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Topic: Tatar language

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  Tatar language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Tatar language (Tatar tele, Tatarça, Татар теле, Татарча) is a Turkic language belonging to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic family of languages.
Tatar is the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan.
Tatar's ancestors are the extinct Bolgar and Kipchak languages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tatar_language   (1672 words)

 Crimean Tatar language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is spoken in Crimea, the former Soviet Union, and the Crimean Tatar diasporas in Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria.
Crimean Tatar was the native language of the poet Bekir Sıdkı Çobanzade.
Among the living Turkic languages, the closest to Crimean Tatar are Turkish, Urum of the Oghuz group, Kumyk, and Karachay-Balkar of the Kypchak group.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Crimean_Tatar_language   (685 words)

 Tatar language, alphabet and pronunciation
Tatar is a Turkic language with about 7 million speakers in Russian republic of Tatarstan, and also in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA and Uzbekistan.
Before the 9th century AD Tatar was written with the Orkhon alphabet.
In 1939 the Cyrillic alphabet was imposed by Stalin.
www.omniglot.com /writing/tatar.htm   (276 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Tatar literacy (stage 5) was still common among older urban residents, who had either received their education in Tatar in the 1970s or earlier or had migrated to the cities from rural areas.
The Tatarstan Language Revival Program and its Implementation Given the extent to which Russian had displaced the Tatar language, Tatar cultural and political elites were united in their desire to reverse the decline in the use and status of the Tatar language.
Tatar politicians were more concerned about potential opposition toward Tatar language revival among the ethnic Russian population, who had for decades gotten by without learning any Tatar and who had the negative example of anti-Russian language policies that had been introduced in the Baltic States even before the break-up of the Soviet Union.
www.fas.harvard.edu /~postcomm/papers/2004-05/Gorenburg.doc   (5202 words)

 U.S.ENGLISH Foundation Official Language Research - Ukraine: Miscellaneous
In Crimea, Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar minorities complain of discrimination by the Russian majority and demand that the Ukrainian and Tatar languages be given equal treatment to that of the Russian.
Crimean Tatar leaders have complained that their community has not received adequate assistance in resettling, and that the onerous process of acquiring citizenship has excluded many of them from participating in elections and from the right to take part in the privatization of land and state assets.
Tatars occupied unused state land on the outskirts of cities and towns and built temporary shelters or lived in the cargo containers that had brought their belongings.
www.us-english.org /foundation/research/olp/viewResearch.asp?CID=23&TID=8   (1514 words)

 Crimean Tatar-Russian as a Reflection of Crimean Tatar National Identity
Practically since their deportation from Crimea in 1944, the Crimean Tatars' (CT) national movement has been the key social phenomenon in the lives of CT. One of the foremost reasons this small ethnic group has withstood and continues to withstand extreme economic and political hardship is the strength of the CT family structure.
Language is at the core of national identity, and it is a commonly held idea among CT that language is at the core of their ethnicity.
Where language is mentioned in a contemporary context, it is to call for the development of CT-language schools, or to note or bemoan the widespread use of R among the younger CT due to their R-language education, but it has not described CT-R or discussed its significance.
www.iccrimea.org /scholarly/mhall.html   (4625 words)

 Crimean Tatars and Noghais in Turkey
The Tatar activists reported that it is difficult to compute the number of Tatar population, as elsewhere in Turkey, for the official census does not include minorities.
Tatars say they do not have another alternative and do not want their children to be hindered in their professional career as they themselves once were.
Tatar with the least traces of the influence of Turkish is encountered in the conversation of the elders, undisturbed by television and other people who do not speak Tatar.
www.iccrimea.org /scholarly/jankowski.html   (5352 words)

 Minority languages of Russia on the Net - Tatar language
Tatar language is also spoken among the Bashkirs (227,8 thousand Bashkirs regard it as their mother tongue) and Maris.
The modern literary language was developed under the influence of spoken Tatar since the middle of the 19th century.
The phonetics and lexicon of the literary language are close to the Central dialect, morphology to the Western dialect.
www.peoples.org.ru /eng_tatar.html   (469 words)

 The status of the Crimean Tatar language and problems of instructing in the native language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
According to Ministry of Education of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea, in 2003-2004 there are 14 establishments of general education with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction (4170 students study in 207 classes) in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea.
According to the European Charter on Regional or minority languages ratified by the Ukrainian parliament in May 2003, it is possible to identify the Crimean Tatar language as «radical and regional language».
Studying of the native language at institutions of general education of the Crimea is implemented according to the curricula approved annually by the board of the Ministry of Education of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea.
www.qurultay.org /eng/yazi_eng.asp?yazi_no=217   (2406 words)

Tatar is the official language of the Republic of Tatarstan (Russian Federation).
Modern literary Tatar language preserves the traditions of a language that was a universal means of communication for Tatars, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyzes and many other Turkic people.
The aim of the course is acquisition of Tatar language skills at the elementary proficiency higher level.
www.asu.edu /clas/reesc/cli/tatarsyll.htm   (847 words)

Tatars living outside Tatarstan (about 70 percent of all Tatars) are in certain danger of assimilation.
Because someone who was born to an assimilated Tatar family and grew up without any connection to the Tatar community, later in life might discover the attraction of Tatar culture, commence learning the Tatar language, and become interested in Islam.
Obviously, opening Tatar schools, increasing the circulation of Tatar newspapers and other measures may be very helpful, but financial, organizational and logistical problems make their implementation very difficult and in many cases even unrealistic.
tatar.yuldash.com /eng_052.html   (2480 words)

 The status of the Crimean Tatar language and problems of instructing in the native language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Classes with the Crimean Tatar language in schools may be opened by request of parents (according to written statement) and in presence of no less than 8 students.
The Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea of 27.08.1997.
The Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea of 22.05.2001.
www.unpo.org /news_detail.php?arg=20&par=1745   (2504 words)

 The Crimean Tatars by Greta Lynn Uehling   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
As destructive as it was for Tatar society as a whole, the Russian colonial period created conditions in which a new Crimean Tatar intelligentsia arose that was capable of formulating a nationalist project.
While the Soviet regime ostensibly deported the Tatars for their activities during the war, other nationalities collaborated on an equal or greater scale and it has become increasingly clear that it was not the real reason for Stalin's order.
The Crimean Tatars' primary objectives are government sponsored return of the Crimean Tatar people to Crimea; full restoration of their rights and property; recognition of the Crimean Tatar Mejlis as the official representative body; and representation of the Crimean Tatars in the Crimean Parliament.
www.iccrimea.org /scholarly/krimtatars.html   (4241 words)

 The Department of The Crimean-Tatar and Orient Languages
The department of the Crimean-Tatar Language was established in 1992 attached to the Philological Faculty of Simferopol State University (since 1999 Tavrical national university).
Scientific researches in the sphere of the history of the language, study of styles, dialects and the contemporary state of the taught language occupy the considerable place in the work of the members of the department.
She works under the direct guidance of the head of the chair, she manages the study of the department, she is responsible for the safety of the equipment, appearance of the department, she is a financially responsible person of the department.
www.ccssu.crimea.ua /eng/structure/phil_fac/phil_f5.htm   (622 words)

 [No title]
Volga Tatars had been requesting permission to publisha newspaper since the year 1808, but they were not successful until almosta century later...
The civilizing role of the Tatar diaspora in the regionformerly known as Turkestan is well known.
Tatar mullahs, teachers andmerchants contributed greatly to the education and enlightenment of theirethnic brethren in what is now known as Central Asia.
tatar.yuldash.com /eng_index.html   (1189 words)

 Tatar language --  Encyclopædia Britannica
It is spoken in the republic of Tatarstan in west-central Russia and in Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, and China.
The major Tatar dialects are Kazan Tatar (spoken in Tatarstan), Western or Misher Tatar, as well as the minor eastern or Siberian dialects, Kasimov,...
The Tatars are also settled in Kazakstan and, to a lesser extent, in western Siberia.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9071376?tocId=9071376   (782 words)

 Tatar Fonts, Tatar OCR, Tatar Reference, Tatar Software - Mac, Tatar Software - Windows, Tatar System,
Tatar, also spelled Tartar, is spoken both in European Russia and in Siberia.
Tatar is a Turkic language belonging to the Altaic family.
The Tatars first appear in Russian history in the 13th century when, as the Mongols, they overran most of the country and settled down to rule.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Tatar.htm?CalledFrom=210325   (302 words)

 Tatar language at opensource encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Tatar Latin script requires the standard Latin alphabet plus 9 extra letters: Əə, Çç, Ğğ, İi, Iı, Ññ, Ɵɵ, Şş, Üü (and sometimes Ŋŋ instead of Ññ; Ää instead of Əə; the next letter is "O with middle bar" — some people think it would be better to use Öö instead).
Only Crimea Tatar language has their own written form, with the differences of Kazan Tatar language (no x, w, ä and í).
Literacy Tatar language is based on the Kazan Tatar language's Middle (Tatarstan) dialect and Old Tatar Language (İske Tatar Tele).
www.wiki.tatet.com /Tatar_language.html   (258 words)

 Foundation For Endangered Languages Issue 24.
Chuvash is more distinctive than Tatar as a form of Turkic (being the only survivor of Turkic's western branch), and probably goes back to the speech of the Volga Bulgars, who reached this area in the 7th century AD.
For all these savage intra-Turkic wars, the "Tatar yoke" of Turkic dominance over the Russians was not shaken until Ivan the Terrible issued from Moscow and subdued Kazan, the Tatar capital, in 1552.
For the Tatars, the leading linguist M.Z. Zakiyev is all in favour, not least as a way of combatting the pernicious effects on pronunciation which come about when people who hardly know the language (as the modern generation) come to it through Russian spelling.
www.ogmios.org /241.htm   (959 words)

 Suzanne Wertheim - Department of Linguistics, Northwestern University   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
" 'The purity of a language is the purity of a nation': The language of Tatar nationalism." Presented at the Northwestern University Linguistics Department colloquium series.
Language ideologies and the "purification" of post-Soviet Tatar.
Jäygä kechkenä genä tatar tele turinda mäkälä yazdim.
ling.northwestern.edu /~wertheim   (729 words)

 Minority languages of Russia on the Net - Bashkir language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Spoken in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Kurgan and Sverdlovsk regions.
Until the beginning of the 20th century the Bashkirs used a local variety of the Central Asian Turkic written language and later adopted the Tatar literary language.
In 1929 the literary language was switched into the Latin and in 1939 into the Cyrillic script.
www.peoples.org.ru /eng_bashkir.html   (197 words)

 The Samovar - The Rossica Society Forum
The lower part of the CDS is indeed written in Tatar, using a modified Arabic script.
Sorry, I should have said Cyrillic was used for most of the non-European languages of the USSR after 1938.
Yes, there are additional letters to express Tatar sounds not present in Russian/Cyrillic, including several "Turkic" vowels and the consonants /J/ and /H/ (remember Cyrillic renders /H/ in foreign names with an awkward "G", as in the Nazi Fuher "Adolf Gitler").
www.rossica.org /Samovar/viewthread.php?tid=962   (361 words)

 Belarusian Review :: Kitabs, the Unique Phenomenon of the Belarusian Language in "Encyclopedia of the Belarusian ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
They were written mostly in the 16th century by the Tatars who lived in Belarus, in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, since 14-15th centuries and have gradually forgotten their native language.
We can learn from Risale-i-tatar-i leh (the report from an unknown Tatar traveler made for the Turkish sultan Suleiman regarding the Tatar-immigrants in Belarus and Lithuania) that Tatar language was used only by the Tatars who moved to the Grand Duchy recently.
And although they too have experienced the influence of Belarusian language, they could not possibly enter into the Belarusian language for that simple reason that those writings were essentially inaccessible for the Belarusian people: Belarusians neither had physical access to it, nor understood the writing system.
www.belreview.cz /articles/2410.html   (922 words)

 The Unreached Peoples Prayer Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Tatar are a group of Turkic people with sizable colonies in virtually every republic of the former Soviet Union.
By the early twentieth century, however, much of their native language had been lost, but their religion was retained.
The tatar of Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, and Russia.
www.ksafe.com /profiles/p_code3/1025.html   (799 words)

Chairman of the Tatar State Council Committee on Science, Education, Culture, and Nationalities Issues Razil Weliev, who took part in the talks, told RFE/RL's Tatar-Bashkir Service that the harmonization commission has failed to find a common decision on three articles of the treaty, two of which are linked to the Tatar-language issue.
The anticorruption commission Antikorr staged a meeting in Kazan to protest flourishing corruption in the republic, "Nezavisimaya gazeta" reported on 31 May. Antikorr was a member of the Public Chamber formed by Tatarstan's opposition civic and political movements and the regional branches of federal parties.
After the meeting finished, its eight participants met with Tatar First Deputy Prime Minister Rawil Moratov, who heads the republic's commission on developing a strategy to fight corruption.
www.rferl.org /reports/tb-daily-report/2005/06/0-010605.asp   (774 words)

 The Unreached Peoples Prayer Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Tatar are a group of Turkic people who have large communities in virtually every republic of the former Soviet Union.
Eighty-eight percent of the Tatar of Ukraine live in urban areas where their lives are no different from contemporary Russians.
The tatar of Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Russia.
www.ksafe.com /profiles/p_code/147.html   (761 words)

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