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Topic: Syphilis

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  Syphilis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by a spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum.
The epidemiology of the first syphilis epidemic indicates that the disease was either new or a mutated form of an earlier disease.
Congenital syphilis is syphilis present in utero and at birth, and occurs when a child is born to a mother with secondary or tertiary syphilis.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Syphilis   (2704 words)

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted or congenital infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.
Syphilis is widespread in the United States and primarily involves sexually active adults between 20-29 years of age.
The final stage of syphilis is called tertiary syphilis and is characterized by brain or central nervous system involvement (neurosyphilis), cardiovascular involvement with inflammation of the aorta (aortitis or aneurysms), and gummatous syphilis (destructive lesions of the skin and bones).
www.umm.edu /ency/article/001327.htm   (444 words)

Syphilis, which swept through Europe in a devastating epidemic during the late 15th century, is now readily treated with antibiotics.
Syphilis, which is known as the great imitator because it mimics so many other diseases, is making its strongest comeback in 40 years in the U.S..
A pregnant woman with syphilis can transmit the disease to her unborn child, who may be born with serious mental and physical problems.
ww2.fox11az.com /Global/story.asp?S=1230436   (1136 words)

Although syphilis remains a significant health problem in the United States, the number of cases reported nationally and in Illinois during 1998 was the lowest in any year since the mid 1960s.
The syphilis bacteria are very fragile, and the infection is not spread by contact with objects such as toilet seats or towels.
A pregnant woman with syphilis can pass the bacteria to her unborn child, who may be born with serious mental and physical problems as a result of this infection.
www.idph.state.il.us /public/hb/hbsyph.htm   (1333 words)

 Syphilis - Urologychannel
Syphilis is spread through vaginal, oral, and anal sex during the infection's primary, secondary, and early latent stages.
Syphilis occurs in women between the ages of 20 and 39 and in men between the ages of 35 to 39; slightly more men than women are affected.
Manifestations of syphilis vary according to the stage of the disease and the immune status of the infected person.
www.urologychannel.com /std/syphilis.shtml   (1262 words)

Syphilis is an ancient illness first described in the 15th century.
Syphilis then becomes quiet (latent) for many years (with possible flares of secondary syphilis symptoms occurring from time to time).
Syphilis is spread by touch of a chancre or one of the secondary rashes.These rashes are teeming with the bacteria.
www.afraidtoask.com /STD/syphilis.html   (501 words)

 Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Part 2
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infectious disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.
Syphilis elimination is defined as the absence of sustained transmission (i.e., no transmission after 90 days of the report of an imported index case).
The national goal for syphilis elimination is to reduce primary and secondary (PandS) syphilis to <1000 cases (rate: 0.4 per 100,000 population) and to increase the number of syphilis-free counties to 90% by 2005.
www.kcom.edu /faculty/chamberlain/Website/lectures/lecture/std2.htm   (3280 words)

 Syphilis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is a complex sexually transmitted, infectious disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Treponema Pallidum.
Syphilis has often been called the great imitator because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases.
The primary stage of syphilis is characterized by the appearance of a single sore (called a chancre).
www.mamashealth.com /syphilis.asp   (837 words)

 Syphilis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted (venereal) disease (STD) that is caused by an organism called "Treponema pallidum".
Syphilis is passed from direct contact (during sex) with the chancres.
Syphilis is not spread through sexual contact at this stage, but is present in the blood.
obgyn.uihc.uiowa.edu /Patinfo/STD/syphilis.htm   (626 words)

 Syphilis Facts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that progresses in stages and can damage many parts of the body.
A baby born to a mother with either untreated syphilis or syphilis treated after the 34th week of pregnancy has a 40% to 70% chance of having congenital syphilis.
Syphilis rates increase and decrease in the United States depending on the intensity of prevention programs and on changes in sexual risk-taking and drug use.
www.astdhpphe.org /infect/syphilis.html   (1406 words)

 eMedicine - Syphilis : Article by Todd A McGregor, MD
Early latent syphilis is defined as follows: acquired syphilis within the preceding year, that is, (1) documented seroconversion; (2) unequivocal symptoms of primary or secondary syphilis; or (3) partner documented with primary, secondary, or early latent syphilis.
In a randomized controlled trial of 328 subjects with primary, secondary, or latent syphilis, the efficacy of a single, 2 g oral dose of azithromycin was compared to 2.4 million units of penicillin G benzathine intramuscularly.
Given the ability of syphilis to masquerade as a number of illnesses, routine serologic testing for syphilis is prudent when rendering a diagnosis of pityriasis rosea or another generalized rash.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic563.htm   (3885 words)

 Syphilis - BC HealthFile #08e   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is an infection caused by a germ or bacteria.
Syphilis is described in terms of its four stages.
Syphilis is spread by having unprotected sex - not using a condom - with someone who is infected with syphilis.
www.bchealthguide.org /healthfiles/hfile08e.stm   (1128 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Syphilis
The symptoms of syphilis depend on the stage of the disease.
The proper diagnostic tests for syphilis depend on the stage of the disease and may include: dark field examination of primary lesion (in primary syphilis), and blood tests such as VDRL or RPR and FTA-ABS.
Syphilis is a reportable infection -- that is, it must be reported to public health authorities for assistance in identifying and treating potentially infected sexual partners.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/001327.htm   (946 words)

 Guide to Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis can be passed from a woman to her unborn child.
In first stage syphilis, the chancre appears within ten to ninety days (with an average of three weeks) after direct exposure to the germ.
When the syphilis germs attack these other parts of the body, it is called tertiary syphilis (third stage syphilis).
www.healthac.org /guide_syphilis.html   (785 words)

 Bacteriology 330 Lecture Topics: SyphilisBacteriology 330 Lecture Topics: Syphilis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Because syphilis infections seem to disappear after the initial inflammatory reaction, people were given a false sense of "recovery" from the disease, yet the severity of the disease continued to increase.
Syphilis has three distinct stages and a latency stage between the second and third stages, during all of which the principal pathogen is T.
Syphilis is found worldwide, and is the third most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States (after gonorrhea and Chlamydia).
www.bact.wisc.edu /Bact330/lecturesyphilis   (2755 words)

 [Clinical Preventive Services] Screening for Syphilis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Primary syphilis produces ulcers of the genitalia, pharynx, or rectum, and secondary syphilis is characterized by contagious skin lesions, lymph- adenopathy, and condylomata lata.2 Systemic spread, including invasion of the central nervous system, can occur early in infection and may be symptomatic during early or late stages of syphilis.
In early primary syphilis, when antibody levels may be too low to detect, results may be nonreactive, and the sensitivity of nontreponemal tests is 62-76%.10 Antibody levels rise as disease progresses; titers usually peak during secondary syphilis, when the sensitivity of nontreponemal tests approaches 100%.
Co-infection with HIV and syphilis does not generally impair the sensitivity of syphilis testing, although there are sporadic reports of absent or delayed response to nontreponemal tests.
cpmcnet.columbia.edu /texts/gcps/gcps0036.html   (1474 words)

 Syphilis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is the oldest recognized STI and remains a common, although serious, infection that can be debilitating and even result in death if left untreated.
Syphilis may also be transmitted during pregnancy from mother to fetus through the placenta.
Syphilis has three stages and there are different symptoms that are associated with each stage.
www.brown.edu /Student_Services/Health_Services/Health_Education/sexual_health/sti/syphilis.htm   (698 words)

 Syphilis Information and Pictures
Syphilis increases the risk of transmitting and receiving the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
In the fight against the spread of syphilis research is being carried out to find a vaccine and to study the effects the various surface components of the syphilis bacterium have on the immune system.
Early detection and treatment of syphilis is essential in order to have a significant impact on slowing the occurrence of this potentially fatal disease.
www.herpes-coldsores.com /std/syphilis.htm   (1653 words)

 Syphilis. DermNet NZ
Syphilis is a complex sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum.
If a pregnant woman has syphilis, the outcome for her baby is dependent on the stage of pregnancy and of the disease, and whether appropriate treatment was received.
Syphilis can be detected during the early infectious stages by a dark-field examination of tissue or tissue fluid taken from a primary ulcer (chancre) or condylomata lata.
dermnetnz.org /bacterial/syphilis.html   (1042 words)

 eMedicine - Syphilis : Article by Muhammad Waseem, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Race: Syphilis has no racial predilection, although its incidence appears to correlate with the socioeconomic factors that contribute to disease prevalence among the poor, the urban, and the overcrowded, in whom drug use and the exchange of sex for drugs may be more common.
Cardiovascular syphilis refers to aortic dilatation due to medial necrosis of the aorta; the essential signs are aortic insufficiency or saccular aneurysm of the aorta.
Routine prenatal screening for syphilis remains the most important factor in identifying infants at risk of developing congenital syphilis; screening is required legally at the beginning of prenatal care in all states.
www.emedicine.com /ped/topic2193.htm   (5786 words)

In early syphilis (primary, secondary, early latent), the disease is infectious and it is important to seek the recent sexual contact.
Congenital syphilis is transmitted in utero after the first 16 weeks of pregnancy, therefore it is usually not a cause of abortion during the first trimester.
In late syphilis, spouse or regular sex partners should be screened, and in mother, her children as well.
www.hkmj.org.hk /skin/syphilis.htm   (2131 words)

In particular, the syphilis bacterium is transmitted through direct contact with syphilis sores, which mainly occur in the genital area of both men and women.
Primary or early symptoms: The first symptom of syphilis infection is usually a small painless sore (chancre) in the area of sexual contact (penis, vagina, anus, rectum, or mouth).
Infection with syphilis increases the risk for transmitting or acquiring HIV infection.
www.engenderhealth.org /wh/inf/dsyph.html   (566 words)

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria (Treponema pallidum).
Syphilis is no longer commonplace in the developed world but it is still widespread in Asia and Africa.
Syphilis is treated with penicillin by injection unless you are allergic to it, in which case an alternative antibiotic will be given.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /diseases/facts/syphilis.htm   (524 words)

 Ricin Poisoning Fact Sheet   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Treponema pallidum.
The number of Syphilis cases in Wisconsin have been decreasing, yet syphilis prevention remains an important objective because of the serious consequences of untreated or inadequately treated syphilis and its role as a potential risk factor for HIV infection and transmission.
Latent syphilis is the stage in which no observable clinical signs or symptoms are present to suggest infection, yet serologic tests for syphilis (STS) are reactive.
dhfs.wisconsin.gov /communicable/communicable/factsheets/syphilis.htm   (843 words)

 Syphilis definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Syphilis: A sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a microscopic organism called a spirochete.
Fracastorius was a true Renaissance man; he wrote on the temperature of wines, the rise of the Nile, poetry, the mind, and the soul; he was an astronomer, geographer, botanist, mathematician, philosopher and, last but not least in the present context, a physician.
In 1530 he published the poem "Syphilis sive morbus gallicus" (Syphilis or the French Disease) in which the name of the disease first appeared.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=5689   (673 words)

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