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Topic: Teleology

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Teleology (Greek telos, "end"; logos, "discourse"), in philosophy, the science or doctrine that attempts to explain the universe in terms of ends or final causes.
Teleology is based on the proposition that the universe has design and purpose.
In Christian theology, teleology represents a basic argument for the existence of God, in that the order and efficiency of the natural world seem not to be accidental.
www.levity.com /mavericks/teleolog.htm   (177 words)

  Teleology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Teleology (telos: end, purpose) is the philosophical study of design, purpose, directive principle, or finality in nature or human creations.
Teleology depends on the concept of a final cause or purpose inherent in all beings.
The rationale of teleology was explored by Immanuel Kant in his Critique of Judgement and, again, made central to speculative philosophy by Hegel and the various neo-Hegelian schools, including that of Marx.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Teleology   (1959 words)

 Teleology - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Teleology is the supposition that there is design, purpose, directive principle, or finality in the works and processes of nature, and the philosophical study of that purpose.
Teleology stands in contrast to philosophical naturalism, and both ask questions separate from the questions of science.
Charles Darwin's theories of evolution, which hold that species develop by natural selection, reduced the influence of traditional teleological arguments, as it describes a clear and simple means by which humanity could have come to exist without the intervention of an external entity.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Teleology   (1244 words)

 Generation5 Forum - Teleology in Everday Science
Teleology is not a new scientific concept, but rather the very old concept of "sets of ‘simple’ causal processes operating over time to produce a goal, purpose or function’.
Teleology or behavior which appears to be caused by a goal is an important, I suggest defining, feature of intelligent behavior.
Teleology is in the eye of the beholder; when I infer that a system has goals or intentions, then I am short-circuiting the most fundamental of problems with AI to date: namely, the symbol grounding problem.
www.generation5.org /forums/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=130   (1800 words)

 The Individualist: Teleology
Teleology (telos: end, purpose) is the supposition that there is design, purpose, directive principle, or finality in the works and processes of nature, and the philosophical study of that purpose.
Teleology stands in contrast to philosophical naturalism, and both ask questions separate from the questions of science.
As Aristotle wrote in support of teleology, "Nature adapts the organ to the function, and not the function to the organ" (1).
www.dadamo.com /wiki/wiki.pl?Teleology   (558 words)

 20th WCP: Biological Teleology in Contemporary Science
First, Aristotle's biological teleology is considered anthropomorphic in the sense that his description of nature is essentially based on the analogy with the work of a rational artist; moreover, he goes too far in this analogy, ascribing to nature cosmic goals.
Furthermore, as teleology is considered to be an intrinsic characteristics of living systems, there is an explanatory relation between the higher level of organization and the constituent parts.
Teleology is still an objective phenomenon which ultimately rests on the underlying stereospecific properties of the biomolecules.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Scie/ScieSpas.htm   (4103 words)

 Science of Logic - Teleology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Teleology is especially contrasted with mechanism, in which the determinateness posited in the object, being external, is essentially one in which no self-determination is manifested.
The reason why teleology has incurred so much the reproach of triviality is that the ends that it exhibited are more important or more trivial, as the case may be; and it was inevitable that the end relation of objects should so often appear trifling, since it appears to be so external and therefore contingent.
Teleology possesses in general the higher principle, the Notion in its Existence, which is in and for itself the infinite and absolute-a principle of freedom that in the utter certainty of its self-determination is absolutely liberated from the external determining of mechanism.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/hegel/works/hl/hlteleol.htm   (5285 words)

 Teleology - CreationWiki
Teleology is the position that there is design, purpose, directive principle, or finality in the works and processes of nature, and the philosophical study of that purpose.
Teleology, on the other hand, holds both that man sees because he has eyes and has eyes so that he can see.
While teleology and philosophical naturalism ask different questions than those asked by science, they play an extremely important role in the philosophy of science.
creationwiki.org /index.php?title=Teleology   (1332 words)

 Being at the Ends of the Universe   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As the term was traditionally used by philosophers, teleology referred to the principle that explained or described the universe by reference to ultimate ends or final causes.
The word itself, teleology, is derived from the Greek words telos, meaning "end", and logos, usually translated as "discourse" or "argument." Teleological explanations specifically referred to the ultimate reasons for a thing, condition or event.
Teleology presumed (required) that the universe have a Design (with a capital "D") - and all that is in it or occurred within it had a Purpose (with a capital "P").
www.teleology.us   (462 words)

 Teleology Workshop - About   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Teleology Workshop was initiated in 2004 and is run by PhD candidates in the Department of Philosophy at Boston University.
In current philosophy of biology, teleology is a title broad enough to include under it issues of design, function, organization, complexity, natural selection, and explanation.
Teleology is a fascinating, heated and 'loaded' philosophical concept.
people.bu.edu /teleolog/about.html   (260 words)

 20th WCP: Cosmic Teleology and the Crisis of the Sciences
One would have been to generalize the concept of teleology in such a way as to accommodate the reality of violent motion, and to abandon the particular cosmological models developed by Aristotle in order to save the principle of teleological ordering.
Teleology was abandoned altogether, and (though this was never acknowledged, or perhaps, even really recognized) the possibility of a complete explanation along with it.
But it does provide us with a way to account for the evidence we have, and continue our search for truth in a spirit of hope and wonder at the beauty, intelligibility, and goodness of the universe, a wonder which is the mother of all scientific exploration.
www.bu.edu /wcp/Papers/Scie/ScieMans.htm   (3905 words)

 Philosophy News Service - Does teleology require....?
Teleology in the first sense, i.e., viewing human beings as setting themselves ends, rather than pursuing ends set for them by "nature", certainly was Kant's point of view, and he correctly argued (in my view) that that view presupposes freedom (i.e., presupposes that we have the capacity to set ourselves ends).
I'm not one that believes that discussions of teleology demand theism but if teleology demands agent causation--which is the question I'm considering--then theism might be a logical inference.
But that is a fundamental issue with respect to teleology: why assume that all natural processes are directed at an end or that the development of the cosmos is directed at an end.
www.philosophynews.com /PNS/forums/thread/4130.aspx   (5953 words)

 Teleological argument - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Teleology is the supposition that there is purpose or directive principle in the works and processes of nature.
He did not, however, make a formal argument for the existence of God; rather, God's existence is already presumed and Augustine is giving a proposed view of God's teleology.
Augustine's perspective follows from and is built upon the neo-Platonic views of his era, which in turn have their original roots in Plato's cosmogony.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Teleological_argument   (3400 words)

 Teleology: Definition and Links by Encyclopedian.com
When a giraffe's baby is born it falls from a height of six feet, normally without being hurt.
...Teleology Teleology Teleology is the philosophical study of purpose (from the...a fatal tinge of teleology.
An illegitimate teleology occurs when one speculates, without...
www.encyclopedian.com /te/Telic.html   (351 words)

 Monte Ransome Johnson - Aristotle on Teleology - Reviewed by T.K. Johansen, University of Edinburgh - Philosophical ...
Johnson's own general view of Aristotle's teleology is this: 'Aristotle thinks that the fact that things function well in nature needs a general explanation.
So Aristotle's teleology of living creatures is 'not anthropomorphic, not committed to backwards causation, and not a mere heuristic for materialist and mechanistic explanations' (188).
However, Johnson also wants to show that Aristotle's teleology is neither anthropocentric nor cosmic, and on these points I shall suggest some ways in which his arguments may be challenged.
ndpr.nd.edu /review.cfm?id=6883   (2320 words)

 The Teleology of Creation
The English word "teleology" is derived from two Greek words: telos meaning "end," and logos meaning "word," but linguistically extended to mean "logical considerations of." Teleology therefore pertains to the "logical considerations of the end" of creation.
Though there was a dualistic tendency inherent in such teleological arguments for God's existence, the argument of design and purpose remained as one of the major tenets of "natural theology," being the church's "stock-in-trade" explanation of cosmological considerations at least through the nineteenth century.
Instead of using the teleology of God's purpose and design in creation, the evangelical reactions to evolutionism have evolved into a defense of the Bible, a defense of ideological epistemology, and a defense of morality.
www.christinyou.net /pages/creattele.html   (2979 words)

 Teleology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Teleology is the study of ends, purposes, and goals (telos means "end" or "purpose").
In cultures which have an teleological world view, the ends of things are seen as providing the meaning for all that has happened or that occurs.
This, in part, is responsible for the proliferation of alternatives, for in a teleological world view, history has potentially an infinite number of options and alternatives, and this proliferation of alternatives is primarily responsible for the crisis of modernity.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GLOSSARY/TELE.HTM   (212 words)

 teleology   (Site not responding. Last check: )
An illegitimate teleology occurs when one speculates, without sufficient proof, that X causes Y. this article is licensed under the GNU free documentation license
Teleology is the science of causation towards a state, whereas evolution is said to be completely accidental with no regard for the future.
In the second case, the teleology appears to be Edenic, a return to a Golden Age in a much simpler world strongly resembling Rousseau's idyllic state of nature...
www.33beat.com /teleology.html   (445 words)

 [No title]
Ayala wrote that Aristotle's "error was not that he used teleological explanations in biology, but that he extended the concept of teleology to the nonliving world" (56).
Darwin also realized that the teleological approach was contrary to his views, so he attempted to shed doubt on the ideas of a fixed relationship between an organism and its environment, along with the functional necessity of every aspect of an organism (Ospovat, 29).
Though Darwin began to reject teleology, he still was unsure of the roles of chance and purpose.
www.perseus.tufts.edu /GreekScience/Students/Kathleen/darwinaris.html   (2704 words)

 The KLI Theory Lab - keywords - teleology
Roll-Hansen, N. Critical teleology: Immanuel Kant and Claude Bernard on the limitations of experimental biology.
Rosenberg, A. Causation and teleology in contemporary philosophy of science.
Wimsatt, W.C. Teleology and the logical structure of function statements.
www.kli.ac.at /theorylab/Keyword/T/teleology.html   (510 words)

 English Teleology
he Pursuance of future ends and the choice of means for their attainment," recommending this as "the mark and criterion of the presence of mentality in a phenomenon." But this is a modest teleology.
An individual make sense of his or her experience on a scale of belief in the teleology of the Kosmos, ranging from the materialist and atheist at one extreme to religions with the highest degree of ``overbelief'' built upon the pure-experiential realities.
Most contemporary accounts of teleology follow in the steps of Wright's etiological account (Millikan for instance).
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3Dteleology%26type%3Den   (2404 words)

 Teleology - LoveToKnow 1911
The modern theory of evolution, on the other hand, has reintroduced a scientific teleology of another type.
Teleology, in this narrower sense, as the study of the adaptation of organic structures to the service of the organisms in which they occur, was completely revolutionized by Darwinism and the research founded on it.
This page was last modified 12:59, 22 Sep 2006.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Teleology   (200 words)

 LINGUIST List 2.512: Sound-Change and Teleology
This seems problematical to me since *purpose* does appear to be a teleologi- cal term to a greater degree than *function* does.
Homoeostasis, for example, would probably be regarded as a kind of (short-term) teleology by Josef Vachek, whereas Martinet is likely to consider homoeostatic phenomena (such as his economy qua equilibrium) as non-teleological.
For instance, the proper function of phonemes consists in being distinctive; this can be taken to be a functional teleology of the phonological subsystem.
www.ling.ed.ac.uk /linguist/issues/2/2-512.html   (855 words)

 teleology in art: researchpapersdepot.com- immediate free research reports, free research essays, free research ...
In Aristotelian teleology, the explanation of or justification for a phenomenon or process is to be located not only in the immediate purpose or cause but also in the reason for which something exists or was created.
As an alternative to these, process teleology offers that creation or evolution is guided, not from an external deity but from an inherent unfolding within the creature or object that is evolving.
You can also buy a research papers, research essays, and research reports on teleology in art from the 5955 of research paper in the researchpapersdepot.com database.
www.researchpapersdepot.com /term-papers/5035/teleology-in-art.html   (434 words)

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