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Topic: Tetrarchy

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Although the young man was clearly capable (as events were to show) his accession was illegal, and the fact that he was recognized ("third tetrarchy") had a lot to do with another usurpation: Maximianus' son Maxentius felt that he should have been made caesar.
In the autumn of 306, he proceeded to Rome, was recognized by the Senate, and asked his father for help.
Maxentius, although an ally of Constantine, was not recognized as member of the fourth tetrarchy, and technically remained an usurper.
www.livius.org /te-tg/tetrarchy/tetrarchy.html   (602 words)

  Tetrarchy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The establishment of the Tetrarchy usually marks the resolution of the Crisis of the Third Century and the recovery of the Roman Empire.
The pre-existing notion of consortium imperii, the sharing of imperial power, and/or the notion that an associate to the throne was the designated successor (possibly conflicting with the notion of hereditary claim by birth or adoption), was to reappear repeatedly.
The unstable constellation of Jewish principalities in Roman Palestine: for instance, the kingdom of Galilee under Herod Antipas was a tetrarchy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Tetrarchy   (1646 words)

 Could The Tetrarchy Have Been A Permanent System? - Ancient Roman Empire Forums   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
in order for the Tetrarchy to have been a successful, permanent system of government, the four emperors would have had to have been not at all ambitious beyond their set post, unusually long-lived, and be able to resist the illegal creation of more emperors by over enthusiastic troops or the like.
I think that the tetrarchy was less of an innovation than it looked at first sight.
The Tetrarchy system was based on the fact that everyone would put the interests of the state ahead of their personal ambitions; which was most certainly not the case.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=3441   (996 words)

 EefyWiki - Tetrarchy
Tetrarchy, or rule of four, refers to the division of the Roman Empire by the Emperor Diocletian around the year 286.
He claimed himself an Augustus Of The Tetrarchy and ruled over the eastern half of the Empire.
The tetrarchy was somewhat successful in that it eliminated piracy, provided some peace on the borders of the Empire, and eased the tax problems.
eefy.editme.com /Tetrarchy   (528 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2004.12.05
Rees' Diocletian and the Tetrarchy appears to be the inaugural entry in a new series, "Debates and Documents in Ancient History," dedicated to central topics in Greek and Roman History.
In each of the topical chapters, the author discusses not only the various issues that are of importance for each particular theme but also the value and interpretation of the various primary sources which he uses to buttress his discussion.
His judgements on various contentious issues are balanced, and, in many cases, he allows the reader to draw his or her own conclusions based on the weight of the evidence.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2004/2004-12-05.html   (790 words)

 Diocletian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Thus the idea of the Tetrarchy, or rule by four men, was born.
Part of the reason the Tetrarchy worked so well is because these professional soldiers were intensely loyal to one another and especially to Diocletian.
The Tetrarchy that had worked so well for Diocletian and his colleagues only worked because the four men respected and were loyal to each other.
users2.ev1.net /~legionary/mainevent/coins/Diocletian.html   (1227 words)

 Definition of tetrarchy - Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
Learn more about "tetrarchy" and related topics at Britannica.com
Find more about "tetrarchy" instantly with Live Search
See a map of "tetrarchy" in the Visual Thesaurus
www.m-w.com /cgi-bin/dictionary?book=Dictionary&va=tetrarchy   (26 words)

 Palestine: History
The northeastern tetrarchy remained under the control of Philip until he died in 33/34 CE, then became part of Syria until Gaius assigned it to Philip's nephew Agrippa in 37.
Herod Antipas ruled the northern tetrarchy (Galilee and the parts of Peraea, which lies along the eastern side of the Jordan, not belonging to the free cities of the Decapolis) from his new capital Tiberias on the Sea of Galilee until about 39 when he fell out of favor with Gaius.
Forbidden to circumcise their children since the second century, forced to sacrifice to the pagan gods during the Tetrarchy, suffering under the Christian empire even greater oppression than the Jews, the Samaritans revolted against Emperor Zeno in 484.
www.usd.edu /erp/Palestine/history.htm   (4659 words)

 Wikinfo | Diocletian
This form of government is known to historians as the Tetrarchy.
The opportunistic nature of Roman imperial politics did eventually cause the disintegration of the Tetrarchy and the reinstitution of one-man rule, but this was not until the 320s.
In 305, Diocletian retired to his palace at the administrative center of Salona on the Adriatic Sea, near the modern Split, Croatia.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Diocletian   (435 words)

When he died in 313, the empire was in the hands of individuals less sympathetic to the principles of the tetrarchy.
He was born at Naissus (modern Nis, Serbia) about AD 280, the son of CONSTANTIUS I, who became (293) a caesar in the tetrarchy established by DIOCLETIAN.
Constantine was educated in the imperial court and seemed destined to succeed his father.
members.tripod.com /young_rich_pretty/234.5.html   (335 words)

 Coins of Maximian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The obverse busts of the coinage of the Tetrarchy are very distinctive.
After the coinage reform of Diocletian in 294 the busts become very blocky, and almost generic - it is often necessary to consult the legend to discover which emperor issued the coin.
An excellent example of the blocky generic bust style that is so common in the Tetrarchy period.
www.ruark.org /coins/Roman/5Tetrarchy/Maximian.html   (703 words)

 April 18: Recovery of fourth century
Caesars were to be chosen for their talent, not their blood relationship with a previous emperor.
Diocletian’s reform of the Tetrarchy never worked perfectly - not even in his own life time, since sons had a tendency to expect to inherit the empire (beginning with Constantine, son of Constantius).
Yet Diocletian’s Tetrarchy began the process which would culminate with the split of the empire in 395 between east and west.
www.luc.edu /faculty/ldossey/diocletian.htm   (2919 words)

 Tetrarchy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Eight years later, feeling more focus was needed on both civic and military problems, he furthered the division of power by naming one "Junior Emperor", or Caesar, under each "Senior Emperor", or Augustus.
Thus the Tetrarchy, a rule of four, was established and lasted until c.
Tetrarchies existed elsewhere in the ancient world: for instance, the kingdom of Galilee under Herod Antipas was a tetrarchy.
tetrarchy.iqnaut.net   (109 words)

 Galerius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Galerius Caesar A. 293 - 305 Roman Emperor A. The Roman emperor Galerius was one of the four rulers under the system established by Diocletian called the Tetrarchy.
From A. 293 to 305 Galerius was Caesar on the Danube frontier but was promoted to senior Augustus, or emperor of the East after Diocletian abdicated on May 1, 305.
During the period from A. 303 to 312, the Roman government under Diocletian and the Tetrarchy savagely persecuted the Christians.
users2.ev1.net /~legionary/mainevent/coins/Galerius.html   (511 words)

 index.htm   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This stage is known variously as the "Later Roman Empire", the "Byzantine Empire", the "Tetrarchy" and the "Dominate".
He also decided that the empire was too large to be ruled by a single person so he set up a system that would have the empire ruled by four.
This was known as the "Tetrarchy" or "Rule by Four".
www.ga.k12.pa.us /academics/MS/8th/romanhis/Forum/marcV/index.htm   (474 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.07.02
Similarly, the concept of multiple emperors, which was a prime feature of the tetrarchy, had at least superficial antecedents, such as when Marcus Aurelius elevated Lucius Verus to the rank of Augustus and made his two sons Caesars (pp.
Even proskynesis in the presence of the emperor, said by a number of sources to be an innovation of Diocletian, appears to have been practiced informally as early as the reign of Septimius Severus (pp.
This is not to say that Diocletian and the tetrarchy produced nothing new; among the innovations of the period were the wearing of purple as an imperial attribute, and the stress on the similitudo and concordia of the emperors in contemporary literary and artistic propaganda (pp.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-07-02.html   (1886 words)

 Western Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It existed intermittently in several periods between the 3rd century and the 5th century, after Diocletian's Tetrarchy and the reunifications associated with Constantine the Great, and Julian the Apostate.
The system of the Tetrarchy quickly ran aground when the Western Empire's Constantius died unexpectedly in 306, and his son Constantine was proclaimed Augustus of the West by the legions in Britain.
The Tetrarchy was dead, but the idea of dividing the Roman Empire between two emperors had been proven too good to be simply ignored and forgotten.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Western_Roman_Emperor   (4069 words)

 Roman quarter follis of 305-306 AD
In AD 305-306, just as the first tetrarchy was ending and the second beginning, the Roman mint of Siscia struck an AE type of unusual denomination.
The usual denomination at the time was the large (26-28 mm) "nummus" which, for many years, has been called by collectors a "follis" (although now that we have learned the proper term is "nummus," the newer term is catching on).
The legends of the last four emperors in the table fit with the period of the second tetrarchy, but the first one appears to be of Maximian and he was supposedly forceably retired at the same time as the other four were elevated.
esty.ancients.info /qf   (1774 words)

 VirtualRome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This will mean that his office within the North Tetrarchy will cease in 72 hours.
He will be responsible for all promotions dealing with that tetrarchy such as staff, vicaries, and even festivals within that area.
Tetrarch of the Eastern Tetrarchy (Fabricius Flavius) to the Magister Officiarum (QuintusCinna Cocceius) to the Emperor (Maximin Thrax, a non-character).
www.magellannarfe.com /virtualrome/regAsiaDiocesis6.html   (71 words)

 Literary Encyclopedia: Division of the Roman empire; Diocletian and the Tetrarchy
Division of the Roman empire; Diocletian and the Tetrarchy Contemporaries
The Caesars were officially adopted by their emperors, in order to establish them as the legitimate heirs to power and thus discourage conspiracies by outsiders to usurp the Augusti.
Despite being asked to resume his role during the initial squabbling that arose from his departure, he refused to do so, and was thus the only emperor ever to remove himself from office.
www.litencyc.com /php/stopics.php?rec=true&UID=1626   (311 words)

 Tetrarchies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Though Diocletian is still the senior ruler, he and Maximianus each appoint their Praetorian Prefects as Ceasars under them, each with several provinces to administer and defend.
It soon becomes obvious that the tetrarchy system only worked under a strong senior leader - since Diocletian is no longer keeping a stern rule, the emperors begin squabbling.
Though this had been the typical method during the 3rd century, it is against the principals of the tetrarchy as Severus II should have then been elevated.
www.ruark.org /coins/Tetrarchy   (1084 words)

 Amazon.com: Tetrarchy: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The emperor Diocletian established the so-called Tetrarchy ('rule of four') in the 290s, sharing power, as Augustus,...
The emperor Diocletian created a tetrarchy (rule of four) to administer the two halves of the...
The idea was that this system (known as the tetrarchy) would make it easier to administer the vast Roman empire.
www.amazon.com /s?ie=UTF8&keywords=Tetrarchy&tag=benlopark&index=books&link_code=qs&page=1   (634 words)

 Detail Page
He divided the territory of the Empire in half, into East and West, and organized the government into a Tetrarchy, or four-man rule.
Under this system each half of the Empire was divided into four main regions called prefectures, and controlled by a ruler who had the title Augustus and a deputy who had the title Caesar.
While the political organization of a four-man rule did not last beyond 309, the division of the Empire into East and West remained until the collapse of the western Empire in 476 and of the eastern Empire in 1453.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=AK64   (273 words)

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