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 The Wealth of Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Wealth of Nations was published in 1776, during the The Age of Enlightenment.
Up until The Wealth of Nations it was generally accepted that in any economic transaction one side always "won." In other words, either the buyer or seller got to "put one over" on his "opponent" — one went home happy, the other went home and eventually got angry at himself for being a dupe.
Of all the innovative theories and observations in The Wealth of Nations, perhaps none was as trenchant (and as revolutionary for the economic thinking of the time) as Smith's recasting of the results of a mercantile transaction. /wiki/The_Wealth_of_Nations   (1722 words)

 IQ and the Wealth of Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The central thesis of IQ and the Wealth of Nations is that the average IQ of a nation correlates with its GDP.
IQ and the Wealth of Nations is a controversial 2002 book by Dr. Richard Lynn, Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, and Dr. Tatu Vanhanen, Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
The authors argued that it is the ethical responsibility of rich, high-IQ nations to financially assist poor, low-IQ nations, as it is the responsibility of rich citizens to assist the poor. /wiki/List_of_countries_by_IQ   (1184 words)

Such nations, however, are so miserably poor that, from mere want, they are frequently reduced, or, at least, think themselves reduced, to the necessity sometimes of directly destroying, and sometimes of abandoning their infants, their old people, and those afflicted with lingering diseases, to perish with hunger, or to be devoured by wild beasts.
Nations tolerably well advanced as to skill, dexterity, and judgment, in the application of labour, have followed very different plans in the general conduct or direction of it; those plans have not all been equally favourable to the greatness of its produce.
But this proportion must in every nation be regulated by two different circumstances; first, by the skill, dexterity, and judgment with which its labour is generally applied; and, secondly, by the proportion between the number of those who are employed in useful labour, and that of those who are not so employed. /18th/wealth-of-nations.txt   (19959 words)

The full title of Adam Smith's most famous book is: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.
Wealth depends on division of labour, that depends on accumulation of stock, and that depends on profitability: so government's best contribution to the wealth of the nation is to leave individuals free to find the most profitable employment of their labour or capital.
The degree of the wealth of a nation is the 'greater or smaller proportion' of the mass of 'necessaries and conveniencies' 'to the number of those who are to consume it'. /Ockham/y64l02.html   (2540 words)

 IQ and the Wealth of Nations —
IQ and the Wealth of Nations —
The sociology of intelligence at the level of sub-populations in nations is examined, and the independent (national IQ) and dependent (various measures of per capita income and economic growth rates) variables are defined and described.
Based on an extensive survey of national IQ tests, the results of their work challenge the previous theories of economic development and provide a new basis to evaluate the prospects of economic development throughout the world. /books/BookDetail.asp?dept_id=1&sku=C7510&imprintID=   (484 words)

 Coyote Blog: Wealth of Nations
Wealth comes not from labor or capital or resources - wealth comes from the mind, and as such requires a rule of law where the mind is free not only to imagine new ideas but to pursue and reap the fruits of these ideas.
So today's wealth, and everything that goes with it (from shorter work hours to longer life spans) is the result of more people using their minds more freely.
From the year 1000 to the year 1700, the world's wealth, measured in GDP per capita, was virtually unchanged....  So sayeth Coyote Blog Today's wealth, and everything that goes with it (from shorter work hours to longer life spans) is the resu... /coyote_blog/2005/04/wealth_of_natio.html   (783 words)

 Adam Smith Wealth Nations
It was to be in 1776, that Adam Smith finally saw his "Wealth of Nations" through the press.
Wealth consists of the goods which all the people of society consume; note all - this is a democratic, and hence radical, philosophy of wealth.
Home > Philosophy Index > Adam Smith - Wealth of Nations /philosophy/wealth_nations.html   (1104 words)

 The Wealth of Nations
In his famous work, The Wealth of Nations, Smith explores the various dimensions and channels through which nations can create wealth; he enumerates on the importance of division of labor as well as the key role of exchange.
Even though Smith receives much criticism for his work as limited in its scope but it is this author's thesis that Smith's work, The Wealth of Nations, presents a commonality and applicability of principles that even people of today can find in society and nations.
In Book 1 of The Wealth of Nations, Smith identifies the power of labor as the key to industrious society. /the_wealth.html   (1240 words)

 Wealth of Nations: Mondo Politico Introduction
When The Wealth of Nations was published, the importance of free trade and competition to innovation and progress was not well understood.
Rightly hailed as a monumental intellectual achievement, The Wealth of Nations continues to provide economic firepower to the advocates of capitalism and free trade.
In 1776, his "Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" was published. /library/wealthofnations/mpintro.htm   (400 words)

 Smith: Wealth of Nations, Preface and Introduction: Library of Economics and Liberty
The Catalogue tells us what books Smith had in his possession at his death, fourteen years after the Wealth of Nations was published, while the Lectures often enable us to say that a particular piece of information must have been taken from a book published before 1763.
The Wealth of Nations was not written hastily with the impressions of recent reading still vivid on the author's brain.
Industry is the natural mine of wealth, the fund of all stores for exportation by the surplus of which beyond the value of what a nation imports, it must increase in wealth and power. /library/Smith/smWN0.html   (11519 words)

 News & Broadcast - Beyond GDP, World Bank Releases New Measure of Wealth
Measuring the change in total wealth and the change in natural wealth can contribute to a comprehensive measure of whether a development path is sustainable in the long term.  The indicators in Where is the Wealth of Nations can guide countries toward a sustainable path.
According to Where is the Wealth of Nations?
This comprehensive snapshot of wealth for 120 countries at the turn of the millennium aims to deepen the understanding of the linkages between the ability of a country to develop and the level and composition of wealth. /WBSITE/EXTERNAL/NEWS/0,,contentMDK:20648103~pagePK:34370~piPK:34424~theSitePK:4607,00.html   (948 words)

 From Revolution to Reconstruction: Documents: Wealth of Nations: Context
Declaration of Independence and The Wealth of Nations, the political and economic reliations of empire and mercantilism, appeared in the same year, historians have often designated 1776 as one of the turning points in modern history.
The text On the cost of Empire, the eloquent exhortation to the rulers of Britain to awaken from their grandiose dreams of empire, is the closing passage of Smith's book.
Adam Smith, a brilliant eighteenth-century Scottish political economist, had the advantage of judging the significance ol colonies by a rigorous examination based on the colonial experience of 300 years. /~usa/D/1776-1800/adamsmith/wealth_i.htm   (282 words)

The purpose of this book is to describe a new approach for democratising the wealth of nations.
Wealth is determined by and is dependent upon the rules of owning things, income is determined by and is dependent upon the change in the ownership of things.
Wealth may be held in a form in which it does not provide income, or otherwise the owner is unable to raise cash from his wealth by selling or borrowing. /lib/TurnbullBook/TurnbullBook.htm   (17782 words)

 The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith
In 1766 he retired to devote himself to the composition of a work embodying the principles he had arrived at during this period, and in 1776 it appeared under the title An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.
It was thus that the earliest civilized nations were grouped round the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, and the extent and easiness of its inland navigation was probably the chief cause of the early improvement of Egypt.
In a nation of hunters, if it costs twice the labour to kill a beaver which it costs to kill a deer, one beaver will be worth two deer. /public_html/Outline_of_Great_Books_Volume_I/thewealth_bhj.html   (1003 words)

The results are interpreted in terms of a causal model in which population IQs are the major determinant of the wealth and poverty of nations in the contemporary world.
Intelligence and the Wealth and Poverty of Nations
National IQs assessed by the Progressive Matrices were calculated for 60 nations and examined in relation to per capita incomes in the late 1990s and to post World War Two rates of economic growth. /pages/article_intelligence/1.asp   (168 words)

 Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations
The wealth of a nation consists in the well-being of the mass of ordinary citizens: in commercial nations wealth is well-diffused, according to Smith.
The best contribution governments can make to the wealth of nations and to the progress of human society is to leave individuals free to follow their natural propensity to make exchanges.
Governments tried to make their countries wealthy by prohibiting export of gold and silver (they had in mind the need to have gold and silver available to buy arms and soldiers in time of war; money could be translated fairly quickly into military power). /Ockham/y6402.html   (2924 words)

 Adam Smith Economist and Philosopher
"Wealth of Nations" established economics as an autonomous subject and launched the economic doctrine of free enterprise.
The Wealth of Nations, first published in 1776, is Smith's classic treaties on economic liberalism.
The essential parts of Wealth of Nations, plus a sampling of some of his other works. /library/96jun/smith.html   (658 words)

 Adam Smith Collection at
He traveled on the Continent from 1764 to 1766 as tutor to the duke of Buccleuch and while in France met some of the physiocrats and began to write An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, finally published in 1776.—continue at Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.
A great empire has been established for the sole purpose of raising up a nation of customers who should be obliged to buy from the shops of our different producers, all the goods with which these could supply them.
He became professor of moral philosophy at the Univ. of Glasgow in 1752, and while teaching there wrote his Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), which gave him the beginnings of an international reputation. /people/Smith-Ad.html   (207 words)

 From Revolution to Reconstruction: Documents: Wealth of Nations
The military establishment which she maintains for her own defence in time of peace, is more moderate than that of any European state which can pretend to rival her either in wealth or in power.
The Spanish war of 1739 was principally undertaken on their account; in which, and in the French war that was the consequence of it, Great Britain spent upwards of forty millions, a great part of which ought justly to be charged to the colonies.
In the mode of collecting, and in that of expending the public revenue; though in both there may be still room for improvement; Great Britain seems to be at least as economical as any of her neighbours. /~usa/D/1776-1800/adamsmith/wealth02.htm   (839 words)

 Speech, Greenspan -- Wealth of nations revisited -- November 12, 2002
In The Wealth of Nations, Smith put forward a number of explanations for the different paths that countries follow.
Smith, Adam (1776), An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, 5th ed.
While, from a global perspective, wealth and the overall quality of life have risen, that success has not been evenly distributed across regions or countries. /BOARDDOCS/SPEECHES/2002/20021112   (2787 words)

 Times of Oman
Entitled Where is the Wealth of Nations?, the study uses unorthodox yardsticks such as ‘natural capital’ to measure the total wealth of countries, ranking 118.
NEW YORK — Resource depletion and surging population growth are draining the net ‘savings’ of the world’s poorest countries and could cripple future generations, according to a new World Bank study. /newsdetails.asp?newsid=19863   (153 words) Wealth of Nations: Books
Wealth of Nations (hasn't Porter essentially copied the economics) is a broader attempt to understand the relationships between money and people.
Although this book is hailed as one of the greatest works in Economics ever and set the foundations for contemporary Economic thought, the Wealth of Nations is not a good read.
This edition contains generous selections from all five volumes of The Wealth of Nations, and places Smith's inquiry into its historical, intellectual, and cultural context. /exec/obidos/ASIN/0192835467   (846 words)

 The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith: A searchable online version at The Literature Network
Adam Smith demonstrated the essential principles in economics in his all-time classic "The Wealth of Nations" -- a book that changes the history of economic theory development.
Adam Smith, in the "Wealth of Nations" addressed the same problems, though they were not quite as central to the
I have bought the edition of Wealth of Nations published by Everyman's Library. /adam_smith/wealth_nations   (715 words)

 Smith: Wealth of Nations: Library of Economics and Liberty
Smith: Wealth of Nations: Library of Economics and Liberty
If you see this message, please consider updating your browser, which cannot see frames. /library/Smith/smWN.html   (23 words)

 DI Digest Idea 1 Jan 96
Using the new sustainable wealth of nations measure, a ranking of 192 countries puts Australia first and Canada second, with the US back in the 12th spot and the UK not even in the top 20.
Serageldin, Ismail Sustainability and the wealth of nations.
The new system of measurement promises to create new incentives for nations to invest in and protect their human and natural resources, rather than exploiting them for a fast buck. /didigest/jan96/1jan96.htm   (405 words)

 Cities and The Wealth of Nations
Her latest work, Cities and the Wealth of Nations (New York: Random House), tells us that the classical economists were guilty of putting the cart before the horse in their discussions about the origins and enhancement of wealth.
Where they seem to boom, it is "in service to transactions of decline." "Behind its busyness at ruling," she says, "a capital city of a nation or an empire, vivacious to the last, at length reveals itself as being a surprisingly inert, backward, and pitiable place.
You won't find much in her books about such things as the gross national product of separate countries, or the effects of monetary decisions of the Federal Reserve on national standards of living. /theoreticalorphilosophicalissues/earlyclassicalliberalism/citieswealth.html   (1138 words) The Wealth of Nations: Books I-III: Books
Books I-III of "The Wealth of Nations" examine the "division of labour" as the key to economic growth, by ensuring the interdependence of individuals within society.
Like "Capital" of Marx, the "Wealth of Nations" presents many interesting facts about for example the near slavery conditions in the large agricultural estates throughout Europe.
The Wealth of Nations is lucidly written and shows quite clearly the dependence of wealthy creation on essential but minimal government regulation /exec/obidos/ASIN/0140432086   (950 words)

 Wealth Without Nations
I'll show later that he assumed without evidence that the growth of individual wealth must be the same as the growth in the nation's wealth and in the wealth of poorer individuals, whom Smith sees as passive objects dependent on the enterprise of the rich.
Whatever else he got wrong, Marx made a grand correction to the errors of Smith and his followers, pointing out that the wealth of the rich would be meaningless without the work and skill of ordinary people, who were also quite competent to organise their own work in various alternative ways.
Other European nations used different measures - including miles that were seven times as long as English miles - but in the end opted for the Metric System which was the creation of the French Revolution. /BevinSoc/Wwn.html   (3193 words)

 TCS Daily - Where is the Wealth of Nations?
Meant to challenge the common assumptions about how nations generate their wealth, the report offers new estimates of a countrys total wealth by including produced capital, natural resources, and the value of human skills and capabilities.
The argument being that current wealth indicators fail to capture deteriorations to natural resources and the environment.
As the table shows, it is the poor countries that are consuming their capital, not the rich ones. /0920055.html   (842 words)

Our main concern is with the politico-economic policies that account for why some nations are wealthier than others and why nations, or dynasties, may be wealthy at one phase of their existence and poor at others.
This paper deals not with Adam Smith's book the Wealth of Nations, although much of Smith's analysis is consistent with what I say here and, as I shall note, Smith to large degree was simply picking up where Ibn Khaldun left off.
The knowledge that Ibn Khaldun enunciated went neglected or misunderstood by Muslim society, while the principles that he and his Islamic predecessors identified found their way into Western economic theory on the wealth of nations. /malaysia.htm   (11649 words)

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