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Topic: Tallgrass prairie

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In the News (Mon 18 Feb 19)

  Tallgrass Prairies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Prairie ranges included the short grass prairie of the western plains, which grows less than one foot tall, to the tallgrass prairie of the Midwest, which can grow to heights of seven feet.
Illinois is known as the "Prairie State", a part of the huge grassland in Central North America that stretches as far east as Indiana and as far west as the Rocky Mountains.
Illinois was at the eastern section of the tallgrass prairie region, an area known as the "Prairie Peninsula", named because it was surrounded on the North, East, and South by forests.
people.uis.edu /braeb1/uisprairieproject/tallgrass_prairies.htm   (549 words)

 Prairie Quick Facts
The soil underneath the prairie is a dense tangle of roots and bulbs.
Prairie fires were important to the development of the tallgrass prairie as they kept the prairie from becoming a forest.
Prairie fire is an important ingredient in the renewal of the prairie.
www.campsilos.org /mod1/students/index.shtml   (421 words)

 Tallgrass prairie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The tallgrass prairie is an ecosystem native to central North America with fire as its primary periodic disturbance.
As the name suggests, the most obvious features of the tallgrass prairie are tall grasses such as big bluestem and indiangrass, which average between 5 and 6 feet (1.5 and 2 m) tall, with occasional stalks as high as 8 or 9 feet (2.5 or 3 m).
A 39,000 acre (158 km²) Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Osage County, Oklahoma, and a smaller Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve in Kansas, attempt to maintain this ecosystem in its natural form, and have reintroduced bison to the vast expanses of waving grass.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tallgrass_prairie   (501 words)

 North American Prairie
The prairies are a type of grassland dominated by herbaceous plants and grasses.
The climate of the prairies is influenced by its mid-continental location, and the sheltering effect of the Rocky Mountains.
The soil under a prairie is a dense mat of tangled roots, rhizomes, bulbs, and rootstock.
www.blueplanetbiomes.org /prairie.htm   (681 words)

 Black-footed Ferret Recovery Program - Prairie Ecosystem
The tallgrass prairie is the most lush, with much taller and denser grasses than the western prairies.
The far western prairie in the shadow of the Rockies is the shortgrass prairie.
The rich, deep soil of the prairie was formed from sediment washed down from the Rocky Mountains, mixed with rubble from glaciers, and windblown sand, silt, and clay.
www.blackfootedferret.org /prairie.html   (2414 words)

 The Environmental Literacy Council - Tallgrass Prairie
Prairies or grasslands once covered the entire central part of the North American continent, extending from what is now Alberta, Canada to central Texas and east to west from western Indiana to the Rocky Mountains.
Prairies were formed more than 10,000 years ago when glaciers retreated from North America and the area experienced a dry, warm period allowing grasslands from southern regions to expand north and east.
The tallgrass prairie is one of the most endangered ecosystems in North America; only about five percent of the tallgrass prairie remains.
www.enviroliteracy.org /article.php/92.html   (1038 words)

 Peoria Park District/Forest Park Nature Center - Prairie School - Background
One amazing characteristic of the tallgrass prairie is the fact that from April to October it is constantly in bloom, with different plants climaxing every few weeks.
The goal of the Prairie School Project is to encourage environmental stewardship and ecological restoration of the Illinois tallgrass prairie by instilling in educators and students a sense of the uniqueness and local bio-diversity of native prairie habitats.
Her work with schools to plant prairies in their schoolyards developed into a desire to expand the program with activities to aid in the utilization of those planted prairies, which is the essence of the Prairie School Project.
www.peoriaparks.org /programs/prsch_background.html   (1094 words)

 Page 1 Big Prairie Desert: Michigan's Dust Bowl - A Michigan tallgrass prairie that became a desert
Prairies in the great plains states are considered shortgrass prairies and those found in states east of the Mississippi River are considered tallgrass prairies.
The four major prairies were known as the Big Prairie, the Marengo Prairie, the Surrerar Prairie and the Little Prairie (which was also known as Stern's Prairie and Mitchell's Prairie).
While prairies and oak barrens were prone to wildfires, it is probable that the Big Prairie was maintained by occasionally burning, a practice often used on the prairie-woodland habitat by native Americans.
bigprairieprepress.20m.com /main/bpd/page1.html   (1054 words)

 Tallgrass Prairie in Southern Ontario - Ojibway Nature Centre - Windsor, Ontario
Warm season prairie grasses such as Big Bluestem, Indian Grass and Prairie Cord Grass utilize a different photosynthetic pathway than our cool season lawn grasses which maximizes their growth in mid-summer when droughts are most likely to occur.
The beautiful prairies all but disappeared under the plow, and only recently, with increasing concern over nature in Ontario, have there been many people to mourn the loss and marshal an effort to save what is left.
Ontario's remnant tallgrass prairies and associated oak savanna are up against the pressures of continued industrialization and expanding human population.
www.ojibway.ca /on_prair.htm   (1097 words)

 Upper Mississippi River Tallgrass Prairie Ecosystem   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
The Upper Mississippi River and Tallgrass Prairie Ecosystem is a large and ecologically diverse area that encompasses land in the States of Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, and Wisconsin.
Among the prairie forbs and flowers that beautify these grassland landscapes are the prairie crocus, prairie cone flower, purple prairie clover, and blazing star.
Restoration of prairie wetland complexes is a critical part of restoring the health of this ecosystem, both because of their direct impacts on fish and wildlife species, and their hydrological impacts to the larger system.
midwest.fws.gov /ecosys/upmiss.htm   (1741 words)

 The Tallgrass Prairie in Illinois
Among the first attempts at habitat reconstruction have involved the tallgrass prairie, and the first of these prairie restorations was started at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum.
A very excting development in prairie restoration is the conversion of the former U.S. Joliet Army Ammunition Plant into the Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie.
However, most prairie restorations are much smaller, often just a few acres, and many are simplistic and contain at most one-fourth to one-half of the plant species that would be found in a natural prairie remnant of comparable size.
www.inhs.uiuc.edu /~kenr/prairierestoration.html   (1664 words)

 Tallgrass Prairie - Environment Canada
Tallgrass Prairie takes its name from the dominant tall grasses which grow well over one metre high.
The main range of Tallgrass Prairie in Canada is the 6,000 square kilometre plain centred in the Red River Valley in Manitoba.
Today Tallgrass Prairie may be quite difficult to identify: under heavy grazing, Kentucky bluegrass generally overtakes the site; in the absence of fire, Aspen poplar, Western snowberry, Smooth bromegrass, and Kentucky bluegrass take over.
www.mb.ec.gc.ca /nature/whp/prgrass/df03s32.en.html   (895 words)

 Insect fauna of tallgrass prairies
There are 12 transects and 35 stations on the Bluestem prairie complex: two transects respectively on dry, mesic, and wet prairies managed by burning; two transects on hayed land and unmanaged land; and a transect each on reclaimed prairie and on prairie managed by grazing.
Dry, mesic and wet prairie transects at Bluestem SNA, and the A, B, C, and E transects at Agassiz Dunes SNA, and Blazingstar and Bicentennial prairies of the Felton Prairie complex were managed by burning.
At the Agassiz Dune prairie complex, samples for all years were taken in linear transects corresponding to the dune crest, dune slope, and dune slack areas as local topography usually prevented a circumlocution of each station.
www.ndsu.nodak.edu /ndsu/prairieinsects   (1827 words)

 Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve - Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve (U.S. National Park Service)
Tallgrass prairie once covered 400,000 square miles of North America.
On November 12, 1996, legislation created the 10,894 acre preserve, which protects a nationally significant example of the once vast tallgrass prairie ecosystem, while containing a unique collection of natural and cultural features from the American Indian to present.
The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is a partnership between the National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy, and the Kansas Park Trust.
www.nps.gov /tapr   (176 words)

 EPA: Federal Register: Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve, Kansas
The preserve will be managed to maintain and enhance the tallgrass prairie within its boundaries through the use of fire and historic and contemporary grazing regimes in different combinations that vary over time and location.
Visitor access to the prairie and to the historic ranch [[Page 78510]] headquarters area would have been limited for safety reasons, though visitors would have had the opportunity to observe how cattle are raised for market today.
The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve worldwide website (www.nps.gov/tapr) has contained planning information since June 1997, and electronic comment sheets were posted there during the public comment period for the preliminary alternatives, draft preferred alternative, and Draft GMP/EIS.
www.epa.gov /fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/2000/December/Day-15/i31914.htm   (2677 words)

 TravelOK.com:  The All-Terrain Vacation
Sweeping vistas of the open prairie landscape along with incredible sunrises and sunsets are just some of the many natural attractions of this ecoregion.
The preserve spans 39,000 acres, and bison graze the prairie.
The Tallgrass Prairie features open hills of limestone and shale with steep and relatively narrow valleys.
www.travelok.com /atv/tallgrass.asp   (354 words)

 Northern Tallgrass Prairie
The purpose of this action is to preserve, restore, and manage a portion of the remaining critical tallgrass prairie habitat and associated habitats at widespread locations throughout the historic range of the northern tallgrass prairie area of western Minnesota and northwestern Iowa.
The Northern Tallgrass Prairie Habitat Preservation Area is a new way for the Service to cooperatively meet its responsibilities as they relate to wildlife, plants, and natural communities found within the tallgrass prairie landscape.
The southern portion of the HPA was generally dominated by vegetation typically of mesic to dry-mesic tallgrass prairie.
www.fws.gov /midwest/Planning/northerntallgrass   (4599 words)

 LREC—Tallgrass Prairie
The tallgrass prairie plants occur in a single layer of mainly tall grasses such as big bluestem and Indian grass; composites such as sunflowers, coreopsis, and asters; and legumes such as senna, wild indigo, and leadplant.
The distribution of tallgrass prairie was determined by the dry climate, frequent fires, topography, grazing animals, soils, and geology of the prairie region.
Tallgrass prairie once covered vast acreage in Missouri—18,484 square miles of the state, or 26.7%, was prairie in presettlement times.
www.litzsinger.org /prairie.html   (288 words)

 Nine Mile Prairie
The prairie was so named because it is five miles west and four miles north of the University of Nebraska campus in downtown Lincoln.
The prairie is also used as a seed source of local genotypes of grasses and wildflowers for use in prairie restoration efforts in the region.
As one of the largest intact tracts of tallgrass prairie left in the Midwest, it serves as a nationally important outdoor laboratory for the study of biological processes in grasslands.
snrs.unl.edu /wedin/nefieldsites/NineMile/nine_mile_prairie.htm   (462 words)

 Amazon.fr : Prairie in Your Pocket: A Guide to Plants of the Tallgrass Prairie: Livres en anglais: Mark Muller   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Many of the most common prairie plants are now easily visible along roadsides and park trails (not to mention in gardens) throughout the Midwest.
Prairie in Your Pocket offers an easy-to-use and inexpensive guide for identifying more than one hundred of the most common plants of the tallgrass prairie.
By focusing on one ecosystem, Prairie in Your Pocket is perfect for amateurs as an introduction to prairie plant identification.
www.amazon.fr /Prairie-Your-Pocket-Plants-Tallgrass/dp/0877456836   (419 words)

 Prairie Cluster Prototype Long Term Ecological Monitoring Project
The vast landscape was nearly continuous grassland, transitioning gradually from shortgrass steppe in the west to tallgrass prairie and savanna in the east.
Today, Great Plains grasslands are fundamentally altered by the conversion of prairie to cropland and pasture, the removal or disappearance of native ungulates, drainage of wetlands, and an increase in woody vegetation through plantings and fire suppression.
Estimates of the loss of native prairie range between 80% and 99.9%, with the largest estimated losses for tallgrass prairie and oak savanna.
www.nature.nps.gov /im/units/prcl   (423 words)

 Oklahoma Prairie Country
For instance, the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in northeastern Oklahoma is the largest contiguous tallgrass area in existence.
The eastern section is composed of tallgrass, the center section is mixed grass, and the western area is short grass prairie.
If the conditions are less than ideal and the grasses only reach knee high, the prairie is still considered a tallgrass prairie.
www.okprairie.com /Grasses.htm   (1507 words)

 Ants On The Tallgrass Prairie
All prairie ants can be characterized as meat-eaters (invertebrate flesh) with a sweet-tooth (honeydew and extrafloral nectar), but they fall into several discernible guilds.
Neivamyrmex are found commonly in the southern prairies, and are close relatives of the fabled tropical army ants.
Many smaller ant species in the prairie, including most of the Myrmicinae and Dolichoderinae listed in Table 1, are primarily scavengers, gathering bits of dead insects or lapping up honeydew or fruit on the ground.
www.reflectiveimages.com /antsontheprairie.htm   (1064 words)

 The Tallgrass Prairie in Illinois   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
It was applied by the early French explorers to the vast inland area of North America that is mostly devoid of trees and instead covered with waving grasses and a vast variety of colorful wildflowers in various shades of yellow, white, pink, and blue.
It is an unforgettable experience to be out on a prairie on a beautiful day when dozens of different kinds of plants are in bloom, insects are busily pollinating the flowers, birds are singing, and a brisk wind is blowing.
Prairies are an important part of this state's heritage, and in the past few years there have been numerous conferences, radio programs, popular articles, books and scientific papers on prairies.
www.inhs.uiuc.edu /~kenr/prairieintroduction.html   (198 words)

 Amazon.fr : The Birds of Konza: The Avian Ecology of the Tallgrass Prairie: Livres en anglais: John L. Zimmerman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-06)
Amazon.fr : The Birds of Konza: The Avian Ecology of the Tallgrass Prairie: Livres en anglais: John L. Zimmerman
Renowned for its tall grasses, the Konza Prairie in east-central Kansas provides shelter for a variety of birds, from the mourning dove to the wild turkey.
Konza Prairie, an 8,600-acre ocean of tallgrass cut by occasional stands of forests along streams and creeks, is a stomping ground or permanent home to more than 200 species of birds.
www.amazon.fr /Birds-Konza-Ecology-Tallgrass-Prairie/dp/0700605975   (513 words)

 Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve (NPT)
The only unit of the National Park System dedicated to the rich natural and cultural history of the tallgrass prairie ecosystem, the preserve was created in 1996.
This portion of the once vast tallgrass prairie is being preserved as a critical resource for the benefit of and enjoyment of present and future generations.
The stunning hills and vistas in this region of Kansas are a rare remnant of the vast expanse of tallgrass prairie that once covered much of central North America.
www.parktrust.org /zbar.html   (393 words)

 Prairie - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prairie refers to an area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate.
Sometimes, in the United States and Canada, a distinction is made between the shortgrass vegetation of the High Plains west of the 100th meridian and the midgrass and tallgrass vegetation to the east (from central Texas to southern Manitoba).
Prairies are considered part of the temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biome by ecologists, based on similar temperate climates, moderate rainfall, and grasses, herbs, and shrubs, rather than trees, as the dominant vegetation type.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prairie   (464 words)

 Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve
Assorted hues of prairie wildflowers appear and disappear throughout the growing season, in the ever-changing prairie panorama.
Greater prairie chicken, upland sandpiper, eastern meadowlark, dickcissel, grasshopper sparrow, common poorwill, common nighthawk, red-tailed hawk, northern harrier and American kestrel are just a few of the avian representatives of the prairie who will greet you here.
The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve is on the Flint Hills Scenic Byway.
www.naturalkansas.org /tallgras.htm   (938 words)

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