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Topic: The Canon of Scripture

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In the News (Sat 15 Jun 19)

  What is the canon of Scripture?
But it is important to note that the writings of Scripture were canonical at the moment they were written.
Scripture was Scripture when the pen touched the parchment.
Church counsels played a role in publicly recognizing the "canon" of Scripture, but often an individual church or groups of churches recognized a book as inspired from its writing (e.g.
www.gotquestions.org /canon-of-Scripture.html   (798 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In response to this challenge, arguments may be advanced for an early beginning to the process of 'canonization', and for a 'canonical awareness' on the part of the early Christians long before the 4th century, even if they did not use the term 'canon' to refer to a list of sacred writings until then.
'Canon' is by origin a Greek word, denoting a straight rod or rule, and thus a criterion, and (together with its cognates 'canonical' and 'canonize') it began to be applied by Christian writers of the later 4th century AD to the correct collection and list of the Scriptures.
The use of 'Scripture(s)' to denote NT writings became increasingly common through the 2nd century and by the end of it was normal.
www.shakinandshinin.org /NDBT-IntroToBiblicalTheology2of6.html   (9349 words)

 What is the Christian Canon?
The word "canon" means "standard" or "rule." It is the list of authoritative and inspired Scriptures.
In Protestant Christianity, the canon is the body of scripture comprised in the Bible consisting of the 39 books in the Old Testament and 27 in the New Testament.
In Mormonism, four additional books have been added to the Canon: The book of Mormon, the Book of Abraham, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price.
www.carm.org /questions/canon.htm   (276 words)

 Canon of Scripture
Likewise, the canonical Epistles, seven in number: of the Apostle Peter, two Epistles; of the Apostle James, one Epistle; of the Apostle John, one Epistle; of the other John, a Presbyter, two Epistles; of the Apostle Jude the Zealot, one Epistle.
AD 200 (the Muratorian Canon), the NT consists of the 4 gospels; Acts; 13 letters of Paul (Hebrews is not included); 3 of the 7 General Epistles (1-2 John and Jude); and also the Apocalypse of Peter.
Interestingly, some Protestants who have studied the origins of the Canons of Scripture, accept the decisions of Pope St. Damasus I, and the various councils when they finalized the New Testament canon, but reject the decisions of the same councils for the canon of the Old Testament.
members.fortunecity.com /katholicos/canon.htm   (4154 words)

 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Canon of the New Testament
John Chrysostom's ample expositions of the Scriptures there is not a single clear trace of the Apocalypse, which he seems to implicitly exclude the four smaller Epistles--II Peter, II and III John, and Jude--from the number of the canonical books.
Cyprian, whose Scriptural Canon certainly reflects the contents of the first Latin Bible, received all the books of the New Testament except Hebrews, II Peter, James, and Jude; however, there was already a strong inclination in his environment to admit II Peter as authentic.
The Muratorian Canon or Fragment, composed in the Roman Church in the last quarter of the second century, is silent about Hebrews, James, II Peter; I Peter, indeed, is not mentioned, but must have been omitted by an oversight, since it was universally received at the time.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03274a.htm   (5715 words)

 The Validity of Ancient Texts and the Canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The first interesting observation about the "canonized" books, are that different religions, all of which have the bible as their foundation, have differences of opinion of which books are considered "canonical" or "insoired".
This passage is considered part of the canon of scripture by Jews, Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants and is accepted as an accurate record.
Because of these clear allusions to the New Testament scriptures, it has been assumed by Jews and Christians alike that the "Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs" were written well after the Gospels, probably in the middle ages by Christians attempting to give the gospels validity.
www.ancient-hebrew.org /beythakadosh/canon.html   (1732 words)

 Canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Thus allowing for the position of a closed canon while at the same time recognising that those scholars who hold to a open canon also have a valid argument and should not be dismissed out of hand.
Before looking at the issue of whether the canon is open or closed it is essential to define exactly what the Canon of Scripture is. The word canon is of a Semitic origin that meant "reed", but has come to mean "measuring rod".
A closed canon avoids the conflict over whether any new writing should have been included in the Canon, and gives a a unifying and stable position against those who want to exclude some particular books because it disagrees with their personal theology from doing so.
www.forrestministries.com /canon.htm   (2753 words)

 The canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The canon is not ‘determined’ by the church or church leaders.
Therefore the canon of the Scripture was completed when the last book of the New Testament was written, even though all Christians did not yet possess all the canonical books collected in one book.
Nor is it possible to argue from the Bible that the magisterium is infallible, for that presupposes that the canon of the Bible is known for certain (apart from the infallible declaration by the magisterium).
www.justforcatholics.org /a101.htm   (1397 words)

 The Attack on the Canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The “everlasting covenant” commanded that the Canon of Scripture is to be “made known to all nations for the obedience to the faith” [Rom 16:25-26], which means that the original words given in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek as books were to be translated into other languages.
Turretin said, “The Scriptures are called canonical for a double reason, both with regard to the doctrines (because they are the canon and standard of faith and practice, derived from the Hebrew QNH [qaneh], which signifies a “reed” or surveyor’s pen and is so used in Gal.
This is contrary to all the doctrines of the Scriptures.
www.deanburgonsociety.org /KJBible/attack.htm   (4300 words)

 Canon Of Scripture
The East is much less hung up on formal definitions than the West, so the question of the "Orthodox canon" is a bit slippery.
It seems to be a safe bet that the Orthodox and Catholic canons are closed, although new evidence may be found that affects the wording of this sentence or the inclusion of that passage.
The idea of recognizing scripture by its quality strikes me as doubtful in practice.
clublet.com /c/c/why?CanonOfScripture   (289 words)

 Blue Letter Bible - Help, Tutorials, and FAQs
The New Testament books did not become authoritative for the Church because they were formally included in a canonical list; on the contrary, the Church included them in her canon because she already regarded them as divinely inspired, recognizing their innate worth and generally apostolic authority, direct or indirect.
For a book to be considered canonical, it must have been written by a prophet or apostle or by one who had a special relationship to such (Mark to Peter, Luke to Paul).
This is in contrast to the canonical Scriptures which claim to record the revelation of God.
www.blueletterbible.org /faq/canon.html   (7559 words)

 The Canon of Scripture
Fixing the canon for Roman Catholics in 1546.
The Canon of the New Testament, an essay by F. Bruce.
The Formation of the Canon of the New Testament, an essay by Benjamin Warfield.
www.bible-researcher.com /canon.html   (230 words)

 GIRS Summary Studies in Reformed Theology: The Canon of Scripture
One of the great cries of the Reformation was "Sola Scriptura" which means "Scripture alone." The reformers saw the Bible as the one unquestioned standard by which all matters of faith and practice must be examined.
Canon is the authoritative rule by which things must be measured or tested.
But that meaning did not come from their use in Scripture, but rather from the common use of the term diathaekae in later years.
www.girs.com /library/theology/syllabus/canon.html   (2615 words)

 The Canon of Scripture
However, it should be stated that the present writer is firmly convinced that the scriptures of Moses, the prophets and apostles were entirely given by inspiration of God in the writers, and that consequently they are without error throughout, except such as may be due to errors arising from transcription or translation.
It is also clear that this canon of scripture was understood to include the writings of Moses and the prophets (and many of these prophets are named by New Testament writers) as well as the Psalms.
This view of the inspiration of Scripture harmonizes with what we saw earlier from Deuteronomy 18:18 "I will...put my words in his mouth." It is the same process exactly and shows how the apostles themselves understood it.
www.biblemagazine.com /magazine/vol-8/issue-4/canon.html   (2081 words)

 The canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
This council was simply the culmination of a current within the church that was needed in order to have the canon of Scripture made known for what it was: fixed and unalterable.
The canon, comprising sixty-six books, no more and no less, was recognised by His own covenant people, to whom the Scripture was given to be believed and obeyed.
The canon was not added to or deducted from; we may rest assured that it is not adulterated by non-inspired writings.
www.tecmalta.org /tft107.htm   (1935 words)

 bible.org: The Bible: The Holy Canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In the course of time, the terms canon and canonical came to be applied to the catalogue or list of sacred books distinguished and honored as belonging to God’s inspired Word.
There are a number of important considerations that must be kept in mind when considering the issue of canonicity or how the books of the Bible came to be recognized and held to be a part of the Bible.
The reason for this is that the Protestant canon of the Old Testament has been influenced by the Greek translation of the Old Testament, the Septuagint (LXX) made about 250-160 B.C. The Septuagint divided the books of Samuel, Kings, Chronicles and Ezra-Nehemiah each into two, which makes eight instead of four.
www.bible.org /page.asp?page_id=697   (4201 words)

 The Canon of Scripture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
While Scripture is "given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16-17), it is not sufficient for reproof, correction and instruction in righteousness.
Some Old Testament translations of the canon used by the Latin Church were also based in part on rabbinical translations, for example St. Jerome's 5th c.
There is debate as to whether the Council of Jamnia actually "closed" the Jewish canon because debate continued among Jews for hundreds of years afterward as to which books should be included or excluded.
www.kensmen.com /catholic/septuagint.html   (1717 words)

 The Canon of Scripture
There was the Palestinian canon, which is identical to the Protestant Old Testament, and there was the Alexandrian canon also known as the Septuagint, which is identical to the Catholic Old Testament.
Thus neither canon is eliminated by this verse.
That's because the Church set the canon of Scripture, and she did so under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
www.staycatholic.com /the_canon_of_scripture.htm   (767 words)

 Apocrypha Rejected from Canon of Scripture
The Apocrypha is rejected from the canon of Scripture for numerous reasons.
Besides the fact that Jesus and the apostles never once quoted from it; and aside from its obvious lack of inspiration and anointing (it "just doesn't sound like" scripture; "My sheep hear My voice," John 10; etc.) – there are many solid reasons for rejecting its contents from being included with the canonical scriptures.
B. Satan quoted the scriptures to Jesus when tempting Him in the wilderness.
www.dianedew.com /apocryph.htm   (384 words)

 Q/A: Canon of Scripture? Temple necessary?
Because of this, I feel I can ask you a question such as the one I have, concerning the present canon of Scripture we have, which we call 'the Bible'.
Jn3:16 The Scriptures (since the "word was God", Scripture is part of God's essence) are our plumbline for "instruction in righteousness" 2Tim3:16 But those who do not receive the Son God sent, pervert it, and rather than receiving "everlasting life", pervert it to their "own destruction".
The simplest explanation for -which- books make up the "canon" of Scripture, and that which makes the most sense to me, goes something like...
www.a-voice.org /qa/temple.htm   (1429 words)

 Bible Preservation: Scripture Transmission, Ancestry, Canon
One reason God had the Scriptures recorded as written word was so the message could be copied, circulated, and made available to other people in addition to those to whom it was immediately addressed.
Note that the Scripture was still accurate and authoritative, even though it had been preserved for centuries and though God’s people had neglected it and been in apostasy for years.
Clearly Jesus and His apostles expected people to view the Scripture as authority to be studied and respected as revelation from God, even though it had been in existence for as much as 1400 years.
www.biblestudylessons.com /cgi-bin/gospel_way/bible_preservation.php   (6293 words)

You recall that one and the same Word of God extends throughout Scripture, that it is one and the same Utterance that resounds in the mouths of all the sacred writers, since he who was in the beginning God with God has no need of separate syllables; for he is not subject to time.[65]
According to a saying of the Fathers, Sacred Scripture is written principally in the Church's heart rather than in documents and records, for the Church carries in her Tradition the living memorial of God's Word, and it is the Holy Spirit who gives her the spiritual interpretation of the Scripture (".
Be attentive to the analogy of faith.[82] By "analogy of faith" we mean the coherence of the truths of faith among themselves and within the whole plan of Revelation.
www.christusrex.org /www1/CDHN/profess4.html   (2315 words)

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