad as related by his companions (the sahaba).
Sunnis base their religion on the Quran and the Sunnah as understood by the majority of the community under the structure of the four schools of thought.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /sunni_muslim.htm   (1089 words)

 Sunni Islam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sunnis - Sunnis regard the first four caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattab, Uthman, and Ali) as Rightly Guided Caliphs, that is, Caliphs who followed the tradition of the Prophet in terms of their lifestyles and styles of governance.
Though most Sunnis acknowledge that 'Ali had the stronger claim in his dispute with Muawiyah, Sunni authorities usually refrain from questioning the sincerity of Muawiya's intentions and generally give him the benefit of the doubt.
Most Sunni accept the hadith collections of Bukhari and Muslim as the most authentic (sahih, or correct), and grant a lesser status to the collections of other recorders.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sunni   (2232 words)

 Fractured Iraq sees a Sunni call to arms - The Boston Globe
Sunnis have now started referring to an almost exclusively Sunni resistance front they call ''patriotic Arabs," who are retaliating against the Shi'ite-Kurd coalition that has driven the once dominant Sunni clique to the nation's political margins.
Sunni sheiks claim that Iran sent millions of people across the border posing as Iraqi Shi'ites to pad the vote totals of Shi'ite Islamic parties during the recent election.
Sunnis also fear that when Shi'ite political parties take over the government, they will purge from the security forces many Sunnis who are sympathetic to the tribes and to the resistance -- a move they warn will only further anger Sunnis.
www.boston.com /news/world/middleeast/articles/2005/03/27/fractured_iraq_sees_a_sunni_call_to_arms   (1298 words)

 Aljazeera.Net - The reshaping of Sunni politics in Iraq   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sunni hegemony in the nascent Iraqi state was enshrined in the establishment of the monarchy.
The association of Sunni Arabs with the state is therefore grounded in history and tradition, and their subsequent perceived disempowerment undoubtedly contributed significantly to the emergence of a well-armed and capable insurgency against occupying forces.
But whether the Sunni representatives were heavily involved in the drafting of the constitution or not, the real danger is the perception in the Sunni Arab street that the future of Iraq is one where the Sunnis will not even be equal partners in the state.
english.aljazeera.net /NR/exeres/56F9DA69-4253-4CC9-8F49-DB7EC687E74B.htm   (1387 words)

 ShaikhSiddiqui Sunni
Among Sunni Muslims, effective power and the ability to maintain order are sufficient for legitimate authority, in stark contrast to the more uncompromising Shia views of government as the sole province of religious leaders.
According to the Sunni tradition, if Islam is a legalistically oriented religion, concerned with the organization of human society, it follows that religious teaching must concern itself with matters of marriage and divorce, inheritance and ownership, commercial transactions and contractual dealings, government, banking, investment, credits, debts and so on.
The word Sunni derives from the sunnah, or example, of the Prophet, and indicates the orthodoxy of the majority community as opposed to the peripheral positions of schismatics who by definition must be in error.
www.shaikhsiddiqui.com /sunni.html   (1446 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Sunni   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sunni Muslims, constituting over 80% of all believers, follow the sunna, a code of practice based on the hadith collected in the Sihah Satta, six authentic...
Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of succession of the first four...
Sunni orthodox Muslim, who accepts the Sunna (body of tradition) as of equal authority with the Koran.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Sunni   (869 words)

 Sunni Islam
Sunni Arabs are approximately 15 percent of Iraq's population; Sunni Kurds are approximately 20 percent.
Sunni Arabs are primarily of the Hanafi school, while Sunni Kurds are primarily of the Shafi'i school.
Iraqi Sunnis tend to regard themselves as descendants of and heirs to the golden age of Arab Islamic civilization, much of which took place under the Abbasid caliphate in Baghdad from the 8th to 13th centuries.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/iraq/religion-sunni.htm   (709 words)

 Who Are the Insurgents? Sunni Arab Rebels in Iraq by Amatzia Baram: Special Reports: U.S. Institute of Peace
Sunni insurgents generally claim one of three primary identity-based impetuses for their anti-American and antigovernment violence: Ba'th Party membership or affiliation with Saddam's regime, adherence to Islam, or tribal interests, values, and norms.
Another common denominator between traditional Sunni Muslims and Ba'this, or non-Ba'thi secular Sunni Arabs, was the privileged status that a large proportion of Sunni Arabs enjoyed under Ba'th rule relative to the Shi'i majority and the Kurds.
In the Sunni Arab parts of Iraq there are hundreds of small and medium-sized tribes and subtribal units, and some ten large tribal federations, the largest of which are the Dulaym and the Shammar Jarba.
www.usip.org /pubs/specialreports/sr134.html   (12009 words)

 The Origins of the Sunni/Shia split in Islam   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If you are already familiar with standard Sunni beliefs, you will immediately notice the addition to the shahadah regarding Imam Ali (ra), cousin of the Prophet (pbuh), husband of his daughter Fatima, father of Hassan and Hussein and the second person ever to embrace Islam.
Sunnis regard Ali as the fourth and last of the "rightly guided caliphs" (successors to Mohammed (pbuh) as leader of the Muslims) following on from Abu Bakr 632-634, Umar 634-644 and Uthman 644-656.
It should be of interest to know that a few decades ago, a group of Sunni and Shia scholars formed a center at al-Azhar by the name of "Dar al-Taqreeb al-Madhahib al-Islamiyyah" which translates into "Center for bringing together the various Islamic schools of thought".
www.islamfortoday.com /shia.htm   (2301 words)

 The Seattle Times: Nation & World: Lost in the shuffle, Sunni Arabs ponder their role in new order
Several of the leading Sunni groups are boycotting the elections, and estimates for Sunni voter turnout in some areas are as low as 5 percent.
Sunni leaders insist that violence and lawlessness in most of their stronghold cities make free and safe elections virtually impossible.
Sunni leaders dismiss dire predictions that their strategy may backfire, insisting their withdrawal from the election won't have any long-term ramifications and may increase their power and popularity as an opposition force.
seattletimes.nwsource.com /html/nationworld/2002162049_sunnivote27.html   (1173 words)

 Sunni Islam   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Followers of the Sunni tradition are known as Sunnis or Sunnites, and often refer to themselves as the Ahlus Sunnah wal-Jamaa'h.
Modern Sunnis will admit that Ali ibn Abi Talib, the leader of one faction that clashed with the Umayyads, was a rightful caliph, but they argue that after Ali's death, the caliphate passed to the Umayyads.
Most Sunni accept the hadith collections of Buhkhari and Muslim as the most authentic (sahih, or correct), and grant a lesser status to the collections of other recorders.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/Sunni-Islam.htm   (1290 words)

 WJLA - Sunni Vote Boycott May Not Hurt Community   (Site not responding. Last check: )
On the face of it, Sunni Arabs' plan not to participate in Iraq's Jan. 30 elections would appear to go against their own self interests, damaging their chance for representation in a new legislature that will draw up a permanent constitution expected to settle some of Iraq's most enduring racial and religious issues.
Sunnis would seem to be abandoning the future of the country to Shiites and Kurds.
If their campaign succeeds and Sunni Arab participation on Jan. 30 is negligible, the credibility of the elected assembly and the constitution it drafts could be greatly diminished.
www.wjla.com /headlines/0105/201537.html   (751 words)

 What Is the Difference Between Sunni and Shiite Muslims--and Why Does It Matter?
The Sunni branch believes that the first four caliphs--Mohammed's successors--rightfully took his place as the leaders of Muslims.
for Sunni Muslims, approximately 90 percent of the Muslim world, the loss of the caliphate after World War I was devastating in light of the hitherto continuous historic presence of the caliph, the guardian of Islamic law and the Islamic state.
Sunni fundamentalist leaders thereafter emerged in nations such as Egypt and India, where contact with Western political structures provided them with a model awkwardly to imitate...
hnn.us /articles/934.html   (476 words)

 Middle East Institute: Policy Brief
As U.S. forces moved deeper into the Sunni Arab heartland of the country including towns such as Falluja, which is heavily conservative and which suffered from U.S. aerial bombing in both Gulf Wars, it became rapidly clear that there was not going to be a mood of welcome for the Americans from the inhabitants.
Sunnis are trying to play a political role in post-Saddam Iraq, as is evident from their participation in the Governing Council set up in July 2003 under the auspices of Ambassador Paul Bremer, the American official running Iraq by means of the Coalition Political Authority.
Throughout their history, Sunnis have developed a political theory and practice of legitimately accepting oppressive government, since the alternative, anarchy (or the Sunni version of Thomas Hobbes’ state of nature) is far worse.
www.mideasti.org /articles/doc89.html   (8937 words)

 The Sunni Moment
Since provinces, Sunni as well as Shiite, have every incentive to unite into regions, what is really envisioned is a state of three regions, each dominated by one of the three large groups.
Sunnis are also alarmed by a provision that seems to tie the distribution of future oil revenues to the location of the resource in one region or another.
If a sense emerges that Sunnis are an integral and influential part of the new Iraq, the Sunni population will be much less inclined to be tolerant of the insurgency.
www.law.duke.edu /features/2005/sunnimoment.html   (949 words)

 Sunni Islam
The Sunni tradition is known in Arabic as the Ahl-i Sunnah (the People of Sunnah), a term which according to the earliest classical sources emerged in the ninth century.
The word "Sunnah" means custom, method, path or example and refers particularl y to the example of the prophet Muhammad as found in the Hadith.
Modern Islamic Political Thought: The Response of the Shi'i and Sunni Muslims to the Twentieth Century.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/islam/sunni/geness.html   (934 words)

 Iraqis Fearing a Sunni Boycott of the Election - Global Policy Forum - UN Security Council
While a Sunni boycott remains far from certain and some Sunni leaders still hold out hope for a turnaround, American officials fear that if large numbers of Sunnis do not vote, the election will be regarded as illegitimate and may even feed the insurgency that has gripped much of the country.
The prospect of a low turnout by Sunni Arabs is deeply troubling to Iraqi leaders and American officials, who fear that the results of an election in which they do not take part will be viewed as illegitimate and fuel the guerrilla insurgency, and not, as is hoped, bring it to end.
Some Sunni leaders, especially those who are planning to run for office, say they still expect a large turnout among the Sunni voters once they realize that they will be left behind if they do not take part.
www.globalpolicy.org /security/issues/iraq/election/2004/1010sunni.htm   (1362 words)

 Iraq: Constitutional Deal Spells Opportunity For Broader Sunni Views - RADIO FREE EUROPE / RADIO LIBERTY   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In addition, the Sunni nominees to the committee should be inclusive of all Sunni political trends and geographical regions, he said.
Sunnis are expected to submit their nominees to sit on the drafting committee when the committee reconvenes on 19 June.
Despite the Sunnis apparent success in having their demands for participation met, their lack of cohesiveness as a side to the negotiations and their tendency to boycott or reject proposals outright rather than countering through negotiations may slow the constitutional drafting process.
www.rferl.org /featuresarticle/2005/6/DF1740C3-4757-4846-B021-37FA3A101ACC.html   (930 words)

 USATODAY.com - Some Sunni leaders rethink attitudes on elections   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Sunni leaders are struggling to find ways to make up for the lack of representation.
Sunni Arabs dominated Iraqi politics under Saddam Hussein and, in earlier decades, under civilian governments and a monarchy.
The Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni group that boycotted the national elections Jan. 30, says the first job of the new government is to arrest and prosecute U.S. soldiers that have committed "shameful and inhuman" crimes against Iraqis.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/iraq/2005-02-27-sunnis_x.htm   (1081 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Special reports | Main Sunni party pulls out of Iraqi election
Iraq's largest mainstream Sunni Muslim party pulled out of the election race yesterday, saying the violence plaguing areas north and west of Baghdad made a "free and fair vote" on January 30 impossible.
The Bush administration is reportedly looking at ways to guarantee Sunni politicians seats in the national assembly, as well as a senior office of state.
He played down concerns that a Sunni boycott would deny the election legitimacy: "If some people decide not to participate then they cannot claim that the elections are illegitimate.
www.guardian.co.uk /Iraq/Story/0,2763,1380191,00.html   (758 words)

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