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Topic: Tala (music)

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  Tala - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tala (music), a rhythmic pattern in Carnatic or Hindustani music.
Tala (comics), a DC Comics supervillainess of the Phantom Stranger.
Tala, Jalisco, a town and municipality in western Mexico.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tala   (147 words)

 Tala (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Indian classical music, Tala (tāl (Hindi), tāla (anglicised from talam; in Sanskrit), literally a "clap," is a rhythmical pattern that determines the rhythmical structure of a composition.
Simhanandana tala : It is the longest tala.
A close equivalent to tala in the theory of Ottoman/Turkish music is the notion of usul.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tala_(music)   (1255 words)

 Tala: A Conceptual and Structural Analysis
Within the tala structure the rhythm in which the melodic line of a gitaka expressed itself was four stresses in a guru kala (or two in laghu and six in pluta)[16].
For this purpose a tala “renderer” was present in Gandharva who mainteined the tala with the help of cymbals and hand movements and controlled the singer from slipping[17].
Apart from the usual mode of reckoning tala, by actions of the hand, the actual manifestation of tala is done by certain syllables produced on the drum “tabala”[23].These syllables are called “Bol-s” and the act of playing them on the tabala is called “theka”.
users.unimi.it /~gpiana/dm2/dm2talnr.htm   (3714 words)

 Indian Music: Essentials   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Indian music has a very interactive component, that is, there are early-morning ragas, mid-morning ragas, morning ragas and late-morning ragas, as well as ragas for the other periods of the day.
In music, the artist communicates the state and workings of her mind and emotions through tones (raga) which are outward manifestations of her psychological states (rasa).
A tala is the rhythmic cycle of a raga.
www.trincoll.edu /~mrao/music/essentials.html   (824 words)

 webindia123.com- Indian Classical Music
This music chiefly consisted of chanting of hymns in praise of the Vedic gods.
The musical structure of the chants was characterised by descending order of notes, initially two to five which later was increased to seven notes.
The tappa is a lighter form of classical music that is brisk and replete with a variety of phrases, which makes it particularly difficult to render without a good degree of virtuosity.
www.webindia123.com /music/music1.htm   (671 words)

 Indian classical music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The prime themes of Hindustani music are Rasleela (Hindu devotionals) of Krishna and Nature in all its splendour.
Carnatic music is similar to Hindustani music in that it is mostly improvised, but it is much more influenced by theory and has stricter rules.
In Hindustani music, once the raga is established, the ornamentation around the mode begins to become rhythmical, gradually speeding up.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Indian_classical_music   (759 words)

Music was considered divine and the "audience" was primarily the two upper castes.
Music must have been important to the early Indian people because the Indian goddess of learning is shown to be holding a musical instrument (Veena) in her hand.
There were music competitions held every once in a while, which pitted one learned musician against another, where the degree of difficulty was so high that most of the modern day musicians would not even qualify to enter.
www.sfusd.k12.ca.us /schwww/sch618/India/IndiaMusic.html   (2159 words)

 Listening to Indian Classical Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Besides bringing musical influences from other cultures, the Mughal empire encouraged the appreciation of music as an upper-class, court activity, in much the same way that European classical music was mainly supported by the court aristocracy through the Baroque and Classical periods.
Western music tends to use only a few popular meters for almost all of its music, and these meters are usually felt as repetitions of two, three, or four beats.
If you have an ear well-trained in Western music, you may want to listen for the scale notes used by the raga and their relationship to the drone notes, and try to figure out the number of beats in the tala.
cnx.org /content/m12502/latest   (1875 words)

 Carnatic Music of South India - Talas
Tala in Indian Carnatic Music is a time measure or rhythm cycle.
The tala or time in Carnatic Music is a series of counts made by wave of hand or tap of the hand on the lap or by using both the hands in a manner of clap.
There are seven basic talas in Carnatic Music: Suladi Sapta Talas The Seven Talas form the major oft used rhythms in Carnatic Music.
www.angelfire.com /mb/mridhangam/tala.html   (363 words)

 The Chronology :600AD-1200AD
Thus raga, which means colour or passion, became a framework to create music based on a given set of notes (usually five to seven) and characteristic rhythmic patterns.
In every tala in Hindustani art music clapping (tali), tapping of fingers and waving of the palm (khali or kal) are analogous.
Hindustani art music began to evolve after pre-medieval Indian music passed through certain stages of transformation and development till the beginning of the 11th century.
www.itcsra.org /sra_hcm/sra_hcm_chrono/sra_hcm_chrono_600ad.html   (754 words)

 Music from India
This balance is the essence of Tala and therefore Tala is in classical music is an important factor.
Tala is independent of the music it accompanies: it has its own divisions.
Tala is the most important aspect of classical music, and it can be considered to be the very basis or pulse of music.
www.surdhwani.com /mus_tala.html   (519 words)

 ipedia.com: Hindustani classical music Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In contrast to Carnatic music, another classical music tradition originating from South India, Hindustani music was influenced by, in addition to the Vedic philosophy and understanding of sound, by Afghan, Mughal and Persian performance practice.
Outside India, Hindustani classical music is often associated with Indian music in general, as it is arguably the most popular stream of Indian music outside India.
Music and dance flourished during this period, and the Hindu musician Tansen is still well-remembered.
www.ipedia.com /hindustani_classical_music.html   (841 words)

 Why Carnatic Music?
Like Carnatic music, Western medieval music is concerned more with the song than with the symphony, and indeed the voice must be seen as its supreme instrument as well.
Although the music can hardly be said to compare to the sophistication of raga and tala, and especially the elaboration of which modern Carnatic artistes are capable, French musical terms of the 14th century curiously mirror Indian music.
Changes in raga or tala designation are regarded as a natural part of the evolution of Carnatic music, whether as clarifications of structural concepts or as simple improvements to the fit between words and music.
www.medieval.org /music/world/carnatic/cmc.html   (2501 words)

 Indiachildren - Indian Music (Carnatic Music)
The South Indian Music is popularly known as Carnatic Music.
The carnatic music is based on the system of ragas (melodical scales) and talas (rhythmic cycles).
Tala is the most important aspect of classic music.
www.indiachildren.com /lifestyles/music/carnatic.htm   (238 words)

 ITC SRA - Indian Music History, Indian Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In a musical tradition in which improvisation predominates, and written notation, when used, is skeletal, the music of past generations is irrevocably lost.
For example, musical notes or the structure of a raga, as we know them today, must have had their origins in the Samavedic times.
For most historical eras and styles, surviving treatises explaining musical scales and modes, provide a particularly important means of recapturing at least a suggestion of the music of former times.
www.itcsra.org /sra_hcm/sra_hcm_index.html   (200 words)

 Symp2004, Bangalore   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Carnatic music probably began to take its present form in the Karnataka region (hence its name) in the 16th and 17th centuries, and flourished at the Vijayanagar court in the Deccan.
After the destruction of the Vijayanagara Empire in 1565 the focal point for Carnatic music shifted base to the Tanjore district of modern Tamil Nadu, where, in the 18th and 19th centuries, the majority of pieces in the current repertoire were composed.
The commonest tala from this group, and in Carnatic music as a whole, is the eight-beat adi tala.
www.meltonfoundation.org /Symp2004/1092/HTML/carnatic.htm   (773 words)

 Publications/UJCOnnect Issue 9...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tala: Music has always appealed to me ever since I was young, particularly when watching famous pianists on TV; this created an inner motivation to explore music even further.
Music to me is the most profound of all arts and I feel on top of the world, expressing myself through a language that nonetheless cannot be translated hopefully creating pictures and images in people minds.
Tala: There is a tremendous increase in the cultural activities in Jordan.
www.ju.edu.jo /alumni/UJConnect9/topics/interview2.htm   (1054 words)

 Toronto Gharana/Music
"Tal" or "tala", besides referring to the concept of rhythm in general, is also the name given to the rhythmic cycles which are the framewrok of all compositions in Indian music.
Rather the musical interest often comes in the way the artist uses phrases which divide or go against the grain of the tal to develop long, complicated rhythmic ideas.
The performer improvises variations on the theme and concludes the improvisation with a musical phrase repeated three times which ends on sam at the end of the third repetition.
www.pathcom.com /~ericp/tala.html   (3533 words)

 Indian Music - Dadra Tala
It is is commonly found in qawwalis, film songs, bhajans, gazals, and folk music throughout India.
Therefore, the large number of musical tributaries contributes greatly to the variety of prakars, its popularity, and the geographical distribution of Dadra.
Baul Song - A song based upon the music of the wandering minstrels of Bengal known as the Baul.
chandrakantha.com /tala_taal/daadra/dadra.html   (329 words)

 Tamilnadu's Contribution to Carnatic Music
The three enriched Carnatic music with compositions in their individual styles and it is their compositions that yet constitute the core of the concert repertoire.
However talented or senior a mridanga or ghata vidwan may be and however young or lacking in talent a vocalist may be, the first place and the central seat on the dais is given only to the vocalist, for it is he or she who renders the sahitya orally.
In music, he was a disciple of Pudukotai Manpoondi Pillai and perhaps that was the reason for his songs in Camatic raga-s.
www.geocities.com /Athens/5180/tnmusic1.html   (5087 words)

 Classical Music of India   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A tala is a cycle of a fixed number of beats repeated over and over again, and played as distinct patterns of strokes on the accompanying drums.
Often, the tala will not be announced prior to the performance, and is chosen on the spot by the instrumentalist.
Staying within the same raga, a new theme in a new tala may eventually be introduced by the soloist.
www.uvm.edu /~fimd/classical.html   (701 words)

 Indian Heritage - Music - Learning carnatic music - Taalam
The tala system of Carnatic music is unique in the world of music.
The time measures used in South Indian music are innumerable and varied and they occupy an important position in Carnatic music.
The talas are not just recurrent time cycles, they rather have their individual structure and influence on music.
www.indian-heritage.org /music/tala.htm   (131 words)

 Indian Music   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The music of India is melodic; harmony and polyphony found in western music have no part in Indian music, though some experiments are being done now.
Indian classical music is based on two movements; the first is free in time, with no percussion instruments, and is called ‹AlapŠ while the second movement, a composition, is fixed in time and accompanied by a percussion instrument.
The instruments that are mainly used in Indian music are stringed instruments (Sitar, Tamboora, etc. that are plucked and Sarangi and the Dilurba that are bowed), wind instruments (the Flute, Shehnai, Naferi, and Nagasvaram, all types of Indian oboes), and the percussion instruments (Tabla, Pakhawaj, Mridanga, and others), along with bells, plates, etc.
www.wuvt.vt.edu /woove/indian.html   (881 words)

 music books
The present reader in Karnatic music is a systematic introduction to the study of Karnatic music.
fundamentals of Carnatic Music, Varnam, Kritis in the
Ragamalikas denotes a genre of musical compostions which are couched in a series of ragas instead of the same ragas througout the compositions.
www.geocities.com /cbhpub/music.html   (2323 words)

 Recording Review: Tabla Beat Science / Tala Matrix   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The rhythm of Indian music is geared to long cycles, often 16 beats.
Each tala has a different point of emphasis, which can give rise to an almost limitless amount of possibilities.
Tala Matrix is an adventurous blend of Indian groove music that should find its most enthusiastic audience among young dance-oriented people whether they live in Bombay, London or New York.
www.rootsworld.com /reviews/tala.html   (355 words)

 Traditional Persian Art Music
One of the reasons for its predominance is that Dr. Nurali Borumand, who taught music at the Faculty of Fine Arts at Tehran University in the 1970s, had learned this radif and taught it to his students, many of whom are among the most impressive and influential performers of this musical tradition in Iran today.
This volume, therefore, is a book of musical notation of the Persian classical music repertory, the radif, as handed down by the nineteenth-century master of the setâr and târ, Mirza Abdollah, to his students and children, along with a concise explanation of his music.
He has transcribed his entire performance into musical notation so that a person who reads music can see exactly what is being performed.
www.mazdapub.com /Traditional-Music.htm   (475 words)

 The Music Magazine -- India's first and finest music e-zine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
At its recent anniversary, he got music composer and singer C Ashwath to honour Dr Rachaiah Hiremath, senior tabla player from Dharwad.
For the aficionado: Tala Virajaka is split into four units of 2, 3, 3 and 3.
The khali is on the sixth beat, after which it shows shades of rupak and dadra.
www.themusicmagazine.com /kallurkar.html   (232 words)

 Indian Heritage - Music - Learning carnatic music - Structure of Taalam
The first part of the tala which consists of the beating of the palm and counting is called Laghu.
The Jaathi of the laghu determines the jaathi of the tala so the tala is Chatusrajaathi Adi Tala.
Thus, from the above, we understand that a tala has laghu, drtham and these are called Angams (parts) of the tala.
www.saigan.com /heritage/music/tala1.htm   (283 words)

 Indian Rhythmic Cycles
The perception of the cyclic nature of life is reflected in Indian classical music through the device of tala, a recurring time-measure or rhythmic cycle.
Just as in the Hindu religion, man is born, lives his life, dies and is then reincarnated to begin a new life, so the tala cycle begins, develops and then returns to the sam, the first beat of the cycle, anchor of all melody and rhythm and the leading beat to which all returns.
Thirteen Talas is an explanation of the thekas for thirteen different talas, including instructions for keeping tal (marking of the beat using hand gestures), as well as MIDI files of the thekas arranged for General MIDI conga and bongo.
www.ancient-future.com /india.html   (513 words)

 Encyclopedia article on Bharatanatyam [EncycloZine]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It is also called the fifth Veda in reference to the foundation of Hindu religion and philosophy, from which sprang the related South Indian musical tradition of Carnatic music.
She was one of first teachers to instruct a few men to perform the dance, which until then was the exclusive domain of women, while men, called Nattuvanars, had only been teaching Bharatanatyam without actually performing it.
Music - The music is in the Carnatic/Karnatic style of south India, "purer" than the classical music of north India (Hindustani music) only in the sense that it was not heavily influenced by traditions, like those of the Persians, from outside of India.
encyclozine.com /Bharatanatyam   (1199 words)

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