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Topic: French Revolution


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  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: French Revolution
French Revolution proclaimed by Louis Blanc and by freemasonry itself is proved by the researches of M.
French Revolution was the convocation of the States General by Louis XVI.
French armies was upheld by were upheld by Bonaparte in Egypt, but they were hated on the Continent, and in 1799 were compelled to evacuate most of Italy.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13009a.htm   (8481 words)

  
  French Revolution. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The direct cause of the Revolution was the chaotic state of government finance.
French participation in the American Revolution had increased the huge debt, and Necker’s successor, Charles Alexandre de Calonne, called an Assembly of Notables (1787), hoping to avert bankruptcy by inducing the privileged classes to share in the financial burden.
The French Revolution, though it seemed a failure in 1799 and appeared nullified by 1815, had far-reaching results.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/FrenchRe.html   (2055 words)

  
 French Revolution - MSN Encarta
During the course of the Revolution, France was temporarily transformed from an absolute monarchy, where the king monopolized power, to a republic of theoretically free and equal citizens.
The effects of the French Revolution were widespread, both inside and outside of France, and the Revolution ranks as one of the most important events in the history of Europe.
From the beginning of the 20th century until the 1970s, the French Revolution was most commonly described as the result of the growing economic and social importance of the bourgeoisie, or middle class.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761557826/French_Revolution.html   (997 words)

  
  French Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a pivotal period in the history of French, European and Western civilization.
The slogan of the French Revolution was "Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!" ("Liberty, equality, fraternity, or death!").
The Concordat of 1801 between Napoleon and the Church ended the dechristianisation period and established the rules for a relationship between the Catholic Church and the French State that lasted until it was abrogated by the Third Republic via the separation of church and state on 11 December 1905.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/French_Revolution   (4935 words)

  
 The French Revolution
The internationalist spirit of the Revolution was expressed in the December Resolution of the National Assembly that declared that in any territory occupied by the armies of the Revolution, feudal obligations would be abolished and the property of the Church and aristocrats confiscated.
The French Revolution was a bourgeois revolution, and it would be entirely mistaken to attempt to draw exact parallels between the processes involved and the movement of the modern proletariat.
But the French revolution marked a decisive social and political transformation: the smashing of the power of the aristocracy; the radical clearing out of the Augean stables of feudalism; and the distribution of land to millions of small peasant proprietors.
www.marxist.com /History/french_revolution.html   (11421 words)

  
 French Revolution
The revolution began as an attempt to create a constitutional monarchy, where the powers of the king would be limited by a parliament.
French armies then succeeded in holding off their foreign enemies and one of the generals, Napoleon Bonaparte, seized power in 1799.
In the decades before the French Revolution, France was involved in the Seven Years'; War (1756–1763) and the American Revolution (1775–1783), also known as the War of American Independence.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0003820.html   (1404 words)

  
 Europe in Retropsect: The French Revolution - Phases of the Revolution
In this sense, the French Revolution was a bourgeois revolution.
In rhetoric and institution, the French Revolution was a liberal revolution, in which the liberty of the individual was proclaimed, private property was respected.
This was the awful period in which "the Revolution devoured its own." Some eleven thousand individuals died as enemies of the state, and their deaths added up to a new, horrendous activity of modern Western civilization: institutionalized violence, the harsh elimination of political opposition by the state.
www.britannia.com /history/euro/1/2_2.html   (2334 words)

  
 French Revolution Date | French Revolution Summary | French Revolution Cause | French Revolution Effects | French ...
The French monarchy took this opportunity to seize the land and power of the crusading nobles.
The seeds of the French Revolution were planted in part by philosophers of the Enlightenment spreading new ideals of justice, and in part by the dissatisfaction of the population with the injustices that existed in society.
The end of the French's Revolution is marked by the beginning of the French Consulate under Napoleon Bonaparte.
www.franceattraction.com /french-revolution-history.html   (1174 words)

  
 Category:French Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
French Revolution from the abolition of feudalism to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
French Revolution from the summer of 1790 to the establishment of the Legislative Assembly
The Legislative Assembly and the fall of the French monarchy
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Category:French_Revolution   (124 words)

  
 The French Revolution
The French pursued the Austrians into the Netherlands, and on November 6 a force of 45,000 French defeated an army of 13,000 Austrians near Jemappes, 50 kilometers southwest of Brussels.
The revolution was worse off now than it had been before the attempt to nationalize religion, or before the decision to strike against counter-revolutionary émigrés and go to war, or before the execution of the king.
The French Revolution: Rethinking the Debate, by Gwynne Lewis, 1993.
www.fsmitha.com /h3/h33-fr.html   (9320 words)

  
 Masonic Traitors, Treason, and Treachery: The French Revolution, Jacobins and Jacobites
Author Bramley wrote, "During the first French Revolution, a key rebel leader was the Duke of Orleans, who was grand master of French Masonry before his resignation at the height of the Revolution.
French Masons too were heavily involved in the political events of that day.
We see in the French Revolution the first time where grievences were systematically created in order to exploit them," wrote author still.
www.freemasonrywatch.org /frenchrevolution.html   (1350 words)

  
 French Revolution - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
It was an entire national uprising caused by the lack (and later banning) of bread and the encouragement to eat cake amongst the French villagefolk.
The Bastille (a French word that means "Bastille") was no match for their storming, and was obliging and polite for the duration of their visit.
It was invented in 1789 by Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, a French doctor with a degree in medicinal uses for decapitation.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/French_Revolution   (1607 words)

  
 French Revolution
The French Revolution is a period in the History of France, covering the years 1789-1799, in which the monarchy was overthrown and radical restructing was forced upon the Roman Catholic Church.
On November 9, 1799 Napoleon staged a coup which led to his dictatorship and eventually to his proclamation as emperor, which brought the republican phase of the French Revolution to a close.
The French Revolutionary Calendar (or Republican Calendar) was introduced in France on 24 November 1793 and abolished on 1 January 1806.
faculty.ucc.edu /egh-damerow/french_revolution.htm   (1210 words)

  
 French Revolution
French scholar Jean Champollion was eventually able to use the Rosetta Stone to decipher ancient hieroglyphics.
The Treaty of Luneville was a Treaty of Peace concluded at Luneville, Feb. 9, 1801.
It was between the French Republic, and the Emperor and the Germanic Body.
www.squireshistory.freeservers.com /frenchrevolutiontimeline.htm   (4821 words)

  
 The French Revolution
The French Revolution (1789-99) violently transformed France from a monarchical state with a rigid social hierarchy into a modern nation in which the social structure was loosened and power passed increasingly to the middle classes.
Born of this second revolution and briefly favored by military victory, the National Convention horrified Europe by establishing a republic (Sept. 22, 1792), inaugurating a policy of revolutionary war, and sending the king to the guillotine on Jan. 21, 1793.
The most concrete results of the French Revolution were probably achieved in 1789-91, when land was freed from customary burdens and the old corporate society was destroyed.
www.discoverfrance.net /France/History/DF_revolution.shtml   (2636 words)

  
 French Revolution chronology
The rulers of Austria and Prussia agree to halt the French Revolution.
Lafayette deserts the army and the Revolution and flees to Austria.
In Paris, rumors abound of imminent invasion, the collapse of the Revolution, and of conspiracies mounted by imprisoned aristocrats.
www.unlv.edu /faculty/gbrown/hist462/resources/chrono.htm   (5200 words)

  
 French Revolution
The bourgeoisie did not begin the Revolution, but it was they who would pour through the open breach the aristocracy made and emerge victorious by establishing a regime that more closely reflected the new distribution of economic power.
Some historians have suggested the Revolution was more the result of crises, both political (bankruptcy) and economic (poor harvest and increasing population pressure).
The French Revolution created politics and ideologies; it was this emergence of political culture that was revolutionary.
www.uweb.ucsb.edu /~zeppelin/frenchrev.htm   (2700 words)

  
 The French Revolution in the Electronic Passport
The middle class now had the power to rule France and the French Revolution had begun.
This period became known as the "Reign of Terror," as the French attempted to remake almost every part of life.
The Reign of Terror ended when the French government was taken over by a popular general who became the most powerful leader in European history since Charlemagne.
www.mrdowling.com /705-frenchrevolution.html   (553 words)

  
 Freedom or Death | Revolution
The very word 'Revolution' conjures up peasants storming the palace gates, Kings fleeing for their lives, a corrupt system of government crumbling, and a new form of fair order taking its place.
The French Revolution was not just a revolt against the regime of the Bourbon Kings; it embodied an entire new way of viewing the world and human society.
The attempts to redesign the Church in the wake of the tumultuous Revolution.
library.thinkquest.org /C006257/revolution/default.shtml   (378 words)

  
 French Revolution
The French revolution in 1789 was a defining moment in French society.
Defending the new French republic from invasion: the Battle of Hondschoote in 1793.
When the British/Austrian/Hanoverian troops marched to try and capture the port of Dunkerque (to secure their supply lines from Britain), they were defeated at the battle of Hondschoote in September.
www.theotherside.co.uk /tm-heritage/background/revolution.htm   (839 words)

  
 Section 7: The French Revolution: Liberalism and Radicalism /Shaping of the Modern World/Brooklyn College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Revolution swept away the Ancien Regime, which despite its modernizing methods of government, based political power on rule of a monarch, and replaced it with a series of governments that tried to apply political principles derived from the Enlightenment.
The Revolution also led to a 25 year period of war and conflict in Europe, a period that was both destructive and innovatory.
This is part of the structure of revolutions: a long period of preparation, then developments at an intense speed leading to conclusions none of those at the beginning could have envisaged.
academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu /history/virtual/core4-7.htm   (7175 words)

  
 Lecture 12: The French Revolution - Moderate Stage, 1789-1792
Our discussion will suggest that there were actually two revolutions, or two distinct stages within the Revolution: the moderate stage of 1789-1792, followed by the radical stage of 1792-1794 (see Lecture 13).
On June 17, 1789, the Third Estate began the French Revolution by declaring itself a National Assembly.
On the night of August 4, several members of the Assembly drew up a key document of the French Revolution – this was the DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND THE CITIZEN.
www.historyguide.org /intellect/lecture12a.html   (2529 words)

  
 Revolution: The Call to Battle - World History lesson plan (grades 9-12) - DiscoverySchool.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
A revolution may be fought by volunteers, not professional soldiers, who are committed to the principles of the war.
Context: Because the American Revolution was fought for principles that resulted in the formation of a nation based on democratic ideals, most scholars consider the conflict a revolution rather than a war.
Context: While the French Revolution did not result in a democratic government, it did end the autocratic rule of the monarchy and strengthen the standing of the French middle class.
school.discovery.com /lessonplans/programs/revolution_calltobattle   (848 words)

  
 French Revolution - Robespierre, and the Legacy of the Reign of Terror
French Revolution - Robespierre, and the Legacy of the Reign of Terror
      But the French Revolution ironically was a failed revolution: Liberté, Egalité, and Fraternité quickly descended to the towering figure of Robespierre and his Reign of Terror as the revolution spun out control and began to murder itself.
If the French revolution was the end of monarchy and aristocratic privilege and the emergence of the common man and democratic rights, it was also the beginnings of modern totalitarian government and large-scale executions of "enemies of the People" by impersonal government entities (Robespierre's "Committee of Public Safety").
www.rjgeib.com /thoughts/french/french.html   (1308 words)

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