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Topic: Syriac language

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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

  Syriac language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Syriac is a member of the Afro-Asiatic language family, the Semitic language sub-family, the West Semitic language branch, and the Aramaic language group.
Western Middle Syriac is the official language of the Syriac Orthodox Church, the Syrian Catholic Church, the Maronite Church, the Malankara Syrian Orthodox Church, the Mar Thoma Church and the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church.
Grammar of the dialects of vernacular Syriac: as spoken by the Eastern Syrians of Kurdistan, north-west Persia, and the Plain of Mosul: with notices of the vernacular of the Jews of Azerbaijan and of Zakhu near Mosul.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Syriac_language   (2140 words)

 Aramaic language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As the language grew in importance, it came to be spoken throughout the Mediterranean coastal area of the Levant, and spread east of the Tigris.
It was the language of the city-states of Damascus, Hamath and Arpad.
Nabataean Aramaic is the language of the Arab kingdom of Petra.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aramaic_language   (5442 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Syriac Language and Literature
Syriac is the important branch of the group of Semitic languages known as Aramaic.
The Moslem invasion brought about the decadence by imposing Arabic as the official language; the latter rapidly came into general use, and Syriac was no longer spoken or understood by the people, although it was upheld as a literay language for four centuries longer, and until the present time as a liturgical language.
Nevertheless, the destruction was not complete; Syriac, or rather Aramaic, modified according to the laws of evolution common to all languages, is still spoken in the three villages in the neighbourhood of Damascus, in Tour Abdin (Mesopotamia, between Nisibis and the Tigris), and in Kurdistan, especially in the neighbourhood of Ourmiah.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14408a.htm   (5730 words)

 A Bird's Eye View of the Syriac Language and Literature
Syriac belongs to the Semitic family of languages, and is a dialect of Aramaic.
Syriac literature covers a wide area both in time and in space, and provides by far the largest body of Aramaic literature that spans from the second to the twentieth century.
Syriac language and literature, besides playing a momentous role in the history of the Christian world, has also constituted an essential dimension within the cultural history of the Middle East as a whole.
www.insideassyria.com /rkvsf2/wwwboard/msgs/A_Bird_s_Eye_View_of_the_Syriac_Language_and_Literature-7DTY.html   (2297 words)

 MOUAWAD: The Teaching of Syriac in Lebanon: An Overview
Notwithstanding the important role of the Syriac language in Lebanon's past, the teaching of Syriac up to the seventies was relatively modest.
Syriac is offered as an optional language in addition to Hebrew, Greek, and Persian and is met positively by the students because of its similarity to Arabic and its easy access for the Arabic speaking students.
To conclude this survey of Syriac studies in Lebanon, it is worth stressing the increasing interest in Syriac among local scholars.
syrcom.cua.edu /Hugoye/Vol3No1/HV3N1Mouawad.html   (1388 words)

 The story of Aramaic
Aramaic was the language of the Assyrian empire and a language spoken by the learned elite of Jewish leaders in the Jerusalem of the first Temple period.
Although Greek was the language of trade and commerce in the eastern Roman empire at the time of Jesus, it was not the language spoken by ordinary Jews in Palestine.
Syriac was spoken in south western Mesopotamia in the small kingdom of Osrhoene with its capital at Edessa.
www.srr.axbridge.org.uk /syriac_language.html   (2555 words)

 Beth Mardutho: About The Syriac Language
Syriac is a form of Aramaic, a language whose many dialects have been in continuous use since the 11th century BC.
It was the native tongue of the ancient Chaldeans, a second language to the Assyro-Babylonians, an official language of the Persian Achaemenians, and a common language of the Jews replacing Hebrew.
Syriac is the Aramaic dialect of Edessa (present-day Urfa in southeast Turkey), a center of early intellectual activity.
www.bethmardutho.org /aboutsyriac   (351 words)

 SYRIAC LANGUAGE - Online Information article about SYRIAC LANGUAGE
Where the same root exists in Arabic, Syriac and Hebrew, its fundamental consonants are usually the same in all three languages.
Again the primitive a of Arabic is in the older (Nestorian) pronunciation of Syriac maintained, while in Jacobite Syriac and in Hebrew it passes into o: thus Ar.
2 With regard to this, Syriac has one great difference from Hebrew, viz, that final a is indicated not by he, but by clef.maintains the diphthongs ai and au, which in Hebrew have usually passed into e and 5.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /SUS_TAV/SYRIAC_LANGUAGE.html   (1912 words)

 L'ORDRE ANTONIN MARONITE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
This language, already a thousand years old at the time of Christ, is still not quite dead at the end of this 20th century.
In effect, apart from the celebrated village of Maloulah, near to Damascus, where the inhabitants have never ceased to speak syriac, there are the Chaldean people in Iraq, and maybe still in Iran, who continue to speak this language and to teach it to their children.
So this very old language is still spoken, written, and printed; for what in the past we called by the rather vague name of Aramean, has become with time and its use by writers such as St. Ephrem, "Syriac".
perso.chello.fr /users/w/wal64/e-liturgie.htm   (910 words)

 Syriac Bible, Syriac Fonts, Syriac General Office, Syriac Learn, Syriac Reference, Syriac Software - Mac, Syriac ...
Syriac (or Aramaic) continued to be spoken until the rise of Islam, when it quickly gave way to the dominant influence of Arabic.
In modern usage the term Syriac generally refers to the liturgical language of the Maronite Catholic Church, the Syrian Catholic Church, the Syrian Jacobite Church(NOTE: The PC term (used by the World Council of Churches) is the Syrian Orthodox Church.
The term Aramaic refers to the language as it is still spoken in small communities in Syria (in and around the village of Malula, north of Damascus) and in Turkey (near the town of Mardin, east of Urfa).
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Syriac.htm   (513 words)

 Syriac script
Aramaic, a language which was the lingua franca of much of the Near East from about 7th century BC until the 7th century AD, when it was largely replaced by Arabic.
Classical or Imperial Aramaic was the main language of the Persian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires and spread as far as Greece and the Indus valley.
Syriac, an eastern dialect of Aramaic which was once spoken in the lands in between the Roman and Parthian empires.
www.omniglot.com /writing/syriac.htm   (548 words)

 Amazon.ca: Introduction to Syriac: An Elementary Grammar with Readings from Syriac Literature: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Here, the language is presented both in the Syriac script and in transcription, which is given so that the pronunciation of individual words and the structure of the language may be represented as clearly as possible.
Syriac is structurally perhaps the simplest of all the Semitic languages.
Syriac continues as the the liturgical language of some churches, such as the Malabar Church of St. Thomas in India, and the Jacobites and Maronites in the Near East; it is also the classical language of the Nestorians and the Chaldeans.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0936347988   (1653 words)

 Orientalistica - Dorek - Neo-Aramaic and Neo-Syriac Language and Literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Kurdistani Christians represent what remains in the Middle East of the glorious diffusion and splendor of the Persian Syriac Church between the 4th and 13th centuries (see, e.g.: Fiey 1965, Habbi 1966, Murre-van der Berg 1999, Van Rompay 2000, Borbone 2000).
The language of the Neo-Syriac poems is called Fellihi by Sachau and the term is still used to indicate the Iraqi groups of Neo-Aramaic dialects; Habbi, Poizat, Pennacchietti and Van Rompay prefer the indigenous term Sureth.
In this presentation the labels ‘Neo-Syriac’ and ‘Neo-Aramaic’ are used to refer respectively to the literary tradition and the linguistic family to which the corpus under study belongs.
hal9000.cisi.unito.it /wf/DIPARTIMEN/Orientalis/Attivit--d/Ricerce-fi/Dorek/literat.html_cvt.htm   (1912 words)

 B.H.Cowper, The Syriac Language and Literature, Journal of Sacred Literature, New Series [Series 4] vol. 2 (1863) pp. ...
The Syriac language was not merely spoken in Syria.
This language is one of those commonly called Shemitic, although not wholly confined to the descendants of Shem, as appears by the examples of the Phoenicians and the Abyssinians, whose lineage is connected with Ham.
By general consent of scholars, the oldest monument of the language in a literary form is the venerable translation of the Scriptures, known as the Peshito,[a] containing the Old Testament from the Hebrew, and the New Testament from the Greek.
www.tertullian.org /rpearse/oriental/jsl_syriac_intro.htm   (5071 words)

 AllRefer.com - Syriac (Language And Linguistics) - Encyclopedia
The early Christians of Mesopotamia and Syria gave the Greek name Syriac to the Aramaic dialect they spoke when the term Aramaic acquired the meaning of "pagan" or "heathen." The oldest Syriac script, which dates back to the 1st cent.
Syriac began to yield to Arabic after the coming of Islam in the 7th cent.
However, it is also used as a liturgical language of the Syrian Church.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/S/Syriac.html   (213 words)

 Syriac Computing Information (Penn State)
Otherwise Syriac is used as a liturgical language in the Syrian Christian church and related sects.
Language tags are also suggested so that search engines and screen readers parse the language of a page.
Another option is to compose the basic text in an international or foreign languags text editor or word processor and export the content as an HTML or text file with the appropriate encoding.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/syriac.html   (770 words)

 Oriental Fathers: Syriac Literature
The language of these is midway between Official Aramaic (i.e., the Aramaic that we received from official documents) and literary Syriac, and represent the early development of the Syriac language.
The Syriac Catholic Patriarch Afram Rahmani (1848-1929) and his namesake and Orthodox counterpart Patriarch Afram Barsoum (1887-1969) were among the most distinguished Syriac scholars of the 20th century, each producing a large number of scholarly studies.
The churches of the Syriac tradition are: The Syriac Orthodox Church, The Assyrian Church of the East, The Maronite Syriac Church, The Chaldean Church, The Syriac Catholic Church, and the various churches of the St. Thomas Christians in India.
www.tertullian.org /rpearse/oriental/syriac.htm   (5713 words)

 From Alphonse Mingana To Christoph Luxenberg: Arabic Script & The Alleged Syriac Origins Of The Qur'an
In the case of Syriac, the period from the third to the beginning of the seventh century CE (i.e., until the advent of Islam) is marked by an almost exclusive use of the diacritical point.
The geographical spread of pre-Islamic Arabic inscriptions range from Zebed from the Syriac speaking heartland in the north to Mada'in Salih in the south and from Abu Darag (Egypt) in the West to Sakakah in the East.
As far as the Syriac orthography after the advent of Islam is concerned, Jacob of Edessa's correspondences give ample evidence of its poor state, not to mention the incorrect speaking and understanding of the language.
www.islamic-awareness.org /Quran/Text/Mss/vowel.html   (15523 words)

 Lesson Two   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
This section is here to provide you with an introduction to the Syriac language.
Syriac refers to the Aramaic language spoken in the Near East for over 2000 years.
It was the language spoken by Christ, and is the mother language of Hebrew (a dialect of Aramaic) and Arabic.
www.geocities.com /mfignatius/aramaic.html   (91 words)

 Appendix: Syriac OpenType specification
The language system tag specifies a typographic convention associated with a language or linguistic subgroup.
The "dflt" language system is used as the default if no other language specific features are defined or if the application does not support that particular language.
Note: both the script and language tags are case sensitive (script tags should be lowercase, language tags are all caps) and must contain four characters (ie.
www.microsoft.com /typography/otfntdev/syriacot/appen.htm   (229 words)

 Syriac - Test for Unicode support in Web browsers
Syriac is the right-to-left script that is used for the Syriac language, which belongs to the Semitic group and is mostly confined to liturgical use in Christian churches in the Middle East and in south-east India, although there are also some native speakers in the Middle East.
A Syriac Unicode keyboard layout for Mac OS X 10.2 can be downloaded from Aramaic Keyboards for Mac OS X; it has been produced by Steve Caruso.
The characters that appear in the first column of the following table depend on the browser that you are using, the fonts installed on your computer, and the browser options you have chosen that determine the fonts used to display particular character sets, encodings or languages.
www.alanwood.net /unicode/syriac.html   (270 words)

 Syriac Bible
In fact, the Syriac Church Fathers produced a number of translations of the Bible and revisions of these translations from the original languages of the Bible.
The Syriac Old Testament is a translation from the original Hebrew and Aramaic (a different Aramaic dialect from Syriac which is known by the name 'Biblical Aramaic').
Many old Syriac manuscripts of the Biblical texts survive and can be found in the major museums and libraries of the world and of course in the ancient Syriac libraries of the Middle East as well.
sor.cua.edu /Bible   (777 words)

 Syriac language and culture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
He studied at the Maronite College in Rome, published a Syriac grammar (1628), and taught Syriac and Arabic at the College of the Propaganda.
Syriac Literature, literature in the Syriac language of the Middle East.
Syriac [214T] (Dr Peter Hayman) Aims and objectives: This module begins with a brief introduction to Syriac Grammar concentrating on those points where...
www.lonweb.org /link-syriac.htm   (894 words)

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