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Topic: Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution

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 Industrial Revolution - Psychology Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Industrial Revolution (sometimes known as the First Industrial Revolution) was one of the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural changes in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture.
There was no cut-off point for the First Revolution as it merged into the Second Industrial Revolution around 1850, when technological and economic progress gained momentum with the development of steam-powered ships and railways, and later in the nineteenth century, of the internal combustion engine and electrical power generation.
The causes of the Industrial Revolution were complex and remain a topic for debate, with some historians seeing the Revolution as an outgrowth of social and institutional changes wrought by the end of feudalism in Great Britain after the English Civil War in the 17th century.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Industrial_Revolution   (6253 words)

 Scottish Industrial Revolution
Scotland was much affected by the Age of Revolutions, by the ideas of the Scottish Enlightenment, by the American Revolution and the French Revolutions, but above all by the revolution in industry that occurred in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
The period, for long described as the 'Industrial Revolution', saw the introduction for the first time on a large scale of mass- manufacture, applying new technology largely imported from south of the border, and in particular leading to the growth of the'Factory System' in textiles.
Both coal and iron industries were closely related geographically and in terms of technology, for the application of coke smelting (as opposed to the use of charcoal) stimulated coal mining.
www.visitdunkeld.com /industrial-revolution.htm   (1251 words)

 The Industrial Revolution: Ragz-International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Industrial Revolution is the name given the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their methods of manufacture.
Another term is cottage industry, for most of the workers belonged to the class of farm laborers known as cotters and carried on the work in their cottages.
Great new industries were founded on this scientific advance: steel, chemicals, and petroleum benefited from new understandings of chemistry; breakthroughs in the study of electricity and magnetism provided the basis for a large electrical industry.
history-world.org /industrial_revolution.htm   (4243 words)

 [No title]
The era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England.
The organization of the textile industry was complicated and grossly inefficient before the age of mechanization.
Changes in the textile industry were already occurring in the early 1700s; however, these changes were not easily accepted as evidenced by the workers’ riots which broke out in response to these new machines.
www.yale.edu /ynhti/curriculum/units/1981/2/81.02.06.x.html   (5289 words)

 Essay   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Industrial revolution was a time of drastic change and transformation from hand tools, and hand made items to machine manufactured and mass produced goods.
The second industrial revolution utilized the power of electricity to help them develop their technology and help social and home life.
During this time, a new technology was born in the field of transportation.
members.aol.com /mhirotsu/essay.htm   (1150 words)

 The Industrial Revolution:
Geologic Underpinnings of the Industrial Revolution in Lancashire County
As the Industrial Revolution matured, and water power was replaced by steam power, the ready availability of wood, and then of coal, to power the steam engines was crucial to the continued industrial development of Lancashire county.
During the same timeframe that members of the Grimshaw family were actively participating in the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution in England, Nicholas Grimshaw played a pivotal role in bringing the textile industry to Ireland.
www.grimshaworigin.org /WebPages/IndusRev.htm   (2143 words)

 Industrial Collectivisation during the Spanish Revolution
Although large numbers of women entered the workforce during the revolution, equal participation in the paid workforce was not achieved and because the anarchosyndicalist vision of social organisation was based around the workforce, people not in the industrial collectives were effectively excluded from social and economic decision making.
The revolution, however, was unable to extend itself due mainly to the fact that while the rank and file seized control of the factories and pursued the work of socialisation, there was a failure to consolidate these gains politically.
The economic shortcomings of the revolution: the fact that the financial system was not socialised, that collectivisation lacked unity on a national level, that the industrial collectives did not go further than, at best, co-ordination at the level of industry, is inextricably linked to this major political mistake and betrayal of anarchist principles.
flag.blackened.net /revolt/wsm/rbr/rbr7/spain.html   (4467 words)

 Industrial Revolution
Some people once regarded this northern English region as a hell on earth, a pestilential zone where innocence perished in the name of progress and the soulless world of organised labour was born.
To the north lie the mountains and lakes of Cumbria, and to the south is the fertile Cheshire plain.
Before the Industrial Revolution began it was a backwater.
www.cottontimes.co.uk   (486 words)

 The Industrial Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
During the late 1780s he minted his own "wage tokens" when the English government failed to produce enough coins for him to pay his workers.
During the first decade of the l9th Century, he built several more steam carriages, known as locomotives, which were used for hauling coal and ore out of the mines.
During the l9th Century, steam locomotives were exported from England to many countries of the world.
www.neo-tech.com /businessmen/part6.html   (3293 words)

 The Second Industrial Revolution: Germany
As in the case of Britain, the industrial strength of modern Germany is based on her iron and steel manufactures.
It is in the electrical industry that Germany has made her greatest progress, one of the direct results, no doubt, of her excellent technical schools.
The sugar-beet industry owes a large debt to the agricultural chemists, who have been able to raise the percentage of saccharine content of sugar-beet from 5.7 per cent in 1840 to 13 per cent at the present time.
web.jjay.cuny.edu /~jobrien/reference/ob49.html   (1195 words)

 [No title]
The term "industrial revolution" denotes the shift from an agrarian, handicraft economy to one dominated by machine manufacture, the division of labor, the use of factories, and generally with greater concentrations of population in urban areas.
The industrial revolution was largely the application of technology to the manufacturing process.
Industrialization was heaviest in certain regions, as English Midlands, Scottish Lowlands, the northern plains of France, German Rhineland.
www.wiw.org /~dman/H112P21   (1110 words)

 Marcel Boschi's Mather & Platt - Mather
In 1817, Peter Mather, a visionary and an entrepreneur had seen emerging opportunities in textile machinery manufacture during the Industrial Revolution in Manchester.
During the same decade, in 1883, the Company also became well-known in Europe for the development and application of Grinnell automatic sprinkler and fire alarm systems.
During the nineteenth century, William Mather had been responsible for many innovative and humanitarian procedures in terms of work-force management.
www.zip.com.au /~lnbdds/Boschi/mather.htm   (566 words)

 Industrial Revolution --¬† Encyclop√¶dia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The term is used by analogy in such expressions as the Industrial Revolution, where it refers to a radical and profound change in economic relationships and technological conditions.
Underlying the American Revolution were unresolved abuses by the British Parliament and Crown, as specified in the Declaration of Independence.
City populations exploded during this period, which marked the transition from mostly agricultural economies to those dominated by machine-based manufacturing.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9042370   (880 words)

 Industrial Revolution - Who was Who
Founder of the modern chemical industry, his cheap method for making soda (1791) was used for a century, but the execution of his patron, the Duc d'Orleans, in the French Revolution, and subsequent shortage of cash, led to his suicide.
One-time apprentice to Jedediah Strutt, Slater defied a ban on the emigration of textile workers and moved to America in 1789, where he built cotton machines from memory for a Rhode Island mill, laying the foundations for the U.S. textile industry.
Scottish chemical manufacturer whose 1799 patent for a dry bleaching powder that was easily transportable to the textile industry made his Glasgow works the biggest of its kind in the world.
www.cottontimes.co.uk /whoso.htm   (5311 words)

 Development of scientific management during the industrial revolution.
The impetus for the industrial revolution developed by the seventeenth century.
Technical advances were being made, most importantly in textile manufacturing, notably in the eighteenth century, Hargreaves's spinning jenny, Arkwright's water frame and Compton's mule.
One factor, crucial in the latter development of incentives, Babbage proposed, as an advantage of the division of labor, that the amount of skill needed to undertake a specialized task was only the skill necessary to complete that task.
www.accel-team.com /Scientific/scientific_01.html   (657 words)

 Women at Work: Manual Labor
During the colonial era and until the first quarter of the nineteenth century, the economy of the northeastern United States was largely based upon self-sufficient family units that made or grew what they needed and sold or bartered what they could not consume.
First, 'factory' owners, most notably in the shoe and textile industries, distributed materials to be processed in the home.
The records of the textile industry include numerous materials related to its labor force, of which women constituted a large percentage.
www.library.hbs.edu /hc/wes/collections/labor   (914 words)

 Modern History Sourcebook: Richard Guest: The Steam Loom, 1823   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
It is a curious circumstance, that, when the Cotton Manufacture was in its infancy, all the operations, from the dressing of the raw material to its being finally turned out in the state of cloth, were completed under the roof of the weaver's cottage.
The course of improved manufacture which followed, was to spin the yarn in factories and to weave it in cottages.
Those vast brick edifices in the vicinity of all the great manufacturing towns in the south of Lancashire, towering to the height of seventy or eighty feet, which strike the attention and excite the curiosity of the traveller, now perform labours which formerly employed whole villages.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1823cotton.html   (1438 words)

 Fathom :: The Source for Online Learning
Before this time dyestuffs were virtually all of vegetable or animal origin and their variety had not increased since the Middle Ages, despite intense efforts at improving methods of dyeing in the wake of the vast growth of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.
The 18-year-old pursued his discovery with the vigour of youth and the wise counsel of those in the dyeing industry with whom he was put in contact.
In 1869 Perkin devised two new methods which allowed the economic manufacture of alizarin, the natural colouring matter of madder, the prime red dye of the period, the synthesis of which had been reported by Graebe and Liebermann in 1868 but by a process too expensive to be of commercial interest.
www.fathom.com /feature/122301   (1003 words)

 Blackburn, Cotton and the Industrial Revolution
The arrival of the textile industry in the 1700s dramatically transformed Blackburn from a relatively small market town to the largest cotton weaving town in Lancashire.
The Industrial Revolution by Henry Dale and Rodney Dale
Supporting industry, like foundries to make the iron ends for the looms, were close by and surrounding all these large industrial building were houses.
www.aboutlancs.com /cotton.htm   (1424 words)

 Industrial Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The Industrial Revolution was a time of dramatic change, from hand tools and handmade items, to machine manufactured and mass produced goods.
The Industrial Revolution was a time for change, for the better or for the worse.
The Industrial Revolution also provided the economic base for the rise of the professions, population expansion, and improvement in living standards and remains a primary goal of less developed nations.
www.cdps.k12.ms.us /chs/teles007/second.htm   (1787 words)

 Industrial Revolution bibliography
The great industries of the United States being an historical summary of the origins, growth, and perfection of the chief industrial arts of this country.
Wrought-iron puddling, the method of raw iron refinement that characterized the initial phase of industrialization, was a skill-intensive handcraft industry whose technological roots reached into the 18th century.
Memoir of Samuel Slater: The father of American manufactures; connected with a history of the rise and progress of the cotton manufacture in England and America; with remarks on the moral influence of manufactories in the United States.
www.davistownmuseum.org /bibToolIR.html   (3812 words)

 Section 8: The Industrial Revolution /Shaping of the Modern World/Brooklyn College
The Industrial Revolution was a combination of new methods and new technology: in particular, it adopted machine power to manufacture.
The Second Industrial Revolution was no located in one country: UK, Germany and USA all took the lead.
Industrial Revolution II built on the society and industry created by Ind. Rev I. More emphasis on science and technology - scientific research comes to play a role.
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu /history/virtual/core4-8.htm   (5170 words)

 Helpful French revolution information online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The colonial expansion of the 17th century Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution Model of the spinning jenny in a museum in Wuppertal
Workers Of The Industrial Revolution Labor In The Industrial Revolution Pics Of Factories During The Industrial Revolution Graph Of Children That Died In The Age Industrial Modern Revolution Impact Of The
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www.1frenchrevolution73.info   (579 words)

 Industrial Revolution
This report argues that the Industrial Revolution could never have occurred had it not been for the power of water.
This Scottish economist was the most influential thinker in the history of capitalist economics, a fact that is all the more remarkable in that he was writing during the earliest phases of the industrial revolution.
Each student is given the name of a person involved in the debate over the issue of children working in textile factories in the early part of the 19th century.
www.42explore2.com /industrial.htm   (1355 words)

 Category:Industrial Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British Industrial Revolution took place in the 18th and 19th centuries.
It included inventions in the areas of industry (textiles and metallurgy) supported by developments in mining, transportation, water and steam power.
It led to great changes in social structure.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:Industrial_Revolution   (87 words)

 The Open Door Web Site : History : The Industrial Revolution : The Textile Industry
Whilst farmers were developing new and better methods of agriculture, life in other areas of work had changed little for hundreds of years.
Work within the Cottage Industry was usually divided up between the members of one family.
Chronology of Textile Manufacture during the Industrial Revolution (Opens in new window)
www.saburchill.com /history/chapters/IR/008.html   (410 words)

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