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Topic: Teutonic Knights


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In the News (Mon 19 Nov 18)

  
  ORB -- The Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights side with Hospitallers and barons in Acre against the Templars and prelates; origin of long-standing opposition between the Templars and Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knight commander in the Morea died in battle against the Greeks near the fortress of St. George
Turks conquered Modon from the Venetians and expelled the Teutonic Knights from the Peloponnesus
www.the-orb.net /encyclop/religion/monastic/opsahl2.html   (1993 words)

  
  The Teutonic knights and Baltic chivalry. - The Historian - HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The knight was the central figure of medieval warfare, evolving from a simple mounted warrior in the tenth century to a member of a hereditary landed class.
By the mid fifteenth century the tax-burdened German knights and burghers in Prussia called on the king of Poland to come to their rescue; a few years later the order's branch in Livonia was engaged in civil war and conflict with the archbishop, the nobles, and the burghers.
One lasting legacy of the Teutonic Knights, however, was the Junker nobility of Brandenburg-Prussia, the state that became the nucleus of a united Germany in the nineteenth century.
highbeam.com /doc/1G1:17199165/The+Teutonic+knights+and+Baltic+...   (4984 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Konrad agreed to allow the Teutonic Knights the usage of Chełmno Land as a base for the duration of their campaign against the Old Prussians.
The Teutonic Knights were sometimes unwilling to convert pagans, as non-Christians could be used for labor.
Their next aim was to convert Orthodox Russia to Roman Catholicism, but after the knights suffered a disastrous defeat in the Battle on Lake Peipus (1242) at the hands of Prince Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod, the idea had to be dropped.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Teutonic_Knights   (1695 words)

  
 [No title]
The Teutonic Knights were the most warlike of the religious orders, and this is reflected in the architecture they left behind.
The Teutonic memorials are the magnificent castles they built as a result of their conquest of Prussia.
Albrecht, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, last grandmaster of the Teutonic Knights, and first Duke of Prussia, was born at Ansbach, May 16, 1490; destined for the clerical profession; received into the order of the Knights, and elected its grand-master in 1511.
www.lycos.com /info/teutonic-knights.html   (454 words)

  
 teutonic
Unlike the knights, who from the early thirteenth century had to prove "ancient nobility", [5] the priests were relieved of this obligation and their function was to celebrate the Mass and other religious offices, to administer the sacraments to the knights and the sick in their hospitals and follow them as almoners into war.
The first Teutonic hospital, of Saint Thomas, was confirmed by the Emperor Henry VI in 1197 and, in the same year, the Emperor and Empress granted the knights their request for possession of the Church of Santa Trinità in Palermo.
The knights were considered to be religious, subject to the discipline of the Head of the Order while the statutes regulating their conduct were based on those of 1606, restoring the chivalric character and ancient ceremonies, many of which had become moribund.
www.geocities.com /f_hohenzollern/teutonic.html   (8655 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Teutonic Knights (German History) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order[tOOton´ik] Pronunciation Key, German military religious order founded (1190–91) during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade.
It was originally known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem.
The knights administered their lands from Marienburg, but they granted considerable freedom to the cities, many of which joined the Hanseatic League.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/T/TeutonKn.html   (563 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights Summary
The Teutonic Knights began to direct their campaigns against pagan Lithuania, especially after the fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem at Acre in 1291; the knights moved their headquarters to Venice, from which they planned the recovery of Outremer.
Teutonic Knights from Germany, Austria, and Bohemia were used as battlefield commanders leading mercenaries for the Habsburg Monarchy during the Ottoman wars in Europe.
German nationalism often invoked the imagery of Teutonic Knights, especially in the context of territorial conquest from eastern neighbours of Germany, and conflict with nations of Slavic origins, who were believed to be of lower development and lacking any culture.
www.bookrags.com /Teutonic_Knights   (4919 words)

  
 Courtly Lives - The Teutonic Knights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Teutonic Order was officially called "The German Order of the Hospital of the Virgin Mary in Jerusalem" or "The Knights of the Cross" in Poland.
The Teutonic Knights were founded in 1190, in Acre, during the Crusades.
Teutonic Knights were founded by the burghers of Lübeck and Bremen, with Duke Friedrich of Swabia and King Heinrich, Frederick's brother.
www.angelfire.com /mi4/polcrt/KnTeutonic.html   (323 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Teutonic Order
Teutonic Knights was founded and took its place beside the other two orders of Jerusalem, the Hospitallers and the Templars.
Jagellon inflicted on them the defeat of Tannenberg (1410), which cost them 600 knights and ruined their finances, in order to repair which the order was obliged to have recourse to exactions, which aroused the native nobility and the towns and provided the Poles with an opportunity to interfere against the order.
There are at present 20 professed knights who are bound to celibacy while they enjoy a benefice of the order, and 30 knights of honour who are not bound to this observance, but who must furnish an entrance fee of 1500 florins and an annual contribution of 100 florins.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14541b.htm   (0 words)

  
 [No title]
In 1226, the Teutonic Knights, accepted the invitation extended by Conrad, the Duke of Mazovia, and secured charters from both the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope to the lands of the Prussians and any that they might conquer subsequently.
In 1364 the Teutonic Knights quarrelled with the English Crusaders over the use of the St George banner, and this was repeated with the Earl of Derby in 1391.
Among the groups of knights organized during the Crusades (e.g Templars, Hospitallers) was a group, largely and later exclusively German, called in German the Deutschen Orden and in English the Teutonic Knights.
www.lycos.com /info/teutonic-knights--order-castles.html   (615 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It was originally known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem.
After some 50 years of successful campaigning the knights had subdued Prussia (i.e., the lands later known as East Prussia and West Prussia) and founded numerous towns and fortresses.
The knights administered their lands from Marienburg, but they granted considerable freedom to the cities, many of which joined the Hanseatic League.
www.bartleby.com /65/te/TeutonKn.html   (501 words)

  
 The Age of Chivalry - Teutonic Knights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Teutonic Knights were founded during the Third Crusade in 1190 AD and began, like the Hospitallers, as a charitable Order to care for the sick and wounded.
Even though the Teutonic Knights were outnumbered their armour and weapons were superior to the tribesmen who also lacked the organisation and equipment to overcome the stone forts built by the knights to guard newly conquered land.
Attempts by the Teutonic Knights to capture land from the Orthodox Christian states of Russia were thwarted by Prince Alexander Nevsky in 1242 at Lake Piepus.
www.taoc.co.uk /content/view/37/47   (2305 words)

  
 The Teutonic Order
The Teutonic Order was founded in 1190 during the siege of Acre, when a hospital brotherhood was established to care for the many sick German crusaders.
Reduced to four knights in 1839, it was reorganized by the Austrian emperor as a Catholic charitable institution.
Knights of honor (1866) and Marianer (1871) were created to attract financial support, while the knights themselves were essentially noble Austrian officers.
www.heraldica.org /topics/orders/teutonic.htm   (814 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Teutonic Knights - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Teutonic Knights, one of the three major orders of medieval Christian knights active in Palestine during the Crusades.
In 1240 and 1241 the Mongols invaded and ravaged Poland.
encarta.msn.com /Teutonic_Knights.html   (156 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights - LearnThis.Info Enclyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Konrad hired the Knights to defend this province and conquer Prussia, giving them the Culmland as a fief (1226) for the time until the conquest was over.
The biggest battle of the Teutonic Knights was the Battle of Tannenberg (1410) (in Polish: Grunwald, in Lithuanian: Zalgiris), which they lost.
The Order and its relations with its neighbours (Poland, Duchy of Masovia, Grand Duchy of Lithuania) are the main motive in a novel by the Polish author Henryk Sienkiewicz Krzyzacy (The Teutonic Knights).
encyclopedia.learnthis.info /t/te/teutonic_knights.html   (591 words)

  
 ORB -- The Teutonic Knights
The patriarch of Jerusalem, the king of Jerusalem, the head of the crusading army, and the masters of the Templars and the Hospital of St.
The Teutonic Order was invited into Greece (1209), Hungary (1211), and Prussia (1226) by secular rulers to perform military duties on their behalf.
The history of the German knights in Prussia and Livonia is one of almost perpetual revolts, uprisings, raids, conquests, victories, and defeats.
www.the-orb.net /encyclop/religion/monastic/opsahl1.html   (0 words)

  
 Teutonic Order (Germany)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Among the groups of knights organized during the Crusades (e.g Templars, Hospitallers) was a group, largely and later exclusively German, called in German the Deutscher Orden ["German Order"] and in English the Teutonic Knights.
In 1225, after the failure of the attempt to reconquer the Holy Land, Pope Gregory IX ordered the Teutonic Knights to convert the Prussians, a people related to the Lithuanians and Latvians and who were the last remaining pagans in Europe.
Banner of the Teutonic Order, under which Grand Marshal of Prussia, Friedrich Wallerod, native of Franconia and of illustrous lineage, who, with his family, has a coat-of-arms of the river marked with cross and on the helmet, a crowned rooster.
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/de_to.html   (518 words)

  
 American Jousting Alliance - Articles - The Teutonic Knights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Even though the Teutonic Knights continued to fight in the Holy Land until the last stand at Acre in 1291, their main activity had been centered in Northern Europe since the beginning of the 13th Century.
Strange, almost surrealistic battles were fought on frozen rivers and lakes, amid the deep snows and silences of forest clearings in the winter or the clammy mists of early spring and autumn.
After Prussia was settled, the Knights turned their attention to another land by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and in particular, the pagan nation called Samaiten.
www.jameszoppe.com /article15.htm   (847 words)

  
 RAMBAUD ON THE LIVONIAN AND TEUTONIC KNIGHTS
THREE new races of men, three invasions (from the 12th to the 13th century), were to modify the historical development of the different parts of Slavonia ; the Russia of the north-west was to make acquaintance with the Germans, Russia of the cast and south with the Tatar-Mongols, Russia of the west with the Lithuanians.
The knights were likewise far superior in their arms and tactics.
The Teutons of Prussia and the knights of Livonia were certain to be friendly; the fl cross fraternized with the red, and, in 1237, the two orders united into one association.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/Ramliv.html   (1326 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights in Sicily - Best of Sicily Magazine
In 1186, Constance Hauteville, the youngest child of King Roger II of Sicily, was betrothed to Henry VI, second son of Frederick Barbarossa.
The new king installed several commanderies of recently-founded Teutonic Order of knights in Sicily, appropriating for them (from the Cistercians) Palermo's Magione church and cloister (shown), which they held for several centuries, and constructing for them the Church of Saint Mary of the Germans in Messina.
The Order of Saint Mary of Jerusalem (the Teutonic Order) was founded in 1190 during the Third Crusade, on the model of the Hospitallers, to care for crusaders from central Europe taken ill. Pope Celestine recognised the order in 1192.
www.bestofsicily.com /mag/art220.htm   (516 words)

  
 Teutonic Order
The first Teutonic hospital, of Saint Thomas, was confirmed by the Emperor Henry VI in 1197 and, in the same year, the Emperor and Empress granted the knights their request for possession of the Church of Santa Trinità in Palermo.
Unfortunately, throughout their rule in Eastern Europe the knights were frequently forced to deal with uprising among their own subjects, particularly in Prussia and each time a crusade was preached against the Mongols the knights had to turn to defend their own territories from internal rebellion or Lithuanian harassment.
The knights were considered to be religious, subject to the discipline of the Head of the Order while the statutes regulating their conduct were based on those of 1606, restoring the chivalric character and ancient ceremonies, many of which had become moribund.
www.chivalricorders.org /vatican/teutonic.htm   (0 words)

  
 The Teutonic Knights   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If a Knight was captured, he could expect horrible treatment, for the natives hated the Knights so bitterly that they would skin them alive and/or offer them as sacrifices to their gods.
The author is trying to establish a connection between the battle between the Knights and the Poles in 1410 and the battle between the Russians and the Germans in 1914.
A discussion of the Teutonic Knights participation in the defense of the Livonian frontier after the conquerors of that area failed to successfully secure it.
www.adambennington.com /military_orders/teutonic_knights.html   (2661 words)

  
 Teutonic Knights
One of the medieval orders of knights within the Christian Church was a specifically German order of holy knights (holy in the sense of being an organization of the Christian Church within the Holy Roman Empire and having a religious mission).
Like the better known Knights of Malta, the German knights were originally founded to be more or less of a medic corps to treat the sick and wounded crusaders in the Third Crusade and to minister to their spiritual needs.
The Teutonic Knights at the time of Luther became simultaneously Catholic, Lutheran and Calvinist in their own rather unique pattern of dealing with the vicissitudes of the Reformation period.
courseweb.stthomas.edu /paschons/language_http/essays/teuton.html   (995 words)

  
 Teuton Knights
It is the great struggle between the Polish Kingdom and the Ordensstadt, or political state erected by the Teutonic Knights on the shores of the Baltic around the mouths of the Vistula and in the later province of East Russia in the fourteenth and early fiftennth centuries.
For the next hundred years the Knights were engaged in almost continous warfere against the Lithuanians, whom they would most gladly have exterminated, as thay did the Prussians, for the sake of their territory.
But the advancement of Germanism had long since come to be the main aim of the Teutonic Knights and the territorial aggrandizement of the anomalous monastic Ordensstaat was of far greater importance as an object of their policy than the spread of Christianity in the Baltic states.
library.thinkquest.org /11959/sienkiew/16Knig.htm   (1600 words)

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