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Topic: The nature of God in Western theology

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In the News (Wed 16 Jan 19)

  Book Review, December 2005/January 2006: "Before Darwin: Reconciling God and Nature" by Keith Thomson
The focus is natural theology, "the last great attempt to find a comprehensive answer to the question 'Does God exist and what is his nature?' through the objective, empirical methods of science rather than through revelation, biblical exegesis or the inspiration of God's vicars on earth" (p.
Natural science and theology were not at odds, therefore, but complementary.
Before the 1800s most Western intellectuals, like the general population, assumed the earth and all its lives were created by God several thousand years ago, over the course of only a few days and principally for man's benefit.
www.theosophy-nw.org /theosnw/science/sc-lakirby.htm   (860 words)

 Philosophy of religion - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki
This later came to be called natural theology by rationalist philosophers of the 17th and 18th centuries.
God is usually conceived to be in a distinct category of being; a being different from those of the rest of the universe.
Natural theology, then, is the attempt to justify belief in God by independent grounds.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Philosophy_of_religion   (1624 words)

 Death of God Theology
Since God was not empirically verifiable, the biblical world view was said to be mythological and unacceptable to the modern mind.
Paul van Buren is usually associated with death of God theology, although he himself disavowed this connection.
When the death of God theologies passed off the scene, the commitment to secularism remained and manifested itself in other forms of secular theology in the late 1960s and the 1970s.
mb-soft.com /believe/txn/deathgod.htm   (1414 words)

 Theology at AllExperts
Theology has a significantly problematic relationship to Academia that is not shared by any other subject.
During the High Middle Ages theology was therefore the main subject at universities, being named "The Queen of the Sciences" alongside the Trivium and Quadrivium that young men were expected to study.
Theology was no longer the principle subject and Universities existed for many purposes, not only to train Clergy for established churches.
en.allexperts.com /e/t/th/theology.htm   (2788 words)

Those denying the plausibility of supernatural events typically define them as events which cannot be perceived by natural or empirical senses, and whose understanding may be said to lie with religious, magical, or otherwise mysterious explanation—yet remains firmly outside of the realm of science.
Nature thus becomes a derivative aspect of ultimate reality—an aspect of God's creation, and not even the whole of God's creation at that (theists typically ascribe to God the creation of an invisible world that is inhabited among other things by angels).
The neologism naturalize, meaning, "to make natural", is sometimes used to describe the perceived process of denying any supernatural significance to events which another presumes to be natural.
www.sfcrowsnest.com /scifinder/a/Supernatural.php   (2940 words)

 Theology - Glasgledius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Theology is literally the study of God (Greek θεος, theos, "God", + λογος, logos, "study").
The term theology originated in Christianity, but by it can also be used to refer to the study of the beliefs of other religions.
Theology assumes the truth of at least some religious beliefs and therefore can be distinguished from the philosophy of religion, which does not presume the truth of any religious beliefs.
www.glasglow.com /E2/th/Theology.html   (390 words)

 Belief God in Introduction Philosophy Religion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Part I looks at the relationship between philosophy and religion; Parts II-IV consider the existence and nature of God; Part V addresses the "problem of evil" that has puzzled thinkers for centuries; and Parts VI and VII are devoted to the relationship between morality and religion and to the question of life after death.
The nature of God in Western theology - The nature of God in monotheistic religions is a broad topic in Western philosophy of religion and theology, with a very old and distinguished history; it was one of the central topics in medieval philosophy.
Once they had reached the point that God created the world for the Jews, but acceded to this request and had Samuel appoint Saul, a great but very humble man, to be their king.
1895.mavgeo.com /beliefgodinintroductionphilosophyreligion.html   (1316 words)

 The nature of God in Western theology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The nature of God in monotheistic religions is a broad topic in Western philosophy of religion and theology, with a very old and distinguished history; it was one of the central topics in medieval philosophy.
Even mystics, who believe that the nature of God is essentially mysterious to human beings, concede that one must have at least a minimal conception of God.
God is supposed to be a spirit, which, on the view under consideration, is a mind, albeit a divine mind; this divine mind is supposed to have created physical objects, the physical objects that make up the universe, out of nothing.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/The_nature_of_God_in_Western_theology   (3228 words)

 Western Concepts of God [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Western concepts of God have ranged from the detached transcendent demiurge of Aristotle to the pantheism of Spinoza.
To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated.
God created the universe according to eternal patterns in his mind and it is an expression of his thought, however incomplete an expression the cosmos may be.
www.iep.utm.edu /g/god-west.htm   (8846 words)

 Theology - Deistpedia, the Deist Encyclopedia
Justin Martyr sought to use Hellenistic philosophy and Natural Theology to justify "Christianity" to the Romans.
Although Islam is often considered to lack a "Theology" as in "Christianity" there were many attempts to frame Islamic ideas within Greek thought, especially during the early abbassids and the reign of the caliph al-mamun.
As study of theology in these countries includes a strong ("Christian") humanist content, graduates of theology who do not wish to embark on clerical career may find work also in marketing, business or administration, although this is frowned upon by many.
www.templeofreason.org /test7/Theology.htm   (3539 words)

 God - Theopedia
Colin Gunton sheds light on the attributes of God when he says, "we are concerned, rather, first of all with who God is, not what we attribute to him...
To understand who God is or what he is like it is important to study his "attributes".
It is essential because it reveals God as he truly is. It also distinguishes Christianity from all other religions, adding to the exclusive message of the gospel that was found on the very lips of Jesus (John 8:24).
theopedia.com /God   (813 words)

 House Church Theology: Doctrine of God
The doctrine of God is one that barely survived its passage into the Western world because of the great difference in worldview between the Hebrew-thinking witnesses who wrote the New Testament and the Greek-thinking readers in such cities as Alexandria that received the gospel.
God's love is so much greater our answering love (or any sort of human love) that the Hebrew Scriptures reserved a separate word for God's love--a word the embraces the nuances of mercy, loving kindness, and a total lack of any need for reciprocity.
God's love is sacrificial, even to God's willingness to abide the death of his son on the cross.
www.hccentral.com /dgod.html   (3005 words)

 Alpha and Omega Ministries, The Christian Apologetics Ministry of James R. White
He is perfect God and He is perfect man, with a rational soul and human flesh.
There are no analogies to it in Nature, not even in the spiritual nature of man, who is made in the image of God.
This is a direct ascription to Yahweh God of Israel, of a threefold personality, and is therewith the direct enunciation of the doctrine of the Trinity.
www.aomin.org /natureofgod.html   (1301 words)

 God   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Negative theology argues that no true statements about attributes of God may be made at all, and some hold God to be beyond the understanding of humanity altogether.
God, according to most conceptions of God as divine, would be in an important category: that of beings different from the rest of the universe.
theology in two ways: by means of negation and by positive assertions as to the nature of God.
dks.thing.net /God.html   (7121 words)

If a god created and defined the world we live in, it is impossible to define a god without self being a god.
Different religious people see their god(s) from a different perspective, which can be roughly categorized into an immanent god or one (or more) that can be described as a transcendent god.
God isn't necessarily a masculine authority, but more like a mother, supervisor and enlighting spirit; caring, nurturing, empathizing - and vital for the carefulness of the creation.
everything2.com /index.pl?node=God   (1269 words)

 Theology definition and kinds of Theology
For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened.
dialectical theology, A form of neo-orthodox theology emphasizing the infinite tensions, paradoxes, and basic ambiguities inherent in Christian existence, and holding, against rationalism, that God is unknowable to humans except through divine grace and revelation.
Holocaust theology (In response to the horrors of the Holocaust, many theologians (especially Jewish theologians) were prompted to take a harder look in terms of issues around theodicy; the theological works that were created as a response to the Holocaust have been termed Holocaust theology.).
biblia.com /theology/theology.htm   (1478 words)

 More on Theologians
Theology generally assumes the truth of at least some religious beliefs and is therefore often distinguished from the philosophy of religion, which does not presume the truth of any religious beliefs.
To the extent that theology relies upon the religious practitioners' own terms, it is likely to be explored by those who have some kind of commitment to those terms: i.e., by those who are either practitioners of the religion, or sympathisers.
More generally, however, many theologians consider that, because the topics considered in theology touch on the theologians' deepest commitments and beliefs, it is impossible to study theology with complete detachment: the study of theology is "self-involving" in a way that makes some kinds of objectivity difficult.
www.artilifes.com /theologians.htm   (1529 words)

 Supernatural - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In this, the most common view, the term supernatural is contrasted with the term natural, which presumes that some events occur according to natural laws, and others occur to a separate set of laws which we cannot perceive, because they are caused by forces external to [nature].
Nature thus becomes a derivative aspect of ultimate reality—an aspect of God's creation, and not even the whole of God's creation at that (theists typically ascribe to God the creation of an invisible world that is inhabited among other things by angels).
In Japan the scattering of aggressive Mogul-Korean fleets in 1274 and 1281 was attributed to the kamikaze or "divine wind".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Supernatural   (3633 words)

The nature of God in Western theology and Anthropology of religion).
Where science is able to address issues in dispute, to correct errors of fact, or to call into question claims of authority grounded in history, it has at times been able to soften antagonisms based on competing supernatural claims.
Because the assumption of the skeptical reader is that supernatural events cannot or are unlikely to occur, their description is seen as the result of a process of deliberate or unconscious mysticism, thus, "supernaturalization".
www.findthelinks.com /Religion/supernatural.htm   (1464 words)

 Theology Links
Systematic Theology (or doctrinal theology, or dogmatic theology) - focused on the attempt to arrange and interpret the ideas current in the religion.
Covenant theology, an interpretive grid that understands God's plans in the Old and New Testaments as being a result of God's covenant with his chosen people.
Ascetical theology, biotheology, creationism, heresy, history of theology, liberal theology, liberation theology, metaphysics, natural theology, neurotheology, odium theologicum, philosophy of religion, process theology, propitiation, religion, scholasticism, systematic theology
www.biblia.com /theology/links.htm   (542 words)

 Discover the Wisdom of Mankind on theology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Note: If you have a question about theology this is a great place to ask it.
Marxism stimulated the significant rise of Liberation Theology which can be interpreted as a rejection of Academic Theology that fails to challenge the establishment and help the poor.
Exegetical Theology: a) Biblical Studies (analysis of the contents of Scripture); b) Biblical Introduction (inquiry into the origins of the Bible); c) Canonics (inquiry into how the different books of the Bible came to be collected together); d) Biblical Theology (inquiry into how divine revelation progressed over the course of the Bible).
www.blinkbits.com /blinks/theology   (4341 words)

 Western Seminary - WSCLL Spiritual Formation Courses
THS 501E – Knowing the Triune God: Theology I. Gerry Breshears, Ph.D. You will begin to cultivate your ability to think theologically by exploring how theology is done in various approaches in order to develop a practical theological method.
You will investigate humanity, its dignity as image of God and its depravity as sinful beings, the reality and impact of spiritual beings as backdrop for the atoning work of the Son and its application in the aspects of our salvation.
The course focuses on the theologies that were prevalent in the 1960’s, including Theology of Hope, Liberation Theology, Feminist Theology, Process Theology, New Age Theology, and four forms of Postmodern Theology.
www.westernseminary.edu /AcademicPrograms/WSCLL/WSCLL_ths.htm   (759 words)

 Boston Collaborative Encyclopedia of Western Theology
The emphasis is on Modern Western Theology, especially Christianity; other articles are very few.
The collaborative nature of this project means that coverage is uneven.
The Theology of Karl Barth (Derek Michaud, 2003)
people.bu.edu /wwildman/WeirdWildWeb/courses/mwt/dictionary/mwt_themes.htm   (974 words)

 Theology EWNT search
This essay on the relationship between Christian experience and theology shows how the key element in that relationship is that man is the receiver, not the producer of truth.
Jaki's book 'The Road of Science and the Ways to God', is this principle: that a rational belief in the existence of a Creator, and of an ordered universe which He has created and governs, played a crucial role in the rise of science in Western culture and in all of its great creative advances.
Writing with great force and clarity, he examines the essential nature of the Catholic Church from the basic premise that it was expressly founded by Christ, traces its historical development and analyses its actual functioning through the ages.
www.angelfire.com /in/theworkofgod/Theondx.html   (5819 words)

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