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Topic: The Age of Reason


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  The Age of Reason - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Age of Reason is a philosophical treatise written by the 18th Century British intellectual Thomas Paine, best remembered as the author of the political pamphlet Common Sense, credited with exciting colonial opinion in support of the American Revolutionary War.
The Age of Reason, written in parts during the 1790s and dealing in a systematic examination of organized religion, advocates a skeptical and rational examination of religion known as Deism.
However, it is often ignored that central to this text is an argument in favor of the existence of a Creator, one based on reason and logic as opposed to the various fundamentalist modes of both religion and atheism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Age_of_Reason   (389 words)

  
 Age of Enlightenment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason.
Hobbes, whose ideas are a product of the age of reason, systematically pursues and categorizes human emotion, and argues for the need of a rigid system to hold back the chaos of nature in his work Leviathan.
Philosophers such as Michel Foucault are often understood as arguing that the "age of reason" had to construct a vision of "unreason" as being demonic and subhuman, and therefore evil and befouling, whence by analogy to argue that rationalism in the modern period is, likewise, a construction.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_Enlightenment   (4801 words)

  
 The Age of Reason: the fall and rise of Rome and the spread of English
They were not institutions of opportunity for those who believed that men could make their own way in the world by reason of their lights and efforts; though churches and monarchies, like political parties, have never been obstacles to the true opportunist.
Reason was employed in experimental enquiry and traditional beliefs were replaced by later beliefs.
Also the Age of Reason was a time when men began to think of the present as generally better than the past, and that the future was capable of progress and improvement.
www.literature-study-online.com /essays/ageofreason.html   (3263 words)

  
 Age Of Reason: Introduction
Whether this was because of the "Age of Reason," with its fling at the "Goddess Nature" or not, the statements of author and translator are harmonized by the fact that Paine prepared the manuscript, with considerable additions and changes, for publication in English, as he has stated in the Preface to Part II.
Paine's "Reason" is only an expansion of the Quaker's "inner light"; and the greater impression, as compared with previous republican and deistic writings made by his "Rights of Man" and "Age of Reason" (really volumes of one work), is partly explained by the apostolic fervor which made him a spiritual, successor of George Fox.
In editing Part I. of "The Age of Reason," I follow closely the first edition, which was printed by Barrois in Paris from the manuscript, no doubt under the superintendence of Joel Barlow, to whom Paine, on his way to the Luxembourg, had confided it.
www.sacred-texts.com /aor/paine/intro.htm   (4127 words)

  
 The Age of Reason   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The idea of an international law and of a ruler subjected to reason triumphed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688 which made Great Britain a limited monarchy, limited by the power of the Parliament which later grew to an oppressive power by the time of the American Revolution.
A great effort at propaganda conquered most of the bourgeoisie and a part of the nobility, but there was a great confidence that the monarchs too could be persuaded to use their absolute power in order to enact the reauired social reforms.
The Enlightenment had an ethical system which it considered valid for all men, in all ages, among all nations; it was summed up by the word humanité, “a sentiment of benevolence towards all men,” which would achieve the end of all sufferings due to social causes.
www.interpres.cz /worag/cosmol/inheav/reason.htm   (927 words)

  
 The Age Of Reason, Part I  1794-1796   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Every person of learning is finally his own teacher; the reason of which is, that principles, being of a distinct quality to circumstances, cannot be impressed upon the memory; their place of mental residence is the understanding, and they are never so lasting as when they begin by conception.
We have never seen, in our time, nature go out of her course; but we have good reason to believe that millions of lies have been told in the same time; it is, therefore, at least millions to one, that the reporter of a miracle tells a lie.
These reasons, among many others, are the want of an universal language; the mutability of language; the errors to which translations are subject, the possibility of totally suppressing such a word; the probability of altering it, or of fabricating the whole, and imposing it upon the world.
www.stephenjaygould.org /ctrl/age_of_reason1.html   (15715 words)

  
 village voice > news > The Age of 'Reason' by Cynthia Cotts
Unlike that first issue of Reason, which was exceedingly plain, essentially a typewritten mimeograph broadsheet, the first issues I saw, probably in 1969 or 1970 while I was an undergraduate at Columbia and helping to publish a magazine called The Abolitionist, were amazingly well-designed and edited.
Reason was edited and designed by Lanny Friedlander, a young college dropout from Boston, who was entirely self-taught in magazine production.
By Reason's 25th anniversary, there was not a single word set in Helvetica in the issue.
www.villagevoice.com /issues/0144/cotts2.php   (1128 words)

  
 Age of reason - CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Age of Reason
Versailles, outside of Paris, is a symbol of the Age of Reason.
Age of Reason, Unit Three in the full course sequence for American Literature, This unit includes a study of the literature from the Age of Reason.
Age of Reason The Age of Reason is either Thomas Paine 's book The Age of Reason.
www.siteslinks.com /www.travelgis.com/wq/age-of-reason.htm   (494 words)

  
 Age of Reason by Thomas Paine
Yet, with all this strange appearance of humility and this contempt for human reason, he ventures into the boldest presumptions; he finds fault with everything; his selfishness is never satisfied; his ingratitude is never at an end.
These reasons, among many others, are the want of a universal language; the mutability of language; the errors to which translations are subject: the possibility of totally suppressing such a word; the probability of altering it, or of fabricating the whole, and imposing it upon the world.
Age of Reason, Preface to Part II I HAVE mentioned in the former part of the Age of Reason that it had long been my intention to publish my thoughts upon religion; but that I had originally reserved it to a later period in life intending it to be the last work I should undertake.
www.ushistory.org /paine/reason/singlehtml.htm   (16382 words)

  
 The age of reason - 14 November 2005
Another, and in light of the legislation more problematic, reason is that partners aged 50-plus are pressured to leave as their share of the profits through the lockstep system is disproportionately high compared with their billings.
These reasons go some way to establish a legitimate aim required by the age discrimination legislation, but the law firm still needs to show that the means are proportionate.
This age discrimination legislation is an opportunity for law firms to assess the fundamental basis of their structure.
www.thelawyer.com /cgi-bin/item.cgi?id=117645&d=122&h=24&f=46   (1260 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Age of Reason
This, as a rule, happens at the age of seven, or thereabouts, though the use of reason requisite for moral discernment may come before, or may be delayed until notably after, that time.
At this age Christians come under the operation of ecclesiastical laws, such as the precept of assistance at Mass on Sundays and holydays, abstinence from meat on certain days, and annual confessions, should they have incurred mortal sin.
The obligation of Easter Communion literally understood applies to all who have reached "the years of discretion"; but according to the practical interpretation of the Church it is not regarded as binding children just as soon as they are seven years old.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01209a.htm   (243 words)

  
 From Revolution to Reconstruction: Documents: Paine, The Age of Reason   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
FRtR > Documents > Thomas Paine, The Age of Reason - 1794
The Age of Reason - preface to PART two
The Age of Reason - PART Second: THE NEW TESTAMENT
odur.let.rug.nl /~usa/D/1776-1800/paine/Ar/arxx.htm   (41 words)

  
 Catholic Culture : Document Library : Confirmation at the Age of Reason
The Church desires that confirmation be given at the age of reason (the age, that is, of the so-called "private communion").
Confirmation is very useful, indeed necessary, for the child to attain the use of reason in a true sense (that is, to prefer God to himself) and recognize sufficiently the God to whom his self-offering is directed as he stands at the threshold of life.
The reasons for it are expounded in pastoral letters, diocesan statutes, and canons of provincial councils.
www.catholicculture.org /docs/doc_view.cfm?recnum=585   (11028 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Age of Reason: Books: Thomas Paine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In "The Age of Reason," Paine outlines his objections to theism and his belief in deism, and he dissects the inconsistencies in both the Old and New Testaments.
Paine's assumption excludes the fact that earthy crimes committed throughout all ages have had punishment or prison associated with them, and the claim that the Jews would have had to study Greek mythology to create their own beliefs is a complete hypothesis on Paine's part.
If you apply this type of reasoning to Paine's own work then you would have to conclude that Paine's work might be a complete fabrication, and that there is no proof that he even lived that does not come from hearsay or documentation of other men.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0806505494?v=glance   (3376 words)

  
 The Age of Reason   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Age of Reason is the fifth in a series of seven study units and an extensive survey of the eighteenth century called the Age of Enlightenment.
The Age of Reason study unit covers different historical eras such as the English Restoration, The American Revolution, and the Great Awakening.
The Age of Reason refocused on the glories of Greco-Roman classicism; hence, one part of this century was called the Neo-Classical Period.
www.awordinseasoncurriculum.com /publications/reason.htm   (294 words)

  
 eBay - the age ..., Nonfiction Books, Comics items on eBay.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Age of Mountaineering by James Ramsey Ullman (1964)
Age of Empires II 2 The Age of Kings pc game NR exc
50 the Age of Wheezin' by Kevin Ahern (1995)
search-desc.ebay.com /search/search.dll?query=the+age+...&newu=1&krd=1   (671 words)

  
 The Age of Reason - Thomas Paine
This is an 1889 printing of Thomas Paine's The Age of Reason, Parts I and II.
In The Age of Reason Paine declared that he did not believe in any religion and that all religions are institutions established for the enslavement of mankind.
I am including here the first few pages of the Age of Reason, as well as the last page.
www.rationalrevolution.net /special/library/ageofreason.htm   (273 words)

  
 Thomas Paine: selections from The Age of Reason   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
PREFACE TO PART II I HAVE mentioned in the former part of the Age of Reason that it had long been my intention to publish my thoughts upon religion; but that I had originally reserved it to a later period in life intending it to be the last work I should undertake.
To be happy in old age, it is necessary that we accustom ourselves to objects that can accompany the mind all the way through life, and that we take the rest as good in their day.
They decided by vote, as I have before said in the former part of the Age of Reason, which of those writings, out of the collection they had made, should be the word of God, and which should not.
www.worldpolicy.org /globalrights/religion/paine-ageofreason.html   (8229 words)

  
 Chronicle Careers: 11/18/2005: The Age of Reason   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In that "Age of Giants," they led largely by example and intellectual influence, they enjoyed intimate relationships with a mere handful of people critical to their success, and they had real expectations of a happy faculty and student population.
While that utopian view of educational leadership may or may not have ever actually existed, it is popularly conceived to have been a state of nature, and its passing is much mourned by professors who came of age in that era.
It is reasonable, for example, to require presidential candidates to prove categorically that they understand and value teaching and research; it may not be reasonable to require that they are nationally recognized leaders in either -- or, heaven forbid, both.
chronicle.com /jobs/2005/11/2005111801c.htm?rss   (1437 words)

  
 AgeOfReason
The Age of Reason website was launched in the aftermath of a catastrophe: the attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001.
As for myself, I am turning this Age of Reason web page into a "forum" with regular postings of news, reports, articles and comments on issues relating to rationality and the struggle against the ignorance and superstition that is threatening to engulf us all.
We thank Betty for letting us feature her book on the Age of Reason website for over a year and to publish comments on it, with her responses, in a special Feedback.
pages.ca.inter.net /~oblio/AgeOfReason.htm   (3621 words)

  
 [No title]
In the modern age, the wisdom of the past was to be discarded as error-prone.
They considered reason superior to experience and sought to establish their philosophies on the basis of more certain principles.
The Age of Reason culminated in the thought of Immanuel Kant who sought to combine these two approaches and in so doing developed a uniquely influential system of philosophy.
www.whitworth.edu /academic/Department/Core/Classes/CO250/Intro/d_ageof.htm   (723 words)

  
 The Age Of Reason - Part II - Thomas Paine
I have spoken in a respectful manner of the book of Job in the former part of the 'Age of Reason,' but without knowing at that time what I have learned since; which is, that from all the evidence that can be collected, the book of Job does not belong to the Bible.
In the former part of the 'Age of Reason,' I have said that the word prophet was the Bible-word for poet, and that the flights and metaphors of Jewish poets have been foolishly erected into what are now called prophecies.
In the former part of 'The Age of Reason' I have spoken of Jonah, and of the story of him and the whale.
www.thomaspaine.org /Archives/AOR2.html   (14140 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
I HAVE mentioned in the former part of the Age of Reason that it had long been my intention to publish my thoughts upon religion; but that I had originally reserved it to a later period in life intending it to be the last work I should undertake.
From what cause it was that the intention was not put in execution I know not, and cannot inform myself, and therefore I ascribe it to impossibility, on account of that illness.
At the 29th chapter the writer speaks again through the whole of the first verse and the first line of the second verse, where he introduces Moses for the last time, and continues him, as in the act of speaking, to the end of the 33rd chapter.
www.deistnet.com /agereson.txt   (16326 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Thomas Paine : Collected Writings : Common Sense / The Crisis / Rights of Man / The Age of Reason / ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Though his reasoning and conclusions may alarm some and even offend others, his thinking and writing is lucid and cogent, and for reflective minds will provide much food for thought.
Accused of sophistry and impudence by some of his contemporaries, his reasoning is normally sound and simple, as he inquires into the root of things, and only seldom does he make debating points fit only for the playground.
In "The Age of Reason" Paine takes on sectarian religion and all orthodox Christianity, which Paine does not like.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1883011035?v=glance   (2795 words)

  
 Age of Reason, Part First (1 of 2)
The declaratory sentence which, they say, was passed upon Adam, in case he ate of the apple, was not, that thou shalt surely be crucified, but, thou shale surely die -- the sentence of death, and not the manner of dying.
Yet, with all this strange appearance of humility and this contempt for human reason, he ventures into the boldest presumptions; he finds fault with everything; his ingratitude is never at an end.
It is evident that both of these questions were put to the reason of the person to whom they are supposed to have been addressed; and it is only by admitting the first question to be answered affirmatively, that the second could fol
www.positiveatheism.org /hist/painar1a.htm   (8502 words)

  
 The Age of Reason
Child killers these people certainly are, and this fact is one of the reasons why negotiations with these fundamentalists would be both a pointless and foolish venture, such is the nature of fundamentalism that negotiation is utterly futile.
The fundamentalists in Iraq, Chechnya, and elsewhere do not have reasonable demands and they are not fighting for a noble cause, or fighting for freedom.
The jihadists are a 21st century version of the entire worst fanatical terrorist and fascist elements of the previous century combined with religious fanaticism and fervour that cannot be equalled.
joediddly.livejournal.com   (3313 words)

  
 Thomas Paine and The Age of Reason
Before being taken to the Luxembourg Prison, Paine gave Joel Barlow the manuscript of his book "The Age of Reason," with the request that if anything should happen go him, Barlow should see to it that the book was published.
Now it is this world famous book, The Age of Reason, which Thomas Paine finished while in prison, that we want to send to you absolutely free.
This is all you have to do to get your FREE copy of "The Age of Reason." Address The Thomas Paine Foundation, 370 West 35th street, New York, 1, New York, and simply enclose 10 cents to cover the cost of mailing and handling.
www.positiveatheism.org /hist/lewis/lewis01.htm   (2967 words)

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