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Topic: Sunset Crater


  
  Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)
Sunset Crater Volcano was born in a series of eruptions sometime between 1040 and 1100.
At Sunset Crater Volcano, spring is usually mild, but heavy snowfall can occur.
The eruption of Sunset Crater Volcano must have been a powerful event.
www.nps.gov /sucr   (263 words)

  
  Sunset Crater, Arizona   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater is in the eastern part of the San Francisco volcanic field.
Sunset Crater, one of the youngest scoria cones in the contiguous United States, began erupting between the growing seasons of 1064 and 1065 A.D. Eruptions continued in the area for many decades.
Sunset Crater is a nearly symmetrical cone made of dark-gray scoria and scattered bombs.
volcano.und.nodak.edu /vwdocs/volc_images/img_sunset.html   (555 words)

  
 Sunset Crater - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sunset Crater is a cinder cone located north of Flagstaff, Arizona in the United States.
The crater lies within the Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument.
Sunset Crater is the youngest in a string of volcanoes (the San Francisco volcanic field) that is related to the nearby San Francisco Peaks.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sunset_Crater   (249 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Natl. Mon.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater, a beautiful fl cinder cone tinged with yellows and oranges, rises 1,000 feet above jagged lava flows about 15 miles northeast of Flagstaff.
Sunset Crater became a national monument in 1930.
This very scenic drive, known as the Loop Road, continues past Sunset Crater, drops down to pinyon-juniper country with views of the Painted Desert, crosses Wupatki National Monument, and then rejoins US 89 26 miles north of Flagstaff; the drive is 35 miles one way and takes about an hour without stops.
www.arizonahandbook.com /sunset.htm   (893 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Flagstaff, Arizona   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument is the slightly clumsy name given to an area northeast of Flagstaff containing the results of much igneous activity - several colorful cinder cones formed by extinct volcanoes, and large expanses of lava and ash.
The dominant peak is Sunset Crater; as with the other cones it has distinctive dusky red-brown patches formed by oxidised iron and sulphur - this caused John Wesley Powell, who was the first modern-day explorer of the area in 1887, to name the mountain 'Sunset Peak'.
Sunset Crater itself is a mile further; it is no longer possible to climb the 1,000 foot cone since the trail to the summit was closed in 1974 to prevent excessive erosion, but there is a very good loop path around the lava formations at the foot of the volcano.
www.americansouthwest.net /arizona/sunset_crater_volcano/national_monument.html   (664 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument Pictures
Sunset Crater is in the northeast corner of Coconino National Forest.
For more information, contact Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, 6400 N. Highway 89, Flagstaff, AZ 86004 or call 520-679-2365.
All pictures on this page are from the Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, using film and digital cameras.
www.worldfromtheweb.com /Parks/Coconino/SunsetCrater.html   (282 words)

  
 Geology of Sunset Crater National Monument   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater eruptive history: Brief summary of eruptions
The eruptions that produced Sunset Crater and several nearby flows and smaller cones began between the 1064-1065 AD growing seasons (Fall 64 to Spring 65?).
Eruption of fl lapilli and bombs result in minor collapse of the east rim of the crater and formation of the small crater on the east side of the summit.
wrgis.wr.usgs.gov /docs/usgsnps/sunset/sunvolc.html   (345 words)

  
 IUP Geoscience Virtual Field Trip 1999 -- Sunset Crater National Monument
Sunset Crater is the youngest volcano of the San Francisco Peaks volcanic field that is made up of over 800 cones.
Sunset Crater first erupted in the year 1064-1065 A.D., and was active until the year 1250 A.D. The volcanos in this area of north central Arizona are rift-related volcanoes.
Sunset Crater and many of the other cinder cones erupted through weak spots in the crust around the central volcano, these are also called vents because they are an extension of the central volcano.
www.iup.edu /fieldtrip/sunset.html   (1070 words)

  
 sunsetcrater.html   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater, one of the youngest basaltic cinder cones in the contiguous United States, erupted in 1065 A.D. That eruption produced the crater and 3 lava flows along with an extensive air-fall ash sheet.
Sunset Crater gets its name from the topmost cap of red, oxidized material which makes the volcanoe appear to be lit by the sunset.
The Sunset eruption forced local Sinagua Indians to leave the area temporarily and there is an archeological site in the vicinity of the crater.
geology.asu.edu /volc/az_volcs/sunsetcrater.html   (91 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater and its lava flows are part of the San Francisco Volcanic Field, an expanse of more than 400 volcanoes.
Sunset Crater National Monument was established on May 26, 1930.
No hiking has been allowed on the Sunset Crater volcano itself since 1973, in an attempt to preserve and protect the fragile and significant cinder cone from erosion.
www.frankstehno.com /sagemesa/destinations/arizona/sunsetcrater/sunintro.htm   (507 words)

  
 Golden Gate Photo - Wupatki and Sunset Crater Volcano National Monuments Gallery
Sunset Crater volcano is the youngest of the 800 volcanoes in the San Francisco Volcanic Field.
This is looking west at the base of Sunset Crater's 1,000-foot (300-meter) rise, with a pine and crescent moon.
At the west base of Sunset Crater, this is the view looking west, across Lenox Crater in the middleground, and the San Francisco Peaks in the background.
www.goldengatephoto.com /westus/sunset-wupatki.html   (485 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano NM
Today, Sunset Crater is still regarded as a holy place by the Hopi who believe that the friendly Kana's spirit lives here and that a wind god, Yaponcha, inhabits a fissure at the base of the cinder cone.
Sunset Crater Volcano is the youngest of more than 400 volcanoes of the San Francisco volcanic field in north-central Arizona.
Sunset Crater is a colorful volcanic cone composed of lava fragments called cinders.
www.desertusa.com /sun/du_sun_desc.html   (807 words)

  
 Sunset Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In 1250, Sunset Crater coughed out its last cinders, the red cinders at the top that remind many people of the colors in a sunset.
Sunset Crater Volcano is 1,000 feet high with a diameter at the top of 2,250 feet from rim to rim.
The crater is 300 feet deep, and here is a really amazing fact: the ash field coverage from the volcano is approximately 800 square miles.
www.spoerlein.f2s.com /ssetcrat.html   (235 words)

  
 Geology of Sunset Crater National Monument   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater Volcano was originally named Sunset Mountain by that intrepid explorer of the Colorado River, John Wesley Powell, for the bright sunset reds and yellows of its summit.
Of all the cinder cones of the San Francisco volcanic field, Sunset Crater Volcano is one of the most colorful and pristine.
While the base of Sunset Crater Volcano is mantled with dark gray cinders, the summit of the cinder cone is a striking rusty red.
geopubs.wr.usgs.gov /docs/usgsnps/sunset/sunsetft2.html   (220 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater appeared when molten rock was ejected into the air from a small crack in the Earth's crust.
When this material fell to the ground, it was already solid and came down as large bombs and smaller cinders.
This lava then oxidized red and yellow, these colors painting the crater with a permanent "sunset" so bright that it appears still to glow from intense inner heat.
volcano.und.nodak.edu /vwdocs/Parks/sunset_crater/sunset_crater.html   (179 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, The Grand Canyon
This very scenic drive, known as the Loop Road, continues past Sunset Crater, drops down to piñon-juniper country with views of the Painted Desert, crosses Wupatki National Monument, and then rejoins U.S. Highway 89 26 miles north of Flagstaff; the drive is 35 miles one-way and takes about an hour without stops.
The self-guided Lava Flow Trail, which begins 1.5 miles east of the visitors center, loops across the Bonito Lava Flow at the base of Sunset Crater; allow 30–60 minutes for the 1-mile walk, less for the paved.25-mile inner loop that’s wheelchair accessible.
From the turnoff.25 miles west of the Sunset Crater visitors center, turn north.3 miles on Forest Road 545A at the O’Leary Group Campground sign to the trailhead.
www.moon.com /planner/grand_canyon/mustsee/sunsetcratervolcano.html   (770 words)

  
 Sunset Crater, Arizona   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
To protect this fragile resource, Sunset Crater Volcano is closed to climbing and hiking.
Sunset Crater is in the eastern part of the
Sunset Crater is a nearly symmetrical cone made of dark-gray
www.azoutlawcars.com /SunsetCrater.htm   (669 words)

  
 Sunset Crater: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it....
The united states geological survey (usgs) is a scientific agency of the united states government....
Sunset Crater is a cinder cone cinder cone quick summary:
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/s/su/sunset_crater.htm   (544 words)

  
 G150 Sunset Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Located just north of Flagstaff AZ, Sunset Crater National Monument is one of the best preserved volcanic cinder cones in the United States.
Of the 800 volcanoes in the San Francisco Peaks area, Sunset Crater is the most recent location of volcanic activity in this volcanic field of north central Arizona.
The cinders near the top of Sunset Crater were exposed to corrosive volcanic gasses that accelerated the oxidation of the iron.
www.calstatela.edu /faculty/acolvil/sunset_crater.html   (186 words)

  
 John F. Karpovich Travel Pictures - Sunset Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater National Monument is a speck of a place on the Arizona map.
The area surrounding the crater is pretty eerie - lots of fl volcanic deposits and hill or mountain sized volcanic remnants.
Sunset Crater is one of the best examples of a cone-shaped crater in the area and is a nice diversion if you are in the Flagstaff, AZ area.
www.cs.virginia.edu /~jfk3w/travel/suncratr.html   (141 words)

  
 Untitled Document
This is home for the summer; Sunset Crater Volcano with lava flows and cinder covered hills in the foreground.
Sunset Crater Volcano, located near Flagstaff, AZ, is a very young cinder cone, having last erupted less than 1000 years ago.
Although this is where a lot of the visitors to Sunset Crater Volcano NM thought they were.
www.adrian.edu /earthscience/Sarahs/Summer/Summer.php   (555 words)

  
 Sunset Crater Volcano   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sunset Crater Volcano is located off US 89, north of Flagstaff, Arizona.
White, yellow, pink, and red mineral deposits around the rim inspired the name "Sunset Volcano." The eruption of the volcano occurred around 1064-1065 AD.
Trails include the self-guided Lava Flow Trail, which is a 1 mile loop trail exploring various formations, and the Lenox Crater Trail, which takes you on a 1 mile round trip climb of the cinder cone.
www.land-we-love.com /sunset_crater.htm   (240 words)

  
 Sunset Crater National Monument   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
There is something for everyone: prehistoric cliff dwellings at Walnut Canyon, the mountain scenery and geology of Sunset Crater Volcano, and the painted desert landscape and masonry pueblos of Wupatki National Monument.
Sunset Crater Volcano is often confused with another nearby attraction, Meteor Crater.
Meteor Crater, located 35 miles east of Flagstaff on I-40, is an impact crater measuring over 500 feet deep and 1 mile across.
www.usparkinfo.com /sunsetcrater.html   (557 words)

  
 Microbiology at Sunset Crater, AZ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Microbiology at Sunset Crater, AZ Microbiology at Sunset Crater, Arizona
The eruption of Sunset Crater, AZ, in 1064 A.D. covered a 2,000 sq km area with ash and cinders, and exterminated the biosystem present at that time.
We have performed a preliminary phylogenetic survey of microbial species present in Sunset Crater cinders and the sandy loam soil of adjacent areas.
bdiv.lanl.gov /SunsetCrater/SC.html   (506 words)

  
 Sunset Crater & Wupatki
Though just 15 or so miles north of Flagstaff, the Sunset Crater and Wupatki National Monuments are often over-looked by travelers/tourists on their way to see the 'Big Hole'-The Grand Canyon.
Sunset Crater is virtually (geologically speaking) a newborn.
However, much evidence seems to point to the Sunset Crater eruption as the final de-stabilizing influence that helped to drive out the last remnants of an already slowly declining area population.
www.bygonebyways.com /Sunset_crater_&_wupatki.htm   (632 words)

  
 Roachie's Travel Diary - Tuesday 1-Apr-1997
I was highly impressed by the Sunset Crater National Park.
By the time I left the last of the three sets of ruins in the park the sun was setting rapidly, and I still had not seen the main attraction - the Sunset Crater.
As I approached the crater I drove past numerous lava flows before turning a bend and seeing the snow-capped peak of sunset crater - quite a handsome, and reasonably large scoria covered cone.
www.geocities.com /TheTropics/4303/namtrip/970401.html   (906 words)

  
 GORP - US National Monuments - Wupatki and Sunset Crater   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The final eruptions of Sunset Crater spewed red oxidized iron and sulfur scoria around the summit, giving the volcano the permanent"sunset" effect noted by John Wesley Powell.
Located northeast of Flagstaff, access to Wupatki and Sunset Crater National Monuments is on FS 545, the thirty-five mile loop road that starts on Hwy 89 and travels through both parks.
The Visitor Center at Sunset Crater National Monument is located two miles from the south entrance of the loop road off Hwy 89.
gorp.away.com /gorp/resource/us_nm/az_wupa.htm   (1130 words)

  
 Geology of Sunset Crater National Monument
The basalt lava that erupted to make the Sunset Crater cinder cone made its way to the surface through a deep fracture that tapped a magma-filled pocket (magma chamber) beneath the sedimentary layers you've seen at the Grand Canyon.
As the outpouring of lava became focused beneath what is now Sunset Crater, lava fountains threw blobs of molten basalt hundreds of feet into the air.
Compare Sunset Crater with an active cinder cone in Hawaii-Pu'u 'O'o
wrgis.wr.usgs.gov /docs/usgsnps/sunset/sunsetft5.html   (519 words)

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