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Topic: Tendon


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  Tendon definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms
When a tendon becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as tendinitis or tendonitis.
Despite their tough fibrous nature, tendons and ligaments are both considered "soft tissue," that is soft as compared to cartilage or bone.
The Achilles tendon is a celebrated example of a tendon.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=5732   (268 words)

  
  Peroneal Tendon Injuries - FootPhysicians.com
Tendonitis is an inflammation of one or both tendons.
The inflammation is caused by activities involving repetitive use of the tendon, overuse of the tendon or trauma (such as an ankle sprain).
In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair the tendon or tendons and perhaps the supporting structures of the foot.
www.footphysicians.com /footankleinfo/peroneal-tendon.htm   (780 words)

  
  Tendon Repair - Definition, Purpose, Demographics, Description, Diagnosis/preparation, Aftercare, Risks, Normal ...
Tendon repair refers to the surgical repair of damaged or torn tendons, which are cord-like structures made of strong fibrous connective tissue that connect muscles to bones.
Tendon injuries are widespread in the general adult population.
This is a procedure in which a piece of tendon is taken from the foot or other part of the body and used to repair the damaged tendon.
www.surgeryencyclopedia.com /St-Wr/Tendon-Repair.html   (1860 words)

  
 Achilles Tendon
Achilles tendonitis may be caused by a single incident of overstressing the tendon, or it may result from a series of stresses that produce small tears over time.
As we age, a tendon is subject to degeneration within the substance of the tendon.
Tendons are made up of strands of a material called collagen (think of a tendon as similar to a nylon rope and the strands of collagen as the nylon strands).
www.usgyms.net /achilles.htm   (2150 words)

  
 Achilles Tendon Injuries   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Achilles tendon is a strong tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel.
With aging and overuse, the Achilles tendon is subject to degeneration within the substance of the tendon.
Tendons are made up of strands of a material called collagen (think of a tendon as similar to a nylon rope with the strands of collagen being the nylon strands).
www.mgh.harvard.edu /ORTHO/AchillesTendonInjuries.htm   (548 words)

  
 Tendonitis/Tendinitis Information
A tendon is the end part of a muscle that attaches the muscle to the bone.
The initial approach to treating tendonitis is to support and protect the tendons by bracing any areas of the tendon that are being pulled on during use.
When tendonitis does occur, it is important to treat it immediately, and thereby prevent it from reaching a stage that is more severe.
www.tendonitis.net   (1048 words)

  
 tendons | tendon | strength training
For example, the trunk and shoulder tendons stretch and then shorten during throwing movements such as those used in javelin, tennis and golf; the hip flexor tendons stretch and shorten during kicking movements; and the knee and Achilles tendons stretch and shorten during jumping movements.
The two terms refer to the properties of the tendon when being stretched or recoiling from stretch and not to the extent of flexibility of the muscle tendon unit.
The next step in tendon research is to gain understanding of the optimum levels of tendon stiffness for individual athletes in relation to their chosen sport.
www.pponline.co.uk /encyc/tendons.html   (2208 words)

  
 Tendon Injuries - WSAVA 2004 Congress
In chronic tendon injuries filamentous carbon fibre or polyester is used as a scaffold to induce collagen formation and bridge the gap in the tendon.
Avulsion of the insertion of the gastrocnemius tendon from the calcaneus.
The tendon can be retained in its normal position by reconstruction of the ligament with a wire prosthesis or by placing a screw with a smooth shank protruding on the medial edge of the bicipital groove to act as a barrier against tendon displacement.
www.vin.com /proceedings/Proceedings.plx?CID=WSAVA2004&PID=8731&Category=1267&O=Generic   (1464 words)

  
 OSH Answers: Tendon Disorders
Tendons are bundles or bands of strong fibres that attach muscles to bones.
Tenosynovitis is an inflammation of the tendon sheath.
Tendon disorders of the shoulder are seen among workers exposed to high repetitive movements requiring a significant use of force.
www.ccohs.ca /oshanswers/diseases/tendon_disorders.html?print   (1038 words)

  
 Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. Page 364
In pinnate muscles, however, only a portion of the strength of contraction is efficient in the direction of the tendon, since a portion of the pull would tend to draw the tendon to one side, this is mostly annulled by pressure of surrounding parts.
On the other hand, the greater the angle the smaller the tendon component; at 72° 30’ one-third the muscle strength would act in the direction of the tendon and at 90° the tendon component would be nil.
In a muscle with parallel or nearly parallel fibers which have the same direction as the tendon this corresponds to the anatomical cross-section, but in unipinnate and bipinnate muscles the physiological cross-section may be nearly at right angles to the anatomical cross-section as shown in Fig.
www.bartleby.com /107/pages/page364.html   (583 words)

  
 Tendon Laceration
Tendon repair in the fingers is a very special skill, with a very special history within hand surgery as a specialty.
Tendons are tissues that connect muscles to bone, allowing the force of the muscles to move the joints.
The flexor tendons run along the palm side of the fingers and are very close to the surface of the skin, particularly where the skin folds as you bend your fingers.
www.davidlnelson.md /Tendon_laceration.htm   (1484 words)

  
  Achilles tendon - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Achilles tendon   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Tendon at the back of the ankle attaching the calf muscles to the heel bone.
It is one of the largest tendons in the human body, and can resist great tensional strain, but is sometimes ruptured by contraction of the muscles in sudden extension of the foot.
Ancient surgeons regarded wounds in this tendon as fatal, probably because of the Greek legend of Achilles, which relates how the mother of the hero Achilles dipped him when an infant into the River Styx, so that he became invulnerable except for the heel by which she held him.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Achilles+tendon   (157 words)

  
 ACHILLES TENDON INJURIES   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Achilles tendon is the tendon that connects the calf muscle (gastrocnemius) to the heel bone (calcaneus).
Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon.
For a tendon rupture, the area of the rupture is often swollen, tender, bruised (ecchymotic), and may actually have a palpable gap in the tendon.
www.arthroscopy.com /sp09009.htm   (804 words)

  
 Tendinitis and Tenosynovitis: Muscle, Bursa, and Tendon Disorders: Merck Manual Home Edition
Tendinitis is inflammation of a tendon; tenosynovitis is tendinitis accompanied by inflammation of the protective sheath around the tendon (tendon sheath).
Tendons are fibrous cords of tough tissue that connect muscles to bones.
The tendon sheaths may be visibly swollen from the accumulation of fluid and inflammation.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec05/ch074/ch074e.html   (501 words)

  
 The Physician and Sportsmedicine: Proximal Biceps Tendon Rupture
Long-head tendon ruptures are often associated with rotator cuff tendinitis, which may cause degeneration that predisposes the tendon to rupture (2,3).
Tenodesis involves attaching the proximal tendon to the proximal humerus to restore a normal contour to the biceps belly and symmetry with the contralateral biceps.
Ruptures of the biceps tendon are most common in middle-aged patients, but this injury should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of upper-extremity complaints in young competitive or recreational athletes.
www.physsportsmed.com /issues/1999/06_99/carter.htm   (1945 words)

  
 Achilles Tendon: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
Since the effect is to lift the entire body weight against a severely adverse leverage ratio, the Achilles' tendon by necessity is the toughest and strongest of human tendons.
Gores Achilles tendon is plans Achilles Heel by...the repairs made to his ruptured Achilles tendon, he should be thankful that he wasnt...surgery to reattach Gores severed Achilles tendon.
ACHILLES TENDON (tendo calcaneus)ten do kalka...musculature contracts, the pull on the Achilles tendon elevates the heel in the springy motion...severely adverse leverage ratio, the Achilles tendon by necessity is the toughest and strongest...
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/achilles-tendon.jsp?l=A&p=1   (1192 words)

  
 The Snapping Tendon
When snapping occurs at the biceps tendon, it is often assumed that it is due to dislocation of the biceps tendon caused by tearing of the transverse ligament.
Snapping at the medial/posterior knee is most commonly the semimembranosis tendon and appears to respond more to strengthening and/or biomechanical correction/support through rotational adjusting of the knee and the use of a medial heel wedge.
When tendon snapping follows major trauma, tearing of support retinacular structures may have occurred and warrants an orthopedic consult if the snapping is either painful or limits function.
www.chiroweb.com /archives/16/20/22.html   (769 words)

  
 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Tendon repair
Tendon repair is surgical repair of damaged or torn tendons.
Tendon repair can be performed using local anesthesia (the immediate area of the surgery is pain-free), regional anesthesia (the local and surrounding areas are pain-free), or general anesthesia (the patient is unconscious and pain-free).
In this case, a piece of tendon from the foot or toe, or another part of the body, is often used.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/002970.htm   (386 words)

  
 eMedicine - Patellar Tendon Rupture : Article by Christopher Annunziata, MD
With a tendon rupture extending through the medial and lateral retinacula, active extension is completely lost and the patient is unable to maintain the passively extended knee against gravity.
Anteriorly, the fibers of the rectus femoris tendon traverse the patella and condense inferior to the patella to insert on the tibial tubercle as the patellar tendon.
In the circumstance of patellar tendon rupture secondary to systemic disease, such as chronic renal failure, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, or diabetes, the tendon rupture is rarely the harbinger or the first symptom of the disease.
www.emedicine.com /orthoped/topic246.htm   (5795 words)

  
 eMedicine - Patellar Tendon Rupture : Article Excerpt by: Christopher Annunziata, MD
Rupture of the patellar tendon usually occurs at the osseotendinous junction and causes complete derangement of the knee extensor mechanism.
Frequency: The true incidence of patellar tendon rupture is not known, but it is observed less frequently than rupture of the quadriceps tendon and usually occurs in a population younger than 40 years.
Patellar tendon rupture is usually unilateral, as a result of a traumatic athletic injury.
www.emedicine.com /orthoped/byname/patellar-tendon-rupture.htm   (630 words)

  
 NewOrleansProFootball.com
A tear of this tendon is a serious injury but athletes can recover from it.
One of the most important components of the shoulder, comprised of a group of four muscles and tendons that hold the shoulder joint in place.
The pain is the result of tiny tears and inflammation in the tissue of the tendon itself.
www.neworleansprofootball.com /medical.html   (3207 words)

  
 new tendon and ligaments
Surgical tendon splitting has been used successfully for decompression and as a means to allow for revascularization of the deeper areas of the tendon or ligament.
The problem with tendon splitting is that a certain amount of healthy tissue is damaged by nature of the surgery and healing is therefore affected.
Data to its efficacy in healing tendons was presented at the AAEP and the annual surgery conference and we continue to use shock wave therapy on more and more horses.
www.horsebc.com /kvs/new_tendon_and_ligaments.htm   (793 words)

  
 Ruptured Tendon
A tendon is the fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone in the human body.
Each type of tendon rupture has its own signs and symptoms and can be treated either surgically or medically depending on the severity of the rupture and the confidence of the surgeon.
The rotator cuff tendon is one of the most common areas in the body affected by tendon injury.
www.emedicinehealth.com /ruptured_tendon/article_em.htm   (457 words)

  
 Quinolones and Achilles tendon rupture
Risk factors found to be associated with Achilles tendon rupture were used to adjust the final odds ratio of association with use of quinolones.
Figure 1: Adjusted odds ratio of association between Achilles tendon rupture and dose Nine cases and five controls were currently using quinolones and were exposed to corticosteroids, and three were currently using quinolones with recent exposure to corticosteroids.
For these the adjusted odds ratio for Achilles tendon rupture was about 18 compared with no quinolone exposure, while for the four cases and 39 controls currently using quinolones and with no exposure to corticosteroids it was 5.3.
www.tripdatabase.com /spider.html?itemid=248773   (749 words)

  
 Ligament and Tendon Laxities
A tendon attaches a muscle to the bone and involves movement of the joint.
Since tendons move the joints and ligaments stabilize the joints, it is primarily these soft tissue structures that are involved.
The ligaments and tendons produced after Prolotherapy, appear much the same as normal tissues, except that they are thicker, stronger, and contain fibers of varying thickness, testifying to the new and ongoing creation of collagen tissue.
www.prolonews.com /ligament_and_tendon_laxities.htm   (959 words)

  
 Sports Medicine Advisor 2005.4: Achilles Tendon Injury
The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the calf muscle of the leg.
Achilles tendonitis is the term used when the tendon is inflamed.
A tendon that is significantly inflamed and has been painful for a long time may take up to a few months to improve.
www.med.umich.edu /1libr/sma/sma_achilles_sma.htm   (889 words)

  
 Achilles tendon rupture - OhioHealth
The Achilles tendon is a large, strong fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of your lower leg to your heel bone (calcaneus).
Achilles tendinitis is inflammation of your Achilles tendon.
If you experience any of the signs and symptoms of Achilles tendon rupture — are unable to rise on your toes, have difficulty bearing weight due to pain or have noticeable swelling in the region of your tendon — see your doctor.
www.ohiohealth.com /BODYMAYO.CFM?xyzpdqabc=0&id=6&action=detail&ref=1049   (1412 words)

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