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Topic: Surgery

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  Surgery at Yale School of Medicine
We, the faculty surgeons of Yale University, are committed to world-class patient care, education and research.
Yale Surgery's mission is to provide surgery for children and adults with the least pain, trauma, scarring and recovery time.
Yale Surgery also performs innovative basic, clinical and translational research, and offers unparalleled educational opportunities to medical students, residents and fellows.
yalesurgery.med.yale.edu   (280 words)

 What surgery is used for : Cancerbackup
Where possible, surgery is used to remove the tumour and nearby tissues that might contain cancer cells.
If the cancer has spread to other parts of the body that cannot be totally removed by surgery, you may still have surgery to remove the primary tumour of the initial cancer.
Radiotherapy may also be used to help to control cancer that cannot be treated surgically or to reduce the extent of surgery.
www.cancerbackup.org.uk /Treatments/Surgery/Generalinformation/Whatitisusedfor   (342 words)

 MedlinePlus: Surgery
Not long ago, all surgeries involved cutting with a scalpel.
Any surgery carries the risk of complications, including infection, too much bleeding, reaction to anesthesia, or accidental injury.
Surgery and the Breastfeeding Infant(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/surgery.html   (501 words)

  Bypass Surgery, Coronary Artery
The surgery reroutes, or "bypasses," blood around clogged arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
After surgery, the patient is moved to a hospital bed in the cardiac surgical intensive care unit.
Angioplasty Versus Bypass Surgery for Coronary Artery Disease
www.americanheart.org /presenter.jhtml?identifier=4484   (745 words)

  Surgery - MSN Encarta
General surgery training and training in some surgical specialties, such as neurosurgery, which concerns the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves, and orthopedic surgery, which repairs the bones and joints, is conducted in association with a hospital and usually lasts from five to seven years.
Surgical subdivisions include, for example, thoracic surgery, which is concerned with diseases of the chest; vascular surgery, which corrects diseases of blood vessels; plastic surgery, which reconstructs or cosmetically improves features of the body; and pediatric surgery, which is concerned with operations on children.
General surgery is the broadest surgical division, focusing on surgery of the abdomen, the breast, and the endocrine organs—the glands and tissues of the body that secrete hormones for controlling growth, development, and other bodily functions.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761574581   (2726 words)

  Surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Surgery (from the Greek cheirourgia meaning "hand work") is the medical specialty that treats diseases or injuries by operative manual and instrumental treatment.
Surgery had a lower status than pure medicine, beginning as a craft tradition until Rogerius Salernitanus composed his Chirurgia, which laid the foundation for the species of the occidental surgical manuals, influencing them up to modern times.
Before the advent of anesthesia, surgery was a traumatically painful procedure and surgeons were encouraged to be as swift as possible to minimize patient suffering.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Surgery   (1107 words)

 Scoliosis surgical treatment options - iScoliosis.com
Surgery is an option used primarily for severe scoliosis (curves greater than 45 degrees) or for curves that do not respond to bracing.
Another surgery option for scoliosis is an anterior approach, which means that the surgery is conducted through the chest walls instead of entering through the patient's back.
Surgery was chosen because her curve was still at risk of further progression with growth and her long-term natural history was unfavorable.
www.iscoliosis.com /treatment-surgical.html   (680 words)

 DMRF: Surgery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Surgery is undertaken to interrupt, at various levels of the nervous system, the pathways responsible for the abnormal movements.
As for all movement disorders, surgery should be performed at established centers with a movement disorders specialist, a neurosurgeon trained in functional techniques, and supporting staff of neuropsychologists and nurses.
In SPD surgery, the aim is to abolish the abnormal movement in all the muscles involved in producing the movement, while preserving the innervation of normal muscles.
www.dystonia-foundation.org /treatment/surgery.asp   (1539 words)

 ACS :: Surgery
Potentially curative surgery is used when imaging studies tell the surgeon that it is possible to remove all the cancer.
Palliative surgery may be performed if imaging studies indicate that the tumor is too widespread to be completely removed.
However, sometimes the surgery may be begun in the hope of curing the patient, but the surgeon discovers this is not possible.
www.cancer.org /docroot/cri/content/cri_2_4_4x_surgery_34.asp?sitearea=cri   (1257 words)

Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer.
Surgery offers the greatest chance for cure for many types of cancer, especially those that have not yet spread to other parts of the body.
Restorative (or reconstructive) surgery is used to restore a person’s appearance or the function of an organ or body part after primary surgery.
www.oralcancerfoundation.org /facts/surgery.htm   (585 words)

 Reconstructive Surgery
Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body, caused by birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma or injury, infection, tumors, or disease.
Cosmetic surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the body to improve the patient's appearance and self-esteem.
In general, a patient is considered to be a higher risk if he or she is a smoker; has a connective-tissue disease; has areas of damaged skin from radiation therapy; has decreased circulation to the surgical area; has HIV or an impaired immune system; or has poor nutrition.
www.plasticsurgery.org /public_education/procedures/ReconstructiveSurgery.cfm   (2648 words)

 ACS :: Surgery
After surgery you will stay in the hospital about 3 days and will probably be away from work for about 3 to 5 weeks.
After the surgery, while you are still under anesthesia, a catheter will be put in your penis to help drain your bladder.
Your ability to have an erection after surgery will be related to your age, your ability to get an erection before the operation, and whether the nerves were cut.
www.cancer.org /docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_4X_Surgery_36.asp?sitearea=   (3037 words)

 CCFA.org: Surgery Options
If you're facing the prospect of surgery, one of the best ways to cope with your concerns or fears is to understand exactly why a particular procedure is required (or recommended), and what to expect before, during, and after the operation.
Indeed, for those with ulcerative colitis, surgery to remove diseased intestinal tissue actually represents a "cure." Crohn's disease, on the other hand, cannot be eradicated by an operation.
When you are confronted with the need for surgery (assuming that it is not an emergency), use all available resources to arrive at the decision that's right for you.
www.ccfa.org /info/surgery   (315 words)

 plantar fasciitis heel spur
Several sources say surgery is ultimately required in about 10% of the cases, but many doctors claim it is needed in less than 5% of their patients.
One journal article says surgery in those with flat feet may not be good (the exact quote is: "The data suggest that operations involving fasciotomy affect arch stability and should not be performed in patients with evidence of concomitant pes planus deformity, because of the likelihood of further deformation").
In any surgery, a nerve may be cut during surgery or inflammation from surgery may put pressure on the nerve and cause pain, loss of sensation, and/or tingling in the bottom of the foot or in the toes.
heelspurs.com /_surgery.html   (1994 words)

 Surgery: Special Subjects: Merck Manual Home Edition
Surgery is sometimes used to aid in the diagnosis of a problem.
For example, surgery may be needed to quickly identify and repair organs that are bleeding from a gunshot wound.
Elective surgery, such as replacement of a knee joint, can be delayed for some period of time, until everything has been done to optimize a person's chances of doing well during and after the surgical procedure.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec25/ch301/ch301a.html   (2949 words)

 Pediatric Surgery Handbook for Residents and Medical Students
Factors correlating with a prolonged catabolic response during surgery are: the degree of neuroendocrinological maturation, duration of operation, amount of blood loss, type of surgical procedure, extent of surgical trauma, and associated conditions (hypothermia, prematurity, etc.).
To achieve success fetal surgery should: (1) pose no risk to the mother (innocent bystander) or her future reproductive capacity; (2) tocolytic therapy in the post-op weeks should proved effective to avoid prenatal stillbirths; and (3) the procedure should be superior to conventional therapy.
Surgery is limited by the length of the testicular artery.
home.coqui.net /titolugo/handbook.htm   (15989 words)

The Eye Surgery Education Council states that physicians can now use this technology as a roadmap to evaluate the eye by measuring how light is distorted as it passes into the eye and then is reflected back.
Photorefractive keratectomy, or PRK, uses the same excimer laser used in LASIK surgery and is performed to reshape the cornea in an attempt to correct mild to moderate myopia (nearsightedness).
Although each procedure varies slightly, in general, RK surgery involves an eye surgeon cutting (with a calibrated diamond scalpel) radial or spoke-like incisions into the cornea outside of the center of the cornea (also called the optical zone, which is the area where a person sees through).
www.stjohnsmercy.org /healthinfo/adult/eye/surgery.asp   (1760 words)

 Lasik Eye Surgery
Lasik surgery is too new to know if there are any long-term ill effects beyond five years after surgery.
If you qualify for surgery, your doctor may tell you to stop wearing your contact lenses for a while before the surgery is scheduled because contacts can temporarily change the shape of the cornea.
Before the surgery, your surgeon should explain to you the risks and possible complications, and potential side effects, including the pros and cons of having one or both eyes done on the same day.
www.faqs.org /docs/consumer/lasik.html   (1414 words)

 Coronary artery bypass surgery for coronary artery disease
Surgery also is required to repair or replace a heart valve damaged by heart valve disease.
Bypass surgery often relieves symptoms of chest pain (angina), improves exercise performance, and reduces the risk of heart attack.
However, 5 to 10 years after bypass surgery, the risk of death from CAD is less for those who had surgery compared to those treated with medication alone.
www.webmd.com /heart-disease/Coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-for-coronary-artery-disease   (1468 words)

 Fact Sheet: Sinus Surgery
A careful diagnostic workup is necessary to identify the underlying cause of acute or chronic sinusitis, which is often found in the anterior ethmoid area, where the maxillary and frontal sinuses connect with the nose.
Image guided surgery: The sinuses are physically close to the brain, the eye, and major arteries, always areas of concern when a fiber optic tube is inserted into the sinus region.
This type of surgery may be recommended for severe forms of chronic sinusitis, in cases when previous sinus surgery has altered anatomical landmarks, or where a patient’s sinus anatomy is very unusual, making typical surgery difficult.
www.entnet.org /healthinfo/sinus/sinus_surgery.cfm   (670 words)

 Scleral buckling surgery for retinal detachment
Before the surgery, your eye doctor may patch both of your eyes and have you stay in bed to keep the detachment from spreading.
Right before surgery, he or she will use eyedrops to dilate your pupils and may trim your eyelashes to keep them out of the way.
Cataracts may form after surgery, although they are less common with scleral buckling than with pneumatic retinopexy or vitrectomy, the other types of surgery used to treat retinal detachments.
www.webmd.com /eye-health/Scleral-buckling-surgery-for-retinal-detachment   (1172 words)

 Cosmetic Laser Surgery
According to the American Academy of Cosmetic Surgery in Chicago, nearly 170,000 Americans, men and women, underwent laser resurfacing of the face in 1998, up from 138,891 in 1996--a 64 percent increase.
He took one look at her and exclaimed, "Oh, I am so sorry this has happened to you." He told her that the surgeon had been too aggressive and had not used the right settings, so that her skin had retained too much heat and had been severely burned.
Two years have passed since her procedure and she has spent nearly $70,000 for both the initial surgery and subsequent consultations and corrective surgeries to remove the scarring.
www.faqs.org /docs/consumer/laser.html   (1692 words)

 Preparing Your Child for Surgery
Unlike emergency surgery, an elective procedure is optional and isn't being done as a matter of life and death.
For example, most surgeries performed on children are now "same-day" procedures requiring no overnight or prolonged stays; most kids are back home, in their own beds, the same night.
After surgery, you'll be escorted to the recovery room to be with your child as he or she awakens.
www.kidshealth.org /parent/system/surgery/hosp_surgery.html   (1639 words)

Today, the goal is precise, targeted surgery that aims to preserve as much of the healthy breast and surrounding areas as possible.
The most important of these deciding factors are: the stage of the cancer, the overall "personality" of the cancer, and what is acceptable to you in terms of your long-term peace of mind.
breast-conserving surgery, (commonly known as lumpectomy) in which only the tumor is removed from the breast.
www.breastcancer.org /tre_surg_idx.html   (383 words)

 Surgery (Section 9 EMBASE) - Elsevier
The journal covers general, abdominal, thoracic and peripheral vascular surgery, pre- and post-operative care and surgical aspects of intensive care medicine.
Specialist articles on neurosurgery, lung surgery, heart surgery and orthopedic surgery are not covered, as they are covered in the appropriate Abstract Journal.
The chapter breakdown is by type of surgery with additional chapters on techniques and equipment and surgical management.
www.elsevier.com /locate/surgery   (240 words)

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