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Topic: Taiwan Relations Act


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  Taiwan Relations Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Taiwan Relations Act is an act of the United States Congress passed in 1979 after the establishment of relations with the People's Republic of China and the (pro forma) breaking of relations between the United States and the Republic of China on Taiwan by President Jimmy Carter.
The act defines the term "Taiwan" includes, as the context may require, the islands of Taiwan and the Pescadores.
The Taiwan Relations Act has been used by successive U.S. administrations to justify arms sales to the ROC, despite adopting a One-China Policy, which is not exactly the same as the PRC's.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Taiwan_Relations_Act   (259 words)

  
 Taiwan Relations Act of 1979   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(7) The capacity of Taiwan to sue and be sued in courts in the United States, in accordance with the laws of the United States, shall not be abrogated, infringed, modified, denied, or otherwise affected in any way by the absence of diplomatic relations or recognition.
During the three-year period beginning on the effective of this Act, such rules and regulations shall be transmitted promptly to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the application of such provision to any other person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.
www.hongkong.usconsulate.gov /ustw/geninfo/tra1979.htm   (1043 words)

  
 washingtonpost.com - Taiwan Relations Act
The TRA could hardly be called perfect in terms of its comprehensiveness or depth, for it failed to envisage and provide for the degree of democracy that Taiwan has achieved.
Bilateral relations of every sort between Taiwan and the United States have flourished, and the TRA has spelled out a clear framework for US-Taiwan ties that has in a way allowed Taipei and Beijing to at least begin a cross-strait dialogue and take the first steps toward confidence building.
Of course, the prosperity achieved on Taiwan and the attainment of full democracy are without question primarily and fundamentally the result of the enormous effort and wise policy decisions made by the people and government of the Republic of China over the past two decades.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-adv/internationalreview99/act2.html   (694 words)

  
 Scrap the Taiwan Relations Act by Bevin Chu
Cheney was either ignorant of the provisions of the Taiwan Relations Act, or he was merely pretending to be.
The TRA is a blank check made out to Taiwan independence extremists, signed in advance with American GIs' blood, to be cashed not at the discretion of American president George W. Bush, but at the whim of a foreign dictator named Chen Shui-bian.
The TRA is not "defending democracy," but propping up a Quisling dictatorship unable to command the loyalty of the ROC's deeply patriotic military personnel.
www.lewrockwell.com /orig5/chu1.html   (1448 words)

  
 20 Years Taiwan Relations Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Below we link to the text of the Act, as well as to conferences and symposia which are being held to commemorate the event.
On 25 March, 1999, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held a hearing on "U.S.-Taiwan Relations: The 20th Anniversary of the Taiwan Relations Act." Testimony was given by Carl Ford, who spent 28 years as a Asia specialist in the Pentagon, the Central Intelligence Agency and the U.S. Senate.
On 23 March 1999, the Formosan Association for Public Affairs (FAPA) organized a symposium titled The 20th Anniversary of the Taiwan Relations Act and The View from Taiwan, with presentations by former IAT Director Ambassador Nat Bellocchi, Dr. Bob Sutter of the Congressional Research Service, and a delegation from Taiwan, consisting of Prof.
www.taiwandc.org /news-tra.htm   (227 words)

  
 USIS Washington File: TEXT: DAS SUSAN SHIRK TESTIMONY ON TAIWAN RELATIONS ACT AT 20
Taiwan's economic development on free market principles has been no less impressive, as seen in its ranking as the 14th largest trading economy in the world and in its success in weathering the Asian Financial Crisis.
Taiwan and the U.S. passed a milestone in their economic relationship last year with the completion of the bilateral market access agreement in conjunction with Taiwan's application to the World Trade Organization.
U.S. relations with the PRC and the people on Taiwan are likely to be one of our most complex and important foreign policy challenges for many years to come.
usembassy-australia.state.gov /hyper/WF990414/epf308.htm   (2495 words)

  
 Department of State Washington File: Text: Taiwan Relations Act Helps Democracy Thrive on Taiwan, Senator Says
Brownback is the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs and is a member of the Joint Economic Committee; the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation; and the Committee on Appropriations.
The TRA does not dictate every facet of U.S. policy toward Taiwan, of course, but it is the indisputable foundation for policy - a permanent requirement to preserve the long-term viability of the relationship between Washington and Taipei even as short-term considerations emerge and fade.
Whatever administration may be in power is enjoined by the TRA to keep forces in the area which are sufficient to deter aggression and to see to it that Taiwan continues to have the ability to defend itself.
usinfo.org /wf-archive/2004/040401/epf405.htm   (2479 words)

  
 washingtonpost.com - Taiwan Relations Act
Twenty years after its enactment by the Congress, the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) stands as a solid foundation of the continuing strong, positive, and mutually beneficial relationship between the United States and the Republic of China on Taiwan (ROC).
President Lee Teng-hui of Taiwan, the Republic of China, stated in a written message: "I still recall how the U.S. announcement on December 15, 1978 that it was establishing relations with the Chinese Communists and severing diplomatic ties with us hurt the people in Taiwan.
The Act "has been a major factor in keeping the Republic of China on Taiwan free, peaceful and autonomous in the face of persistent hostility and pressure from Communist China," declared Sen. Jesse Helms (R-NC), chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, in the keynote address to the 20th anniversary conference.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-adv/internationalreview99/success.html   (708 words)

  
 AEI - Events   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Act sets out the parameters of America's relationship with both the People's Republic of China and with Taiwan, stating that Chinese use of military force against Taiwan would be regarded as a threat to the peace of the region and a matter of "grave concern" to the United States.
Under the Act, the United States sells arms to Taiwan; under American law, the island republic is treated as a state separate from China.
Please join AEI and the Heritage Foundation to analyze the future of the Taiwan Relations Act and the impact of the recent election and referendum in Taiwan.
www.aei.org /events/filter.all,eventID.784/event_detail.asp   (162 words)

  
 Taiwan Relations Act - US Department of State
This Act may be cited as the "Taiwan Relations Act".
Whenever the President determines it to be in furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the procurement of services by such agencies from the Institute may be effected without regard to such laws of the United States normally applicable to the acquisition of services by such agencies as the President may specify by Executive order.
During the three-year period beginning on the effective date speaker of this Act, such rules and regulations shall be transmitted promptly to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
usinfo.state.gov /eap/Archive_Index/Taiwan_Relations_Act.html   (2289 words)

  
 Report to Congress   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The PRC claims that Taiwan is an inalienable part of China and has reserved the right to use force to unify Taiwan with the mainland if Taiwan declares independence, if Taiwan is occupied by a foreign country, if it acquires nuclear weapons, or if Taiwan indefinitely refuses the peaceful settlement of cross-Strait reunification through negotiation.
Third, the PRC could try to coerce Taiwan by means of air or missile strikes on Taiwan’s population, military assets, or economic infrastructure.
In the latter case, our goal would be that Taiwan defend itself without outside assistance or, as a fallback, that it defend itself long enough to permit outside assistance, and that the combination of Taiwan and U.S. forces defeat a PLA attack on Taiwan, should the U.S. decide to intervene.
www.defenselink.mil /pubs/twstrait_12182000.html   (2411 words)

  
 News and Current Events
Whereas when the Taiwan Relations Act was enacted in 1979, it affirmed that the United States decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China was based on the expectation that the future of Taiwan would be determined by peaceful means;
Whereas in the spirit of the Taiwan Relations Act, which encourages the future of democratic Taiwan to be determined by peaceful means, Taiwan has engaged the People's Republic of China in a cross-Strait dialogue by advocating that peaceful renification be based on a democratic system of government being implemented on the mainland;
Whereas the Taiwan Relations Act established the American Institute on Taiwan (AIT) to carry out the programs, transactions, and other relations conducted or carried out by the United States Government with respect to Taiwan and AIT should be recognized for the successful role it has played in sustaining and enhancing United States relations with Taiwan:
www.taiwandc.org /nws-9912.htm   (856 words)

  
 The Taiwan Relations Act: The Next Twenty-Five Years   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Taiwan can have de facto self-determination, meaning the ability of a people to determine their own fate through democratic means, only if it does not attempt to be recognized with a jury sovereignty by the international community.
Taiwan's political and military leaders have formally recognized Taiwan's military needs to reform, moving away from a military dominated by ground forces to one that emphasizes jointness and is better suited to the task of defending against the PLA's increasingly modern air and sea forces.
Taiwan's trade with and investment in the PRC soared, although it is difficult to calculate exact figures because people, goods, and finance flow across the Strait indirectly, because both sides keep different statistics, and because a proportion of Taiwan investment in the PRC continues to go unreported.
commdocs.house.gov /committees/intlrel/hfa93229.000/hfa93229_0.HTM   (17677 words)

  
 Chapter 10, Section 13- Taiwan Relations Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Acts performed by authorized employees of the Institute under this section shall be valid, and of like force and effect within the United States, as if performed by any other person authorized under the laws of the United States to perform such acts.
The President is requested to extend to the instrumentality established by Taiwan the same number of offices and complement of personnel as were previously operated in the United States by the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979.
During the three-year period beginning on January 1, 1979, such rules and regulations shall be transmitted promptly to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
www.ibiblio.org /chinesehistory/contents/c10s13.html   (2576 words)

  
 washingtonpost.com - Taiwan Relations Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Congress made clear the importance the U.S. attaches to Taiwan's security when it said in the preamble of the TRA that the U.S. objectives were to "maintain peace, security, and stability" in the region and that the U.S. viewed with "grave concern" any non-peaceful resolution China might pursue against Taiwan.
As they look to the future of the TRA and the relationship between the United States and Taiwan that it defines, leading authorities in both countries come back to the Act as it was written, and to its remarkable record of success.
That the Act remains in force today, without amendment, is "a testament to the wisdom and foresight of its drafters," wrote Yates.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-adv/internationalreview99/partner2.html   (743 words)

  
 CICC Library Monthly Selections   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Taiwan Relations Act and the Defense of the Republic of China
The Taiwan Relations Act is the keystone of the relations between the United States and Taiwan.
The Taiwan Relations Act (T.R.A.) has played an important role in the development of relations between the United States and Taiwan since its adoption by the U.S. Congress and being signed into law by President Jimmy Carter on April 10, 1979.
www.taipei.org /teco/cicc/library/books/en0499.htm   (1929 words)

  
 News and Current Events
The Taiwan Relations Act establishes on the part of the United States a continuing connection with and concern for Taiwan and its people.
Furthermore, the maintenance by Taiwan of forces adequate for its defense is in the interest of the United States in that it helps to maintain peace in the Western Pacific region.
The Taiwan Relations Act provides explicit guarantees that the United States will make available defense articles and services necessary in such quantity as may be necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability.
www.taiwandc.org /nws-2000-04.htm   (1403 words)

  
 CICC CURRENTS -- March/April, No. 41 1999   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The resulting Taiwan Relations Act (T.R.A.) was signed into law by President Carter on April 10, 1979.
Nonetheless, with China content, Washington-Taipei relations under the T.R.A. were stable until the Tiananmen crackdown in June 1989 and the end of the Cold War led to a reconsideration of U.S.-R.O.C.-P.R.C. trilateral relations.
The fundamental contradiction between the three communiqu├ęs and the Taiwan Relations Act remains unresolved.
www.taipei.org /teco/cicc/currents/03-0499/tra.htm   (574 words)

  
 Taiwan: US Senate resolution on the Taiwan Relations Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Whereas the Taiwan Relations Act was advanced by Congress and supported by the executive branch as the cornerstone of United States ties with Taiwan;
Whereas, when the Taiwan Relations Act was enacted, it affirmed that the United States decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China was based on the expectation that the future of Taiwan would be determined by peaceful means;
Whereas the Taiwan Relations Act requires the United States to maintain the capacity to resist any resort to force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or the social or economic system, of the people on Taiwan;
www.unpo.org /news_detail.php?arg=50&par=664   (884 words)

  
 united states taiwan relations - Books, journals, articles @ The Questia Online Library
...diplomatic relations between the United States and PRC...ties with Taiwan, were not...asking the United States to cut off diplomatic relations with Taiwan and to recognize...fact, the United States passed the Taiwan Relations Act and continued...
Taiwan in Japans Relations with China and the United States after the Cold...S.-Japanese relations with Taiwan.
Chinas relations with other...the hostile relations between the United States and Communist...support of Taiwan remained...diplomatic relations were established with the United States on Jan. 1...Republic took Taiwans place in...
www.questia.com /search/united-states-taiwan-relations   (1625 words)

  
 Taiwan
(7) The Taiwan Relations Act states that peace and stability in the western Pacific "are in the political, security, and economic interests of the United States, and are matters of international concern".
(8) The Taiwan Relations Act states that the United States considers "any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts, or embargoes, a threat to the peace and security of the western Pacific area arid of grave concern to the United States".
(4) the President should, consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3303 et seq.), reexamine the nature and quantity of defense articles and services that may be necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability in light of the heightened threat.
www.fas.org /news/taiwan/1996/960314-taiwan-usia.htm   (913 words)

  
 Department of State Washington File: Text: Lawmaker Hails 23rd Anniversary of Taiwan Relations Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Taiwan and the United States share common interests in many areas, such as trade and investment, science and technology, education, culture and security.
The officials of Taiwan were chosen by the twenty-two million people of Taiwan to represent them and we should respect their choice.
Taiwan is our seventh largest trading partner, and there are many critical economic, trade, health, security, and other issues which its officials need to discuss with our government officials as well as officials of international organizations.
usinfo.org /wf-archive/2002/020412/epf515.htm   (511 words)

  
 The Taiwan Relations Act and US-Taiwan Military Relations [Free Republic]
Indeed, many Taiwan observers believe that Taiwan is making great strides toward being able to produce all its defense needs domestically with little further need for aid from the US.
This is a sharp contrast to the first ten or fifteen years of the Taiwan Relations Act.
It is now up to the leaders of Taiwan and the US to decide if they will change their military approach as well, or seek a diplomatic solution of some kind, or both.
www.freerepublic.com /forum/a3b7298a06abb.htm   (646 words)

  
 American Institute in Taiwan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
We have seen reports that senior Taiwan officials have said, with respect to the National Unification Council, that there is no distinction between "abolish" and "ceasing activity" and that the effect of Taiwan's action earlier this week was to abolish the Council.
We expect the Taiwan authorities publicly to correct the record and unambiguously affirm that th...
keegan acting director, american institute in taiwan to the 2006 hsieh nien fan of the american chamber of commerce in taipei
ait.org.tw /ait/tra.html   (975 words)

  
 FAPA - Important Issues - UN Campaign
Expressing the sense of Congress that the United States Government should reaffirm its unwavering commitment to the Taiwan Relations Acts as the cornerstone of United States relations with Taiwan, and for other purposes.
Whereas the Taiwan Relations Act was advanced by Congress and supported by the executive branch as the cornerstone of American ties with Taiwan;
Whereas any attempt to determine Taiwan's future by other than peaceful means and other than with the express consent of the people of Taiwan would be considered of grave concern to the United States;
www.fapa.org /HCR117/TEXT.htm   (647 words)

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