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Topic: Talmud

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  Gemara (Talmud)
The Talmud is composed in a mixture of Hebrew and Aramaic (the latter was the spoken vernacular of Babylonian Jews).
The scholars (Rabbis) who participated in the Talmud are referred to as "Amora'im" [singular: "Amora"], from an Aramaic word that originally designated the official in the academy whose job it was to recite the scholars' teachings before the public.
Babylonia was situated in the area that is presently occupied by Iraq and was known to the ancient Greeks as "Mesopotamia" ("Between the Rivers") The agricultural and economic lives of the populace were determined by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and the intricate network of canals emanating from them.
www.ucalgary.ca /~elsegal/TalmudMap/Gemara.html   (1288 words)

  JewishEncyclopedia.com - TALMUD
The word "Talmud" in all these places did not denote the study subsequently pursued by the Amoraim, but was used instead of the word "Midrash," although this did not preclude the later introduction of the term "Talmud" into tannaitic sayings, where it either entirely displaced "Midrash" or was used side by side with it.
Moreover, the Talmud was further augmented by the inclusion within it of the views which the scholars expressed in the course of their public, judicial, and other activities, as well as by the data regarding their private lives and their religious practises which were discussed and memorized in the academies.
The anonymous framework of the Talmud may be regarded as the warp resulting from the united activity of the members of the academy, and upon which the woof of the Talmud was interwoven and developed during three centuries, until its final redaction gave it definitive form.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=32&letter=T   (13724 words)

  Talmud: Tutte le informazioni su Talmud su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Il Talmud consiste in una raccolta di discussioni avvenute tra i sapienti (hakhamim) e i maestri (rabbi) circa i significati e le applicazioni dei passi della Torah scritta, e si articola in due livelli:
In ogni epoca i quesiti posti al Talmud hanno permesso di applicano tenendo conto dei nuovi dati scientifici, economici, sociali.
Il Talmud ci è giunto quindi in due versioni diverse: il Talmud di Gerusalemme (Talmud Jerushalmì) (redatto tra il IV e il VI secolo nella Terra d'[[Israele) e il Talmud di Babilonia (Talmud Bavlì) (redatto tra il V e il VII secolo in Babilonia).
www.encyclopedia.it /t/ta/talmud.html   (1001 words)

 Talmud   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Talmud (Hebrew for "teaching" or "study"), a vast compendium of Jewish law and lore, is a unique literary document - a sequel to the Hebrew Bible - and the basis of Jewish religious life.
The material in the Talmud that concerns decisions by scholars on disputed legal questions is known as the Halakah; the legends, anecdotes, and sayings in the Talmud that are used to illustrate the traditional law are known as Haggada.
The contents of the Palestinian Talmud were written by Palestinian scholars between the 3rd century AD and the beginning of the 5th century; those of the Babylonian Talmud, by scholars who wrote between the 3rd century and the beginning of the 6th century.
mb-soft.com /believe/txo/talmud.htm   (677 words)

 TALMUD : Encyclopedia Entry
Talmud Bavli (the "Babylonian Talmud") is comprised of the Mishnah and the Babylonian Gemara.
The Talmud was likewise the subject of a disputation at Barcelona in 1263 between Nahmanides (Rabbi Moses ben Nahman) and Pablo Christiani.
The Censorship of the Talmud and other Hebrew works was introduced by a papal bull issued in 1554; five years later the Talmud was included in the first Index Expurgatorius; and Pope Pius IV commanded, in 1565, that the Talmud be deprived of its very name.
www.bibleocean.com /OmniDefinition/Talmud   (5757 words)

 Talmud - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
TALMUD [Talmud] [Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws.
The legal sections of the Talmud are known as the halakah ; the poetical digressions, illustrating the application of religious and ethical principles through parables, legends, allegories, tales, and anecdotes, constitute the Aggada.
The term Talmud is sometimes used to refer to the Gemara alone.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/T/Talmud.asp   (531 words)

 Talmud - Torah.org
The Talmud was developed in two separate works: Talmud Yerushalmi (the Talmud of the Land of Israel) and Talmud Bavli (the Talmud of Babylonia.) The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed c.350CE when the Jewish community in the Land of Israel began to suffer genocidal persecution from the newly empowered Byzantine Christians.
It was the Talmud, naturally based upon the sanctity and integrity of the Torah, the Written Law, that bound world Jewry together in spite of the enormous distances of space and society that exile imposed upon it.
The burning of the Talmud was a regular part of Christian persecution of Jews throughout Europe from the time of Louis IX in the thirteenth century to Nazi Germany in the twentieth century.
www.torah.org /features/spirfocus/talmud.html   (698 words)

 The Talmud
Rodkinson has been widely criticized, both from traditionalist Jews who feel that translating the Talmud is not an acceptable practice, as well as from those hostile to the Talmud and Judaism in general.
There are a few scattered legends about the life and death of the principal authors of the Talmud, and some notable passages, mostly in Chapter IV.
A history of the Talmud, starting with its five hundred years of composition from the first to fifth centuries C.E., and its bitter persecution from antiquity, through the Reformation up to the 19th Century.
www.sacred-texts.com /jud/talmud.htm   (1578 words)

 Babylonian Talmud
The Babylonian Talmud is a collection of study teachings based upon the Hebrew Bible and oral commentaries of Jewish learning.
The six major divisions of the Talmud are derived from the Mishnah or oral Torah.
The Talmud incorporates teachings from the Jewish sages who lived from the second Temple period until the time of the Amoraim in the fifth century.
www.oru.edu /university/library/guides/talmud.html   (753 words)

Talmud [Aramaic from Heb.,=learning], in Judaism, vast compilation of the Oral Law with rabbinical elucidations, elaborations, and commentaries, in contradistinction to the Scriptures or Written Laws.
The legal sections of the Talmud are known as the halakah; the poetical digressions, illustrating the application of religious and ethical principles through parables, legends, allegories, tales, and anecdotes, constitute the Aggada.
The term Talmud is sometimes used to refer to the Gemara alone.
www.reference.com /browse/columbia/Talmud   (391 words)

 Talmud (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia) :: Bible Tools
The liberal (Reformed) Jews say that the Talmud, though it is interesting and, as a Jewish work of antiquity, ever venerable, has in itself no authority for faith and life.
The Palestinian Talmud gives the discussions of the Palestinian Amoraim, teaching from the 3rd century AD until the beginning of the 5th, especially in the schools or academies of Tiberias, Caesarea and Sepphoris.
In the editions of the Babylonian Talmud after the 4th cedher we find some treatises which, as they are not without some interest, we shall not pass over in silence, though they do not belong to the Talmud itself (compare Introduction, 69 ff.).
bibletools.org /index.cfm/fuseaction/Def.show/RTD/isbe/ID/8591/Talmud.htm   (3410 words)

 Talmud - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Talmud
The Babylonian Talmud is the more authoritative version for later Judaism;; both Talmuds are written in a mix of Hebrew and Aramaic.
The Talmud can be generally divided into Halachah (or Halakhah), consisting of legal and ritual matters, and Haggadah (or Aggadah), concerned with ethical, theological, and folklorist matters.
I HAD rather believe all the fables in the Legend, and the Talmud, and the Alcoran, than that this universal frame is without a mind.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Talmud   (197 words)

 Defending the Talmud
The Talmud maintains that intercourse before the age of three is not intercourse in the sense that the child is no longer a virgin.
The Talmud suggests that this is because the Romans descend from Esau, the brother of Jacob.
The Talmud explains that NUN or "n" is missing because it begins the word "Nefila" or "falling." It quotes the passage in Amos 5.2 "The virgin of Israel falls, not to rise.
www.sinaicentral.com /jewhaters/defending_the_talmud.htm   (8839 words)

Talmud are the accumulated oral traditions of theological strivings inside the Jewish community through some centuries, now found in written form.
There are two versions of the Talmud, one compiled in Babylonia, and one in Palestine.
The content of the Talmud are divided into two groups: Halacha and Haggada.
lexicorient.com /e.o/talmud.htm   (264 words)

 Talmud | Encyclopedia of Religion
In form, the Talmud is an extended, multivolume elaboration of selected tractates of the Mishnah, but it must be emphasized that the contents of the Talmud go far beyond its ostensible base.
Like the former, the Talmud is divided into tractates, which in turn are divided into chapters and then into paragraphs.
Each phrase of the Mishnah is discussed, analyzed, and applied for as long as the editors of the Talmud have materials to supply; when such materials are exhausted (sometimes after very long and quite wide-ranging digressions), the discussion simply moves on to the next phrase or paragraph.
www.bookrags.com /research/talmud-eorl-13   (438 words)

 Question 3.15: What is the Talmud?
The Talmud is sometimes referred to as the Shas.
Traditionally, the Talmud is the supreme sourcebook of Law, as it takes the rules listed in the Torah and describes how to apply them to different circumstances.
Traditional rabbis study the Talmud in depth; however, they use the actual Talmud very rarely, preferring to accept opinions in later law codes as binding.
www.faqs.org /faqs/judaism/FAQ/03-Torah-Halacha/section-16.html   (592 words)

 The Aleph Society, promoting the educational efforts of Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz. | What is the Talmud?
The Gemara (also called Talmud in the more restricted sense of the term) is a compilation of their debates and commentaries on the Mishnah.
The discussions of the sages from Palestine are contained in the Jerusalem Talmud, which was edited by the disciples of Rabbi Yohanan in Tiberias in the 4th century CE.
Its Diaspora counterpart, the Babylonian Talmud, was compiled by Rav Ashi and Ravina in the 5th century CE and is considered to be more extensive and authoritative.
www.steinsaltz.org /dynamic/content.asp?id=50   (484 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - Texts: Talmud and Jewish Culture
The Talmud itself does not always state with precision what these rules are to be, and in the nature of things it could not anticipate new situations in which these rules would have to be applied.
Thus study of the Talmud for its law became a chief activity of those in the community who were charged with teaching and enforcing that law.
In the end, therefore, the act of Talmud study was holy beyond the holiness to be found in the words of the text.
www.myjewishlearning.com /texts/talmud/What_is_Talmud/Talmud_Jewish_Culture3960.htm   (1270 words)

 Judaism 101 - A Glossary of Basic Jewish Terms and Concepts
- the Jerusalem Talmud, as opposed to the "Talmud Bavli," the Babylonian Talmud.
This version of the Talmud was compiled in "Eretz Yisrael," the Land of Israel; see Talmud.
And it is a still higher level, according to the Talmud and quoted by the RAMBAM, when one helps the other person help himself, as is the case when he helps him find a job.
www.ou.org /about/judaism/tw.htm   (2134 words)

 Babylonian Talmud - AGES Library
Along with mathematics, philosophy, Confucianism, and the great classics of the religious traditions of the Muslim, Christian, Hindu, and Buddhist intellect, the Talmud is one of the enduring writings of human civilization.
The Gemara or Talmud is organized around laws of the Mishnah and also contains compositions devoted to Scripture's law and theology, which explain and amplify passages of the written part of the Torah of Sinai (known by Christianity as "the Old Testament").
Thus: the Mishnah + the Gemara = the Talmud.
www.ageslibrary.com /ages_talmud_1.html   (379 words)

The Gemara and the Mishnah together are known as the Talmud.
Adin Steinsalz is currently preparing a new edition of the Talmud, with his own commentary supplementing the Mishnah, Gemara, and Rashi commentaries.
Although these divisions seem to indicate subject matter, it is important to note that the Mishnah and the Talmud tend to be engage in quite a bit of free-association, thus widely diverse subjects may be discussed in a seder or masekhtah.
www.templesanjose.org /JudaismInfo/Torah/Talmud.htm   (625 words)

 Amazon.com: Everyman's Talmud: The Major Teachings of the Rabbinic Sages: Books: Abraham Cohen   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Talmud = "study"; Halachah = "walking", the way of life to tread in conformity with the precepts of the Torah., and so on.) The only weak area in the foreword and introduction is that of history.
The talmudic writers are very clever in introducing their babylonian pagan beliefs and claiming they are Jewish.
The Talmud is a collecion of rabbinic discussions on mishna (oral tradition), halachah (law) and Torah.
www.amazon.com /Everymans-Talmud-Major-Teachings-Rabbinic/dp/0805210326   (2559 words)

 Amazon.com: Essential Talmud: Books: Adin Steinsaltz   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Whether or not this history is completely accurate, it is a significant part of the Talmud's self-presentation and of its authority, and throws important light on both the Talmud's content (largely the teachings of prior masters) and its methods (the obsessive quest to identify the authors of and reconcile the various teachings).
The Talmud is not part of the shared Judeo-Christian tradition; this is a development of rabbinic Judaism after the divergence of the paths.
The Talmud arose from the writings of teachers and the wise in Palestine and in Babylonia from the aftermath of the destruction of the second Temple up until the early Middle Ages.
www.amazon.com /Essential-Talmud-Adin-Steinsaltz/dp/0465020631   (2815 words)

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